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Scrum@Scaleの理論と実装 / RSGT2022

Scrum@Scaleの理論と実装 / RSGT2022

Regional Scrum Gathering Tokyo 2022 Room C 14:00-14:45

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KASUYA, Daisuke

January 05, 2022
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  1. 3FHJPOBM4DSVN(BUIFSJOH5PLZP 3PPN$ $IBUXPSLגࣜձࣾപ୩େี EBJLTZ 4DSVN!4DBMFͷཧ࿦ͱ࣮૷ ૊৫ΛϦϑΝΫλϦϯά͠ͳ͕Βεέʔϧ͢Δ

  2. പ୩େี !EBJLTZ͍ͩ͘͠ʔ  $IBUXPSLגࣜձࣾΤϯδχΞϦϯάϚωʔδϟʔ ΤϯδχΞ૊৫։ൃࢧԉ ΞδϟΠϧίʔν νʔϜϑΝγϦςʔγϣϯ 4DSVN!4DBMF

  3. പ୩େี !EBJLTZ͍ͩ͘͠ʔ  $IBUXPSLגࣜձࣾΤϯδχΞϦϯάϚωʔδϟʔ ΤϯδχΞ૊৫։ൃࢧԉ ΞδϟΠϧίʔν νʔϜϑΝγϦςʔγϣϯ 4DSVN!4DBMF 4/4Ͱ͸͜ΜͳΞΠίϯΛ Α͘࢖͍ͬͯ·͢

  4. ⚠஫ҙεΫϥϜͷεέʔϦϯάʹ͍ͭͯ

  5. ⚠஫ҙεΫϥϜͷεέʔϦϯάʹ͍ͭͯ w εΫϥϜͷεέʔϦϯά͸جຊతʹΦεεϝ͠·ͤΜ w εέʔϦϯάΛݕ౼͢Δલʹɺ୯Ұͷख़࿅ͨ͠εΫϥϜνʔϜΛҭͯ·͠ΐ͏ w εέʔϦϯάΛݕ౼͢ΔલʹɺείʔϓΛݮΒͤͳ͍ͷ͔ɻͭͷνʔϜ͚ͩ Ͱຊ౰ʹ΍Εͳ͍ͷ͔Λೖ೦ʹݕ౼͠·͠ΐ͏ɻ৔߹ʹΑͬͯ͸ϓϩͷίʔ νͳͲͷखΛआΓ·͠ΐ͏ w

    ͱ͸͍͑ɺࣄۀͷ੒௕ͱ૊৫ͷεέʔϧ͸ආ͚ͯ௨Εͳ͍ͷͰɺຊ౰ʹͲ͏͠ ͯ΋εέʔϦϯάͷඞཁ͕͋Δ৔߹͸ஸೡʹਐΊ·͠ΐ͏ʢͨͩ͠୯Ұͷ੒ ख़ͨ͠νʔϜ͕·ͣ͸Ͱ͖͕͍͋ͬͯΔ͜ͱ͕લఏͰ͢
  6. ࠓ೔͓࿩͢Δ͜ͱ w લ൒4DSVN!4DBMFͷղઆ w ޙ൒$IBUXPSLʹ͓͚Δ࣮ྫ

  7. 4DSVN!4DBMFͷղઆ

  8. 4DSVN!4DBMFͱ͸ʁ w εΫϥϜͷڞಉߟҊऀͷਓͰ͋Δ+F ff 4VUIFSMBOEത࢜Λத৺ʹཱ֬ w ෳ਺ͷεΫϥϜνʔϜʹΑΔϑϥΫλϧߏ଄ w ࣮༻࠷খݶͷ׭྅ػߏ w

    )PXͱ8IBUͦΕͧΕͷऔΓ૊Έ͕ఆٛ͞Ε͍ͯΔʢεΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫ ϧͱϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧʣ w ݸਓతʹ͸ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔͷ׆ಈʹ͍ͭͯͷఆ͕ٛ͋Δͷ͕ؾʹೖ͍ͬͯ ·͢
  9. None
  10. εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧ

  11. εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧ w νʔϜϓϩηε w ϝτϦΫεͱಁ໌ੑ w ϓϩμΫτϦϦʔεͱϑΟʔυόοΫαΠΫϧ w ܧଓతվળͱো֐ͷআڈ w

