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g0v — Fork the Government

唐鳳
December 07, 2015

g0v — Fork the Government

唐鳳

December 07, 2015
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  1. Fork
    the government

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  2. Hello, I’m @audreyt from the future!
    UTC+8
    UTC+0

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  3. “The third sector”
    Full-time g0ver since 2013
    Consulting and contributing to…

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  4. Hacking since 1989
    Dad was @ Tiananmen that June:
    Grew up among activists

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  5. 1994: Quit to weave the
    Facilitate a safe space
    to learn from each other
    and iterate toward
    actionable ideas

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  6. “Behind every technologist,
    there is and should be much more
    than mere technology.
    Behind every technology, there is a
    set of values informing its pursuit.
    — Lu Chia Hua

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  7. Will Facebook �
    be a catalyst for civic
    participation?
    No, it just makes
    citizens feel as if they have
    participated…
    “…I have yet to come up with something
    practical that allows lazy people )
    engage in real action.” Šுେय़

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  8. “Tofu”: Bite-sized tasks

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  9. “Tofu”: Bite-sized tasks

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  10. Here Comes Everybody

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  11. Here Comes Everybody

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  12. Here Comes Everybody

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  13. Ⱇ字
    Ⱇ字

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  14. Ⱇ字
    Ⱇ字
    IPVST QBHFT
    DBNQBJHOOBODFSFDPSET
    _ DPOUSJCVUPST
    0UBLV$IBSBDUFS3FDPHOJUJPO

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  15. -FHJTMBUPS7PUJOH(VJEF

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  16. -FHJTMBUPS7PUJOH(VJEF

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  17. -FHJTMBUPS7PUJOH(VJEF

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  18. -FHJTMBUPS7PUJOH(VJEF

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  19. April 2015: Nepal Earthquake
    72 hours, 2,222 mappers�
    = 74,045 roads + 152,795 buildings mapped

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  20. Open
    Source

    Hands
    On
    Public
    Spirited
    Social
    Activism
    Civic
    Media
    Free Software

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  21. Contribute Participate
    Pitch + — Hack ' — Present ,
    All-Day Hackathon

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  22. Worse is Better
    ֭ ׺ਰ ܑ
    ֪

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  23. Worse is Better
    ֭ ׺ਰ ܑ
    ֪

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  24. Worse is Better
    ֭ ׺ਰ ܑ
    ֪

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  25. moedict.tw
    7 million visits per month
    500,000 users
    Popular words:
    w ߳ࢁډ࢜
    w ेҰᄚ
    w ༮࿏
    162k Mandarin
    86k Cross-Strait
    44k Mandarin-Holo
    20k Holo-Mandarin
    15k Hakka-Mandarin
    5k Amis-Mandarin-
    English

    • 89k Tibetan-Mandarin-
    English
    • 15k Amis-French
    Popular words:
    In Progress:

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  26. 2013-01-26
    Ping Yeh
    I will attend the Hackathon
    from abroad to work on an
    Open API for entries, idioms,
    definitions and examples for
    Traditional Chinese.
    ̽Revised MoE Dictionary̾
    Ministry of Education
    Moedict.tw
    “Reclaim our Language”

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  27. շ3FWJTFE.P&%JDUJPOBSZո
    160k Traditional Chinese entries
    High quality, official sources
    Rich in classical examples
    Still frequently updated!
    1945 㱺 1996

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  28. � Results are not bookmarkable
    � Rare glyphs ( ) not encoded
    � Mobile devices not supported
    㱺 �
    “Best viewed in Internet Explorer 5.0+ .�
    and Netscape 4.7+”
    Rare glyphs ( )
    Rare glyphs (
    1996

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  29. Auto-logout after 30 minutes
    (but there’s no login…)

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  30. %BUB
    CC0 1.0 Universal
    We have dedicated the work to the
    Commons by waiving all of our rights
    to the work worldwide under copyright
    law and all related or neighboring
    legal rights we had in the work, to the
    extent allowable by law.
    $PEF
    Works under CC0 do not require attribution.
    When citing the work, you should not imply
    endorsement by the author.

