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知らなかった、時に困るWebサービスのセキュリティ対策 / Where Do We Start With Information Security?

知らなかった、時に困るWebサービスのセキュリティ対策 / Where Do We Start With Information Security?

builderscon tokyo 2018での情報セキュリティのセッション。

"実例と基礎で情報セキュリティについて知る" というお題で話しました。

Shinya Tsunematsu

September 07, 2018
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  1. ࣮ྫͱجຊతͳܭըͱ࣮ફ
    ৗদ৳࠸(.01FQBCP *OD
    CVJMEFSTDPOUPLZP
    8FCαʔϏεͷ
    ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦ
    ஌Βͳ͔ͬͨɺ࣌ʹࠔΔ

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  2. ϓϦϯγύϧΤϯδχΞ
    ৗদ৳࠸!UONU
    ٕज़෦νʔϑςΫχΧϧϦʔυٕज़ج൫νʔϜ
    ৘ใॲཧ҆શ֬อࢧԉ࢜
    ʢ༧ఆొ࿥डཧࡁʣ

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  3. ൃදͷഎܠ

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  4. 8FCαʔϏεΛӡӦ্͍ͯ͘͠Ͱߟ͑ͳ͚Ε͹͍͚ͳ͍͜ͱ
    ͱͯ͠ɺηΩϡϦςΟରࡦ͕ڍ͛ΒΕΔ͔ͱࢥ͍·͢ɻ
    ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦͱҰޱͰݴͬͯ΋ɺ۩ମతͳࢪࡦΛߨ͡Δ
    ʹ౰ͨͬͯ͸ɺͲͷΑ͏ͳϙϦγʔʹΑͬͯ৘ใΛकΔ͔Λ
    ܾΊɺʮٕज़తରࡦʯͱʮ؅ཧతରࡦʯʹΑΔϦεΫΞηε
    ϝϯτΛߦ͍ɺϦεΫ͕ߴ͍΋ͷʹ͍ͭͯ؅ཧࡦΛݕ౼͠ର
    ԠΛߦ͏ɺͱ͍͏खॱΛ࣮࣋ͬͯࢪ͍ͯ͘͠ͷ͕ޮՌతͰ͢ɻ
    $'1ΑΓ

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  5. ηΩϡϦςΟͬͯ೉͍͠ʁ

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  6. ຊ೔ͷ͓୊
    wܦҢ
    wΠϯγσϯτޙͷৼΓฦΓ
    wٕज़త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ
    w૊৫త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ
    wηΩϡϦςΟͷߟ͑ํ
    w*4.4ͷߏஙͱӡ༻
    w*4.4औΓ૊Έͷෛՙ
    ࣮ྫ جૅ
    ࣮ྫͱجૅͰ
    ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟʹ͍ͭͯ஌Δ

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  7. ৘ใྲྀग़Πϯγσϯτ͕ൃੜ
    IUUQTQFQBCPDPNOFXTJOGPSNBUJPO

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  8. Πϯγσϯτ֓ཁ
    αʔϏεͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίʔυͷෆඋΛಥ͔Εɺ֎
    ෦ͷୈࡾऀʹΑΓෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜ͕ઃஔ͞Εͨɻ
    ઃஔ͞Εͨෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜܦ༝ͰαʔϏεͷ৘ใͷҰ෦
    ͕ྲྀग़ͨ͠ՄೳੑΛݕ஌ͨ͠ɻ
    ӨڹൣғΛௐࠪ͠ɺ৘ใྲྀग़ͷใࠂΛߦͬͨɻ