    νʔϜԣஅͷௐ੔ w σϦόϦʔ w ΤάθΫςΟϒΞΫγϣϯνʔϜ
  12. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧ

  13. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧ w νʔϜϓϩηε w ϝτϦΫεͱಁ໌ੑ w ϓϩμΫτϦϦʔεͱϑΟʔυόοΫαΠΫϧ w ઓུతϏδϣϯ w

    όοΫϩάͷ༏ઌॱҐ෇͚ w όοΫϩάͷ෼ׂͱϦϑΝΠϯϝϯτ w ϦϦʔεϓϥϯχϯά w ΤάθΫςΟϒϝλεΫϥϜ
  14. ྆αΠΫϧڞ௨

  15. ϓϩμΫτΠϯΫϦϝϯτ

  16. 4DSVN!4DBMFͷͷίϯϙʔωϯτ ຊࢿྉͰ͸͜ͷத͔Βཁ఺Λൈਮͯ͠આ໌͠·͢ ֤ίϯϙʔωϯτͷৄࡉ͸4DSVN!4DBMFΨΠυΛࢀর͍ͯͩ͘͠͞ɻ IUUQTTDSVNJODKQTDSVNBUTDBMFHVJEF

  17. εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧ

  18. εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧ w νʔϜϓϩηε w ϝτϦΫεͱಁ໌ੑ w ϓϩμΫτϦϦʔεͱϑΟʔυόοΫαΠΫϧ w ܧଓతվળͱো֐ͷআڈ w

    νʔϜԣஅͷௐ੔ w σϦόϦʔ w ΤάθΫςΟϒΞΫγϣϯνʔϜ
  19. νʔϜϓϩηε

  20. νʔϜϓϩηε w εΫϥϜΨΠυͰنఆ͞Ε͍ͯΔεΫϥϜΛߦ͏͜ͱ w εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧͱϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧͷ࠷ॳͷަࠩ఺ w νʔϜϓϩηεͷΰʔϧ w ׬੒ͷఆٛΛຬͨ͢࡞ۀͷϑϩʔΛ࠷େԽ͢Δ w

    νʔϜͷύϑΥʔϚϯεΛ࣌ؒͷܦաͱͱ΋ʹ޲্ͤ͞Δ w ࣋ଓՄೳͰɺνʔϜΛΑΓ๛͔ʹ͢Δํ๏ͰӡӦ͢Δ w ސ٬ϑΟʔυόοΫϧʔϓΛՃ଎ͤ͞Δ
  21. εΫϥϜνʔϜͷεέʔϧ

  22. εΫϥϜνʔϜͷεέʔϧ ϑϥΫλϧ

  23. εΫϥϜνʔϜͷεέʔϧ ϑϥΫλϧ 4DSVNPG4DSVN 
 4P4

  24. εΫϥϜνʔϜͷεέʔϧ ϑϥΫλϧ 4DSVNPG4DSVNPG 4DSVN 
 4P4P4

  25. 4DSVNPG4DSVN 4P4 w ֤εΫϥϜνʔϜΛ઀ଓ͢ΔόʔνϟϧͳνʔϜ w ͭͷ4P4͸dνʔϜ·Ͱ͕࠷దͳ਺ w ֤νʔϜ͔Βͷ୅දऀ͕ू·ΓɺεΫϥϜΠϕϯτΛ࣮ࢪ͍ͯ͘͠ w εέʔϧυσΠϦʔεΫϥϜ

    4%4  w εέʔϧυϨτϩεϖΫςΟϒ w 4P4ͷεΫϥϜϚελʔ͸εΫϥϜΦϒεΫϥϜϚελʔͱݺͿ
  26. 4DSVNPG4DSVNPG4DSVN 4P4P4 w ֤4P4νʔϜΛ઀ଓ͢ΔόʔνϟϧͳνʔϜ w ͭͷ4P4P4͸d4P4νʔϜ·Ͱ͕࠷దͳ਺ w ֤νʔϜ͔Βͷ୅දऀ͕ू·ΓɺεΫϥϜΠϕϯτΛ࣮ࢪ͍ͯ͘͠ w εέʔϧυσΠϦʔεΫϥϜ

