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The Evil Tester's Guide To Agile Testing

The Evil Tester's Guide To Agile Testing

A Common Sense Guide to Agile Development and Testing that might just change your Agile approach forever.

Answering the 9 most common questions asked about Agile Testing:

- What is Agile Testing?
- Do we still need testers in Agile?
- What is an Agile Tester?
- What does a Software Tester Actually Do?
- Should we automate our testing?
- What tools should we use for our Agile Testing?
- How Much Should we Automate?
- How can we automate and still finish the sprint?
- How can we finish all our testing in the sprint?

A high quality download of the 9 points as a free "Print out and Keep" Poster is available at http://eviltester.com/agile

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Alan Richardson

November 17, 2017
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Transcript

  1. @EvilTester | EvilTester.com/agile

  2. Common Questions about Testing on Agile Projects

  3. What is Agile Testing? A Test approach crafted uniquely for

    your specific environment. Test in a way that fits, and adapts to, your Agile Development. Nothing complicated. Involve everyone on the team in your Testing process, because Testing is a major part of your Software Development Process.
  4. What is Agile Testing? Every Agile project is unique ‐

    staff mix, skill sets, business concerns, tool sets. You need to adopt a Testing approach crafted to your specific environment. To do that you need to understand the essence of testing in terms of feedback, and as a means of evaluating and exploring models of your system. Then test in a way that fits, and adapts to, your approach to Agile Development. Nothing complicated. Don't shoe horn in something you would traditionally call 'Testing' and label it Agile. Do adapt your process to meet the needs of your project. And do involve everyone in your Testing process, because Testing is a major part of your Software Development Process.
  5. Do we still need testers in Agile? Once you've worked

    with a good tester, this question won't even cross your mind. You still need to test, and you need people to do that. You can train other people to test, but they may not have the motivation to learn testing in depth and push your System to its limits.
  6. Do we still need testers in Agile? People often ask

    this question because they've never seen a good tester in action. After working with a good tester, this question won't even cross your mind. You still need to test, and you still need people testing your software. You'll need the people doing that to understand how to test, and to test well. Testers generally know how to do that. But of course you can train other people to do your testing. They may not have the same motivation to continue to learn testing in depth and the nuances and subtleties of system and risk exploration as people who view testing as their main focus.
  7. What is an Agile Tester? An Agile Tester brings flexibility

    to their role. They take the essence of testing and implement it as part of your Agile System of Development. They explore the System deeply, spot Risks, and ask questions to help everyone think differently about the quality of the software and the process of development.
  8. What is an Agile Tester? An Agile Tester brings flexibility

    to the role of tester. They don't just quote testing books at you and best practice definitions. They take the essence of testing and help implement it as part of your Agile System of Development. They will know how to test with minimal information and ask questions to help other people think about the quality of the software and the process of building the software. They will know how to spot risks and target those risks with hands on system manipulation. Very often they spot gaps in the development process and help fill them.
  9. What does a Software Tester Actually Do? Testing builds a

    model and compares it to the delivered system. Models like: requirements, acceptance criteria, risk ﴾business, technical, process﴿, flow, and functionality. A tester expands the model by observing, exploring, interrogating and manipulating the system.
  10. What does a Software Tester Actually Do? The essence of

    Software Testing is building a model of the System Under Test, and then comparing that model to the delivered system. A tester builds lots of models; requirements, acceptance criteria, risk ﴾business, technical, process﴿, flow, functionality, etc. The tester has different techniques to prioritise how they explore the relationship between the model and the system. A good Tester adapts their model based on the information they observe as they interrogate and manipulate the system, they reflect on this information to communicate effectively and expand their model.
  11. Should we automate our testing? Automate execution flows through the

    system to assert on agreed acceptance conditions. Humans automate the mechanistic, to free ourselves to use emotion and imagination. We should look for opportunities to automate parts of our testing process.
  12. Should we automate our testing? We are Human. Humans automate

    processes. We will automate the mechanistic parts of our processes, to free ourselves from drudgery and allow us to more fully exercise our emotion and imagination in our Software Development. We use IDEs to automate parts of the coding and refactoring processes, we automate builds and software releases. We should look for opportunities to automate as part of our testing process ‐ often this will be checking, and asserting on, the agreed acceptance conditions. We can automate execution flows through the system with pre‐agreed acceptance condition assertions. This is only a small part of evaluating the risk associated with releasing software, but it can be automated.
  13. What tools should we use for our Agile Testing? That

