• Diferencia entre países desarrollados y países en vías de desarrollo. • Diferencia en las priopridades de responsabilidad social y sostenibilidad. • Características de la responsabilidad y sostenibilidad social en países en vías de desarrollo.
detached from business practices Political factors: Reduced rates of corruption, powerful government Economic factors: High GDP and income, wealthy country, economic progress Social factors: Environmental concerns, high literacy rate, protection of property rioghts, better healthcare plans, powerful and advanced media technologies Developing countries Cultural factors: Religious and personal beliefs Political factors: High corruption rates, poor governance, political instability, lack of accountability Economic factors: Low GDP and income, high inflation, economic stagnation Social factors: Poverty, high underemployement rate, illiteracy, poor infrastructure, no protection of property rights Jamali 2014
responsibility Economic responsibility Contribute resources to the community, improve quality of life. Do what is right, just, and fair. Avoid harm. Obey the law. Play by the rules. Be profitable. Carroll, 1991
responsibility Economic responsibility High levels of corruption Weak legal infrastructure, not enough pressure on firms Strong indigenous traditions, cultural norms and expectations Continue to be viable and profitable. Reasons for different order? Visser, 2008
provide social services that would be seen as a government’s responsibility in developed countries. • CSR is associated with philanthropy and legal responsibility. • Economic contribution as the most important way to make a social impact. • Less formalized and institutionalized (and if so: practiced by MNCs, issue-specific standards). • Issues often are trade-offs (e.g. Job creation vs. Higher labor standards). • Practice is resonant with traditional values and religious beliefs. Visser, 2008
advantage Performance management: improve social and environmental conditions Accessing new markkets License to operate Peer presure >endorse comparable philanthropic practices Pressure exercised by headquarters Internat. codes and standards Desire for national and international legitimacy Mantaining employee satisfaction Jamali 2014