    4%4  w εέʔϧυϨτϩεϖΫςΟϒ
  27. εΫϥϜνʔϜͷεέʔϧ ϑϥΫλϧ 4P44P4P44P4P4P4ͱ ཧ۶ͷ͏͑Ͱ͸ແݶʹεέʔϧͤ͞ΒΕΔʜ

  28. &YFDVUJWF"DUJPO5FBN 
 &"5

  29. &YFDVUJWF"DUJPO5FBN &"5

  30. &YFDVUJWF"DUJPO5FBN &"5 w εΫϥϜϚελʔαΠΫϧʹ͓͚Δ࠷্Ґͷܾఆػؔ w εΫϥϜΦϒεΫϥϜͰ͸औΓআ͚ͳ͍ো֐ΛऔΓআͨ͘ΊʹඞཁͳݖݶΛ΋ͬͨ ϝϯόʔ͕ࢀը͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δ w $&0 $50

    ਓࣄͷ੹೚ऀ ܾࡋݖऀͳͲ w ϝϯόʔͷબఆ৚݅͸ɺʮϓϩμΫτͷ࠷ऴతͳ͢΂ͯΛ&"5ͰղܾͰ͖Δ͜ͱʯ w &"5ͷू·ΓͰʮ͋ɻͦΕ͸˓˓͞Μʹฉ͔ͳ͍ͱʯͱͳΕ͹ɺ˓˓͞ΜΜΛ &"5ʹೖΕΔ΂͖ w ΤάθΫςΟϒͳϝϯόʔΛεΫϥϜͷϑϩʔͷதʹ૊ΈࠐΉ
  31. &YFDVUJWF"DUJPO5FBN &"5 &YFDVUJWF"DUJPO5FBN 
 &"5 νʔϜن໛ʹΑͬͯ͸ ͕͜͜&"5ʹͳ͍ͬͯͯ΋ྑ͍

  32. εέʔϧԽ͞ΕͨεΫϥϜͷ৘ใͷྲྀΕͷྫ w ֤νʔϜͷσΠϦʔεΫϥϜ w 4P4ͷσΠϦʔεΫϥϜ w &"5ͷσΠϦʔεΫϥϜ ֤νʔϜ͔Βͷ՝୊͕ɺຖ೔෼ͱ͍͏୹͍࣌ؒͰ࠷্Ґͷҙࢥܾఆऀ·Ͱಧ͘ ͜͜Ͱ&"5͕՝୊ͷղܾΛઌૹΓͯ͠͠·͏ͱɺ&"5͕࢓ࣄͷϑϩʔͷϘτϧωοΫʹͳͬͯ͠· ͏ͷͰɺ&"5ʹ͸՝୊ղܾΛૉૣ͘ߦ͑ΔݖݶΛ΋ͬͨਓ͕͍Δඞཁ͕͋Δɻ

  33. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧ

  34. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧ w νʔϜϓϩηε w ϝτϦΫεͱಁ໌ੑ w ϓϩμΫτϦϦʔεͱϑΟʔυόοΫαΠΫϧ w ઓུతϏδϣϯ w

    όοΫϩάͷ༏ઌॱҐ෇͚ w όοΫϩάͷ෼ׂͱϦϑΝΠϯϝϯτ w ϦϦʔεϓϥϯχϯά w ΤάθΫςΟϒϝλεΫϥϜ
  35. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔͷεέʔϧ

  36. ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔͷεέʔϧ ֤νʔϜʹ10͕͍Δ 
 ͭ·Γ10ಉ࢜ͷ ࿈ܞ͕ඞཁʹͳΔ

  37. νʔϑϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔ $10 w ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔνʔϜͱҰॹʹ༏ઌॱҐΛௐ੔͢Δ w $10͸ɺ͜ͷ໾ׂΛ݉೚͢ΔݸผνʔϜͷϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔͰ͋Δ৔߹΋ ͋Ε͹ɺ͜ͷ໾ׂʹઐ೚ͨ͠ݸਓͷ৔߹΋͋Δ w ϓϩμΫτશମͷઓུతϏδϣϯΛઃఆ͢Δ w

