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地図の民主化が紡ぐデジタルツインの未来 | INTERACTION 2022

地図の民主化が紡ぐデジタルツインの未来 | INTERACTION 2022

第26回 一般社団法人情報処理学会シンポジウム INTERACTION 2022
古橋 基調講演 資料
2022/03/01

© mapconcierge, CC BY-SA 4.0

furuhashlab

March 01, 2022
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  1. */5&3"$5*0/ୈճҰൠࣾஂ๏ਓ৘ใॲཧֶձγϯϙδ΢Ϝ
    ݹڮେ஍
    ೔ຊ஍ਤֶձ੨ࢁֶӃେֶ$SJTJT.BQQFST+"1"/
    ࡂ֐υϩʔϯٹԉୂ%30/*3%ୂ௕
    ˜NBQPDPODJFSHF $$#:4"
    ஍ਤͷຽओԽ͕๰͙
    σδλϧπΠϯͷະདྷ

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  2. ࠓ೔

    ͜ͷϓϨθϯࢿྉΛ
    શ໘తʹมߋ͠·ͨ͠ɻ

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  3. ΢ΫϥΠφةػ
    ʙ

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  4. ߴ౓ͳ৘ใԽࣾձ͕
    Α͏΍͘౸དྷ͠Α͏ͱ͍ͯ͠Δ
    ೥ʹ
    ࠷ѱͳࣄ͕ى͖͍ͯΔɻ

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  5. ΠϯλʔωοτΛܦ༝ͯ͠
    ༷ʑͳ৘ใ͕ੈքதʹ
    ඈͼަ͍ͬͯΔɻ

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  6. ༷ʑͳओٛɾओு͕
    ͋Δ͚ΕͲ

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  7. Ͳ͏͔ɺ
    ࣗ෼ͷखͰʮ৘ใʯΛೖख͠ɺ
    ෼ੳ͠ɺ൑அ͠ɺߦಈ͍ͯͩ͘͠͞ɻ

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  8. ͜Ε͔Β
    ͓࿩͢Δ಺༰ͷ΄ͱΜͲʹ
    ڞ௨͍ͯ͠Δ͜ͱ͸

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  9. ৘ใΛೖख͢Δ
    ʮ؍࡯ྗʯ
    ʹ

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  10. 4UFWF$PBTU͕೔ຊʹདྷͨͱ͖ʜ

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  11. ʮ0QFO4USFFU.BQ͸
    00%"ϧʔϓΛ
    ͍͔ʹૉૣ͘ճ͔͕͢ॏཁͩʯ
    ൴͸͜͏ݴ͍·ͨ͠ɻ

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  12. 00%"MPPQ +PIO#PZE

    IUUQTFOXJLJQFEJBPSHXJLJ00%"@MPPQ

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  13. ʮ؍࡯ྗʯΛߴΊΔʹ͸
    ؍࡯ऀΛ૿΍͢

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  14. ʮ؍࡯ྗʯΛߴΊΔʹ͸
    ؍࡯ऀΛ૿΍͢
    ˠΫϥ΢υιʔγϯά

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  15. IUUQTXXXSFVUFSTDPNXPSMEFVSPQFSVTTJBOHSPVOEGPSDFTNPWFDMPTFSLZJWDPOWPZTUSFUDIFTNJMFTNBYBS

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  16. ͜ͷӴ੕ը૾͔ΒಡΈऔΕΔ΋ͷ͸ͳΜͰ͔͢ʁ

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  17. ͜͜͸Ͳ͜ͳͷ͔ʁ

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  18. ͜ͷը૾͸ϑΣΠΫͰ͸ͳ͍ͷ͔ʁ

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  19. ຊ౰ʹ࣮ࡏ͢Δͷ͔ʁ

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  20. 6λʔϯཱମڮ

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  21. ೔ࣹͷํ޲

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  22. ͜ͷը૾͸ೆ๺͕ٯస͍ͯ͠Δ
    Ӵ੕ը૾Ͱ͋Δɻ

