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The Interwoven Relationship Between Cartography and Dialectology: New Perspectives

Bbaf1d0def6e102c6defedbb84537a2f?s=47 Nathaniel V. KELSO
October 17, 2013
210

The Interwoven Relationship Between Cartography and Dialectology: New Perspectives

Costanza Asnaghi, Ph.D.
Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano
& University of Leuven

Bbaf1d0def6e102c6defedbb84537a2f?s=128

Nathaniel V. KELSO

October 17, 2013
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  1. The Interwoven Relationship Between Cartography and Dialectology: New Perspectives Costanza

    Asnaghi, Ph.D. Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano & University of Leuven
  2. A linguistic map illustrates the distribution of linguistic forms over

    a geographical area
  3. A linguistic map illustrates the distribution of linguistic forms over

    a geographical area e.g. pronunciation ‘how do you pronounce secretary?’ e.g. word choice ‘how do you express the concept dragonfly?’
  4. the major waterways of the Missouri and the Kaw Rivers;

    and the two instances of snake eater, occurring as they do in German settlement areas, may be variations of the Pennsylvania-Germanism snake heeder. FIGURE 1 A* *(devil's)dorning needle 0 mosquito hawk Z snoke feeder V spindle A snake doctor U snake eoter "DRAGONFLY" Perspectives for a Linguistic Atlas of Kansas Cook, 1978
  5. Kurath and McDavid, 1961 The Pronunciation of English in the

    Atlantic States
  6. The first linguistic maps were drawn at the beginning of

    the 20th century
  7. Gilliéron and Edmont, 1902-1910 Atlas Linguistique de la France

  8. Gilliéron and Edmont, 1902-1910 Atlas Linguistique de la France

  9. Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Südschweiz Jaberg and Jud,

    1928-40
  10. Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und der Südschweiz Jaberg and Jud,

    1928-40
  11. Dialect studies were conducted in many countries and for a

    number of languages
  12. Eastern Arabian Dialect Studies Johnstone, 1967

  13. A Word Geography of England Orton and Wright, 1974

  14. Linguistic Atlas of the Upper Midwest Allen, 1973-76

  15. Linguistic Changes in North-Western Catalan Valls et al., 2013 context

    map is shown in Fig. 2) and covers the whole area where this dialect is spoken: all of Andorra and two dialect areas within Spain, specif- ically the western half of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia (with the exception of the Val d’Aran, where Occitan is spoken) and the eastern counties of the Autonomous Community of Aragon. Fieldwork was carried out in forty villages (two in Andorra, eight in Aragon, and thirty in Catalonia) located in twenty counties. We added localities of each county, i.e. their capitals, while the other half were conducted in small villages from the same counties. Thus, our sample includes twenty urban localities (the populations of which vary from the 1,177 inhabitants of Benavarri to the 137,387 of Lleida, with a mean of 17,787 inhab- itants) and twenty rural localities varying from 171 inhabitants in Tolba to 4,396 in Ordino (with a mean of 641 inhabitants). Note that Ordino is re- garded here as a rural area in spite of having more Fig. 2 Context map of the Catalan-speaking area, including some important cities: (1) Perpinya ` (France); (2) Andorra la Vella (Andorra); (3) Girona, (4) Barcelona, (5) Tarragona, (6) Lleida (Autonomous Community of Catalonia, Spain); (7) Fraga (Autonomous Community of Aragon, Spain); (8) Castello ´ de la Plana, (9) Vale `ncia, (10) Alacant (Autonomous Community of the Valencian Country, Spain); (11) Eivissa, (12) Palma, (13) Mao ´ (Autonomous Community of the Balearic Islands, Spain); and (14) l’Alguer (Sardinia, Italy). The area where north-western Catalan is spoken (Fig. 3) has a darker shade of grey Literary and Linguistic Computing, Vol. 28, No. 1, 2013 121 at KU Leuven University Library on April 14, 2013 http://llc.oxfordjournals.org/ aded from Distribution maps of the 1st person plural accusative clitic ‘ens’ (context: _#V, ‘ens esperen’, ‘they are waiting for us’) according to the pronunciations of the oldest speakers. The dark shade indicates sites only having the dialectal variant ‘mos’. Fig. 8 (a and b) Distribution maps of the 1st person plural accusative cli waiting for us’) according to the pronunciations of the oldest speakers right). The dark shade indicates sites only having the dialectal variant ‘m E. Valls et al.
  16. Some maps were drawn based on mathematical criteria

  17. Pederson, 1986 A Graphic Plotter Grid

  18. Large-Scale Humanities Computing Projects Kretzschmar, 2009

  19. Gabmap — A Web Application for Dialectology Nerbonne et al.,

    2011 A beam map and a network map displaying pronunciation differences in Pennsylvania.
  20. Cassidy, 1985 Dictionary of American Regional English