    શνʔϜʹ഑෍͞ΕΔɺ༏ઌॱҐ෇͚͞Εͨ୯ҰͷόοΫϩάΛ࡞੒͢Δ w ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔνʔϜ͕ଌఆ͢ΔϝτϦΫεΛܾఆ͢Δ w ސ٬͔ΒͷϓϩμΫτͷϑΟʔυόοΫΛධՁ͠ɺͦΕʹԠͯ͡ڞ௨όοΫϩ άΛௐ੔͢Δ
  38. &YFDVUJWF.FUB4DSVN &.4

  39. &YFDVUJWF.FUB4DSVN &.4 w ΞδϟΠϧ૊৫શମʹରͯ͠ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔͷ໾ׂΛՌͨͨ͢Ίʹɺ$10 ͸ɺ&.4ΠϕϯτͰΤάθΫςΟϒ΍ओཁͳεςʔΫϗϧμʔͱձ߹͢Δɻ w ϓϩμΫτΦʔφʔαΠΫϧͷҎԼͷίϯϙʔωϯτͷཁٻΛຬͨͨ͢Ίʹ׆ ಈ͢Δ w ઓུతϏδϣϯ

    w όοΫϩάͷ༏ઌॱҐ෇͚ w όοΫϩάͷ෼ׂͱϦϑΝΠϯϝϯτ w ϦϦʔεϓϥϯχϯά
  40. &"5ͱ&.4ʹΑΓ ʮ࣮༻࠷খݶͷ׭྅ػߏʯ Λ࣮ݱ͢Δ

  41. ૊৫ͷϦϑΝΫλϦϯά

  42. ී௨͸૊৫͸͜Μͳʹ͖Ε͍ ͳϑϥΫλϧʹ͸ͳΒͳ͍

  43. ૊৫σβΠϯͷྫ

  44. ૊৫σβΠϯͷྫ

  45. ૊৫ͷϦϑΝΫλϦϯά w ࣄۀ΍ɺϓϩμΫτͷঢ়گʹԠͯ͡૊৫͸దٓϦϑΝΫλϦϯά͞Ε͍ͨ w ਓΛಈ͔͢ͷ͸ίετ͕͔͔Δ w ݸਓͷҟಈ w νʔϜͷߏ੒ϝϯόʔͷେ෯ͳมߋ w

    ˢ͜ΕΒ͸΍ΓͮΒ͍
  46. ૊৫σβΠϯͷྫ ୯Ұͷ ʮී௨ͷεΫϥϜνʔϜʯ ͕4P4΍.4ʹΑͬͯͭͳ͕ͬ ͍ͯΔ

  47. ૊৫ͷϦϑΝΫλϦϯά w 4DSVN!4DBMFͰ͸4P4΍.4ͱ͍ͬͨόʔνϟϧͳνʔϜʹΑ֤ͬͯνʔ Ϝ͕઀ଓ͢Δ w ୯ҰͷεΫϥϜνʔϜͷߏ੒ϝϯόʔ͸ಈ͔͞ͳͯ͘ྑ͍ w 4P4ͳͲͷ૊Έ߹ΘͤΛௐ੔͢Δ͜ͱͰɺ֤νʔϜͷ઀఺Λௐ੔͍ͯ͘͠ w ެࣜΨΠυͰ͸ɺͲ͏͍͏ߟ͑ํͰνʔϜͷ૊ΈํΛݕ౼͢Δͱ͍͍͔ͳͲ

    ͸ॻ͔Ε͍ͯͳ͍ͷͰʰνʔϜτϙϩδʔʱͳͲΛࢀߟʹ͢Δͱྑ͍ͱࢥ͍ ·͢ʢ4DSVN!4DBMFͱ૬ੑ͕ྑ͍ͱ͍͏ॴײ
  48. QRC Team Topologies Based on Team Topologies, QRC by Henny