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  23. Ͱ͸ɺ(PPHMF&BSUIͰ
    ͜ͷ৔ॴ͕࣮ࡏ͢Δ͔
    ֬ೝͯ͠Έ·͠ΐ͏ɻ

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  24. 6λʔϯཱମڮ

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  25. ͳʹ͔ҧ͏ʁʁʁ

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  26. 6λʔϯཱମڮ

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  27. װ



    ೶஍ɾ૲஍
    Տ

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  28. ΋͏Ұ౓
    (PPHMF&BSUIΛ֬ೝ

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  29. (PPHMF&BSUIʹ
    ܝࡌ͞Ε͍ͯͨӴ੕ը૾͸
    ೥ͷ΋ͷ

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  30. ͜ΕΒͷ൑அͱ
    Ґஔิਖ਼ʢδΦϦϑΝϨϯεʣ
    Λߦ͍
    ,.;ϑΝΠϧΛ
    (JU)VCʹެ։ɻ

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  31. IUUQTHJUIVCDPNNBQDPODJFSHF6LSBJOFEBUB

    View full-size slide

  32. ಉ࣌ʹ
    5XJUUFS 'BDFCPPL౳Ͱ
    ৘ใެ։

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  33. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNNBQDPODJFSHFTUBUVT

    View full-size slide

  34. ଉΛٵ͏Α͏ʹ
    (JU)VCͱ5XJUUFS
    ͸࢖͏΋ͷɻ

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  35. ͢Δͱ
    ࣗવͱ஥͕ؒू·Γ·͢ɻ

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  36. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNIXUOWTUBUVT

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  37. IUUQTHJUIVCDPNNBQDPODJFSHF6LSBJOFEBUBQVMMT RJT"QSJT"DMPTFE

    View full-size slide

  38. େࣄͳ͜ͱͳͷͰ
    ܁Γฦ͠·͢ɻ

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  39. ଉΛٵ͏Α͏ʹ
    (JU)VCͱ5XJUUFS
    ͸࢖͏΋ͷɻ

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  40. ެ։ͨ͠σʔλ͸

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  41. (PPHMF&BSUIͰ
    ϓϩοτͰ͖Δ͜ͱͰ
    ༷ʑͳ෼ੳʹͭͳ͕Δ

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  42. ΩʔϑʢΩΤϑʣͷத৺෦·Ͱ
    Ͳͷ͘Β͍ͷڑ཭ͳͷ͔ʁ

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  43. ʮ؍࡯ྗʯΛߴΊΔʹ͸
    ؍࡯ऀΛ૿΍͢

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  44. ʮ؍࡯ྗʯΛߴΊΔʹ͸
    ؍࡯ऀΛ૿΍͢
    ˠΫϥ΢υιʔγϯά

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  45. ৴པͷ͓͚Δ
    :PV5VCF-JWFΧϝϥΛ
    ΢Σϒ஍ਤʹల։͢Δ
    ׆ಈ

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  46. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNOBHJYTUBUVT

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  47. IUUQTOBHJYHJUIVCJPVLSBJOFMJWFDBNT

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  48. ආ೉ຽͷࢧԉΛ
    ΑΓεϜʔζʹߦ͏ͨΊͷ
    ΢ΫϥΠφࠃڥ෇ۙ
    0QFO4USFFU.BQۓٸϚοϐϯά

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  49. IUUQTMJOLNFEJVNDPN)/7JK'/YOC

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  50. Ͳ͏͔ɺ
    ࣗ෼ͷखͰʮ৘ใʯΛೖख͠ɺ
    ෼ੳ͠ɺ൑அ͠ɺߦಈ͍ͯͩ͘͠͞ɻ

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  51. ͦͷͨΊʹ
    ʮ؍࡯ྗʯ
    Λ
    ݚ͗੅·͍ͤͯͩ͘͞ɻ

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  52. ͔͜͜Βຊ୊Ͱ͢ɻ

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  53. վΊͯʜ
    ࣗݾ঺հ

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  54. ݹڮେ஍5BJDIJ'636)"4)*
    !NBQDPODJFSHF