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  31. Permalink
    Т
    moedict.tw/虻碘

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  32. Permalink
    Т
    moedict.tw/虻碘

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  33. Collaborate
    Ф

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  34. Amis-Mandarin-English
    82,180 words digitized in 53 hours
    Ministry of Education Dictionary
    5,602 errata reported in 18 days

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  35. amis.moedict.tw

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  36. Ẕ᫆Cooperation
    Coordinated Consensus

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  37. 㶧֢ Collaboration
    Rough Consensus

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  38. Fork & Merge

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  39. edu.tw
    3du.tw
    data.g0v.tw data.gov.tw

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  40. budget.taipei
    budget.g0v.tw

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  41. “What we demand is not merely
    open, deliberative technology.
    What we demand is to shine a light
    on the closed-door decision-making
    by the privileged powers behind the
    government.”

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  42. Asymmetry of Information

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  43. 0th Sunflower
    Digital Camp
    #CongressOccupied

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  44. Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    9/26

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  45. Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    9/26

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  46. Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    9/26

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  47. Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Actocracy
    Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    Hong Kong
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    ~200k Protestors
    Self-organized
    9/26

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  48. Cable, Power, Radio
    Live Broadcasting
    3/8

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  49. 3/19
    Hack foldr
    Live Video → Transcripts

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  50. Transparent Walls

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  51. “Only a neutral ‘Net
    can connect people
    inside and outside
    of the wall.
    Communication
    reduces conflicts &
    misunderstanding
    � That was my
    only intention.”
    0
    #NetNeutrality

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  52. 3/24
    EtherCalc Offline
    g0v.hackpad.com Offline

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  53. 3/26 #CivicJournalism

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  54. 3/26 #CivicJournalism
    #CivicJournalism
    in order to maintain the
    normal development of a
    democratic and pluralistic
    society, freedom of press is
    an indispensable mechanism,
    and shall be protected under
    Article 11 of the Constitution.

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  55. 3/26 #CivicJournalism
    #CivicJournalism
    in order to maintain the
    normal development of a
    democratic and pluralistic
    society, freedom of press is
    an indispensable mechanism,
    and shall be protected under
    Article 11 of the Constitution.
    Article 11 of the Constitution.
    Article 11 of the Constitution.
    Article 11 of the Constitution.
    The freedom of newsgathering within the freedom of press not
    only protects the newsgathering of a journalist who works for a
    press institution, but also protects an ordinary person who gathers
    information with the aim of providing newsworthy information to
    the public or promoting the discussion of public affairs to
    supervise the government.

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  56. 3/29 Informed Review
    Are you affected by CSSTA?
    Enter company name to find out…
    㟬ඃ෰๵ྃ䆩ʁ

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  57. #Loomio
    “Real democracy needs to include everyone.”
    Civil · Constitutional · Convention

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  58. Mediation Space

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  59. vTaiwan.tw
    ໢࿏๏نௐద
    e-Rulemaking
    InfoSecurity
    Telework
    Telemedicine
    e-Retail
    Privacy &
    De-identification
    Internet Tax
    MOOCs
    Data Levy &�
    Open Data Definition
    Equity-based
    Crowdfunding�
    Closely-held LLC

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  60. Rulemaking 2.0:
    Understanding and Getting Better
    Public Participation
    Using Social Media in Rulemaking:
    Possibilities and Barriers
    — Michael Herz
    — Cynthia R. Farina & Mary J. Newhart

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  61. 1. Lack of Stakeholder Awareness
    2. Low Participation Literacy
    3. Information Overload

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  62. 2014/12/09: Telework meeting
    12/20: Hackath11n
    “We can’t find teleworker representatives…�
    Would you like to form an union?”
    2014/12/09: Telework meeting
    12/20: Hackath11n
    Taiwanese startups �
    can we not register at
    Cayman Islands?
    ՄҎෆཁڈ։ჭઃެ࢘䆩ʁ
    — Jaclyn Tsai, Minister without Portfolio
    Minister Jaclyn Tsai:

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  63. Case Study: Closely-held LLCs
    https://vtaiwan.tw/closelyheld/
    � 2/1 — Initial discussion (132 total )
    � 3/12 — Public consultation
    � 3/17 — Working Group formed
    � 5/1 — Draft act sent to Legislature
    � 6/1 — Bipartisan committee approved!

