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We Are All Disabled: Making Your Part of the Web Accessible

We Are All Disabled: Making Your Part of the Web Accessible

Presented at Code4Lib 2014: Full write-up at http://cynng.wordpress.com/2014/03/26/code4lib-presentation-we-are-all-disabled-universal-web-design-making-web-services-accessible-for-everyone/
We’re building and improving tools and services all the time, but do you only develop for the “average” user or add things for “disabled” users? We all use “assistive” technology accessing information in a multitude of ways with different platforms, devices, etc. Let’s focus on providing web services that are accessible to everyone without it being onerous or ugly. The aim is to get you thinking about what you can do to make web-based services and content more accessible for all from the beginning or with small amounts of effort whether you're a developer or not.

The goal of the presentation is to provide both developers and content creators with information on simple, practical ways to make web content and web services more accessible. However, rather than thinking about putting in extra effort or making adjustment for those with disabilities, I want to help people think about how to make their websites more accessible for all users through universal web design.

Cynthia "Arty" Ng

March 26, 2014

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  1. Cynthia Ng
    Code4Lib 2014

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  2. CC BY ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/tambako/3443007398/

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  3. https://twitter.com/CuteEmergency/status/444844255329411072/photo/1

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  4. CC BY NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/hunty66/390350345/

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  5. CC BY NC http://www.flickr.com/photos/luckyno3/8262860521/

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  7. http://www.w3.org/WAI/intro/accessibility.php
    Web accessibility means that people
    with disabilities can use the Web.

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  8. http://wall.alphacoders.com/by_sub_category.php?id=217856

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  10. Based on the USA 2010 Census & Canada 2006 Census

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  14. CC BY-NC-SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/lalalaurie/3620744384/

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  17. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Assistive_technology
    An umbrella term that includes [...] devices for
    people with disabilities [...] by enabling people to
    perform tasks that they […] had great difficulty
    accomplishing, by […] changing methods of
    interacting with the technology needed to
    accomplish such tasks.

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  20. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/mapkyca/4520689090/

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  21. CC BY NC SA http://flickr.com/photos/michaelfitz/3490322415

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  22. CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/jetalone/4694268229/

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  23. https://medium.com/thoughtful-design/a8b9a581eb62
    All Technology is
    Assistive Technology

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  25. http://www.animoca.com/en/2012/05/all-the-myriad-androids/

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  27. Riley-Huff, D. A. (2012). Web Accessibility and Universal Design. Library Technology Reports, 48(7), 29-35.
    Move away from the approach of building
    separately for disabled users, and concern yourself
    with creating clean, beautiful, usable, and accessible

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  29. http://www.ncsu.edu/ncsu/design/cud/about_ud/about_ud.htm
    Universal design is the design of products and
    environments to be usable by all people, to the
    greatest extent possible, without the need for
    adaptation or specialized design.

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  30. CC BY NC ND http://www.flickr.com/photos/maziarh/7216119402/

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  31.  consistent navigation,
     meaningful order to content, and
     provide multiple ways to discover content

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  32. The Center for Universal Design. The Principles of Universal Design, Raleigh, NC: North Carolina State University. http://udlhcpss.wordpress.com/historical-foundations/

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  36. CC BY NC SA Slide 38 of http://matthew.reidsrow.com/articles/29

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  41.  Mobile first
     Progressive enhancement
     Responsive design

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  45. shouldiuseacarousel.com

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  51. HTML
    Skip to menu
    .assistive-text {
    clip: rect(1px 1px 1px 1px);
    /* IE6, IE7 */
    clip: rect(1px, 1px, 1px, 1px);
    position: absolute
    .assistive-text:focus {
    clip: auto !important;
    display: block;
    position: absolute;
    z-index: 100000;
    /* insert position, border,
    color, font size, etc. */

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  54. site name

    Global Nav Link
    Second Nav Link
    Yet Another Nav Link

    copyright and other info

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  55. The Paciello Group Blog
    The Accessibility Project
    ARIA for the Spec Impaired
    Using ARIA in HTML

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  58. http://squizlabs.github.com/HTML_CodeSniffer/

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  60. http://wave.webaim.org/toolbar/

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  64.  Use headers properly
     Use descriptive links
     Describe your Images
     If you embed audio/video, add a link to
    the original
     Be clear and concise

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  65. http://uxdesign.smashingmagazine.com/2012/08/29/beyond-wireframing-real-life-ux-design-process/
    I’ve learned that what matters [...]
    is an actionable process — possible to use,
    adapted to the company’s culture and
    financially effective.

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  67. http://www.w3.org/standards/webdesign/accessibility ; CC BY NC SA http://www.flickr.com/photos/j-o-n-o/151830908/

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  68. Book: Bending Over Backwards: Disability, Dismodernism and Other Difficult Positions
    CC BY NC ND http://www.fondazionebassetti.org/en/focus/2010/07/a_man_his_history_and_his_dna.html
    We’re all disabled

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  69. Book: Universal usability: designing computer interfaces for diverse user populations
    CC BY http://www.flickr.com/photos/marc_smith/6076488785/
    Universal usability is
    simply good design.

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  70. Cynthia Ng

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