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suEXEC セキュリティモデルをベースにしたコンテナ起動時のバリデーションの提案 / A suEXEC-based validation in containers' startup

suEXEC セキュリティモデルをベースにしたコンテナ起動時のバリデーションの提案 / A suEXEC-based validation in containers' startup

KONDO Uchio

May 12, 2018
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  1. 6DIJP,POEP(.01FQBCP *OD
    84"ݚڀձ
    TV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧΛ
    ϕʔεʹͨ͠ίϯςφىಈ࣌ͷ
    όϦσʔγϣϯͷఏҊ

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  2. ΤϯδχΞ
    ۙ౻Ӊஐ࿕!VE[VSB
    ٕज़෦ٕज़ج൫νʔϜ

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  3. ໨࣍
    લఏ
    ίϯςφ؀ڥఏڙͷࡍͷηΩϡϦςΟత՝୊
    લఏ
    ίϯςφʹ·ͭΘΔηΩϡϦςΟػߏͷ੔ཧ
    ఏҊ͢ΔόϦσʔγϣϯػߏʹ͍ͭͯ
    ՝୊ɾٞ࿦͍ͨ͜͠ͱ

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  4. ίϯςφ؀ڥఏڙͷࡍͷ
    ηΩϡϦςΟత՝୊

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  5. 8FCαʔϏεఏڙͰͷίϯςφͷར༻
    w ಥൃతΞΫηε૿ͳͲ΁ͷରॲͷͨΊɺ8FCαʔϏεͷӡ༻ऀ͸ߴ଎͔ͭॊೈͳϦιʔ
    ε੍ޚΛ͍ͨ͠ɻ
    w ٸͳϦιʔε௥Ճ΁ͷରԠɺෆཁͳ࣌͸ݮΒ͢ɺͳͲɻ
    w ίϯςφ͸ͦͷىಈͷߴ଎͞ͳͲͷੑ࣭͔Βɺͦͷ໨తʹ͓͋ͬͯΓීٴ͕ਐΈͭͭ
    ͋Δɻ
    w )BDPOJXB࿦จ
    Ͱ΋͜ͷલఏʹ͍ͭͯड़΂͍ͯΔ
    w ࠓճ͸ͦͷதͰ΋ɺϗεςΟϯά؀ڥʹ͓͍ͯߴ଎͔ͭॊೈͳϦιʔε੍ޚΛ࣮ݱ͢
    ΔͨΊʹίϯςφΛར༻͢Δʹ͋ͨΓɺηΩϡϦςΟͷ໰୊Λ੔ཧ͢Δ

    IUUQTSBOEQFQBCPDPNQBQFSTJQTKODVE[VSBQEG

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  6. ίϯςφఏڙ࣌ͷηΩϡϦςΟత՝୊
    ίϯςφͷ಺෦͔ΒɺίϯςφΛϗετ͍ͯ͠Δ਌ͷ04ʹʮ୤ࠈʯ͕Ͱ
    ͖Δ৔߹
    ίϯςφͷ಺෦͔Βɺίϯςφͷ֎෦؀ڥ͕ݟ͑ͨΓૢ࡞Ͱ͖Δ৔߹
    ίϯςφͷ಺෦ʹ͍ͭͯɺαʔϏεఏڙऀ͕ҙਤ͠ͳ͍ઃఆมߋ΍ϑΝΠ
    ϧͷૢ࡞͕Ͱ͖Δ৔߹
    ίϯςφͷىಈ࣌ʹɺαʔϏεఏڙऀ͕ҙਤ͠ͳ͍ίϚϯυɺҾ਺ɺݖ
    ݶͰͷىಈΛ͞ΕΔ৔߹

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  7. ίϯςφͷ಺෦ˠίϯςφͷϗετ
    w͍ΘΏΔʮ୤ࠈʯ
    -JOVY/BNFTQBDF
    DISPPU
    $POUBJOFST
    )PTU04

