Chaordic Learning: A Case Study

Chaordic Learning: A Case Study

Presentation at ICSE 2017

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Stephan Krusche

May 25, 2017
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  1. 1.

    s.krusche@tum.de - www.skrusche.de - @skrusche ICSE 2017 Stephan Krusche, Bernd

    Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz and Cecil Wöbker (May 25, 2017) Chaordic Learning: A Case Study
  2. 2.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study History of Software Development 2 Waterfall Model 1970s Software Crisis 1960s Chaos Order Agile Methods 1990s Empirical Process Control Defined Process Control
  3. 3.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Defined vs. Empirical Process Control 3 Empirical Process Not entirely planned Inspect and adapt Investigate deviations Defined Process Planned Follows strict rules Avoids deviations
  4. 4.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Problem • Education focuses too much on rules, regulations and order • Instructors don’t want to lose control • Deviations are seen as failures • Focus on analytical and logical thinking 
 —> easier to grade ➡ “Creative teachers and students feel less and less in place” [Mulder 2015] ➡ Students only follow instructions, but do not use creative and intuitive thinking processes 4
  5. 5.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaord “Any self-organizing, adaptive, non-linear complex system, whether physical, biological, or social, the behavior of which exhibits characteristics of both order and chaos or loosely translated to business terminology, cooperation and competition.“ — Dee Hock (1995) 5 Living systems thrive in a narrow band between chaos and order … CHAORD (kay-ord) ORDER CHAOS CONTROL
  6. 6.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning 6 Living systems thrive in a narrow band between chaos and order … ORDER CHAOS CONTROL Theoretical learning Structure Experimental learning Self-organization Guidance Successful failures
  7. 7.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning: Successful Failures 7
  8. 8.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning: Hierarchy 8 Instructor Students Cognitive apprenticeship
  9. 9.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment 9 Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Iterative and adaptive design process with 6 elements
  10. 10.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 10 Purpose: • Define learning objectives • Create a common understanding • What do students aim to gain upon completion? • “Why are you here”
  11. 11.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 11 Principles: • Discuss fundamental beliefs • How do students and instructors conduct themselves? • How do students acquire new knowledge?
  12. 12.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 12 People: • Identify people and institutions • Encourage collaboration • Across program and institution boundaries • Appreciate the full context of the learning experience
  13. 13.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 13 Concept: • Create guidance for interaction among 
 the participants • Promote a generally flat hierarchy • Introduce support mechanisms
  14. 14.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 14 Structure: • Embed learning goals • Define flexible roles and responsibilities • Communicate milestones • Define grading scheme that encourages experimentation
  15. 15.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices Chaordic Learning Environment 15 Practices: • Decide on activities and meetings students undertake • Promote innovation • Establish negotiation between instructors and students
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    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Case Studies 1)Seminar Games Development 2)Joint Advanced Student School 16
  17. 17.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Case Study 1: Seminar Games Development 17 • Purpose: Develop and publish iOS games • Principles: Students choose own game idea • People: 2 instructors, 4-6 TAs, 40 students Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices
  18. 18.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Case Study 1: Seminar Games Development 18 • Concept: Flat hierarchy with feedback in both directions • Structure: 90min tutorials in the 1st week and 
 self-organized games development in the 2nd week • Practices: Self-organized teams, milestones, 
 Pecha Kucha and social activities Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices
  19. 19.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Case Study 2: Joined Advanced Student School 19 • Purpose: Develop apps for mobile and IoT • Principles: Students choose and adapt project topics • People: 2 instructors, 10 German and 
 10 Russian students Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices
  20. 20.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Case Study 2: Joined Advanced Student School 20 • Concept: Flat hierarchy with feedback in both directions • Structure: 4 days development, 2 days sightseeing • Practices: Self-organized teams, daily stand-ups 
 and social activities Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices
  21. 21.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Benefits of Chaordic Learning + Increased intrinsic motivation + Increased self-organization + Less hierarchies + More trust + More experimentation + More creativity + More fun 21
  22. 22.

    Stephan Krusche, Bernd Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz

    and Cecil Wöbker - Chaordic Learning: A Case Study Summary: Chaordic Learning • Empower students to take more control • Apply empirical control: inspect and adapt • Leave room for creativity 
 and self-organization • Allow students to make failures 
 and to learn from them 22 Instructor Students Chaordic Learning Environment Purpose Principles People Structure Concept Practices
  23. 23.

    s.krusche@tum.de - www.skrusche.de - @skrusche ICSE 2017 Stephan Krusche, Bernd

    Bruegge, Irina Camilleri, Kirill Krinkin, Andreas Seitz and Cecil Wöbker (May 25, 2017) Chaordic Learning: A Case Study