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  9. ೔࣌ ಺༰
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ
    20ɿ04
    αʔόʔҟৗݕ஌γεςϜʹΑΓΞϥʔτΛݕ஌͠ɺௐࠪΛ࣮ࢪͨ͠ͱ͜Ζɺ֎෦͔Βઃஔ͞Εͨෆ
    ਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜʢҎԼɺෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜʣ͕࣮ߦ͞ΕͨՄೳੑΛݕ஌
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ
    22ɿ28
    ෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜ͕࣮ߦ͞Εͳ͍Α͏ʹվम
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ
    23ɿ09
    ୅දऔక໾ࣾ௕ࠤ౻݈ଠ࿠Λຊ෦௕ͱͨ͠ۓٸରࡦຊ෦Λઃஔ
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ
    1ɿ33
    ෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜΛܦ༝ͯ͠ɺຊαʔϏεͷ৘ใͷҰ෦͕Ӿཡ͞ΕͨՄೳੑ͕͋Δ͜ͱΛݕ஌
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ
    13ɿ39
    ֎෦ͷηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔ΁ใࠂ͠ɺຊ݅ʹؔ͢Δ৘ใௐ͓ࠪΑͼࠓޙͷରԠʹ͍ͭͯ૬ஊΛ։࢝
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ
    17ɿ37
    ֎෦ͷةػ؅ཧઐ໳Ո΁࿈བྷ͠ɺ૬ஊΛ։࢝
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ
    22ɿ16
    ηΩϡϦςΟ਍அΞϓϦέʔγϣϯʹͯηΩϡϦςΟνΣοΫΛ࣮ࢪ
    2018೥1݄9೔ʢՐʣ
    15ɿ00
    ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦιϑτ΢ΣΞΛઃஔ্ͨ͠Ͱࣾ಺ʹͯηΩϡϦςΟνΣοΫΛ࣮ࢪ
    ݕ஌
    Ұ࣍ରॲ׬ྃ
    ӨڹൣғҰ෦ൃ֮

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  10. ೔࣌ ಺༰
    2018೥1݄9೔ʢՐʣ
    16ɿ12
    ෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜΛܦ༝ͯ͠Ӿཡ͞ΕͨՄೳੑͷ͋Δ৘ใͷதʹΫϨδοτΧʔυ৘ใؚ͕·Ε͍ͯΔ
    ՄೳੑΛݕ஌
    2018೥1݄9೔ʢՐʣ
    18ɿ50
    ؔ܎লி΁ͷใࠂ
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ
    13ɿ34
    ෆਖ਼ϓϩάϥϜΛܦ༝ͯ͠Ӿཡ͞ΕͨՄೳੑͷ͋Δ৘ใͷதʹΫϨδοτΧʔυ৘ใؚ͕·Ε͍ͯͨ
    ͨΊɺΫϨδοτΧʔυ֤ࣾ΁࿈བྷ͠ɺෆਖ਼ར༻؂ࢹʢϞχλϦϯάʣମ੍ͷڧԽΛґཔ
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ
    15ɿ35
    ඃ֐ঢ়گ͓ΑͼӨڹൣғΛಛఆ͢ΔͨΊ֎෦ͷηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔʹΑΔηΩϡϦςΟ਍அ͓Α
    ͼɺಉηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔͱɺΫϨδοτΧʔυ৘ใͷηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔͷ2ࣾʹΑΔϑΥϨ
    ϯδοΫௐࠪΛ։࢝
    2018೥1݄11೔ʢ໦ʣ
    14ɿ00
    ຊαʔϏεར༻ྉۚͷࢧ෷͍ʹ͓͚ΔɺΫϨδοτΧʔυ෷͍ͷ৽نਃࠐΛఀࢭ
    2018೥1݄22೔ʢ݄ʣ
    12ɿ37
    શγϣοϓΦʔφʔ༷ͷύεϫʔυϦηοτ׬ྃ
    Өڹൣғ௥Ճൃ֮
    ୈࡾऀػؔʹ
    ΑΔௐࠪ։࢝