    VODISPPUIUUQTHJTUHJUIVCDPN'JMP4PUUJMF

    ❓❓
    ௨ৗɺίϯςφ಺෦͔Βϗετͷ৘
    ใ͸ɺ-JOVY/BNFTQBDFͳͲʹΑ
    Γִ཭͞ΕΞΫηεͰ͖ͳ͍
    ⚠੬ऑੑɺઃఆϛεɺ࢓্༷ͷൈ͚݀

    ͳͲʹΑΓ֎෦ͷ৘ใʹΞΫηεͰ͖Δ
    ͜ͱ͕͋Δʹʮ୤ࠈʯ


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  8. ίϯςφͷ಺෦ˠݟͤͨ͘ͳ͍֎෦
    wωοτϫʔΫ্ͷଞͷϗετ΁ͷΞΫηεɺ௨৴ͷ๣ௌͳͲ
    B

    C
    D

    E

    ίϯςφB
    ͷ؀ڥΛ֎෦ʹఏڙ͢Δ৔߹ɺ
    B
    ͔Βݟ͑ͯ͸͍͚ͳ͍ϛυϧ΢ΣΞD
    ʹΞΫηεͰ͖Δɺ
    B
    ͔Β؅ཧίϯςφE
    ʹΞΫηεͰ͖ΔɺͳͲ
    B
    ͱE
    ͕ಉ͡WYMBOͷ৔߹ͳͲ΋ߟ͑ΒΕΔͩΖ͏
    0, TFDSFU
    "ENJODPOUBJOFST
    $POUBJOFSTUPQSPWJEF

    ⭕ ❌

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  9. ίϯςφͷ಺෦Λӽݖతʹૢ࡞Ͱ͖Δ
    wίϯςφ಺෦ͷಛݖΛ༩͍͑ͯͳ͍ͷʹɺϑΝΠϧΛૢ࡞Ͱ͖Δ
    FUDQBTTXE
    FUDTIBEPX
    FUDOHJOYOHJOYDPOG
    QSPDTZT
    WBSSVOEPDLFS
    "$POUBJOFS
    ίϯςφ಺ͷ௨ৗϢʔβʔ
    ·ͨ͸ݖݶ੍ݶ͞ΕͨSPPU
    ౰વɺෆཁͳϑΝΠϧૢ࡞͸ෆՄ
    ⚠੬ऑੑͳͲͷར༻Ͱ
    SPPUʹͳΔ
    ⚠ઃఆ࿙ΕͳͲͰ
    ෆཁͳݖݶ͕෇͍ͯݖݶୣऔ
    ૢ࡞
    ૢ࡞


    ⚠ݖݶઃఆΛޡͬͯ
    ෇༩Ϛ΢ϯτ͢Δ͜ͱ΋

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  10. ҙਤ͠ͳ͍Φϓγϣϯ౳Ͱίϯςφىಈ
    wίϯςφͷىಈΛϢʔβͰίϯτϩʔϧͰ͖Δ৔߹͕͋Δ



    ਖ਼ৗͳઃఆͰىಈ
    ෆਖ਼ͳઃఆͰىಈɺ
    ͦͷޙෆਖ਼ͳૢ࡞
    ίϯςφͰ͸ͳ͍
    ϛυϧͳͲΛ
    ىಈͤ͞ΒΕΔ
    ίϯςφىಈͷܖػ
    ͱͳΔΠϕϯτ
    $*αʔϏε౳
    δϣϒ։࢝
    'BTU$POUBJOFS
    લஈͷΠϕϯτΛड͚औΔ૚
    OHY@NSVCZEPDLFSE

    ίϯςφϥϯλΠϜ
    ⚠ෆਖ਼ͳύϥϝʔλΛ౉͞ΕΔɺͳͲ

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  11. ίϯςφʹ·ͭΘΔ
    ηΩϡϦςΟػߏͷ੔ཧ

