ASP.NET Core Blazor: Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly

ASP.NET Core Blazor: Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly

Single Page Applications (SPAs) – bisher implementierte man sie vornehmlich mit JavaScript oder TypeScript, oft im Rahmen eines SPA Frameworks wie Angular oder React. Mittlerweile können nun durch den WebAssembly-Standard theoretisch beliebige Sprachen genutzt werden. Mit dem Blazor Framework auf Basis von WebAssembly hat das ASP.NET-Core-Team einen neuen Kandidaten am Start, um auch praktisch mit C# und .NET-SPAs für den Browser realisieren zu können. Christian Weyer zeigt in diesem Vortrag in gewohnt praktischer Manier anhand von Beispielen, wie Blazor tickt, wie man es sinnvoll einsetzen kann und wo aktuell – je nach Anwendungsfall – die Grenzen liegen.

7e0087a19318ded4ba2203187694740f?s=128

Christian Weyer

September 22, 2020
Tweet

Transcript

  1. ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C#

    & WebAssembly Christian Weyer https://thinktecture.com/christian-weyer @christianweyer Co-Founder & CTO
  2. 2 § Co-Founder & CTO at Thinktecture AG § Personal

    focus on § Mobile & web-based application architectures § Interoperability, cross-device § Pragmatic end-to-end solutions § Cloud-native & serverless architectures § Independent Microsoft Regional Director § Microsoft MVP for Developer Technologies & Azure ASPInsider, AzureInsider § Google GDE for Web Technologies, Angular christian.weyer@thinktecture.com @christianweyer https://www.thinktecture.com ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly Christian Weyer
  3. 3 § Users want: § Cross-Platform, Cross-Device § No installations

    § Offline (important for many use cases) § Developers think: § Web is the solution, but web is different § SPA is the solution, but SPA is different § JavaScript seems to be an issue for some .NET developers § There is existing .NET code, what to do about it? § Which technologies to choose? § JavaScript everywhere? § C# everywhere? ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly OK - What is the Problem? In the frontend: Can Blazor help here?
  4. 4 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor: How does it feel, in the first place?
  5. 5 § Automatic-Windows-to-Web-conversion-wonder-machine ™ § Next incarnation of Silverlight (as

    Blazor is Web-all-the-way) § JavaScript killer ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly What is Blazor NOT? X
  6. 6 § Blazor is a family of web technologies §

    Server § WebAssembly § Blazor WebAssembly is a SPA framework § Web, SPA & distributed computing knowledge § HTML, CSS knowledge § DOM knowledge § JavaScript for DOM interaction & 3rd party integration § C# & .NET Standard for client-side logic → Full-stack C# possible ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly What is Blazor? Mono Runtime .NET CLR .NET Core / .NET Standard 2.1 .NET Framework Blazor WebAssembly Blazor Server Razor Components Browser (WASM / .NET / JS) Browser (JS Stub) Server (.NET)
  7. 7 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Current State & Future Data Binding & Forms Web Assembly .NET Razor Components
  8. 8 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor WebAssembly in the Browser Blazor DOM WebAssembly .NET Razor Components
  9. 9 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly https://caniuse.com/#feat=wasm
  10. 10 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor WebAssembly Technical Architecture Compiler Parser JIT (.NET Assemblies are interpreted) Web APIs (DOM, IndexedDb, File Storage etc.) Browser blazor. webassembly.js Blazor SPA page (.html) JS Runtime dotnet.wasm dotnet.js mscorlib.dll etc. myapp.dll * As of 20.09.2020 blazor.boot.json
  11. 11 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Current State & Future Data Binding & Forms Pages vs. Components HTML, CSS C#
  12. 12 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Current State & Future Data Binding & Forms DI Class Libraries Full Stack (APIs, Push, Security)
  13. 13 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Current State & Future Data Binding & Forms Data Passing Forms Validation
  14. 14 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Current State & Future Data Binding & Forms JS Interop PWA
  15. 15 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Comparison Data Binding & Forms Current State & Future Status Quo Missing Features Roadmap ✔
  16. 16 § Blazor WebAssembly is in v1 as 3.2.0 §

