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Rewriting GIT history

45617fd77f12f016894c0931771b2a98?s=47 mbie
March 03, 2015

Rewriting GIT history

45617fd77f12f016894c0931771b2a98?s=128

mbie

March 03, 2015
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  1. RUBY TALKS #1 REWRITING GIT HISTORY Created by Mateusz Bielec

  2. AGENDA Merging strategies Rebase Re og

  3. MERGING STRATEGIES fast-forward recursive octupus (<1%)

  4. FAST-FORWARD ➜ git:(master) git checkout -b git-readme ➜ git:(git-readme) echo

    "Git is cool" > GIT.md ➜ git:(git-readme) ✗ git add GIT.md ➜ git:(git-readme) ✗ git commit -m "Added GIT.md" ➜ git:(master) git merge git-readme Updating 578bc0a..dc327af Fast-forward GIT.md | 1 + 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+) create mode 100644 GIT.md ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline dc327af Added GIT.md 578bc0a Added readme
  5. RECURSIVE ➜ git:(master) git checkout -b svn-readme ➜ git:(svn-readme) echo

    "SVN ...is not so good" > SVN.md ➜ git:(svn-readme) ✗ git add SVN.md ➜ git:(svn-readme) ✗ git commit -m "Added SVN.md" ➜ git:(master) echo "Git is really cool" > GIT.md ➜ git:(master) ✗ git commit -am "Updated GIT.md" ➜ git:(master) git merge svn-readme Merge made by the 'recursive' strategy. SVN.md | 1 + 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+) create mode 100644 GIT.md ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline --graph * 48337c6 Merge branch 'svn' |\ | * abf12f9 Added SVN.md * | a7aebe5 Updated GIT.md |/ * dc327af Added GIT.md
  6. GIT PULL git fetch git merge

  7. GIT PULL ➜ git:(master) git pull remote: Counting objects: 3,

    done. remote: Compressing objects: 100% (2/2), done. remote: Total 3 (delta 0), reused 0 (delta 0) Unpacking objects: 100% (3/3), done. From https://gitlab.com/mbie/ruby-talks-advanced-git a947eed..a8d4a70 master -> origin/master Merge made by the 'recursive' strategy. README.md | 2 +- ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline --graph * 7ed530a Merge branch 'master' of https://gitlab.com/mbie/ruby-talks |\ | * a8d4a70 Update Readme.md * | b05c794 Updated GIT.md |/
  8. POLLUTED GIT HISTORY ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline 04e38c8 pulled

    ce8ea84 Merge branch 'develop' of github.com:user/repo into develop 15a4ae7 Merge branch 'feature'
  9. REBASE Move commits from current branch to temporary branch Run

    all commits from master (one by one) Run all commits from temporary branch (one by one)
  10. REBASE IN PRACTICE ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline --graph --all

    --decorate * 78492df (HEAD, master) Added CHANGELOG.md * 2cc346f Fixed typo in Readme.md | * 4541394 (update-repositories) Updated SVN.md | * 75a03ad Updated GIT.md |/ * 4e6a918 Updated GIT.md ➜ git:(update-repositories) git rebase master First, rewinding head to replay your work on top of it... Applying: Updated GIT.md Applying: Updated SVN.md ➜ git:(master) git merge update-repositories Updating 78492df..7a8c3df Fast-forward ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline --graph --all --decorate * 7a8c3df (HEAD, update-repositories, master) Updated SVN.md * 852bd73 Updated GIT.md * 78492df Added CHANGELOG.md * 2cc346f Fixed typo in Readme.md * 4e6a918 Updated GIT.md
  11. REBASE WHEN PULLING git fetch & git rebase git pull

    --rebase Automatically git config branch.branch-name.rebase true git config branch.autosetuprebase always
  12. RESOLVING CONFLICTS WITH REBASE git rebase --continue git rebase --skip

    git rebase --abort
  13. INTERACTIVE REBASE Rewrites history remove squash rename ...and more Freedom

    ... but risky
  14. GIT REBASE -I ➜ git:(master) git rebase -i ... #

    Rebase f0002d3..7a8c3df onto f0002d3 # # Commands: # p, pick = use commit # r, reword = use commit, but edit the commit message # e, edit = use commit, but stop for amending # s, squash = use commit, but meld into previous commit # f, fixup = like "squash", but discard this commits log message # x, exec = run command (the rest of the line) using shell # # If you remove a line here THAT COMMIT WILL BE LOST. # However, if you remove everything, the rebase will be aborted.
  15. REWRITING HISTORY ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline fcdac61 Added spec

    for awesome feature a497447 Added awesome feature 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md ➜ git:(master) git rebase -i HEAD~3 pick 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md pick a497447 Added awesome feature pick fcdac61 Added spec for awesome feature pick 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md reword fcdac61 Added spec for awesome feature pick a497447 Added awesome feature ➜ git:(master) git log --oneline 018a2bd Added awesome feature 6358738 Added awesome spec for awesome feature 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md
  16. REFLOG Only locally Updates when HEAD is changed pulling branches

    switch between branches add new commits ... and much more
  17. REFLOG IN PRACTICE ➜ git:(master) git reset --hard 567e4f1 ➜

    git:(master) git log --oneline 519a057 Added awesome spec for awesome feature 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md ➜ git:(master) git reflog 519a057 HEAD@{0}: reset: moving to 519a057 567e4f1 HEAD@{1}: rebase -i (finish): returning to refs/heads/master 567e4f1 HEAD@{2}: rebase -i (pick): Added awesome feature 519a057 HEAD@{3}: rebase -i (reword): Added awesome spec for awesome feature eb6edf3 HEAD@{4}: rebase -i (reword): Added spec for awesome feature 7a8c3df HEAD@{5}: checkout: moving from master to 7a8c3df
  18. REFLOG IN PRACTICE ➜ git:(master) git reset --hard HEAD@{1} ➜

    git:(master) git log --oneline 567e4f1 Added awesome feature 519a057 Added awesome spec for awesome feature 7a8c3df Updated SVN.md ➜ git:(master) git reflog 567e4f1 HEAD@{0}: reset: moving to HEAD@{1} 519a057 HEAD@{1}: reset: moving to 519a057 567e4f1 HEAD@{2}: rebase -i (finish): returning to refs/heads/master
  19. SUMMARY Two the most used strategies for merging branches Pulling

    with merging pollutes history with merge commits Rebase cleans history Interactive rebase helps rewrite entire history Re og may save our skin
  20. THANK YOU FOR LISTENING ANY QUESTIONS?