    Portman, May 2020 Stream-Aligned Team Enabling Team Platform team Stream-Aligned Team Complicated- Subsystem Team Interaction mode: X-as-a-Service Interaction mode: X-as-a-Service Interaction mode: Facilitating Interaction mode: Collaborating Primary interaction modes for the 4 fundamental team topologies: Collaboration: working closely together with another team X-as-a Service: consuming or providing something with minimal collaboration Facilitating: helping (or being helped by) another team to clear impediments Evolution of team topologies Discover Establish Use Stream-Aligned Team: a team aligned to the main flow of business change, with cross-functional skills mix and the ability to deliver significant increments without waiting on another team. Platform team: a team that works on the underlying platform supporting stream-aligned teams in delivery. The platform simplifies otherwise complex technology and reduces cognitive load for teams that use it. Enabling team: a team that assists other teams in adopting and modifying software as part of a transition or learning period. Complicated-Subsystem Team: a team with a special remit for a subsystem that is too complicated to be dealt with by a normal stream-aligned team or platform team. Optional and only used when really necessary. Conway’s law: “Organizations which design systems … are constrained to produce designs which are copies of the communication structures of these organizations.” Cognitive load: “The total amount of mental effort being used in the working memory.” Restrict team responsibilities to match the maximum team cognitive load. • Intrinsic cognitive load – relates to aspects of the task fundamental to the problem space • Extraneous cognitive load – relates to the environment in which the task is being done • Germane cognitive load – relates to aspects of the task that need special attention for learning or high performance Scaling teams: Organizational groupings should follow Dunbar’s number, beginning with around 5- 8 people, then increasing to around 15 people, then 50, then 150, then 500, and so on. Brook’s law: “Adding new people to a team doesn’t immediately increase its capacity.: Live Rapid feedback Team first approach: start with the team for effective software delivery. There are multiple aspects to consider and nurture: team size, team lifespan, team relationships, and team cognition. Organizational sensing: expect to adapt and evolve your organization structure. ίϯ΢ΣΠͷ๏ଇ: “γεςϜΛઃܭ͢Δ૊৫͸… ͦͷ ૊৫ͷίϛϡχέʔγϣϯߏ଄Λίϐʔͨ͠ߏ଄ͷઃ ܭΛੜΈग़͢͜ͱʹͳΔ” νʔϜϑΝʔετͷऔΓ૊Έ: ιϑτ΢ΣΞσϦόϦʔͷ ޮՌΛߴΊΔͨΊͷνʔϜ͔Β࢝ΊΔɻצҊ͢΂͖؍఺͸ ෳ਺͋Δ: νʔϜαΠζɺଘଓظؒɺؔ܎ੑɺೝ஌ෛՙ ૊৫తηϯγϯά(Organizational Sensing): ૊৫ߏ଄ΛదԠɾൃలͤ͞ Δ͜ͱΛ໨࿦Ή νʔϜͷεέʔϧ: ૊৫ߏ଄ͷάϧʔϐϯά͸μϯόʔ਺ʹै ͏ɻ·ͣ͸5-8໊͔Β࢝ΊΔɻ࣍ʹ15໊ఔ౓ɺͦΕ͔Β50 ໊ɺ150໊ɺ500໊ɺͱ͢Δ ϒϧοΫεͷ๏ଇ: “ਓһΛ௥Ճͯ͠΋ɺνʔϜͷΩϟύγςΟ͸ ͙͢ʹ૿Ճ͢ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍” ετϦʔϜΞϥΠϯυνʔϜ: Ϗδ ωεతมߋͷओཁͳʮྲྀΕ(Flow)ʯ ʹ޲͚ͯฤ੒͞ΕΔνʔϜɻ৬ೳ ԣஅεΩϧͷ༥߹ମͰ͋ΔͨΊɺ ଞνʔϜͷ࡞ۀΛ଴ͭ͜ͱͳ͘ҙ ٛͷ͋ΔΠϯΫϦϝϯτΛσϦό ϦʔͰ͖Δೳྗ͕උΘ͍ͬͯΔ ϓϥοτϑΥʔϜνʔϜ: ετϦʔϜΞϥΠϯυ νʔϜͷσϦόϦʔΛαϙʔτ͢Δج൫ͱͳΔϓ ϥοτϑΥʔϜΛ࢓ࣄͷྖҬͱ͢ΔνʔϜɻϓϥο τϑΥʔϜ͸ෳࡶͳٕज़Λγϯϓϧʹ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺ ͦΕΛར༻͢ΔνʔϜͷೝ஌ෛՙΛܰݮ͢Δ ίϯϓϦέΠςΟουɾαϒγεςϜνʔϜ: ෳ ࡶ͗ͯ͢௨ৗͷετϦʔϜΞϥΠϯυνʔϜ΍ϓ ϥοτϑΥʔϜνʔϜͰ͸ରॲͰ͖ͳ͍αϒγε ςϜʹಛԽͯ͠औΓ૊ΉνʔϜɻຊ౰ʹඞཁͳ৔ ߹ɺͦΕ͕࠷ળͰ͋Δ৔߹ʹͷΈฤ੒͞ΕΔ ΠωΠϒϦϯάνʔϜ: Ҡߦ΍ֶशظؒͷҰ؀ͱ ͯ͠ɺଞͷνʔϜ͕ιϑτ΢ΣΞΛ࠾༻͢Δ͜ͱ΍ มߋ͢Δ͜ͱΛΞγετ͢ΔνʔϜ ΠϯλϥΫγϣϯϞʔυ: ΠϯλϥΫγϣϯϞʔυ: ΠϯλϥΫγϣϯϞʔυ: ΠϯλϥΫγϣϯϞʔυ: ຊ൪ ਝ଎ͳ ϑΟʔυόοΫ νʔϜτϙϩδʔͷൃల ൃݟ ཱ֬ ར༻ ೝ஌ෛՙ: “ϫʔΩϯάϝϞϦʹׂΓ౰ͯΒΕΔϝϯλϧ ΤϑΥʔτͷ૯ྔ”ɻνʔϜͷ੹຿͸νʔϜͷೝ஌ෛՙͷ ্ݶ੍͕໿ͱͳΔɻ ɾ಺ࡏੑ(intrinsic)ೝ஌ෛՙ ʔ ໰୊ྖҬͷຊ࣭ʹؔ࿈͢Δ λεΫʹ·ͭΘΔෛՙ ɾ֎ࡏੑ(extraneous)ೝ஌ෛՙ ʔ औΓ૊ΉλεΫͷ؀ڥ ʹ·ͭΘΔෛՙ ɾద੾ͳ(germane)ೝ஌ෛՙ ʔ ֶश΍ϋΠύϑΥʔϚϯ εΛൃش͢ΔͨΊʹऔΓΘ͚஫ҙྗΛཁ͢ΔλεΫʹ·ͭ ΘΔෛՙ جૅͱͳΔνʔϜτϙϩδʔ(4छྨ)ͷؒͷΠϯ λϥΫγϣϯϞʔυ: ίϥϘϨʔγϣϯ: ଞͷνʔϜͱີ઀ʹ࿈ܞ͢ Δ X-as-a Servie: ࠷খݶͷίϥϘϨʔγϣϯͰ ʮԿ͔ʯΛఏڙ/ར༻͢Δ ϑΝγϦςΠςΟϯά: ๦֐෺ΛऔΓআͨ͘Ί ʹଞͷνʔϜΛԉॿ͢Δ(ԉॿ͞ΕΔ) νʔϜ τϙϩδʔ Quick Reference Card Japanese translation by @kakutani, Oct 2021 - v1.0.1 IUUQTTDSBQCPYJPJLJJLJ23$@5FBN@5PQPMPHJFTKB
  49. $IBUXPSLʹ͓͚Δ࣮ྫ

