Slide IDs (10) Ar#st/Architect Title Culture/Stylis#c Period Cultural Signiﬁcance Sec3on II: Chronology Place Slides in Proper Chronological Order. Sec3on III: Essay Study your major themes Good to Know… Exam Date: Tuesday Dec. 13, 8:00-‐10:00 I will be on campus on Friday (12/9) and Monday (12/12) if you would like to make an appointment. Full study guide is on Blackboard under “Study Guides.”
shadowed, in the shape of an egg, small at the top, large in the middle, and narrowed at the bocom; outside it, surrounding its circumference, there was a bright ﬁre with, as it were, a shadowy zone under it. And in that ﬁre there was a globe of sparkling ﬂame so great that the whole instrument was illuminated by it.” Vision, from Scivias (detail of facsimile). 1150-‐1175.
“Outward, my eyes are open. So I have never fallen prey to ecstasy in the visions, but I see them wide awake, day and night. And I am constantly fecered by sickness, and ofen in the grip of pain so intense it threatens to kill me.” Vision, from Scivias (detail of facsimile). 1150-‐1175.
the “graven images” men3oned in the second commandment: “4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:5 thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them.” (Exodus 20: 4-‐5) 2) Icons are man made, as opposed to relic, and do not deserve to be venerated: “The divine nature is completely uncircumscribable and cannot be depicted or represented by arEsts in any medium whatsoever.” (IconoclasEc Council, 754)
tools: “An image is, aJer all, a reminder; it is to the illiterate what a book is to the literate, and what the word is to hearing, the image is to sight.” (John of Damascus) 2) Icons are a valuable proxy by which the faithful could demonstrate their love and honor for the divine: “God created man to his own image” (Genesis 1:27) 3) Icons are a valid way to communicate Christ’s humanity and suﬀering: “How, indeed, can the Son of God be acknowledged to have been a man like us —he who was deigned to be called our brother—if he cannot be depicted?”
width, sumptuous decora3on and ﬁnely executed pictures, which divert the acen3on of those who are praying.” – Bernard of Clairvaux, Apologia. Nave, Fontenay Abbey, France, 1139-‐1147. Nave, Monastery at Cluny, France, 1088-‐1130.
that marvelous and deformed comeliness, that comely deformity?...So many and so marvelous are the varie3es of divers shapes on every hand that we are more tempted to read in the marble than in our books, and spend the whole day in wondering at these things than in medita3ng upon the law of God. For God’s sake, if men are not ashamed of these follies, why at least do they not shrink from the expense?” –Bernard of Clairvaux Historiated Capital with Lions’ Heads, Cloister, Priory Church, Moissac, France, c. 1115.