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  64. Working Group Meetings

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  65. SayIt
    SayIt
    SayIt

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  66. Design Principles
    � Informative slides & Keyword lexicons
    � Neutral, non-stakeholder facilitators
    � Aiding (not replacing) public hearings
    � Safe Space — Civilized discussions only

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  67. Proposal Requirements
    � Main stakeholders must be netizens
    � Directly related to laws & regulations
    � Open-ended, without preset solutions
    � 30-day minimum for initial discussions

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  68. � 1 million website requests per month
    � 10,000 Subscribers
    � 1,000Commenters
    � 45 Working Group members
    Engagement Metrics
    Net Promoter Score®: 85%

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  69. Tools
    � Civilized Construction Kit



    � Focused
    Conversation Method
    Civilized Construction Kit
    Focused
    Conversation

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  70. � Ministries with @usernames
    7-day guaranteed official replies

    � Participants form Working Groups
    � Shared online-offline collaboration

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  71. Join.gov.tw
    Volunteer-run � Government-run
    Early Consultation � Whole Lifecycle
    Online Stakeholders � General Public
    Open Source � Open API & Open Source�
    (hopefully!)

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  72. “What we demand is that
    policy-making must have a
    deliberative democratic
    spirit and attitude.”

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  73. Professional Mediators

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  74. Next steps
    Next steps
    Next steps
    Specific issue
    Crowdsourced Agenda
    Open Data
    Deliberation guaranteed
    “I feel / I think…”

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  75. Independent Analysis

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  76. � Group 1 (45%)
    � Group 2 (54%)
    Since the MOTC has already rejected Uber's administrative
    appeal, I think Taipei city government should cancel the
    company registration of "Taiwan Uber Inc.”
    When I am not in a hurry, I prefer to call Uber even
    if there are plenty of taxis in the street.

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  77. � Group 1 (43%)
    � Group 2 (56%)
    Since the MOTC has already rejected Uber's administrative
    appeal, I think Taipei city government should cancel the
    company registration of "Taiwan Uber Inc.”
    When I am not in a hurry, I prefer to call Uber even
    if there are plenty of taxis in the street.
    Since the MOTC has already rejected Uber's administrative
    Since the MOTC has already rejected Uber's administrative
    appeal, I think Taipei city government should cancel the
    company registration of "Taiwan Uber
    I think it is the responsibility of the MOTC to actively
    outlaw unlicensed passenger vehicles.
    Currently, the only way for traditional taxis to survive is
    to join a taxi fleet. This is not due to a government policy,
    and UberX has subverted this unwritten rule. I think it is
    quite awesome!

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  78. � Reflections
    I think that we live in an technological era.
    Infrastructures & regulations shall progress along
    with the modern development.
    Drivers should be reviewed to protect and
    ensure the interests of both riders and drivers.
    Safety is the number one priority.

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  79. � Expectations
    The government should leverage this opportunity to
    challenge the taxi industry to improve their management
    & quality control system, so that drivers & riders would
    enjoy the same quality service as Uber.
    I think every effort should be made to shut
    down UberX’s unlawful activity. There is no
    need to ask the people to express an opinion.

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  80. 1. I think the government should set up a fair regulatory
    regime on transportation instead of protecting certain
    groups with vested interests.
    2. On the issue of paying taxes in Taiwan, Uber has the
    responsibility to put forward a responsive mechanism
    to adequately convince Taiwan's community.
    3. I think UberX should follow the practices of taxis and
    requires their vehicles to display the registration
    certificate, license and complete driver’s information
    at a visible place in the vehicle.
    � Suggestions

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  81. � Suggestions
    4. I think transportation is similar to food and medicine in
    that it should be subject to more stringent definitions
    and checks than for other general service platforms.
    5. I think private passenger vehicles should be registered.
    They should be limited to two shifts per day in order to
    achieve the carpooling effect. An additional passenger
    protection insurance cover should also be purchased.
    6. I think it should be permissible for a for-hire driver to
    join multiple fleets and platforms.