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  55. ஍ਤ԰
    υϩʔϯ΋ඈ͹ͤΔ

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  56. ஍ٿࣾձڞੜֶ෦ʛडݧੜԠԉϜʔϏʔ

    IUUQTZPVUVCFOY"G-VPGZ"

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  57. IUUQTGVSVIBTIJMBCHJUIVCJP6/75@)BDLBUIPO@%SPOF

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  58. ͍֮͑ͯ·͔͢ʁ

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  59. (PPHMF.BQT͕
    ͜ͷੈʹొ৔ͨ͠ͱ͖ɻ

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  60. ೥݄(PPHMF.BQT
    ೥݄(PPHMF&BSUI

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  61. ͦΕ·Ͱͷ
    ஍ཧ৘ใγεςϜʢ(*4ʣͷ
    ֓೦͕େ͖͘มΘΓ·ͨ͠ɻ

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  62. (PPHMF.BQT&BSUI͕༩͑ͨΠϯύΫτ
    ϑϦʔϛΞϜϞσϧ
    ஍ٿ͸ؙ͍ͱ࠶ఆٛʢ4QIFSJDBM&BSUIʣ
    9:;λΠϧϓϩτίϧΛσϑΝΫτԽ
    ,.-ͷΦʔ
    ϓϯελϯμʔυԽ

    ϒϥ΢βυϦϒϯ

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  63. 2016
    (PPHMF.BQT&BSUIͷมભʢ೥ʣ
    ɹ˜NBQDPODJFSHF $$#:4"

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  64. ҰํͰ
    (PPHMF.BQT&BSUIͰ΋
    Ͱ͖ͳ͍น

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  65. ֨ೲ͍ͯ͠Δ
    ஍ཧۭؒ৘ใσʔλͷ
    Φʔ
    ϓϯԽ

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  66. ୭Ͱ΋ࣗ༝ʹ
    ڐ୚ෆཁͰ
    ঎༻ར༻Մೳ
    0QFO

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  67. ͦ͜Ͱ
    ೥ʹࢀըͨ͠ͷ͕
    0QFO4USFFU.BQ
    ͱ͍͏׆ಈ

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  68. 0QFO4USFFU.BQ
    5IF'SFF8JLJ8PSME.BQ

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  69. ೥ͷ0QFO4USFFU.BQ౦ژӺपล

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  70. ೥ͷ0QFO4USFFU.BQ౦ژӺपล

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  71. ೥ͷ0QFO4USFFU.BQ౦ژӺपล

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  72. IUUQTEFNPGNBQDPNMBUMPO[PPNDBNFSBUIFUBDBNFSBQIJ

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  73. 8.4M
    Num. of Unique OSM User Accounts

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  74. 8,363,447 mappers in the world
    ( 2022/1/20 )

    http://osmstats.neis-one.org/

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  75. ஍ਤͷຽओԽ

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  76. ঎༻ར༻Մೳͳ
    0%C-ϥΠηϯε

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  77. 0QFO4USFFU.BQͷೋ࣍ར༻ྫ
    ɹ˜NBQDPODJFSHF $$#:4"

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  78. !""#$%&&'''()*+,-../(+.0&*1*0,(."$2/3.$"$&45567897:8994985;#<=,)>$".=1

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  79. Screenshot by Katsuyuki Sakanoshita

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  80. IUUQTOFXTNZOBWJKQBSUJDMF

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  81. $SJTJT.BQQJOH
    Y
    7(*7PMVOUFFSFE
    (FPHSBQIJD*OGPSNBUJPO
    (PPEDIJME

    +FTTJDB)FJO[FMNBO

    View full-size slide

  82. http://vimeo.com/9182869

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  83. b y m a p c o n c i e rg e
    Before

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  84. b y m a p c o n c i e rg e
    After

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  85. b y m a p c o n c i e rg e
    Plotting a lot of Evacuation shelters

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  86. 4BUFMMJUFJNBHFT
    "FSJBM1IPUPT
    1MBOF%SPOF