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  11. ೔࣌ ಺༰
    2018೥1݄25೔ʢ໦ʣ
    9ɿ26
    ֎෦ͷηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔʹΑΔϑΥϨϯδοΫௐࠪͷ݁ՌΛडྖ
    2018೥1݄25೔ʢ໦ʣ
    11ɿ58
    ΫϨδοτΧʔυ৘ใͷηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳ػؔʹΑΔϑΥϨϯδοΫௐࠪͷ݁ՌΛडྖ
    2018೥1݄26೔ʢۚʣ
    7ɿ40
    ຊ݅ʹ܎Δ࠶ൃ๷ࢭҕһձΛઃஔ
    ୈࡾऀػؔʹ
    ΑΔௐࠪ׬ྃ
    ৘ใެ։

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  12. ࣌ܥྻ·ͱΊ
    ೔࣌ ಺༰
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ20ɿ04 ݕ஌
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ22ɿ28 Ұ࣍ରԠ׬ྃ
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ1ɿ33 ӨڹൣғҰ෦ൃ֮
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ13ɿ34 Өڹൣғ௥Ճൃ֮
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ15ɿ35 ୈࡾऀػؔʹΑΔௐࠪ։࢝
    2018೥1݄25೔ʢ໦ʣ11ɿ58 ୈࡾऀػؔʹΑΔௐࠪ׬ྃ
    2018೥1݄26೔ʢۚʣ7ɿ40 ৘ใެ։

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  13. ࣌ܥྻ·ͱΊ
    ೔࣌ ಺༰
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ20ɿ04 ݕ஌
    2018೥1݄7೔ʢ೔ʣ22ɿ28 Ұ࣍ରԠ׬ྃ
    2018೥1݄8೔ʢ݄ʣ1ɿ33 ӨڹൣғҰ෦ൃ֮
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ13ɿ34 Өڹൣғ௥Ճൃ֮
    2018೥1݄10೔ʢਫʣ15ɿ35 ୈࡾऀػؔʹΑΔௐࠪ։࢝
    2018೥1݄25೔ʢ໦ʣ11ɿ58 ୈࡾऀػؔʹΑΔௐࠪ׬ྃ
    2018೥1݄26೔ʢۚʣ7ɿ40 ৘ใެ։
    ॳಈରԠɿૣ͍
    Өڹൣғ೺Ѳɿ஗͍

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  14. جૅ
    ηΩϡϦςΟͷߟ͑ํ

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  15. Θ͔Γ΍࣮͘͢ྫ͔Βೖͬͨ
    w࣮ྫͷ৔߹͸໰୊΍ରԠ͠ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍෦෼͕Θ͔Γ΍͢
    ͍
    w࣮͋͛ͨྫ͔ΒಘΒΕΔରԠɾରࡦ͸ҰྫͰ͋Γɺજࡏతͳ໰
    ୊͸·ͩ͋Δ͔΋͠Εͳ͍
    ηΩϡϦςΟͱ͸
    ԿΛकΒͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍͔ʁ

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  16. ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟ
    ৘ใͷػີੑɺ׬શੑɺٴͼՄ༻ੑΛҡ࣋
    ͢Δ͜ͱɻ͞Βʹɺਅਖ਼ੑɺ੹೚௥੻ੑɺ
    ൱ೝ๷ࢭɺ৴པੑͳͲͷಛੑΛҡ࣋͢Δ͜
    ͱΛؚΊΔ͜ͱ΋͋Δɻ
    +*42l৘ใٕज़ηΩϡϦςΟٕज़৘ใηΩϡϦςΟϚωδϝϯτγεςϜ༻ޠz

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  17. ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷಛੑ
    wػີੑ
    wݖݶΛ࣋ͭਓ͚͕ͩ৘ใʹΞΫηεͰ͖Δಛੑ
    w׬શੑ
    w৘ใ͕վ᜵͞ΕΔ͜ͱͳ͘ਖ਼֬ͳঢ়ଶΛอͭಛੑ
    wՄ༻ੑ
    w৘ใ͕࢖༻ՄೳͰ͋Δಛੑ
    ͜ΕΒͷ৘ใͷ͍ͣΕ͔͕ଛͳΘΕΔͱ

