Responsabilidad y sostenibilidad empresarial para el desarrollo (6)

Ed0ffe85dd878287b878cc88c9db69bd?s=47 Cristian R. Loza Adaui
October 03, 2017
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Responsabilidad y sostenibilidad empresarial para el desarrollo (6)

Ed0ffe85dd878287b878cc88c9db69bd?s=128

Cristian R. Loza Adaui

October 03, 2017
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  1. Responsabilidad Social y Sostenibilidad Empresarial para el Desarrollo 6 1.

    Organisatorische Informationen Responsabilidad social y desarrollo sostenible: convergencia global, divergencia o hibridización
  2. Responsabilidad social y desarrollo sostenible: convergencia global, divergencia o hibridización

    • Diferencia entre países desarrollados y países en vías de desarrollo. • Diferencia en las priopridades de responsabilidad social y sostenibilidad. • Características de la responsabilidad y sostenibilidad social en países en vías de desarrollo.
  3. 6. Responsabilidad social y desarrollo sostenible: convergencia global, divergencia o

    hibridización 1. Organisatorische Informationen Diferencia entre países desarrollados y países en vías de desarrollo
  4. Developing, emergent and developed countries? Cambridge Dictionary, 2017

  5. Drivers for corporate responsibility and sustainability in developing countries 117

    Internal • Cultural tradition • Political reform • Socio-economic priorities • Government gaps • Crisis response • Market access External • International Standarization • Investment incentives • Stakeholder activism • Supply chain Visser, 2008:
  6. Influence of institutional environments 118 Developed countries Cultural factors: Religion

    detached from business practices Political factors: Reduced rates of corruption, powerful government Economic factors: High GDP and income, wealthy country, economic progress Social factors: Environmental concerns, high literacy rate, protection of property rioghts, better healthcare plans, powerful and advanced media technologies Developing countries Cultural factors: Religious and personal beliefs Political factors: High corruption rates, poor governance, political instability, lack of accountability Economic factors: Low GDP and income, high inflation, economic stagnation Social factors: Poverty, high underemployement rate, illiteracy, poor infrastructure, no protection of property rights Jamali 2014
  7. 6. Responsabilidad social y desarrollo sostenible: convergencia global, divergencia o

    hibridización 1. Organisatorische Informationen Diferencia en las prioridades de responsabilidad y sostenibilidad empresarial
  8. Different countries, different priorities? 120 Philanthropic responsibility Ethical responsibility Legal

    responsibility Economic responsibility Contribute resources to the community, improve quality of life. Do what is right, just, and fair. Avoid harm. Obey the law. Play by the rules. Be profitable. Carroll, 1991
  9. Different countries, different priorities? 121 Philanthropic responsibility Ethical responsibility Legal

    responsibility Economic responsibility Ethical responsibility Legal responsibility Philanthropic responsibility Economic responsibility Carroll, 1991, Visser 2008
  10. Different countries, different priorities? 122 Ethical responsibility Legal responsibility Philanthropic

    responsibility Economic responsibility High levels of corruption Weak legal infrastructure, not enough pressure on firms Strong indigenous traditions, cultural norms and expectations Continue to be viable and profitable. Reasons for different order? Visser, 2008
  11. 6. Responsabilidad social y desarrollo sostenible: convergencia global, divergencia o

    hibridización 1. Organisatorische Informationen Características de la responsabilidad social y sostenibilidad en países en vías de desarrollo
  12. Main characteristics of CSR in developing countries 124 • Companies

    provide social services that would be seen as a government’s responsibility in developed countries. • CSR is associated with philanthropy and legal responsibility. • Economic contribution as the most important way to make a social impact. • Less formalized and institutionalized (and if so: practiced by MNCs, issue-specific standards). • Issues often are trade-offs (e.g. Job creation vs. Higher labor standards). • Practice is resonant with traditional values and religious beliefs. Visser, 2008
  13. What is shaping CSR in developing countries? 125 Gaining competitive

    advantage Performance management: improve social and environmental conditions Accessing new markkets License to operate Peer presure >endorse comparable philanthropic practices Pressure exercised by headquarters Internat. codes and standards Desire for national and international legitimacy Mantaining employee satisfaction Jamali 2014
  14. Developed countries Developing countries Nuances of corporate social responsibility and

    sustainability implementation 126 Explicit CSR Voluntary programs Implicit CSR (mostly) mandatory requirements Competitive & Instrumental CSR Shareholder value creation Cohesive CSR Stakeholder value creation Developmental CSR Public value creation Hybrid CSR Mixture of implicit and explicit CSR Decoupled CSR Symbolic and legitimacy-oriented Relational CSR Attuned to socio-cultural values and norms Developmental CSR Filling institutional voids and developmental gaps Jamali 2014