    1BQFSNBQT
    POMZPQFODPOUFOUT

    (142;44
    Sources

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  87. sinsai.info Project
    ex.
    2011.3.11 in Japan

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  88. 98
    https://izuoshima26.crowdmap.com/

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  89. Photo by Noriyuki Hayashi

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  90. IUUQXXXDBTHPKQKQIPVEPVQEGDIJ[VQEG
    Damaged Map 5ZQIPPO:PMBOEB)BJZBO

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  91. CZ!NBQDPODJFSHF !5PN@(9BOE04.DPODUJCVUPST

    View full-size slide

  92. CZ!NBQDPODJFSHF !5PN@(9BOE04.DPODUJCVUPST
    IUUQXXXFDPOPNJTUDPNOFXTJOUFSOBUJPOBMSJDIDPVOUSJFTBSFEFMVHFEEBUBEFWFMPQJOHPOFTBSFTVffFSJOHESPVHIU

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  93. CZ!NBQDPODJFSHF !5PN@(9BOE04.DPODUJCVUPST
    IUUQXXXFDPOPNJTUDPNOFXTJOUFSOBUJPOBMSJDIDPVOUSJFTBSFEFMVHFEEBUBEFWFMPQJOHPOFTBSFTVffFSJOHESPVHIU

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  94. IUUQPTNUPXOTFOEKFOOJOHTDPNOFQBM
    OpenStreetMap response to the
    April 25 Earthquake in Nepal

    View full-size slide

  95. IUUQQJFS[FOEFWPQFOTUSFFUNBQPSHIPUMFBflFU04.$PNQBSFCFGPSFBGUFSIUNM

    View full-size slide

  96. IUUQUBTLTIPUPTNPSHQSPKFDU
    ۽ຊ ӹ৓ொΫϥΠγεϚοϐϯάλεΫ

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  97. Ѩોେڮपลͷ౔࠭ࡂ֐
    IUUQXXXPQFOTUSFFUNBQPSHFEJU FEJUPSJENBQ

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  98. ՝୊͸ɺൃࡂޙͷ
    ਝ଎ͳߤۭࣸਅͷೖखɻ

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  99. IUUQSFTVMUNBQTOFJTPOFPSHPPPD [PPNMBUMPOMBZFST#5''5
    Active mappers in Tokyo area

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  100. IUUQSFTVMUNBQTOFJTPOFPSHPPPD [PPNMBUMPOMBZFST#5''5
    Active mappers in Tokyo area

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  101. 063(0"-
    IPVST
    ʢ஍਒ൃࡂޙʣ

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  102. ߤۭࣸਅͷຽओԽ

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  103. ࣄલͷࡂ֐ڠఆక͕݁
    ਝ଎ͳۭࡱͱ
    ࣏ࣗମ࿈ܞʹͭͳ͕Δɻ

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  104. /10૊৫ͱͯ͠
    ࣏ࣗମͱࡂ֐ڠఆక݁
    ೥݄ݱࡏ

    https://github.com/crisismappersjapan/agreement4dronebird_CMJxLGOV

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  105. શࠃ࣏ࣗମͱࡂ֐ڠఆక݁ʢ೥݄ݱࡏʣ
    https://github.com/crisismappersjapan/agreement4dronebird_CMJxLGOV

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  106. Odawara, Kanagawa, Japan, 2020

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  107. Inagi, Tokyo, Japan, 2021

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  108. ୆෩߸ ߸ඃࡂ஍Ͱ
    ໿ฏํΩϩΛۭࡱɻ

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  109. ɹ© DRONEBIRD/CrisisMappers Japan, CC BY 4.0
    https://github.com/dronebird/oam_kanagawa20191014sagamihara00
    ૬໛ݪࢢ྘۠ ೥݄೔

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  110. ɹ© DRONEBIRD/CrisisMappers Japan, CC BY 4.0
    https://github.com/dronebird?q=kimitsu
    ܅௡ࢢ ೥݄೔

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  111. ೥݄೔
    ೤ւ౔࠭ࡂ֐

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  112. ೤ւࢢͱ͸
    ࡂ֐ڠఆ͸క͍݁ͯ͠ͳ͍ɻ