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  12. ίϯςφʹؔ͢ΔηΩϡϦςΟػߏ
    " 6TFS/BNFTQBDF
    # ,FSOFM$BQBCJMJUJFT
    $ TFDDPNQ
    % .BOEBUPSZ"DDFTT$POUSPM
    & 4FSWJDF.FTIJOH
    ' 3PPUMFTT6OQSJWJMFHFEDPOUBJOFST
    ( )ZQFSWJTPST

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  13. 6TFS/BNFTQBDF
    wϗετ໊ͳͲͷΑ͏ʹຊདྷ04άϩʔόϧʹଘࡏ͢ΔϦιʔεʹ͍ͭͯ

    04಺෦Ͱ໊લۭؒΛ࡞੒͠ɺ

    ෳ਺Λଘࡏͤ͞࢖͍෼͚Δ

    -JOVY/BNFTQBDF

    wϢʔβ*%ʹ໊͍ͭͯલۭؒΛ

    ࡞ΓɺϗετͷඇSPPUΛ

    ίϯςφͷ؅ཧऀʹɻ

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  14. ,FSOFM$BQBCJMJUJFT
    wSPPUͷ࣋ͭಛݖΛɺ෼ׂ͠ɺҰ෦Λണୣ͋Δ͍͸෇༩Ͱ͖Δ
    $"1@$)08/
    $"1@,*--
    $"1@4:4@5*.&
    $"1@4:4@"%.*/
    $"1@/&5@3"8
    $"1@/&5@#*/%@4&37*$&

    5SBEJUJPOBM
    SPPU
    $BQBCJMJUJFT
    -JNJUFE
    SPPU
    VTSMPDBMCJOTFSWFSGPP
    Ұ෦ૢ࡞͕Ͱ͖ͳ͍

    SPPU
    FH࣌ؒૢ࡞͕Ͱ͖
    ͳ͍ɺLJMMͰ͖ͳ͍
    ҰൠϢʔβ͕ىಈͯ͠΋
    ಛݖϙʔτΛϦοεϯͰ͖ΔɺͳͲ
    Ұ෦Λണୣ
    Ұ෦Λ
    ϑΝΠϧʹ෇༩

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  15. TFDDPNQ.BOEBUPSZ"DDFTT$POUSPM
    wϢʔβͷࠓͷݖݶʹ͔͔ΘΒͣɺҰ෦ૢ࡞Λ੍ݶɾ؂ࠪ͢Δ
    wTFDDPNQͰ͋Ε͹γεςϜίʔϧɺ."$Ͱ͋Ε͹ϑΝΠϧΞΫηεͳͲ
    SPPU
    TFDDPNQͷίϯςΫετ
    "QQ"SNPSͷϓϩϑΝΠϧ
    SPPUͷ࡞੒ͨ͠ϓϩηε
    SPPUͷ࡞੒ͨ͠ϓϩηε
    ,FSOFM04
    γεςϜίʔϧݺग़
    ϑΝΠϧΞΫηεɺ
    ιέοτར༻ͳͲ




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  16. 4FSWJDF.FTIJOH
    wίϯςφಉ࢜ͷ૬ޓͷωοτϫʔΫɺૄ௨ΛɺίʔυͳͲʹΑΓίϯτϩʔϧ
    ͢Δ͜ͱΛ4FSWJDF.FTIͱݺͼɺίϯςφͷจ຺Ͱ࢖ΘΕΔ
    /PEF1PPMෳ਺ͷ෺ཧϗετΛ୯Ұͷϓʔϧͱͯ͠ѻͬͨ΋ͷ
    4FSWJDF.FTI $POUSPM1MBOF
    ίϯςφಉ࢜ͷૄ௨ͷڐՄېࢭ
    FHηΩϡϦςΟάϧʔϓ