    ηΩϡϦςΟ৵֐ʢΠϯγσϯτʣʹͳΔ

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  18. ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷಛੑɾଓ͖
    wਅਖ਼ੑ
    w௨৴૬ख΍৘ใ͕ຊ෺Ͱ͔֬Ͱ͋Δಛੑ
    w੹೚௥੻ੑ
    wಈ࡞΍ࣄ৅Λ௥੻Ͱ͖Δಛੑ
    w൱ೝ๷ࢭ
    w׆ಈ΍ࣄ৅Λޙ͔Β൱ఆͤ͞ͳ͍ಛੑ
    w৴པੑ
    wૢ࡞΍ॲཧͷҙਤͱ࣮ߦ݁Ռ͕Ұ؏͍ͯ͠Δಛੑ

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  19. ઌ΄Ͳͷ࣮ྫʹ໭Δͱ
    ݸਓ৘ใ΍ൿಗ৘ใͷ࿙͍͕͑͋ͬͨɺͭ·Γ

    ػີੑ
    ͕ଛͳΘΕͨͱͳΔ

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  20. ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟʹ͓͚Δجຊతͳ֓೦
    wڴҖ
    w৘ใͷػີੑɺ׬શੑɺՄ༻ੑΛଛͳ͏Մೳੑͷ͋ΔཁҼ
    wϦεΫ
    w͋ΔڴҖ͕ࢿ࢈ͷ੬ऑੑʹ௮͚ࠐΉ͜ͱʹΑͬͯ૊৫ʹଛ
    ֐Λ༩͑ΔՄೳੑ΍Өڹ
    w੬ऑੑ
    wڴҖ͕͚ͭࠐΉ͜ͱͷͰ͖Δ૊৫΍৘ใγεςϜͷऑ఺

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  21. ઌ΄Ͳͷ࣮ྫʹ໭Δͱ
    Өڹൣғͷಛఆʹ͕͔͔࣌ؒͬͨͱ͍͏ͷ͸

    ੹೚௥੻ੑ
    ͷ؍఺Ͱ੬ऑੑ͕େ͖͔ͬͨ
    ͱ΋ݴ͑ΔͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔

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  22. ࣮ྫʹ໭Δ

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  23. ٕज़త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ

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  24. େ͖ͭ͘
    wෆਖ਼ϑΝΠϧࣝผෆ଍
    w8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ৵ೖ
    ʹର͢Δରࡦෆ଍
    wϩΪϯάෆ଍
    wσʔλϕʔεʹର͢Δ

    ΫΤϦϩά
    w04ίϚϯυ࣮ߦϩά
    ೖΓޱ
    ʢػີੑͷϦεΫܰݮʣ
    ೖΓޱͱग़ޱͰ
    ͦΕͧΕରࡦΛް͘͢Δඞཁੑ
    ग़ޱ
    ʢ੹೚௥੻ੑͷϦεΫܰݮʣ

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  25. ೖΓޱରࡦ
    wෆਖ਼ϑΝΠϧࣝผෆ଍
    wͦ΋ͦ΋੬ऑੑΛಥ͔ΕΔ͜ͱͷͳ͍ɺෆඋͷͳ͍ηΩϡ
    ΞͳίʔσΟϯά
    w8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ৵ೖʹର͢Δରࡦෆ଍
    w8"'ʢ8FC"QQMJDBUJPO'JSFXBMMʣͷಋೖ
    8"'ͷಋೖ΁

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  26. 8"'ʢ8FC"QQMJDBUJPO'JSFXBMMʣ
    w8"' ϫϑ

    w΢ΣϒΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷ੬ऑੑΛѱ༻ͨ͠߈ܸ͔Β΢ΣϒΞ
    ϓϦέʔγϣϯΛอޢ͢ΔηΩϡϦςΟରࡦͷҰͭ
    w΢ΣϒΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷ࣮૷໘ͰͷࠜຊతͳରࡦͰ͸ͳ͘ɺ
    ߈ܸʹΑΔӨڹΛ௿ݮ͢Δӡ༻໘Ͱͷରࡦ
    ΢ΣϒΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷෆඋमਖ਼
    Ҏ֎ͷ๷ޚํ๏

