Velocity 2013 Hands On Web Performance Workshop

Dcdd7523e2e6249bcaf2a4ac19c09e8a?s=47 Tobias Baldauf
November 13, 2013

Velocity 2013 Hands On Web Performance Workshop

Slides from the Hands On Web Performance Workshop given at Velocity Europe 2013 by Andy Davies (@andydavies) and me.

Dcdd7523e2e6249bcaf2a4ac19c09e8a?s=128

Tobias Baldauf

November 13, 2013
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Transcript

  1. Hands on Web Performance Workshop Andy Davies @andydavies Tobias Baldauf

    @tbaldauf #VelocityConf London 2013
  2. We’re planning to cover • Tools • Techniques • Live

    Analysis But…
  3. …this session is about YOU so feel free to jump

    in with questions
  4. What sites should we test? http://man.gl/londonworkshop

  5. Do you use WebPageTest?

  6. PhantomJS http://github.com/ariya/phantomjs/

  7. Phantomas { "url":"http://tobias.is", "metrics":{ "requests":11, "gzipRequests":2, "postRequests":0, "redirects":0, "notFound":0, "timeToFirstByte":107,

    "timeToLastByte":120, "bodySize":151897, "contentLength":206417, [...] http://github.com/macbre/phantomas
  8. All together now! #!/usr/bin/env bash URL_to_measure="$1" Metrics_to_analyze=('timeToFirstByte' 'requests' 'cssSize') Phantomas_JSON_output=$(phantomas

    --format=json --url "${URL_to_measure}") for((i=0;i<${#Metrics_to_analyze[@]};i++)) ; do eval ${Metrics_to_analyze[$i]}=$(echo "$Phantomas_JSON_output" | jq ".metrics."${Metrics_to_analyze[$i]}) export ${Metrics_to_analyze[$i]} done bats --tap performance-tests.bats #!/usr/bin/env bats @test "Time to first byte" { [ "$timeToFirstByte" -lt 200 ] } @test "Number of HTTP requests" { [ "$requests" -lt 30 ] } @test "CSS size" { [ "$cssSize" -lt 15360 ] } #1..3 ok 1 Time to first byte ok 2 Number of HTTP requests not ok 3 CSS size # (in test file /test/webperf/performance-tests.bats, line 23) http://github.com/technopagan/simple-website-speed-test
  9. WebPagetest API http://github.com/marcelduran/webpagetest-api

  10. Run WPT Run! webpagetest test http://velocityconf.com --server wpt.yourdomain.tld --location Local-SGS2

    --wait { "statusCode": 200, "statusText": "Ok", "data": { "testId": "131019_VF_1", "ownerKey": "b5cf1cb86be59d94f3ee714f15da3efe5cf05b7z", "jsonUrl": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/jsonResult.php?test=131019_VF_1", "xmlUrl": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/xmlResult.php?test=131019_VF_1", "userUrl": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/results.php?test=131019_VF_1", "summaryCSV": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/csv.php?test=131019_VF_1", "detailCSV": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/csv.php?test=131019_VF_1&amp;req=1" }
  11. SwissArmyKnife Results "response": { "statusCode": 200, "statusText": "Ok", "data": {

    "testId": "131019_VF_1", "summary": "http://wpt.yourdomain.tld/results.php?test=131019_VF_1", "from": "Samsung Galaxy SII - Native", "runs": 1, "successfulFVRuns": 1, "successfulRVRuns": 1, "average": { "firstView": { "loadTime": 6285, "TTFB": 2852, [...]
  12. TAP & Jenkins Integration

  13. What if we want to test more than one page?

  14. ./sitespeed.io -u http://news.bbc.co.uk

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  20. Setup your own HTTP Archive… Barbara Bermes - http://man.gl/1eHoyqB

  21. Lots of data!

  22. hist(results$reqTotal, xlim=c(0,200), ylim=c(0,375), breaks=seq(0,200,by=5), main="", xlab="Number of Requests", col="steelblue", border="white",

    axes=FALSE) axis(1, at = seq(0, 225, by = 25)) axis(2, at = seq(0, 400, by = 25)) library(RMySQL) drv = dbDriver('MySQL') con = dbConnect(drv, user='user', password='password', dbname='dbname', host='127.0.0.1') results = dbGetQuery(con,statement='select * from pages;') Import data into R Plot histogram of requests / page
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  24. Sometimes bi-modal distributions

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  28. Commercial tools available too…

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  30. Let’s look at some live sites

  31. Performance isn’t just about load time http://www.flickr.com/photos/jaxport/8554780980

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  33. Painting every 20ms!

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  36. Logo is actually made of four images that fade from

    one to another. CPU load varies between 7 - 20% Has detrimental impact on mobile battery life
  37. A Tale of CSS Checkbox Hacks <input type="checkbox" id="toggle" />

    <label for="toggle" class="toggle" onclick></label> <ul class="menu"> <li><a href="#">Sictransit</a></li> <li><a href="#">Gloriamundi</a></li> </ul> #toggle:checked ~ .menu { display: block; } http://css-tricks.com/the-checkbox-hack/ http://thenittygritty.co/toggle-navigation-with-pure- css http://bugs.webkit.org/show_bug.cgi?id=45168 body { -webkit-animation: bugfix infinite 1s; /* here be dragons */ } @-webkit-keyframes bugfix { from { white-space: default; } to { white-space: normal; } }
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  39. Be neighborly Adjacent sibling selector trumps general sibling selector <input

    type="checkbox" id="toggle" /> <nav> <label for="toggle" class="toggle" onclick></label> <ul class="menu"> <li><a href="#">Sictransit</a></li> <li><a href="#">Gloriamundi</a></li> </ul> </nav> #toggle:checked + nav .menu { display: block; }
  40. Lessons learned Working in web performance is as much about

    educating as optimizing. Choose your battles http://josefbrandenburg.com http://sapdesignguild.org
  41. Thank You (we’re around all week) Office Hours: 12:30 Thursday

    Andy: @andydavies hello@andydavies.me Tobias: @tbaldauf kontakt@tobias-baldauf.de