    ίϯςφؒͷ௨৴ͷ؂ࠪ
    ௨৴ܦ࿏ͷ҉߸Խ 5-4ଞ





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  17. 3PPUMFTT6OQSJWJMFHFEDPOUBJOFST
    w
    όΠφϦࣗମΛTFUVTFSJESPPU͢Δ
    w
    -9$ํࣜͷඇಛݖίϯςφʢ6TFS/BNFTQBDFΛར༻ʣ
    w
    /55ਢాࢯʹΑΔ3PPUMFTTSVOD΄͔ʢػೳ੍ݶ͋Γʣ
    w ϝϦοτɾσϝϦοτ·ͱΊ
    όΠφϦͷTFUVJESPPU
    όΠφϦͷݖݶ͕େ͖͘ɺ
    ͞ΒͳΔ੍ޚΛ͢ΔͨΊͷରԠ͕ඞཁ
    -9$ํࣜͷඇಛݖίϯςφ
    Ұ෦όΠφϦΛTFUVJESPPU͢ΔͷͰ
    ίϯςφͷػೳͷมԽͰ௥ՃͳͲରԠ͕ඞཁ
    3PPUMFTTSVOD
    ωοτϫʔΫ͕UBQͷΈͳͲ
    ػೳʹ੍ݶ͕͋Δ

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  18. )ZQFSWJTPS౳ͷར༻ʢ༧ߘͰ͸ະݴٴʣ
    wίϯςφٕज़ͷηΩϡϦςΟػߏͷଟ͘͸04ͷதͰด͍ͯ͡Δ͕ɺ

    ܰྔͳϋΠύʔόΠβͳͲΛར༻͠ɺͦͷൣғΛ௒͑ͨαϯυϘοΫ
    εԽΛ࣮ݱ͢Δٕज़͕ݱΕ͍ͯΔ
    wH7JTPS
    ͷ3&"%.&ΑΓ

    IUUQTDMPVEQMBUGPSNHPPHMFCMPHDPN0QFOTPVSDJOHH7JTPSBTBOECPYFEDPOUBJOFSSVOUJNFIUNM

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  19. Ґஔ෇͚Δ
    w՝୊͸ΧʔωϧίϯςφϥϯλΠϜͰखް͘Χόʔ
    w՝୊͸4FSWJDF.FTIͷਐԽͰ
    w՝୊͸ඇಛݖίϯςφ͕

    ༗ޮ͔

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  20. ՝୊΁ͷରԠ
    ػೳ໊ ରԠՄೳͳ՝୊
    6TFS/BNFTQBDF

    ,FSOFM$BQBCJMJUJFT
    TFDDPNQ
    .BOEBUPSZ"DDFTT$POUSPM

    4FSWJDF.FTI
    ඇಛݖίϯςφ
    ϋΠύʔόΠβͷར༻

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  21. ՝୊΁ͷରԠ͸ݶఆత
    ػೳ໊ ରԠՄೳͳ՝୊
    6TFS/BNFTQBDF

    ,FSOFM$BQBCJMJUJFT
    TFDDPNQ
    .BOEBUPSZ"DDFTT$POUSPM

    4FSWJDF.FTI
    ඇಛݖίϯςφ
    ϋΠύʔόΠβͷར༻

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  22. ఏҊ͢Δ
    όϦσʔγϣϯػߏʹ͍ͭͯ

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  23. ఏҊ͢Δख๏
    wTV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧ
    ϕʔεͷݕࠪಋೖ
    wTV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧ
    "QBDIF)551αʔό͕$(*͋Δ͍͸44*Λ࣮ߦ͢Δࡍʹɺ"QBDIF
    ࣗମͷϢʔβ*%ͱ͸ҟͳΔϢʔβ*%Ͱ࣮ߦ͢Δࡍʹߟྀ͍ͯ͠Δ
    Ϟσϧ
    w ՝୊΁ͷ͞ΒͳΔରԠʹओ؟Λஔ͘