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  113. ౰೔ͷؾ৅৚݅͸
    ௨ৗͷυϩʔϯ͸
    ӡ༻೉͍͠ɻ
    ʢશఱީܕυϩʔϯ͕ඞཁʣ

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  114. ʮ7JSUVBM4IJ[VPLBʯ
    ʮ෋࢜ࢁνϟϨϯδϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʯ
    ؔ܎ऀ͔Β
    l੩Ԭ఺܈αϙʔτνʔϜʹ
    ੠Λ͔͚ΒΕΔɻ

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  115. IUUQXXXQSFGTIJ[VPLBKQBMMLJTIBOTGDECGEGFBFDFFBCD 0QFO%PDVNFOU

    View full-size slide

  116. ࠷ऴతʹ
    l੩Ԭ఺܈αϙʔτνʔϜz
    ͱ໊ͯ͠ࢀՃɻ

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  117. ೥݄೔ʹ
    ੩Ԭݝ͕υϩʔϯʹΑΔ
    ಈըࡱӨ

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  118. ೥݄೔ʹ
    ੩Ԭݝ͕υϩʔϯʹΑΔ
    ಈըࡱӨ
    ˠ݄೔ʹ੩Ԭ఺܈σʔλ
    αϙʔτνʔϜ͕ղੳ

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  119. ݄೔ޕલʹ
    ΦϧιϞβΠΫը૾ͳͲ
    ϑΥτάϥϝτϦղੳ݁ՌΛ
    ڞ༗४උ

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  120. ݄೔ޕޙʹ
    (ۭؒ৘ใηϯλʔ্Ͱެ։ɻ
    ˍ

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  121. IUUQTXXXHFPTQBUJBMKQDLBOEBUBTFUBUBNJJ[VTBOTIJ[VPLBQSFG

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  122. IUUQTYWJFXCPTBJHPKQWJFXJOEFYIUNM BQQJEGGGGDECCCFBGBG

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  123. ݄೔ʙ೔
    ੩Ԭݝͱຽؒۀऀ͕࿈ܞͯ͠
    ඃࡂ஍ͷۭࡱɾϨʔβʔܭଌΛ࣮ࢪɻ
    ɹɾ੩Ԭݝ͇᷂౦೔
    ɹɾ੩Ԭݝ͇᷂΢ΠϯσΟʔωοτϫʔΫ

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  124. Φʔ
    ϓϯσʔλԽ͞ΕͨσʔλΛ
    ੩Ԭ఺܈αϙʔτνʔϜ͕
    ࣍ʑͱ෼ੳɺମੵܭࢉͳͲ
    ఆྔԽ͞Εͨ৘ใͱͯ͠
    ੩ԬݝʹϑΟʔυόοΫ

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  125. IUUQTHJUIVCDPNDSJTJTNBQQFSTKBQBOBUBNJJ[VTBOWTIJ[VPLBVBW@MJEBS

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  126. IUUQTDSJTJTNBQQFSTKBQBOHJUIVCJPBUBNJJ[VTBOWTIJ[VPLBVBW@MJEBS

    View full-size slide

  127. ੩Ԭ఺܈αϙʔτνʔϜ͕
    ػೳͨ͠ཧ༝
    ීஈ͔ΒͷίϛϡχςΟ׆ಈ
    0QFOCZ%FGBVMUͷจԽ
    4/4ʹΑΔޮ཰తͳӡ༻

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  128. ൓ল఺
    ΋ͬͱૣ͘ެ։Ͱ͖ͨ͸ͣɻ
    ൃࡂ೔౰೔ʹެ։͢ΔͨΊͷ࢈׭ֶͷࡂ
    ֐ରԠίϛϡχςΟ࿈ܞɻ
    ఆྔ෼ੳͷܭࢉख๏΋Φʔ
    ϓϯԽ
    Φʔ
    ϓϯͳσδλϧπΠϯσʔλͷ֦ॆ