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  27. 8"'ͷछྨ
    wήʔτ΢ΣΠʢωοτϫʔΫʣܕ
    wઐ༻ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ·ͨ͸Ծ૝ΞϓϥΠΞϯεΛஔ͘
    wϗετʢιϑτ΢ΣΞʣܕ
    wطଘ8FCαʔό΁Πϯετʔϧ͢Δ
    wαʔϏεʢΫϥ΢υʣܕ
    w8"'ΛαʔϏεͱͯ͠ಋೖ͢Δ
    ಋೖίετɺಋೖظؒɺੑೳɺӡ༻ίετͰ
    ϝϦοτɾσϝϦοτ͕͋Δʢࠓճ͸ུʣ

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  28. 4JUF(VBSE-JUFΛ࠾༻
    wϗετܕ
    w+14FDVSFࣾͷ঎༻੡඼
    w"QBDIF΍/HJOYͳͲͷ8FCαʔόʔͷϞδϡʔϧͱͯ͠ಈ࡞
    ͢Δ
    wطʹϗεςΟϯάαʔϏεʹͯɺϢʔβʔʹػೳͱͯ͠ఏڙ͠
    ͓ͯΓ࣮੷͕͋ͬͨ

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  29. ग़ޱରࡦ
    wϩΪϯάෆ଍
    wσʔλϕʔεʹର͢ΔΫΤϦϩά
    w04ίϚϯυ࣮ߦϩά
    ૣظݕ஌΍༗ࣄͷௐࠪʹෆՄܽ

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  30. σʔλϕʔεΫΤϦϩά
    wฐࣾͰ͸ओʹ.Z42-Λར༻
    wཉ͍͠ϩάܗࣜ
    w઀ଓݩ*1
    w઀ଓϢʔβʔ
    w࣮ߦ͞ΕͨΫΤϦ
    wΫΤϦϩάͷऔಘํ๏
    w.Z42-ͷػೳ
    wHFOFSBM@MPH0/
    wϛυϧ΢ΣΞΛ࢖ͬͨϩΪϯά
    w1SPYZ42-

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  31. σʔλϕʔεΫΤϦϩά
    wฐࣾͰ͸ओʹ.Z42-Λར༻
    wཉ͍͠ϩάܗࣜ
    w઀ଓݩ*1
    w઀ଓϢʔβʔ
    w࣮ߦ͞ΕͨΫΤϦ
    wΫΤϦϩάͷऔಘํ๏
    w.Z42-ͷػೳ
    wHFOFSBM@MPH0/
    wϛυϧ΢ΣΞΛ࢖ͬͨϩΪϯά
    w1SPYZ42-
    l͋ͳͨͷ஌Βͳ͍

    σʔλϕʔεͷϩΪϯάͷੈքz
    #Z!IGN
    ଟ໨తڭࣨ
    ʹͯʂ
    ৄ͘͠͸

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  32. 04ίϚϯυ࣮ߦϩά
    wಛʹ೚ҙͷ04ίϚϯυ࣮ߦ͕ՄೳͰ͋ͬͨ৔߹ʹඋ͑ͯɺԿ
    ͕ߦΘΕͨͷ͔௥੻Մೳͱ͍ͨ͠
    "VEJUͱͦΕΛαϙʔτ͢Δ
    8B[VIͷಋೖ

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  33. "VEJU
    w-JOVYαʔόͰ༻͍Δ؂ࠪπʔϧ
    w؂ࠪΛϧʔϧϕʔεͰߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    wγεςϜίʔϧΛ؂ࠪ͠ه࿥Ͱ͖Δ
    wίϚϯυىಈ͸γΣϧ㱺GPSL㱺FYFDWF㱺౰֘ίϚϯυ
    wFYFDWFγεςϜίʔϧͷ؂ࠪΛه࿥͢Δ
    ίϚϯυཤྺΛϩάʹ
    ࢒͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    auditctl -a always,exit -F arch=b64 -S execve