    IUUQTIUUQEBQBDIFPSHEPDTKBTVFYFDIUNM

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  24. TV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧͱ͸
    w·ͣɺTV&9&$ʹ͍ͭͯ
    "QBDIF
    VTFSBQBDIF $(*QSPDFTT
    VTFSVTFS
    $(*QSPDFTT
    VTFSVTFS
    TVFYFDίϚϯυ
    IPTUGPPFYBNQMFKQ
    IPTUCBSFYBNQMFKQ
    7JSUVBM)PTU
    ͝ͱͷઃఆ
    $(*ͳͲͷ࣮ߦ
    ͓ޓ͍ʹݖݶ෼཭
    γεςϜྖҬ΋ݟ͑ͳ͍
    "QBDIFͷઃఆ౳

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  25. TV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧ͕ඞཁͳཧ༝
    wTFUVTFSJESPPU͞ΕͨόΠφϦΛܦ༝࣮ͯ͠ݱ͍ͯ͠ΔͨΊ
    "QBDIF
    VTFSBQBDIF $(*QSPDFTT
    VTFSVTFS
    $(*QSPDFTT
    VTFSVTFS
    TVFYFDίϚϯυ
    IPTUGPPFYBNQMFKQ
    IPTUCBSFYBNQMFKQ
    TFUVJE
    ͳͲΛ࣮ߦ͢ΔͨΊɺ
    TVFYFDίϚϯυ͸TFUVTFSJESPPU
    ͞ΕͨόΠφϦͱͳ͍ͬͯΔɻ
    ඞཁҎ্ͷૢ࡞͕Ͱ͖ͳ͍Α͏ͳ
    Կ͔͠Βରࡦ͕ඞਢ
    "QBDIFͷઃఆ౳

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  26. ίϯςφΠϕϯτΛड͚औΔલஈαʔϏε
    wίϯςφʹ͸ɺىಈΠϕϯτΛड͚औΔલஈαʔϏε͕͋Δ
    w'BTU$POUBJOFSͷOHY@NSVCZɺSVODʹର͢ΔDPOUBJOFSEɺͳͲ
    /HJOY͸Πϯλʔωοτʹެ։͞ΕΔ
    ݖݶ΁ͷߟྀ͕ඞཁ
    ͨͩ͠ɺݖݶ੍ޚ͸ೝূͳͲͰߦ͑Δ

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  27. ίϯςφͷલஈϓϩάϥϜͱൺֱ͢Δ
    wલஈΛOHY@NSVCZͱͨ͠'BTU$POUBJOFSΞʔΩςΫνϟ
    OHY@NSVCZ
    VTFSOHJOY
    ίϯςφ
    VTFSVTFS
    ίϯςφ
    VTFSVTFS
    IBDPOJXBίϚϯυ
    IPTUGPPFYBNQMFKQ
    IPTUCBSFYBNQMFKQ
    ίϯςφϛυϧઃఆ౳
    )PTUϔομͳͲ͔Β
    ίϯςφͷ৘ใΛ࡞੒
    TFUVJESPPU
    ͍ͨ͠ͷͰ
    ରԠ͕ඞཁ
    6TFS/BNFTQBDFʹΑΓ
    ίϯςφ಺Ͱ͸SPPU
    ݖݶ෼཭
    ݖݶ෼཭

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  28. TV&9&$ηΩϡϦςΟϞσϧͷৄࡉ
    wಛ௃ͱͯ͠͸
    ඞཁҎ্ͷݖݶɾࢀরΛ༩͑ͳ͍
    6/*9Ϣʔβϕʔε
    ن໿ʹΑΔ୲อ
    ෆਖ਼ͳ*%ͳͲ͸ݫ͘͠ݕࠪ

