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ACE Norway 2015 - Solar System and Scale

E23ea2b82db9fc04e4c8161cdaf099a1?s=47 Robert Simpson
February 12, 2015

ACE Norway 2015 - Solar System and Scale

E23ea2b82db9fc04e4c8161cdaf099a1?s=128

Robert Simpson

February 12, 2015
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Transcript

  1. SPACE!

  2. THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  3. MERCURY THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  4. MERCURY VENUS THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  5. MERCURY VENUS EARTH THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  6. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  7. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  8. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER SATURN THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  9. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER SATURN URANUS THE SOLAR SYSTEM

  10. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER SATURN URANUS NEPTUNE THE SOLAR

    SYSTEM
  11. THE SOLAR SYSTEM INNER PLANETS OUTER PLANETS ROCKY GAS GIANTS

  12. The Sun • A massive nuclear fireball, that provides all

    of the heat and light we get on Earth. • The Sun is a normal star, in a normal part of the galaxy. • Every star you can see in the night sky is a star, like the Sun. Day Planets Dwarf Planets Mass 25-35 days 8 5+ 330,000 x Earth
  13. The Sun • A massive nuclear fireball, that provides all

    of the heat and light we get on Earth. • The Sun is a normal star, in a normal part of the galaxy. • Every star you can see in the night sky is a star, like the Sun. Day Planets Dwarf Planets Mass 25-35 days 8 5+ 330,000 x Earth
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  17. Mercury • Smallest planet • Very hot in the day,

    very cold at night • Looks a bit like the Moon • Stars can be seen in the day because there is no air on Mercury Day Year Moons Mass 59 days 88 days None 0.06 x Earth
  18. Venus • The hottest planet • Sometimes called Earth’s twin

    because of its size • Covered in a thick layer of acid clouds • A Venus day is longer than a Venus year! Day Year Moons Mass 243 days 226 days None 0.82 x Earth
  19. Venus • The hottest planet • Sometimes called Earth’s twin

    because of its size • Covered in a thick layer of acid clouds • A Venus day is longer than a Venus year! Day Year Moons Mass 243 days 226 days None 0.82 x Earth
  20. Earth • Only known planet with life • 10% of

    the Earth is covered in ice • Like most planets the Earth is not actually round - it more like a slightly squashed ball! Day Year Moons Mass 24 hours 1 year 1 1 x Earth
  21. Mars • Biggest volcano in the Solar System is Olympus

    Mons. It is 15 miles high! • Its moons, Phobos and Deimos are not round, but rocky. • Called the red planet because it actually looks red in the night sky! Day Year Moons Mass 24 hrs 43 mins 1.88 years 2 0.11 x Earth
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  27. Jupiter • Has a great red spot, which is really

    a massive hurricane. • Jupiter has a faint ring • So big you could fit 1,300 Earths inside it! • Very bright and visible in the evening right now. Day Year Moons Mass 9.5 hours 11.9 years 63 318 x Earth
  28. Saturn • The rings are made up of bits of

    rock and ice. • Its biggest moon, Titan, is larger than the planet Mercury. • There are small moons within the rings. Day Year Moons Mass 10.5 hours 29.5 years 61 95 x Earth
  29. Uranus • Orbits the Sun on its side - meaning

    that night can last for 40 years. • Has no features on the surface - make sit look boring. • It is the coldest planet in the Solar System. Day Year Moons Mass 17 hours 84 years 27 15 x Earth
  30. Neptune • Farthest planet, and the stormiest. Hurricane son Neptune

    are 5x more powerful than on Earth. • Neptune and Uranus both have rocky cores deep inside them. Day Year Moons Mass 16 hours 165 years 13 17 x Earth
  31. MERCURY VENUS EARTH MARS JUPITER SATURN URANUS NEPTUNE THE SOLAR

    SYSTEM
  32. The Moon • Man first landed on the Moon in

    July, 1969. Over 40 years ago! • There is no air on the Moon. No wind or weather. This means that the astronauts footprints will last for thousands of years. • The Moon orbits the Earth in just over 27 days. • How long would it take to get there in a car?
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  34. “One small step for man. One giant leap for mankind”

    Neil Armstrong, July 20th 1969
  35. International Space Station

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  38. • The ISS orbits the Earth every 90 minutes •

    The first parts were put into space in 1998. • Since 2000 there has always been someone aboard the ISS - the crew changes every 6 months. • You can see the ISS fly overhead!
  39. Tarantula Nebula

  40. Rosette Nebula

  41. Comet Hale-Bopp

  42. Comet Hale-Bopp • Comets actually have two tails. • One

    is a trail of stuff left behind as it flies along. • The other is caused by the Sun boiling material off the comet’s surface. • You can often see comets in the night sky.
  43. Comet Hale-Bopp and the Milky Way

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  45. 100,000 light years The Milky Way

  46. 100,000 light years The Milky Way Black  Hole

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  48. • Black holes are so dense that even light cannot

    escape - that is why they are black. • There are 14 known black holes - but there must be many many more. • Black holes are only seen when they suck material off other objects - like stars. • The closest black hole to Earth, Cygnus X-1, is 8,000 light years away.
  49. 1.75 m 1.62 m

  50. 12,742 km 40,000 km

  51. 20 km

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  77. 1.75 m 1.62 m

  78. T H E E N D P E R S

    P E C T I V E R O B E R T S I M P S O N @ O R B I T I N G F R O G