  21. Dictionary of American Regional English basement n 1 also attrib:

    The part of a building which is wholly or partly below ground level. widespread, but least common in NEast See Map Cf cellar n Cassidy, 1985
  22. Depending on the goal and resources for the study, some

    linguistic maps are designed more accurately than others
  23. Heeringa, 2004 Measuring Dialect Pronunciation Differences using Levenshtein Distance

  24. The Harvard Dialect Survey Vaux and Golder, 2003

  25. Some linguistic maps are based on perception

  26. Mapping Texans’ Perceptions of Dialect Variation in the Lone Star

    State Cukor-Avila et al., 2012
  27. Variation and Change in Dublin English Cukor-Avila et al. 2012

    Hickey,
  28. Some maps include manually-drawn isoglosses Other maps do not include

    explicit isoglosses
  29. Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology, and Sound Change

    Labov et al., 2006
  30. A Word Geography of the Eastern United States Kurath, 1949

  31. Some maps represent aggregated data

  32. Tuscan Phonetic Variation and Diachronic Change Montemagni et al., 2013

    rs obtained with contextualized SCs (left map) and context-free SCs (right different clusters, which also correspond to different steps in the gener- Tuscan phonetic variation and diachronic change http://llc.oxfordjournals.o Downloaded from Different shades of darkness indicate different clusters, which also correspond to different steps in the generalization of Tuscan gorgia.
  33. A Quantitative Approach to Social and Geographical Dialect Variation Wieling,

    2012 Contour plots for the regression surface of predicting lexical differences from standard Italian as a function of longitude, latitude, concept frequency, and speaker age group obtained with a generalized additive model. The (black) contour lines represent aggregate isoglosses, darker shades of gray (lower values) indicate a smaller lexical ‘distance’ from standard Italian, while lighter shades of gray (higher values) represent locations with a larger lexical ‘distance’ from standard Italian. The black star marks the approximate location of Florence.
  34. Szmrecsanyi and Wolk, 2011 Holistic Corpus-Based Dialectology Morphosyntactically distant neighbors

    are connected by cold and thin beams; neighbors that are close morphosyntactically are connected by warm and heavy beams
  35. Some maps are plotted according to spatial statistics criteria

  36. Ordinary Kriging in Dialectology Grieve, 2013

  37. Cartographic Visualization in Support of Dialectology Sibler et al., 2012

  38. Lexical meaning and spatial distribution. Evidence from geostatistical dialectometry Pickl,

    2013 Fig. 4 Intensity map of the variant Kraut of the variable ‘potato haulm’ from the SBS Fig. 5 Graded area-class map of the variable ‘potato haulm’ (combination of the intensity fields of all its vari- ants). A colour version of this paper is available online Lexical meaning and spatial distribution at KU Leuven University L http://llc.oxfordjournals.org/ Downloaded from
  39. The Use of Spatial Autocorrelation Statistics for the Analysis of

    Regional Linguistic Variation Grieve, 2013
  40. Some linguistic maps include: - physical geography details and/or -

    dots to represent sampled locations. Some linguistic maps avoid them.
  41. Sprachatlas von Niederbayern Eroms and Spannbauer-Pollmann, 2006

  42. Mapping Southern English american speech 78.2 (2003) 144 figure 14

    LAMSAS Density Estimation Map for lightwood Kretzschmar, 2003
  43. Some of the results of my research on California English

    and on Italian
  44. dinner supper evening meal a clearly directed intent aim purpose

    From a concept to a word (linguistic profile) Geeraerts et al. 1999
  45. Site-Restricted Web Searches Grieve et al., submitted

  46. R Packages sp, lattice, maptools, spdep, RANN, maps mapproj, geoR,

    ggplot2, ggmap, mapdata
  47. Context/Framework!Alternation Context/Framework Distribution Distribution in California English Dad/F Gi z-s

    Asnaghi, 2013a
  48. Mesa/Butte Asnaghi, 2013a Mesa/Butte Alternation Raw Values < 1 <

    0.833 < 0.667 < 0.5 < 0.333 < 0.167
  49. Buddy/Pal Asnaghi, 2013a

  50. Stamen Maps © Stamen Desig

  51. Buddy/Pal Asnaghi, in prep. © Stamen Design and © Asnaghi

  52. Factor 1 Asnaghi, 2013b © Stamen Design and © Asnaghi

  53. Factor 2 Asnaghi, 2013b © Stamen Design and © Asnaghi

  54. Factor 3 Asnaghi, 2013b © Stamen Design and © Asnaghi

  55. RGB Asnaghi, in prep. © Stamen Design and © Asnaghi

  56. 35 40 45 50 0 10 20 lat Stamen Map

    of Italy © Stamen Design
  57. 37.5 40.0 42.5 45.0 10 15 lat Stamen Map of

    Italy © Stamen Design
  58. RGB 1 Poschiavo (CH) 2 Bellinzona (CH) 3 Lugano (CH)

    4 Muzzano (CH) 5 Como (I) 6 Bergamo (I) 1 2 3 4 5 6 Asnaghi, in prep.
  59. Costanza Asnaghi Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore di Milano and

    University of Leuven costanza.asnaghi@gmail.com http://dialectology.altervista.org Thank you!
  60. References Allen, HB. 1973-76. Linguistic Atlas of the Upper Midwest.

    Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press. Asnaghi, C. 2013. An Analysis of Regional Lexical Variation in California English Using Site-Restricted Web Searches. Joint Ph.D. Dissertation, Università Cattolica del Sacro Cuore, Milano and University of Leuven. Asnaghi, C. 2013. Global Autocorrelation and Dialect Studies: The Role of Significance. Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics, University of Leuven, 12-14 September 2013. Cassidy, FG, ed. 1985. DARE: Dictionary of American Regional English, Volume 1, A-C. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press. Cook, AB. 1978. Perspectives for a Linguistic Atlas of Kansas. American Speech 53: 199-209. Cukor-Avila, P, L. Jeon, PC. Rector, C. Tiwari, Z. Shelton. 2012. “Texas – It’s Like a Whole Nuther Country”: Mapping Texans’ Perceptions of Dialect Variation in the Lone Star State. Proceedings of the Twentieth Annual Symposium About Language and Society. Austin, April 13-15, 2012.
  61. Eroms, HW, B. Röder, R. Spannbauer-Pollmann. 2006. Einführungsband mit Syntaxauswertung.

    Heidelberg: Winter. Geeraerts, D., S. Grondelaers, and D. Speelman (1999). Convergentie en Divergentie in Nederlandse Woordenschat. Een Onderzoek Naar Kleding- en Voetbaltermen. Meertens Instituut. Gilliéron, J, E. Edmont. 1902-1910. Atlas Linguistique de la France. Paris: H. Champion. Grieve, J. 2011. The use of spatial autocorrelation statistics for the analysis of regional linguistic variation. Presented at Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics 4, Berlin, March 31, 2011. Grieve, J. 2013. Ordinary Kriging in Dialectology. Proceedings of the 5th Conference on Quantitative Investigations in Theoretical Linguistics, University of Leuven, 12-14 September 2013. Grieve, J., C. Asnaghi, and T. Ruette. Submitted. Site-Restricted Web Searches for Data Collection in Regional Dialectology. American Speech. Heeringa W. 2004. Measuring Dialect Pronunciation Differences using Levenshtein Distance. Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Gröningen. Hickey R. Variation and Change in Dublin English. Website last accessed on October 9, 2013. http://www.uni-due.de/VCDE/
  62. Jaberg, K. J. Jud. 1928-40. Sprach- und Sachatlas Italiens und

    der Südschweiz. Zofingen: Ringier. Johnstone, TM. 1967. Eastern Arabian Dialect Studies. London, New York: Oxford University Press. Kretzschmar, W. 2003. Mapping Southern English. American Speech 78: 130-149. Kretzschmar, WA. 2009. Large-Scale Humanities Computing Projects: Snakes Eating Tails, or Every End is a New Beginning? Digital Humanities Quarterly 3:2, Kurath, H, RI. McDavid, Jr. 1961. The Pronunciation of English in the Atlantic States. Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press. Labov, W, S. Ash, C. Boberg. 2006. Atlas of North American English: Phonetics, Phonology, and Sound Change. New York: Mouton de Gruyter. Metcalf, AA, TE. Armbruster, EC. Howell, S. Prasad. 1971. Riverside English: The Spoken Language of a Southern California Community. University of California, Riverside. Nerbonne J, R. Colen, C. Gooskens, P. Kleiweg, T. Leinonen. 2011. Gabmap — A Web Application for Dialectology. Dialectologia Special Issue II, 65-89.
  63. Orton H, N. Wright. 1974. A Word Geography of England.

    New York: Seminar Press. Pederson, L. 1986. A Graphic Plotter Grid. Journal of English Linguistics 19: 25–41. Pickl, S. 2013. Lexical Meaning and Spatial Distribution. Evidence from Geostatistical Dialectometry. Literary and Linguistic Computing 28: 63-81. Sibler, P., R. Weibel, E. Glaser, G. Bart. 2012. Cartographic Visualization in Support of Dialectology. Proceedings - AutoCarto 2012 - Columbus, Ohio, USA - September 16-18, 2012. Szmrecsanyi B, C. Wolk. 2011. Holistic Corpus-Based Dialectology. Brazilian Journal of Applied Linguistics/Revista Brasileira de Linguística Aplicada 11(2): 561-592 (special issue "Corpus studies: future directions", ed. by Stefan Th. Gries). Vallis, E, M. Wieling, J. Nerbonne. 2013. Linguistic Advergence and Divergence in North- Western Catalan: A Dialectometric Investigation of Dialect Leveling and Border Effects. Literary and Linguistic Computing 28: 119-146. Vaux, B, S. Golder. 2003. The Harvard Dialect Survey. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Linguistics Department. Wieling, M. 2012. A Quantitative Approach to Social and Geographical Dialect Variation. Ph.D. dissertation, University of Gröningen.