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  34. 8B[VI
    wϗετܕͷ*%4ʢ)*%4ʣ
    w*OUSVTJPO%FUFDUJPO4ZTUFN৵ೖݕ஌γεςϜ
    wػೳ
    wϩάղੳɺ؂ࢹ
    wϑΝΠϧͷมߋ؂ࢹʢ'*.'JMF*OUFHSJUZ.POJUPSJOHʣ
    wSPPULJUͷݕ஌
    wͦΕΒΛτϦΨʹͨ͠ϓϩάϥϜͷࣗಈ࣮ߦ
    "VEJUͷϩάͷू໿ͱ
    ؂ࢹɾΞϥʔτ͕Մೳ

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  35. ϩάͷू໿
    wΫΤϦϩάɾ04ίϚϯυϩάͳͲΛूΊͯҰఆظؒอ࣋ͨ͠
    ͍
    wϩά͸'MVFOUEΛ࢖ͬͯ"84ͷ,JOFTJT'JSFIPTFܦ༝Ͱ4ʹ
    อ࣋͢Δ
    Ұ୴͸อ࣋໨త͕ͩ
    ݕࡧ΍Ξϥʔτ௨஌΋΍͍͖͍ͬͯͨ

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  36. ૊৫త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ

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  37. ମ੍ͷڧԽ
    wਓతϦιʔεͷ֬อͱ໾ׂͷ໌֬Խ
    w෦ॺͷ৽ઃ
    wηΩϡϦςΟରࡦࣨ
    wηΩϡϦςΟ؂ࠪνʔϜ
    ηΩϡϦςΟΠϯγσϯτରԠɾରࡦͱ

    ͦΕ͕దਖ਼ʹߦΘΕ͍ͯΔ͔ͷ؂ࠪ

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  38. ηΩϡϦςΟΠϯγσϯτରԠ
    w੬ऑੑ৘ใͷૣظೖख
    wηΩϡΞίʔσΟϯάΨΠυͷࡦఆͱపఈ
    wෆਖ਼ݕ஌ೳྗͷ޲্
    wఆظతͳ੬ऑੑεΩϟϯຢ͸ϖωτϨʔγϣϯςετͷ࣮ࢪ
    wΠϯγσϯτରԠϚχϡΞϧͷ੔උ
    ΠϯγσϯτΛະવʹ๷͙࢓૊Έ
    ·ͨ༗ࣄ΁ͷඋ͑

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  39. ࠶ͼجૅ΁
    جຊతͳܭըͱ࣮ફ

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  40. *4.4ͷߏஙͱӡ༻

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  41. *4.4 ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟϚωδϝϯτγεςϜ

    w৘ใηΩϡϦςΟΛ࣮ݱɾҡ࣋͢ΔͨΊͷ૊৫తͳϚωδϝϯ
    τ׆ಈ
    wٕज़త
    w؅ཧత
    w෺ཧత
    w๏త
    wϚωδϝϯτ׆ಈ͸ܧଓతͳվળΛ܁Γฦ͠ͳ͕ΒਐΊΔ
    վળͷ܁Γฦ͠ˠ1%$"αΠΫϧ

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  42. *4.4ͷ1%$"αΠΫϧ
    w1-"/ʢ*4.4ܭըʣ
    wϦεΫϚωδϝϯτ
    w%0ʢ*4.4ͷಋೖٴͼӡ༻ʣ
    wηΩϡϦςΟͷݕࠪɾ؂ࢹͱγεςϜ؅ཧ
    w੬ऑੑ؅ཧ
    wΠϯγσϯτରԠ
    w$)&$,ʢ*4.4ͷ؂ࢹٴͼϨϏϡʔʣ
    w৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷ఺ݕ
    w"$5*0/ʢ*4.4ͷҡ࣋ٴͼվળʣ
    ࣮ྫͷ
    ࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ͸͜ͷҰ෦