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  82. &RXQWU\ 5HJXODWLRQV 3ROLV,VVXHV
    聅㾴
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    � /HJDOL]DWLRQ7UDQVSRUWDWLRQQHWZRUNFRPSDQ\71&
    � 5HJLVWUDWLRQ&DOLIRUQLD3XEOLF8WLOLWLHV&RPPLVVLRQ
    � 1HZ6HUYLFH&DWHJRU\
    з
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    �5HJLVWUDWLRQ'HSDUWPHQWRI7UDQVSRUWDWLRQDQG&RPPXQLFDWLRQ
    �1HZ6HUYLFH&DWHJRU\ZLWKPDQGDWRU\SDVVHQJHULQVXUDQFH
    з
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    з
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    � -RLQWSDUWQHUVKLSZLWKOLFHQVHGSULYDWHGULYHUVDQG7D[LV з
    3DUWLDOO\OHJDO
    �0XVWEHUHJLVWHUHGWR5RDGVDQG0DULWLPH6HUYLFHV
    �XEHU;PXVWFRQIRUPWRWUDQVSRUWDWLRQODZV
    з
    �8EHU%ODFN5HQWDO&DUVDUHOHJDO
    • uberX Private Vehicles are illegal з
    �8EHU%ODFN5HQWDO&DUVDUHOHJDO
    • Declared illegal:
    苌஌搊
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    Comparative Analysis

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  83. 8/27 Public Deliberation

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  84. Empowered Space

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  85. Next steps
    Next steps
    Objective � Reflections � Ideas � Decisions
    Who is involved?
    Who is involved?
    What do we want to know?
    What do we want to know?
    What do we want to know?
    What do we want to know?
    What do we want to know?
    How shall we respond?
    How shall we respond?
    How shall we respond?

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  86. vTaiwan.tw
    Regulations should adapt along with our needs, rather
    than forcing innovations into the existing framework.
    People who vote similarly are grouped.

    Click a group to see which viewpoints they share ...
    writes:
    Welcome to a new kind of discussion - vote on people's opinions and
    contribute your own
    Agree Disagree Pass / Unsure

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  87. � *URXS (208)
    � *URXS (374)
    � *URXS (341)
    (3 )
    Short-term rentals must be regulated with registrations,
    fire-fighting equipments, issue invoices and pay taxes.
    90%
    Quality assurance is paramount — owners
    must provide genuine photos. 90%
    Lovers of B&B should already understand that, unlike
    hotels, it carries potential risks just as with fraudulent
    sellers on online C2C shopping sites. We just need an
    effective public evaluation system. 94%
    з

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  88. � *URXS (208)
    � *URXS (374)
    � *URXS (341)
    Short-term rentals must be regulated with registrations,
    fire-fighting equipments, issue invoices and pay taxes.
    90%
    Quality assurance is paramount — owners
    must provide genuine photos. 90%
    Lovers of B&B should already understand that, unlike
    hotels, it carries potential risks just as with fraudulent
    sellers on online C2C shopping sites. We just need an
    effective public evaluation system. 94%

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  89. � *URXS (374)
    � *URXS (341)
    Quality assurance is paramount — owners
    must provide genuine photos. 90%
    Lovers of B&B should already understand that, unlike
    hotels, it carries potential risks just as with fraudulent
    sellers on online C2C shopping sites. We just need an
    effective public evaluation system. 94%
    � *URXS (208)
    Short-term rentals must be regulated with registrations,
    fire-fighting equipments, issue invoices and pay taxes.
    90%

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  90. *URXS �
    Airbnb should pay local taxes on the owner’s behalf. 90%
    Owners should provide public accident liability insurance. 97%
    It is important to clearly define Airbnb’s legal status. 97%
    Residential occupancy should be limited like in Netherlands. 85%

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  91. Main Contention
    Personally I will not book on Airbnb,
    because tenants are without legal
    protection. 33%
    For resource sharing and increasing local
    tourism — Taiwan tourism is more
    expensive than abroad — I am in favor of
    legalization of Airbnb.
    67%
    88%