  50. લఏ w ΞʔΩςΫνϟ࡮৽ϓϩδΣΫτͰ4DSVN!4DBMFΛ࠾༻ w ࡮৽ޙ͸͜ͷ৽͍͠ମ੍͕$IBUXPSLͷίΞʹͳΔͷͰطଘ૊৫΋ঃʑʹ 4DSVN!4DBMFʹҠߦ͍ͯ͘͠ࢉஈ w ڈ೥ͷ݄ʹ্ཱͪ͛ w ΞʔΩςΫνϟ࡮৽ϓϩδΣΫτͷং൫ͳͷͰɺϓϩμΫτόοΫϩά͸ٕज़

    త՝୊͕ଟ͍
  51. ݱࡏͷମ੍

  52. ݱࡏͷମ੍

  53. ݱࡏͷମ੍ &.4 &YFDVUJWF.FUB4DSVN ͸্ཱͪ͛४උத

  54. ݱࡏͷମ੍  ֤νʔϜͷεΫϥϜΠϕϯτͷ࣮ࢪ͸ɺ֤νʔ Ϝʹࡋྔ͕͋Δ  ͨͩ͠ɺ৘ใͷྲྀΕΛεϜʔζʹ͢ΔͨΊɺҎ Լͷ੍໿Λઃ͚͍ͯΔ  σΠϦʔεΫϥϜ͸Ұؾ௨؏ʹྲྀΕΔ͜ͱ 