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  43. 1-"/ϦεΫϚωδϝϯτ
    ૊৫ͷঢ়گͷ֬ఆ
    w ૊৫ͷ໨తɺ৘ใγεςϜ΍৘ใࢿ࢈ͷ෼ੳ
    ϦεΫΞηεϝϯτ
    w ϦεΫಛఆ
    w ৘ใࢿ࢈ʹͲͷΑ͏ͳϦεΫ͕͋Δ͔
    w ϦεΫ෼ੳ
    w ϦεΫͷൃੜ֬཰ͱ݁ՌΛ૊Έ߹ΘͤϨϕϧΛܾఆ
    w ϦεΫධՁ
    w ϦεΫ͕ड༰Մೳ͔ɺରࡦ͕ඞཁ͔
    ϦεΫରԠ
    w ϦεΫʹର͢Δରࡦͷํ਑ܾఆ

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  44. 1-"/ϦεΫରԠ
    ϦεΫίϯτϩʔϧ
    w ϦεΫܰݮɿ͍ΘΏΔରࡦ
    w ϦεΫճආɿൃੜݪҼͷഉআ
    ϦεΫϑΝΠφϯε
    w ϦεΫڞ༗ʢϦεΫҠసʣ
    ϦεΫอ༗
    w ରࡦΛ࣮ࢪͤͣɺϦεΫΛड͚ೖΕΔ
    ԿΛͲ͏ରࡦ͢Δ͔
    ͋Δ͍͸͠ͳ͍͔ΛܾΊΔ

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  45. %0ηΩϡϦςΟͷݕࠪɾ؂ࢹͱγεςϜ؅ཧ
    ιϑτ΢ΣΞͷݕࠪख๏
    w ੬ऑੑ਍அπʔϧ
    w ੩తݕࠪख๏
    ϖωτϨʔγϣϯʢ৵ೖ͋Δ͍͸؏௨ʣςετ
    40$
    w ৘ใγεςϜʹର͢Δ߈ܸ΍ηΩϡϦςΟ৵֐ͷ෼ੳ΍؂
    ࢹΛߦ͏ઐ໳૊৫
    ϖύϘͰ͸ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦࣨɾࣄۀ෦͕

    த৺ʹ࣮ࢪத

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  46. ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦࣨʹΑΔ੬ऑੑ਍அྫ

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  47. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ
    ৘ใηΩϡϦςΟૣظܯռύʔτφʔγοϓ
    +7/
    4$"1
    w $7&
    w 100%-&$7&
    w )FBSUCMFFE$7&
    w $744౳
    ηΩϡϦςΟରࡦࣨͰ
    ৘ใΛूΊ͍ͯΔ

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  48. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ
    w EBZ৘ใ
    w IUUQTXXXFYQMPJUECDPN
    w IUUQTEBZDJUZ

    w ϥΠϒϥϦͷ$7&
    w OPEFKTIUUQTOZLJP
    w SVCZHFNTIUUQTSVCZTFDDPN
    w .-
    w ྫIUUQTTFDMJTUTPSHPTTTFD
    w σΟετϦϏϡʔγϣϯͷΞφ΢ϯεϝϯτ
    w 6CVOUVIUUQTVTOVCVOUVDPN
    w $FOU04IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNDFOUPTBOOPVODF
    w 3FE)BUIUUQTUXJUUFSDPN3FE)BU4FDVSJUZ

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  49. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ

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  50. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ

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  51. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ

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  52. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ $7&ڭ͑ͯ͘ΕΔ͘Μ

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  53. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ 5-4ଠ࿠