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  29. ίϯςφͷىಈϓϩηεʹରԠ͢Δ
    TV&9&$ͷ༻ޠ ίϯςφͰͷରԠ
    XSBQQFS ίϯςφϥϯλΠϜ
    XSBQQFSͷ࣮ߦϢʔβ ίϯςφϥϯλΠϜͷલஈαʔϏε
    ର৅ͷ$(*౳
    ίϯςφͷ1*%ϓϩηε
    ʢJOJUͱݺͿʣ
    ର৅ͱͳΔϢʔβ*% ίϯςφͷJOJU࣮ߦϢʔβ
    υΩϡϝϯτσΟϨΫτϦ SPPUT

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  30. ݩͷ෼ྨΛύλʔϯʹ੔ཧ
    wόϦσʔγϣϯͱͯ͠બ୒తʹॲཧ͢΂͖΋ͷ
    ઃఆͱόΠφϦͷΦ΢φʔҰகɺSPPUGTͷҐஔɺJOJUΛ࣮ߦ͢ΔϢʔβ*%ʹؔ
    ͢Δ੍ݶɺ؀ڥม਺ͷݕࠪͳͲΛߦ͏ʢϧʔϧʣ
    wΤϥʔͱͯ͠ॲཧ͢΂͖΋ͷ
    *%ͷଘࡏ֬ೝͳͲக໋తͳ΋ͷ͸ඞͣݕࠪ͢Δʢϧʔϧʣ
    wίϯςφͷӡ༻ͷੑ্࣭ɺ࣮૷͢΂͖͔Ͳ͏͔ݕ౼͕ඞཁͳ΋ͷ
    ίϯςφͷػೳͱ୯७ͳରԠؔ܎ʹͳ͍ɾ୯७ରԠΛ͢Δͱӡ༻ͷ໰୊͕ى
    ͖ͦ͏ͳ΋ͷ͸ࠓճอཹ͢Δʢϧʔϧʣ

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  31. ࣮૷ͷৄࡉͳํ਑ͳͲิҨ
    wʮΤϥʔͱͯ͠ॲཧ͢΂͖΋ͷʯͱͨ͠ϧʔϧ͸ద੾ͳΤϥʔϝο
    ηʔδΛग़͢Α͏ʹ͢Δ
    wબ୒తʹॲཧ͢΂͖΋ͷʹ͍ͭͯ͸ɺϏϧυ࣌ΦϓγϣϯͰͲͷݕࠪ
    Λ࣮ࢪ͢Δ͔ΛࢦఆՄೳͱ͢ΔɻΦϓγϣϯ͕ଟ͍΄ͲηΩϡΞ͕ͩ
    ࡞੒Ͱ͖Δίϯςφʹ੍ݶ͕͋Δɻগͳ͍ͱٯͷੑ࣭ͱͳΔɻ
    wϏϧυ࣌Φϓγϣϯʹͨ͠ͷ͸ɺ֎෦ͷઃఆͰ͸ڍಈΛม͑ͳ͍όΠ
    φϦࣗମͷΦϓγϣϯͱ͠ɺ߈ܸͷػձΛݮΒ͢ͱ͍͏ҙਤ

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  32. ۩ମత࣮૷
    wචऀͷ։ൃ͢ΔίϯςφϥϯλΠϜ)BDPOJXBͰॱ࣮࣍૷͢Δ༧ఆ
    wʮίϯςφϥϯλΠϜͷઃఆϑΝΠϧͱɺίϯςφϥϯλΠϜࣗ਎ͷ
    Φ΢φʔ͕Ұக͢Δ͔ʯͷݕࠪΛ࣮૷ࡁ
    w)BDPOJXB͸NSVCZͷϏϧυ%4-