    WASM is an MVP (and SPAs are not a target of it) § Mono WASM runtime is immature § Blazor is under ongoing development § Missing Features, e.g. § Modules, Lazy Loading § Component Model with CSS Encapsulation § AOT Builds § Better Developer Tooling (e.g. improved Debugger, Live Reload) § Roadmap § Improved & enhanced Blazor WASM in .NET 5 timeframe -> November 2020 § AOT postponed to .NET 6 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly Current State & Future
  17. 17 § Microsoft is building a new UI framework for

    the browser – so… § … ask yourself § “How do we deal with Blazor?” § “Why would we pick Blazor WebAssembly over an established SPA framework?” § “Why would we choose a SPA framework, and not Blazor WebAssembly?” § … you need to check your § Team skills § Architecture § Codebase § Try it out & build Proof-of-Concepts (with experienced people) § Web Assembly & Blazor might change the game – but it may not be a game changer for you ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly Call-to-Action
  18. 18 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor Recap Blazor WebAssembly enables SPAs based on C# and .NET Standard. You need to know Web, SPA architectures, Security et. al. – and JavaScript! Blazor is young & immature – technical architecture, app size, missing features. The ecosystem is immature – may evolve similar to JS SPA frameworks, plus commercial vendors. The modern web with PWA & Web Components can also work and live with Blazor WebAssembly. Blazor Server might be a fit for internal applications. Stateful server-side execution model.
  19. 19 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor WebAssembly Whitepaper (deutsch) https://www.thinktecture.com/de/whitepapers/blazor-webassembly
  20. Danke! Bei Fragen kontaktieren Sie mich gerne Christian Weyer https://thinktecture.com/christian-weyer

    @christianweyer christian.weyer@thinktecture.com Demoanwendung: https://github.com/thinktecture/blazor-webassembly-demo Artikel zu Blazor, PWA, Web Components, Angular, .NET Core & mehr: https://thinktecture.com/de/newsletter 20
  21. 21 § Blazor § https://dotnet.microsoft.com/apps/aspnet/web-apps/blazor § Running Your ASP.NET Core

    Blazor WebAssembly Application As A Progressive Web App (PWA) § https://www.thinktecture.com/de/blazor/progressive-web-apps-pwa/ § Re-Using Angular Components In A Blazor WebAssembly Application Using Angular Elements – Web Components Custom Elements, FTW! § https://www.thinktecture.com/de/blazor/integration-angular-elements-web-components/ § FluentValidation library § https://github.com/Blazored/FluentValidation ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly Resources
  22. Appendix Moderne Business-Anwendungen mit C# & WebAssembly – Full-Stack- und

    Cross-Plattform ASP.NET Core Blazor
  23. 23 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Our Blazor Journey The Web as a Platform Blazor WebAssembly Idea & Approach Components all over SPAs with .NET Interop & Integration Comparison Data Binding & Forms Current State & Future Blazor Server Established SPA Frameworks ✔
  24. 24 ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit

    C# & WebAssembly Blazor Server Blazor JS Stub DOM .NET Razor Components ASP.NET Core (Server) SignalR-based binary data exchange State, Connections etc. Browser (Client) UI Diffs Events
  25. ✅ Full SPA architecture approach ✅ No latency, code runs

    locally in the browser ✅ Full support for offline scenarios ✅ Deployment: static files on web server or cloud storage; Desktop or mobile app packaging ✴ Initial download size may be large (assets cached in browser, via Service Worker) ❌ .NET Standard code is currently interpreted by special WASM-version of Mono runtime ❌ Always needs JavaScript/TypeScript, until WASM standard is being further evolved ✅ Thin Client approach for light devices ✅ Full .NET runtime on the server, not just .NET Standard ✅ No need for API-based architecture ✴ All your code is on the server ❌ Inherently stateful execution model ❌ Need for permanent physical connections ❌ No viable option to implement offline features ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly My Personal Comparison Blazor WebAssembly Blazor Server 25
  26. 26 Blazor WebAssembly Angular Language C# JavaScript, TypeScript Pre-Requisites No

    further pre-requisites Promotes usage of RxJS Tooling Visual Studio 2019, VS Code, VS for Mac, Rider WebStorm, VS Code et. al. Packaging Your assemblies/DLLs in the browser Optimized JS via webpack Maturity Brand new, even Preview; no predecessor Very mature; lots of experience from previous versions Community Just starts to build up Very large Ecosystem OSS will build up; Various commercial vendors expected Lots of OSS; Also commercial vendors Integration 3rd party For every JS/TS library we need a proxy/shim npm universe: pick and choose; easy to integrate Dependencies WASM support in browsers - Full Stack with single tech C#, .NET Standard JS/TS (e.g. nest.js) Size Not really optimized yet; quite large Continuously improved over years Runtime performance No experience, no real numbers; .NET is interpreted; interop WASM and JS worlds Continuously improved over years; may have pitfalls ASP.NET Core Blazor Single Page Applications im Browser mit C# & WebAssembly My Personal View Blazor ⇔ Angular