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The Psychology of Motivation

Nick McCurdy
November 13, 2014

The Psychology of Motivation

A lightning talk giving a very simple overview of how people are motivated.

Nick McCurdy

November 13, 2014

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  1. The Psychology
    of Motivation
    by Nicolas McCurdy

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  2. Types of Motivation
    Intrinsic Motivation: powered by personal reward
    ● Not typically affected by external rewards.
    ● Can be increased through praise.
    ● Can be decreased by external rewards that are too
    Extrinsic Motivation: powered by wanting to receive
    reward or avoid punishment

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  3. The Candle Problem
    Your goal is to light the candle
    without dripping wax onto the table.

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  4. The Candle Problem: Solution
    Common Solutions:
    ● Melt the candle partially and
    try to adhere it to the wall.
    ● Tack the candle directly to the
    Actual Solution:
    Put the candle in the box and
    tack the box to the wall.

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  5. The Candle Problem: Research
    Participants were paid different amounts of money as
    reward for solving the problem successfully.
    ● The task was easier when the tacks were not inside the
    ● The more people were paid, the less they succeeded!

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  6. The Candle Problem and Motivation
    Functional Fixedness: "[A] mental block against using an
    object in a new way that is required to solve a problem."
    - Karl Duncker
    The Overjustification Effect: An external incentive can
    decrease the intrinsic motivation to perform a task.

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  7. Sources
    ● http://www.ted.com/talks/dan_pink_on_motivation
    ● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Candle_problem
    ● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Functional_fixedness
    ● http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Overjustification_effect
    ● http://icreate-project.eu/index.php?t=245
    Want to access this presentation? http://goo.gl/XoNdRe

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