    िؒͷλΠϜϘοΫε ਫ༵Ր༵ ͸͋Θ ͤΔ͜ͱ
  55. ݱࡏͷମ੍  ֤νʔϜͷεΫϥϜΠϕϯτͷ࣮ࢪ͸ɺ֤νʔ Ϝʹࡋྔ͕͋Δ  ͨͩ͠ɺ৘ใͷྲྀΕΛεϜʔζʹ͢ΔͨΊɺҎ Լͷ੍໿Λઃ͚͍ͯΔ  σΠϦʔεΫϥϜ͸Ұؾ௨؏ʹྲྀΕΔ͜ͱ 

    िؒͷλΠϜϘοΫε ਫ༵Ր༵ ͸͋Θ ͤΔ͜ͱ " $νʔϜ͸Ր༵ʹϨϏϡʔ ;Γ ͔͑Γɺਫ༵ϓϥϯχϯά 
 #νʔϜ͸ਫ༵ʹϨϏϡʔ͔Βϓϥϯχϯά ·Ͱ٧ΊࠐΜͰ͍Δ 
 ͜ͷΑ͏ʹνʔϜʹΑ੍ͬͯ໿ͷൣғ಺Ͱ ΞϨϯδ͕͋Δ
  56. ͜Ε·ͰͷਪҠ

  57. ਪҠ

  58. ਪҠ νʔϜ͔Βελʔτ ֎෦͔Β໊ͷϓϩίʔνʹೖͬͯ΋Β͍ɺ ͦΕͧΕͷεΫϥϜνʔϜΛ্ཱͪ͛ͨɻ ݄ʹപ୩͕ೖࣾɻ

  59. ਪҠ

  60. ਪҠ "νʔϜ͕৽نͰ্ཱ͕ͪΔ Ұ࣌తͳٕज़ௐࠪͷͨΊͷλεΫϑΥʔεΛՔ ಇͤ͞Δʢϝϯόʔ͸֤νʔϜͷҰ෦͕݉຿ʣ

  61. ਪҠ "νʔϜ͕৽نͰ্ཱ͕ͪΔ Ұ࣌తͳٕज़ௐࠪͷͨΊͷλεΫϑΥʔεΛՔ ಇͤ͞Δʢϝϯόʔ͸֤νʔϜͷҰ෦͕݉຿ʣ ίϯϓϦέΠςουɾαϒγεςϜνʔϜ ΠωΠϒϦϯάνʔϜ

  62. ਪҠ

  63. ਪҠ ϓϩδΣΫτͷείʔϓௐ੔Λ࣮ࢪ 9νʔϜ 6*69 ͕͍ͬͨΜٳࢭ #νʔϜͷೝ஌ෛՙܰݮͷͨΊʹαϙʔςΟϒ ͳ෦෼ΛผνʔϜԽ 
 
 $50Λਖ਼ࣜʹϝϯόʔʹೖΕͨ&.4Λൃ଍

  64. ਪҠ ϓϩδΣΫτͷείʔϓௐ੔Λ࣮ࢪ 9νʔϜ 6*69 ͕͍ͬͨΜٳࢭ #νʔϜͷೝ஌ෛՙܰݮͷͨΊʹαϙʔςΟϒ ͳ෦෼ΛผνʔϜԽ 
 
 $50Λਖ਼ࣜʹϝϯόʔʹೖΕͨ&.4Λൃ଍

    ౰ॳ͸ϓϩμΫτͱͯ͠ͷํ ਑ܾఆΛظ଴͕ͨ͠ɺΞʔΩςΫ νϟҠߦϓϩδΣΫτͷੑ্࣭͜͜ʹ͋ ͭ·Δ՝୊͕)PXʹภΔɻ 
 &"5ͱͯ͠࠶ฤΛܾஅɻ
  65. ਪҠ ݱࡏʹࢸΔ