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  129. IUUQTUPHFUUFSDPNMJ

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  130. ೉೾෭஌ࣄ
    ʮΦʔϓϯσʔλͷॏཁੑɻࢲࣗ਎ɺ࣌୅͕ม
    Θͬͨͳͱ௧ײɻ࣌ؒͰग़ͯ͘ΔɻϔϦඈ
    ΂ͳ͍͔Βυϩʔϯۭࡱͯ͠σʔλղੳ࣌ؒ
    ͰݟΒΕΔɻͦΕΛݝி૊৫Ͱແ͘֎ͷํʑ
    ͕αϙʔτͯ͠Լ͞ΔɻσʔλΛΦʔϓϯʹ͠
    ͯɺ͜Μͳࣄ͕ग़དྷΔͱ΍ͬͯԼ͞Δํʑ
    ͍ͬͺ͍ɻʯ

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  131. ೉೾෭஌ࣄ
    ʮΦʔϓϯσʔλͷॏཁੑɻࢲࣗ਎ɺ࣌୅͕
    มΘͬͨͳͱ௧ײɻ࣌ؒͰग़ͯ͘ΔɻϔϦ
    ඈ΂ͳ͍͔Βυϩʔϯۭࡱͯ͠σʔλղੳ࣌
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    ํʑ͕αϙʔτͯ͠Լ͞ΔɻσʔλΛΦʔϓ
    ϯʹͯ͠ɺ͜Μͳࣄ͕ग़དྷΔͱ΍ͬͯԼ͞Δ
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  132. ຊ౰ͷҙຯͰͷ
    ɹʮ0QFOCZ%FGBVMUʯ
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  133. ͜Ε͔Βͷ
    ஍ਤ͸Ͳ͏ͳΔ͔ʁ

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  134. Φʔ
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  135. σδλϧπΠϯ͸.JDIBFM(SJFWFT ϛγΨϯେֶ
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  136. ΋ͱ΋ͱ੡଄ۀͰൃୡͨ֓͠೦͕
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  137. IUUQTXXXEJHJUBMTFSWJDFNFUSPUPLZPMHKQTPDJFUZEJHJUBMUXJOIUNM

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  138. 157
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  139. (PPHMF&BSUIͱ

    Կ͕ҧ͏ͷ͔ʁ

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  140. ʮσδλϧπΠϯ͸
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  141. 160
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  142. (PPHMF&BSUI͸

    ྺ࢙తʹ͸

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  143. "MCFSU"SOPME(PSF+S
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  144. IUUQXXX[IBOQJOHMJVPSHSFTFBSDIUFSSBJOWJT%JHJUBM&BSUIQEG

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  145. .FUBWFSTF
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  146. 165
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  147. 166
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  148. 167
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  149. IUUQTJOGPUPLZPEJHJUBMUXJONFUSPUPLZPMHKQ

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  150. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPN.JUBNB4BLVNBSVTUBUVT IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNOPSJUTVOFUTVOFTUBUVT
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  151. 1SPKFDU1-"5&"6
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    ΋
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  152. ࠓͷ೔ຊ͸
    ʮΦʔ
    ϓϯσʔλʯ
    ఏڙऀ͕
    ʮߦ੓ʯଆʹภΓ͍͗ͯ͢Δɻ

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  153. ࢈ɾ׭ɾֶɾࢢຽ
    ͦΕͧΕ͕ؔΘΔ
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  154. େࣄͳ͜ͱͳͷͰ܁Γฦ͠·͕͢
    ࢈ɾ׭ɾֶɾࢢຽ
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  155. ྫ͑͹
    04.ͷ৔߹

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  156. اۀ͔Βͷ
    ίϯτϦϏϡʔτ͕
    େ͖ͳݪಈྗʹͳ͍ͬͯΔ

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  157. +FOOJOHT"OEFSTPO
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  158. +FOOJOHT"OEFSTPO
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  159. େن໛ʹϑϦʔϥΠυͯ͠
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  160. IUUQTNFEJVNDPNGVSVIBTIJMBCTIPXUIFOJBOUJDflBHBCFEDFB

