Vim, the final text editor you need to learn

Vim, the final text editor you need to learn



May 07, 2013


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    if you want to use my .vimrc 1. clone from

    my Github repo 2. cd to cloned repo and execute install script 3. make symbolic link for vim 4. done!
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    Modes Switch: 1. in normal mode, i or a or

    o to enter insert mode(i = insert, a = append, o = newline) 2. in insert mode, ESC or Ctrl+[ to enter normal mode 3. in normal mode, hit v or V to enter visual mode 4. in visual mode, hit ESC or Ctrl+[ to normal mode
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    ✓:w write to file. ✓:q exit Vim. ✓:tabe create a

    new tab. ✓gt to switch to next tab, gT to previous tab. (I map gt and gT to F7 and F8 in my vimrc) ✓:new to create a horizontal split window, :vnew or :vs to create a vertical split window.
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    ✓vi -o a.rb b.rb to open those two files at

    the same time with horizontal split window. ✓vi -O a.rb b.rb same as above, but in vertical split window. ✓vi -p a.rb b.rb to open files with tabs. ✓vi will read the source content into vim directly.
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    Practice: 1. quit Vim, and launch Vim, quite Vim, and

    launch Vim .. x N 2. open a file with Vim, exit, then open it again, then exit .. x N
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    Practice: 1. select a word, deselect, and select another word,

    and deselect.. x N 2. select a word, delete it, select another word, and delete.. X N
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    Practice: 1. select a sentence, deselect, and select another sentence,

    and deselect.. x N 2. select a sentence, delete it, select another sentence, and delete.. X N
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    Practice: 1. select a paragraph, deselect, and select another paragraph,

    and deselect.. x N 2. select a paragraph, delete it, select another paragraph, and delete.. X N
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    ✓w or W to move cursor forward by a word,

    and b or B is backward. ✓0 to back to the begin of the line, and $ is jump to the end. ✓fx will stop the cursor at the next "x" character in current line, and F is search backward.
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    ✓} will move cursor to next section, { move to

    last section. ✓vit will visually select content between the tag, while vat will even including the tag. ✓vi" will visually select content between current double quotes. ✓viw will select the current word.
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    ✓gg will move the cursor to the top of the

    current file, and G will jump to bottom. ✓zz, zb, zt ✓/ search, n can jump to next matched result, and N will jump to last one. ✓* search the word on cursor.
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    ✓D to clear all content of current line after the

    cursor. ✓C like D, but enter insert mode. dG will clear all content after the cursor, dgg will clear all content before the cursor. ✓x remove a character. ✓. to repeat last action. ✓dd to delete whole line, 3dd to delete 3 lines.
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    ✓yy yank the whole line of the cursor. ✓3yy yank

    3 lines. ✓p paste content from register, 3p paster content from register for 3 times. ✓= re-format, gg=G re-format whole file.
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    ✓dw, diw to delete the word in the cursor. ✓cw,

    ciw same as above, but enter insert mode. r to replace current character. ✓J to concatenate current line with next line, 3J will concatenate next 3 lines. ✓> to add indentation, < to remove indentation.
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    in terminal: 1. ctrl + z to stash vim, and

    type fg to bring it back. 2. ctrl + w to delete a word, ctrl + u to delete a whole line, both work in terminal and vim edit mode. 3. ctrl + r to find history commands fuzzily.