  66. ਪҠ ݱࡏʹࢸΔ %FW)3 ։ൃνʔϜͷਓࣄ੹೚ऀ Λট͍ͯɺ&.4Λ&"5ʹ࠶ฤ 
 ͜ͷମ੍ʹՃ͑ͯ&.4Λ৽نͰ্ཱͪ͛ΔͷΛ४උத 
 
 ֤νʔϜͷґଘؔ܎Λ੔ཧͯ͠ɺ4P4ʹΑΔνʔϜͷͭͳ͗͜Έ

    Λ੔ཧɻ"νʔϜ͸ݱߦγεςϜͱͷͭͳ͕ΓΛڧԽ
  67. 4DSVN!4DBMFͷ ࣮૷Λվળ͢ΔऔΓ૊Έ

  68. ͷίϯϙʔωϯτͦΕͧΕͷ࠾఺

  69. ͷίϯϙʔωϯτͦΕͧΕͷ࠾఺ 4DSVN*OD͞ΜʹΑΔެࣜτϨʔχϯάͰͷϫʔΫγϣοϓ

  70. औΓ૊Έͷ༏ઌॱҐ෇͚

  71. มֵόοΫϩά

  72. ϓϩͷࢧԉΛड͚Δ w ݕ౼ஈ֊Ͱ4DSVN*OD͞Μ͔Β؆୯ͳϨΫνϟʔΛड͚ͨ w ϓϩδΣΫτ্ཱͪ͛࣌ʹɺ໊ͷϓϩίʔνʹͭͷνʔϜΛࢧԉͯ͠΋Β ͬͨ w גࣜձࣾϥϑμΠϠϞϯυͷࢁࠜ͞Μ w גࣜձࣾ౾ଂͷ๺ᖛ͞Μ

    w പ୩ͱɺ໊ͷ10ͱͰ4DSVN*OD͞ΜͷެࣜτϨʔχϯάΛडߨ ಠֶͰ΍ΔΑΓ͍Ζ͍Ζͳ͜ͱ͕εΩοϓͰ͖ͨ͸ͣʢ஌ͷߴ଎ಓ࿏ʣ
  73. ͜Ε·Ͱ4DSVN!4DBMFΛӡ༻͖ͯͨ͠ॴײ w ೔ʑͷ೰Έ͸ී௨ͷεΫϥϜͱҰॹɻͦΕͧΕͷνʔϜ͕ʮී௨ͷεΫϥϜͷ ೰Έʯͱ޲͖߹͍ͳ͕Βগͣͭ͠ʮී௨ͷεΫϥϜνʔϜʯͱͯ͠੔͍͑ͯ͘ w όοΫϩάͭ͘Δͷ೉͍͠Ͷ͐ w ϕϩγςΟ͕҆ఆ͠ͳ͍͚ͲͲ͏վળ͢Δʁ w ৘ใͷྲྀΕ͕଺ͬͨΓҧ࿨ײ͕͋Ε͹4P4ͳͲͷϨτϩεϖΫςΟϒͰѻͬͯ

    ͍͘ɻ৔߹ʹΑͬͯ͸ࢥ͍੾ͬͨมߋΛՃ͑Δʢͨͩ͠୯ҰͷνʔϜΛେ͖͘ ม͑ΔΑ͏ͳ͜ͱ͸໓ଟʹ΍Βͳ͍ʣ w ΤάθΫςΟϒͷר͖ࠐΈ͕೉͍͠ʜʂʂ &.4ΛͲ͏্ཱͪ͛Α͏͔಄Λ๊ ͍͑ͯ·͢
  74. 3FHJPOBM4DSVN(BUIFSJOH5PLZP

  75. ग़యͳͲ w 4DSVN!4DBMFΨΠυ೔ຊޠ൛ w IUUQTTDSVNJODKQTDSVNBUTDBMFHVJEF w 4DSVN!4DBMF(VJEF w IUUQTXXXTDSVNBUTDBMFDPNTDSVNBUTDBMFHVJEF w

    ຊεϥΠυʮ4DSVN!4DBMFͷղઆʯύʔτͰ࢖༻͍ͯ͠Δ 4DSVN!4DBMFʹؔ͢Δਤ͸͢΂ͯͪ͜ΒͷΨΠυͷ΋ͷΛ࢖༻ $$#: 4"