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  54. %0੬ऑੑ؅ཧ͔Βͷૣظൃݟͱల։ྫ

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  55. %0ΠϯγσϯτରԠ
    w࣮ྫͰड़΂ͨ௨Γ
    wΠϯγσϯτରԠ࡞ۀ
    wॳಈରԠ
    wࣄ࣮ͷ֬ೝɺ੹೚ऀɾ୲౰ऀ΁ͷ࿈བྷ౳
    w࢑ఆରԠ
    wӨڹൣғͷಛఆɺཁһͷಛఆɺγεςϜͷ෮چ౳
    w߃ٱରԠ
    w࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦͷ࣮ࢪɺ؂ࢹମ੍ͷڧԽɺ࡞ۀ݁Ռใࠂ

    ࡞ۀͷධՁɺϙϦγɾӡ༻ମ੍ɾӡ༻खॱݟ௚͠౳

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  56. $)&$,৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷ఺ݕ
    w৘ใηΩϡϦςΟ؂ࠪ
    wϦεΫΞηεϝϯτʹج͍ͮͨద੾ͳίϯτϩʔϧ͕੔උ
    ͞Εɺӡ༻ঢ়گΛɺಠཱ͔ͭ٬؍తͳཱ৔ͷ؂ࠪਓ͕ධՁ
    ͢Δ׆ಈ
    wίϯτϩʔϧηϧϑΞηεϝϯτʢ$4"

    wࣗݾνΣοΫ
    w͋͘·Ͱࣗݾ఺ݕͳͷͰɺ؂ࠪ෦ͳͲʹΑΔ఺ݕ݁Ռͷଥ
    ౰ੑݕূ͕ॏཁ
    wηΩϡϦςΟͷҙࣝ޲্ͱ͍͏ϝϦοτ΋͋Δ

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  57. *4.4औΓ૊Έͷෛՙ

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  58. ۀ຿ෛՙ޲্ɾίετ૿͸࣮֬ʹ͋Δ
    wಛʹҰ൪࠷ॳͷ1%$"ͷ৔߹
    wϦεΫΞηεϝϯτ͸ɺγεςϜͷ؅ཧऀ΍ܞΘΔΤϯδχΞ
    Ͱߦ͍೺Ѳ͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δ
    wϦεΫରԠʹ౰ͨΔ৔߹ɺೲಘͷ্ͰऔΓ૊ΊΔ
    wશ෦͸ରॲͰ͖ͳ͍
    wద੾ͳϦεΫධՁʹΑͬͯɺ༏ઌ౓ΛܾΊΔ
    w࢒ཹϦεΫɺอ༗ϦεΫΛঝೝ͢Δ
    wϦεΫܰݮͷͨΊͷ։ൃɾӡ༻අ༻

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  59. ઈࢍϦεΫΞηεϝϯτத

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  60. ·ͱΊ
    w৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷجૅͱ࣮ྫΛઆ໌ͨ͠
    wجૅͰ͸৘ใηΩϡϦςΟͷఆٛɺ*4.4ͷߏஙͱӡ༻ʹ͍ͭ
    ͯઆ໌ͨ͠
    wηΩϡϦςΟΠϯγσϯτ࣮ྫΛڍ͛ɺΠϯγσϯτରԠͷҰ
    ෦ͱͯ͠۩ମతͳ࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦʹ͍ͭͯઆ໌ͨ͠

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  61. wܦҢ
    wΠϯγσϯτޙͷৼΓฦΓ
    wٕज़త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ
    w૊৫త࠶ൃ๷ࢭࡦ
    wηΩϡϦςΟͷߟ͑ํ
    w*4.4ͷߏஙͱӡ༻
    w*4.4औΓ૊Έͷෛՙ
    ࣮ྫ جૅ
    (.0ϖύϘͰ΋*4.4ߏஙʹ
    औΓ૊ΜͰ͍·͢
    ·ͱΊ

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  62. ηΩϡϦςΟ
    جૅͱ࣮ྫͰl஌Δz

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  63. 0OFNPSFUIJOHʜ

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  64. IUUQTQFQBCPDPNOFXTQSFTT
    ΋ͬͱ΍͍͖ͬͯ·͢ʂʂ

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