críticas • Historia del concepto de desarrollo sostenible. • Definición de desarrollo sostenible. • Potencialidades de la responsabilidad y sostenibilidad empresarial orientada al desarrollo. • Críticas a la responsabilidad y sostenibilidad empresarial orientada al desarrollo.
enjoyment of the riches of nature, must come to terms with the reality of resource limitation and the carrying capacity of ecosystems, and mist take account of the needs of future generations.” World Conservation Strategy: Living Resource Conservation for Sustainable Development, 1980 Sustainable development
“Silent Spring” becomes the catalyst for modern environmentalism 1972: Stockholm UN Conference on Human Development, first bringing together heads of state on a massive scale to address the question of environment and development 1987: Brundtland Commission: “Our Common Future” Earth Summit - Rio Declaration - Agenda 21 - CSD - CBD - UNFCCC 1997: Kyoto Protocol 2000: Millennium Development Goals 2002: Johannesburg Conference on Sustainable Development Johannesburg Plan of Implementation - 2009: COP 15 Copenhagen - 2010: COP 16 Cancun - 2011: COP 17 Durban - 2012: COP 18 Doha - 2013: COP 19 Warsaw - 2014: COP 20 Lima 2015: COP 21 Paris Launch of the Sustainable Development Goals
ensures that every component of the system is capable of flourishing without hindering the capacity of the other component to do so, whether in the present or in the future. Systems approach Economic Social Environmental
of the world, a way to define the objectives of a well functioning society, one that delivers wellbeing for its citizens today and for future generations. (Sachs, 2016: 11) Normative approach Wealth creation Social inclusion Good governance Environ- mental
• Natural resources • Biodiversity • Environment and ecosystems • … • Quality of life • Justice and social equality • Equal opportunity • Institutions • Fair income • Dialogue and communication • … What needs to be sustained? What needs to be developed?
beneficiaries of CSR. • Lack of human resources. • Social attitudes of staff and focus on technical and managerial solutions. • Failure to integrate CSR innitiatives into a larger development plan. Critics to the development-oriented corporate social and sustainable responsibility