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  161. େࣄͳ͜ͱͳͷͰ܁Γฦ͠·͕͢
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  162. ݴ͏͚ͩͰ͸
    આಘྗ͕ͳ͍ͷͰʜ

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  163. ετϦʔτϏϡʔͷ
    ຽओԽ
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  164. ετϦʔτϏϡʔͱ͍͑͹

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  165. Ͱ΋
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  166. ΋ͬͱࣗ༝ʹ࢖͑Δ
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  167. Φʔ
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  168. https://www.mapillary.com/360

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  169. IUUQTXXXNBQJMMBSZDPN

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  170. https://www.mapillary.com/app/?lat=35.56668611111112&lng=139.40266666666668&z=17&menu=false&pKey=rPaB0BhwRTpy_7Z6k31oBw&focus=photo&x=0.5097002855874749&y=0.3226481104316623&zoom=0

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  171. https://www.mapillary.com/app/?pKey=H8wioIgoZFucPG2B9un4zg&focus=photo&lat=34.772989&lng=138.015962&z=17

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  172. 1.7B
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    ( 2021/9/8 )

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  173. https://www.mapillary.com/app/

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  174. https://www.mapillary.com/app/

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  175. https://www.mapillary.com/app/

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  176. https://www.mapillary.com/app/

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  177. 1.8M
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  178. ϑΥτάϥϝτϦʹΑΔ
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  179. .- ػցֶश

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  180. IUUQTXXXNBQJMMBSZDPNBQQ
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  181. ϝΠϯετϦʔτ͸σʔλ͕
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  182. %ͷ఺܈σʔλ͸
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  183. IUUQTXXXNBQJMMBSZDPNBQQ MBUMOH[NFOVGBMTFQ,FZGPDVTQIPUPY*OfiOJUZZ*OfiOJUZ[PPN

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  184. ిಈόΠΫͰ
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  185. ֵ ৽ ٕ ज़ ͱ ࣾ ձ ڞ ૑ ݚ ڀ ॴ
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  186. .BQJMMBSZ͕
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  187. Ҿ͖ଓ͖
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  188. ετϦʔτϏϡʔͷຽओԽ

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  189. ͜ͷσʔλ͔Β
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  190. ࢢຽࢀՃܕʹΑΔ
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  191. ౎ࢢͷࡾ࣍ݩ஍ਤͷ
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  192. lզʑ͸ɺೋ࣍ݩ஍ਤͰ΋
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  193. ఻౷తͳ(*4͸
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  194. ຊ౰ʹ
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  195. %PS
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  196. Ή͠ΖɺۭؒΛۉҰͳ৚݅Ͱ
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  197. &HPDFOUSJD
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  198. &HPDFOUSJD
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  199. &HPDFOUSJD
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  200. ΤΰηϯτϦοΫͳ
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  201. ˜ελδΦδϒϦ lৗࣝͷൣғ಺zϥΠηϯε
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  202. ˜ελδΦδϒϦ lৗࣝͷൣғ಺zϥΠηϯεݹڮՃච
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  203. ˜%"*,*.JOUΑΓҾ༻ ݹڮՃච

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  204. δΦηϯτϦοΫͳ
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  205. ٶ࡚ॣ͸
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  206. 1-"5&"6ͷར༻ࣄྫ΋
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  207. IUUQTOFXTNZOBWJKQBSUJDMF

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  208. ౎ࢢͷࡾ࣍ݩ஍ਤ͕࣋ͭՁ஋Λ
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  209. ΤΰηϯτϦοΫ͸
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  210. ਓؒओମͷ
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  211. ֶੜͷΈͳ͞Μʹ
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  212. ࠓɺੈքͰى͖͍ͯΔ͜ͱʹ
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  213. Ͳ͏͔ɺ
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  214. ೔ຊதɾੈքத
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  215. ஍ཧۭؒ৘ใ͸
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  216. ͦΕͰ΋ɺ
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  217. ੈք͸΋ͬͱ
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  218. Ұԯ૯ҏೳԽ

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  219. ݹڮେ஍5BJDIJ'636)"4)*
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