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  92. Airbnb is not just a hotel alternative, but also a way
    to deepen a visitor’s connection to our local culture.
    Let’s focus on protecting the interests of landlords
    and tenants on housing and security.
    91%
    з
    For backpackers, Airbnb is one of the better choices.
    90%
    � Reflections

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  93. I hope that the Government can respond with ways to
    make users can feel at ease, to constantly adapt with
    innovators, rather than seeing them as troublemakers.
    For Taiwan’s economy, any innovative ideas to create a
    variety of job opportunities, new resources, and
    financial flows should be encouraged! 90%
    The Government should actively supervise
    platforms similar to Airbnb, not suppress them
    with reactionary regulations. 88%
    � Expectations

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  94. Regions 5HJXODWLRQV ,VVXHVIURPSROLV
    1&DUROLQD
    • Allow individuals to rent out their own main residence, with federal
    tax, VAT, state tax, municipal (city) tax, County (county) tax: North
    Carolina Department of Revenue imposed 6.75-7.5% sales tax for
    stays up to 90 days. Buncombe County's Finance Department
    imposed 4% Occupancy Tax.
    Legalisation
    Taxation
    Registration
    $PVWHUGDP
    • In accordance with an Airbnb-friendly law, from January 1, 2015 an
    advance fee (including all cleaning fee) 5% is paid on behalf of landlord
    as tourist tax to municipalities.
    з
    8.
    • March 26, 2015 Deregulation Act came into force, in accordance with Part
    1 of Local Government Finance Act, provides overnight accommodation
    will be required to pay a council tax.
    з
    )UDQFH
    • March 2014, Bill ALUR, short rentals on residential legalized
    without further obtain local government permits; also non-
    self-use residential rentals allowed in certain cities.
    з
    6SDLQ
    • Hotel Industry Trade Unions (CEHAT) appealed, as tourism is
    main source of income for Spain, the government should tax
    Airbnb.
    з
    -DSDQ
    • June 30, 2015 announced the "Regulatory Reform Plan" to discuss the
    issue and is open Airbnb similar small-scale residential mooring services
    industry.
    з
    7DLZDQ
    • Must register as hotel according to law. Such as: the development of tourism in
    section 2, the hotel industry "refers to the tourist hotel industry other than in the
    name of a particular person does not offer a variety of ways to stay days or weeks,
    rest and collect fees and other profit-seeking enterprise-related services."
    з
    з
    -DSDQ
    Comparative Analysis

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  95. 10/1 Public Deliberation
    “We agree with everything.”

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  96. Thanks to…
    @don-democracy�
    ETBlue
    ipa
    tkalu
    tkirby
    ddio
    darbychang
    dylandy
    simonpai
    jimyhuang
    walkingice
    a-tsioh
    muan
    johnlinp
    hcchien
    thewayiam
    chiahao
    CYLI
    vtw.link
    Helena
    titus001
    dychien
    cttang
    isism
    peggy.lo
    pofeng
    kiang
    a0kman
    charlene
    stephanie
    sharon
    stella
    angelwong
    jasminelai
    jimhuang
    CLKao Jaclyn T.L.Lin ChiaHua
    Whiski T.H.Schee TonyQ
    Operators
    Moderators

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  97. “O que quer que aconteça,
    confrontaremos este desafio como
    indivíduos e como um grupo.
    Pela ação prática, um passo de cada vez.”
    G P
    C
    M

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  98. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism

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  99. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Like / Unlike

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  100. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Link Sharing
    Like / Unlike

    View full-size slide

  101. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Link Sharing
    Like / Unlike
    Link Sharing
    Questions and Answers

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  102. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Link Sharing
    Like / Unlike
    Link Sharing
    Questions and Answers
    Questions and Answers
    Discussion

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  103. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Link Sharing
    Like / Unlike
    Link Sharing
    Questions and Answers
    Questions and Answers
    Discussion
    Discussion
    Deliberation

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  104. Clicktivism
    Hacktivism
    Link Sharing
    Like / Unlike
    Link Sharing
    Questions and Answers
    Questions and Answers
    Discussion
    Discussion
    Deliberation
    Agenda Setting

    View full-size slide