    depends on your technology. Automate strategically and tactically. Strategically automate system execution making it maintainable and robust. Tactically use tools to support deep system Observation, Exploration, Interrogation and Manipulation.
  14. What tools should we use for our Agile Testing? Your

    tooling will vary depending on the technology you use. You'll need tools to help you strategically automate system execution to make it maintainable and robust. You'll need tools to support you in tactically observing the system functionality and message passing in detail. Tools to help you interrogate and manipulate the system in ways a user would never need to do, to help you explore the system in detail. I generally try to use the same tools as the rest of the development team. I don't recommend separate "Test Tracking" tools, when you do that you end up having only testers use them, and we want to harness the skills of all team members as part of our testing process.
  15. How Much Should we Automate? Automate to convince yourself the

    system continues to meet the acceptance criteria. Review the automated execution code, to ensure it is relevant, delete anything that takes time to maintain but doesn't help evaluate the risk of release.
  16. How Much Should we Automate? Automate as much as you

    need to. Are you convinced that you have a low risk of changes unexpectedly and adversely impacting previously tested areas of the system? Are you convinced that the agreed Acceptance Criteria are still met by the system? As you maintain your automated execution code, review what you have created to make sure it still seems relevant, and delete anything that takes time to maintain but doesn't help you evaluate the risk of the release.
  17. How can we automate and still finish the sprint? Commit

    to automating as part of your Definition of Done. Don't just write code, commit to maintaining an system which automatically asserts that you continue to meet the acceptance criteria the code was designed to fulfil.
  18. How can we automate and still finish the sprint? Automating

    acceptance criteria is part of your sprint planning. Commit to automating as part of your Definition of Done. Don't just write code, commit to maintaining a system which automatically asserts that you continue to meet the acceptance criteria the code was designed to fulfill. It is possible to work on the acceptance criteria checking in parallel to writing system code. Take advantage of abstraction layers and good coding and design principles to support your development process.
  19. How can we finish all our testing in the sprint?

    If you haven't finished testing, then you don't release that functionality. Everyone on the team tests to the best of their ability. Leave the simple condition checking to the automated system or people less skilled in testing.
  20. How can we finish all our testing in the sprint?

    Making time for testing is part of your sprint planning. Don't create a bottleneck by having a single person allocated to testing. Have everyone on the team test the software to the best of the ability, and use the people who are best at testing to really explore the risks and conditions in detail while leaving the simple condition checking to the automated system or people less skilled in testing. If you haven't finished testing, then you can't evaluate the risk, and you don't release that functionality.
  21. Free ‐ Download and Print Your Own "The Evil Tester's

    Guide to Agile Testing Brochure" At EvilTester.com/agile
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  24. Help Your Teams Improve How They Test and Develop Software

    You can learn to test and develop software using Agile processes through trial and error. You'll learn the hard way from your own mistakes. You could bring in contractors who are experienced in Agile to work on your projects with you. They'll help you work in a more Agile way but they'll be busy doing the work and might not have the necessary time to pass on their experience to the rest of the team. You could bring in an Agile Coach and mentor who is there specifically to help you improve. They are not on your project 100% of the time, they work with you to help you improve.
  25. An Agile Software Development coach and mentor can short cut

    your learning and help you: Automate your APIs Automate to support Continuous Integration & Exploratory Testing Remove intermittent failures from your automated execution Refactor your code to make it more testable Improve pairing on TDD and exploratory testing Increase the value of your retrospectives so you take action Improve your exploratory testing, making it more transparent, thorough and technical.
  26. Alan Richardson is someone who has done all of this

    before. Combining a background in Testing and Programming, Alan can work with all of your team members to help improve your Agile Development Approach. Alan consults through Compendium Developments Ltd and helps teams improve their testing and development processes, Alan blogs at Evil Tester, Java For Testers, and Selenium Simplified Alan has written 4 books "Java For Testers", "Dear Evil Tester", "Automating and Testing a REST API" and "Selenium Simplified" Alan talks and keynotes at conferences world wide, also providing workshops and tutorials.
  27. Contact Alan to help you with your Agile Testing and

    Development Compendium Developments Ltd Contact Alan http://compendiumdev.co.uk/contact