    ʢ3VCZ%4-ʣΛར༻Ͱ͖

    ॊೈʹϏϧυΦϓγϣϯઃఆՄೳ

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  33. ·ͱΊ
    wίϯςφΛར༻ͨ͠ϗεςΟϯά؀ڥͷఏڙʹ͓͍ͯɺ͍͔ͭ͘ߟྀ͢΂͖
    ηΩϡϦςΟత՝୊͕͋Δɻ
    wͦͷ͏ͪɺʮఏڙ͢Δίϯςφࣗମͷىಈ࣌ͷηΩϡϦςΟʯʹؔͯ͠͸ɺ
    ඇಛݖίϯςφ͕༗ޮͰ͋Δ͕ɺͦͷޮՌΛTV&9&$ͷηΩϡϦςΟϞσ
    ϧΛϕʔεͱͨ͠όϦσʔγϣϯ͕ΑΓߴΊΔͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔
    wҰൠͷ8FCαʔόͷϓϩηεىಈͱίϯςφͷىಈͷҧ͍ʹଈͨ͠ରԠ෇
    ͚Λ࣮ͯ͠૷ΛਐΊ͍ͨ

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  34. ՝୊ɾٞ࿦͍ͨ͠఺

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  35. ՝୊
    w۩ମత࣮૷΁ͷམͱ͠ࠐΈ
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    ͦ΋ͦ΋࣮૷͠ͳ͍͍ͯ͘ͷ͔ɺक͍ͬͯΔ΋ͷͷΤοηϯε͸Կ͔
    wಋೖޙͷ໰୊఺ɺ༗ޮੑͷݕূ
    ύϑΥʔϚϯεɺ࣮ࡍʹ߈ܸΛ๷͛Δ͔ɺӡ༻ཁ݅Λຬ͔ͨ͢FUD

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  36. ٞ࿦͍ͨ͠ͱ͜Ζ
    TV&9&$ϞσϧΛώϯτʹͨ͜͠ΕΒͷݕࠪ͸ຊ౰ʹηΩϡΞʹͳΔͷ͔ʁ
    " ίϯςφͷىಈͱҰൠͷ8FCαʔόͷϓϩηεىಈΛൺֱ͍ͯ͠Δ͕ɺ
    ଥ౰ͳͷ͔Ͳ͏͔
    # 'BTU$POUBJOFSͷΑ͏ͳ৔߹ͷΈͳͷ͔ɺҰൠʹ༗ޮͳͷ͔
    Ұ෦ɺݩͷϞσϧͰͦͷ··ద༻Ͱ͖ͳͦ͏ͳ΋ͷ͕͋Δͱ࿦͕ͨ͡ɺ

    ͦΕΒͷѻ͍ΛͲ͏͢Δͱྑ͍͔ʁ
    ӡ༻ʹ৐ͤͨࡍͷޮՌଌఆʹ͸ͲͷΑ͏ͳํ๏͕ߟ͑ΒΕΔ͔ʁ

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  37. ࢀߟࢿྉͳͲ
    w༧ߘIUUQTHJUIVCDPNVE[VSBXTBTHOEESBGUUSFFNBTUFSESBGUSFBENF

    wࢀߟจݙͷ͏ͪɺεϥΠυͰϦϯΫΛࣔ͞ͳ͔ͬͨ΋ͷʢ࿦จ౳ʣ
    w ۙ౻͏͓ͪଞ )BDPOJXBϓϩάϥϜʹΑΔɺ૊ΈཱͯՄೳੑͱ֦ுੑΛ࣋ͭ-JOVYίϯςφ ৘ใॲཧֶձୈճ
    શࠃେձߨԋ࿦จू
    w দຊ྄հଞ 'BTU$POUBJOFS8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίϯςφͷঢ়ଶΛϦΞΫςΟϒʹܾఆ͢Δίϯςφ؅ཧΞʔΩς
    Ϋνϟ ୈճΠϯλʔωοτͱӡ༻ٕज़ݚڀձ
    w দຊ྄հଞ 8FCαʔόͷߴूੵϚϧνςφϯτΞʔΩςΫνϟͱӡ༻ٕज़ ిࢠ৘ใ௨৴ֶձ࿦จࢽ#ͷ7PMVNF
    +#/P
    wλΠτϧը૾͸QJYBCBZDPNΑΓɺQVCMJDEPNBJOͷ΋ͷΛར༻ͨ͠

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