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CloudNativeな時代に求められる
Webサービス基盤モデルの再考

nwiizo
February 17, 2022

 CloudNativeな時代に求められる
Webサービス基盤モデルの再考

Developers Summit 2022
https://event.shoeisha.jp/devsumi/20220217

https://event.shoeisha.jp/devsumi/20220217/session/3648/

今週、ずっと体調が悪く昨日、PCR検査受けたが陰性
後ほど、修正して再度、上げます。

nwiizo

February 17, 2022
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  1. ೥݄೔%FWFMPQFST4VNNJU!OXJJ[P
    $MPVE/BUJWFͳ࣌୅ʹٻΊΒΕΔ

    8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧͷ࠶ߟ
    %BQSʹ͍ͭͯͷߟ࡯ͱ࣮૷

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  2. Shuya Motouchi @nwiizo


    26ࡀ ݽಠ੒ਓஉੑ 4৞൒ͷ෦԰ʹ͸ݒਨόʔ͕͋Γ


    ɹேɺى͖ δϜ΁ߦ͖ ຊΛಡΜͰ ࢓ࣄΛͯ͠


    ɹ໷ɺ࠶ͼ δϜ΁ߦ͖ ຊΛಡΜͰ ຾Δ͚ͩ


    ૐཿͷΑ͏ͳੜ׆Λͯ͠·͢ɻ


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  3. ΞδΣϯμ
    w εϦʔγΣΠΫ ޿ࠂ

    w ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷ࿩
    w $MPVE/BUJWFͳαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ࠶ߟ
    w $PNQMFYJUZͱ%BQSͷ࣮૷ʹ͍ͭͯ

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  4. εϦʔγΣΠΫʹ͍ͭͯ

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  5. "CPVUεϦʔγΣΠΫ

    w 43&ࢧԉٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏε
    w ٕज़ྗ͕ٻΊΒΕΔྖҬͰ๛෋ͳܦݧΛ࣋ͭ43&͕ू·ͬͨνʔϜʹΑΔ

    ٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏεͰ͢ɻ
    w ηΩϡϦςΟ੬ऑੑ਍அαʔϏε
    w ܦݧ๛෋ͳηΩϡϦςΟઐ໳Ո͕وࣾͷ՝୊ʹ߹ΘͤͨηΩϡϦςΟରࡦΛ

    ࢧԉ͢ΔαʔϏεͰ͢ɻ
    w Ϋϥ΢υܕ&5-σʔλύΠϓϥΠϯαʔϏε
    w σʔλϕʔεɾετϨʔδɾΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͳͲɺ͋ΒΏΔσʔλΛ

    ౷߹ɾ࿈ܞ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺσʔλΛ׆༻ͨ͠Ϗδωεมֵʹߩݙ͠·͢ɻ
    w ϋΠεΩϧϑϦʔϥϯε঺հαʔϏε
    w ϓϩͷݱ໾ΤϯδχΞूஂ͕࠷దͳΤϯδχΞΛ঺հ͢Δ

    ϑϦʔϥϯεΤϯδχΞ঺հαʔϏεͰ͢

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  6. "CPVU4SFBLF
    w 43&ࢧԉٕज़ࢧԉ
    w 4SFBLF͸ۚ༥ɾҩྍɾಈը഑৴ɾ"*ɾήʔϜͳͲٕज़ྗ͕ٻΊΒΕΔྖҬͰ๛෋ͳܦݧΛ࣋ͭ43&͕ू·ͬͨνʔϜ
    ʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏεͰ͢ɻઓུࡦఆ͔Βઃܭɾߏஙɾӡ༻ɺ4BB4ఏڙ·Ͱɺ෯޿͍ྖҬΛαϙʔτ͠·͢ɻ

    Sreake ྲྀ SRE Roadmap
    SRE ͷ։࢝
    ·ͣ͸খ͘͞ɻ
    ޮՌ͕࠷େݶʹग़Δͱ͜Ζ
    ͔Βίπίπͱ࢝ΊΑ͏
    SRE νʔϜͷఆٛ
    ૊৫ʹ͋ͬͨ SRE Λఆٛ͠Α͏
    SRE࣮ફ
    SLIɾSLO ͷઃఆ
    Toil ࡟ݮ (ࣗಈԽਪਐ)
    SRE ͷൃలͱܧଓ
    SREͷจԽ͕ਁಁ͢Δ

    Error Budget Λݩʹ

    ۀ຿Λίϯτϩʔϧ͍ͯ͘͠

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  7. 4SFBLFͷΤϯδχΞʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉ
    w ٕज़ઓུ͔Βઃܭɺߏஙɺӡ༻·Ͱϫϯετοϓࢧԉ͢Δٕज़ࢧԉαʔϏε

    ٕज़ઓུ
    ίϯαϧςΟϯά
    ߏங / ࣮૷
    ࢧԉ
    Ξηεϝϯτ
    ʢύϑΥʔϚϯε / ηΩϡϦςΟʣ
    ӡ༻ࢧԉ
    γεςϜ
    ઃܭ
    .VMUJ$MPVE΍$MPVE/BUJWFͳઌਐతٕज़ٴͼେن໛ͳαʔϏεӡ༻ʹڧΈΛ࣋ͭΤϯδχΞʹΑΔٕज़ࢧԉ
    ϕϯμʔతͳ໾ׂͰ͸ͳ͘ʮ͓٬༷ͷνʔϜϝϯόʔʯͱ͍͏ཱͪҐஔͰ࠷৽ٕज़ͷఏҊ͔Βӡ༻ࢧԉ·ͰΛτʔλϧͰ

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  8. 4SFBLF43&ಋೖఆணԽࢧԉ
    w &OUFSQSJTFΛத৺ʹ༷ʑͳۀछۀքͰ43&Λ࣮ફ͖ͯͨ͠

    φϨοδΛ׆͔ͨ͠43&νʔϜͷಋೖٴͼఆணԽΛߦ͍·͢

    43&ͷ૊੒43&จԽͷఆணԽͷҝͷࢧԉ
    ͓٬༷ͷ૊৫ʹద߹ͨ͠43&ͷಋೖΛࢧԉ
    IUUQTTSFBLFDPNDPOUBDU
    ͓໰͍߹ͤ

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  9. 4FDVSJGZ
    w 4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣͱ͸
    4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣ͸ɺ਍அର৅Λొ࿥͢ΔͱΫϥ΢υ্Ͱ੬ऑੑ਍அΛ࣮ࢪɺ਍அ݁ՌҰཡͱվળํ๏Λ෼
    ͔Γ΍͘͢ఏࣔ͠·͢
    w 4FDVSJGZ։ൃʹ͓͚Δ૝͍
    اۀ͕ɺ։ൃɾϦϦʔεεϐʔυΛམͱͣ͞ɺखܰʹʢඅ༻ɾ࣌ؒΛ͔͚ͣʣࣾ಺ͰηΩϡϦςΟ਍அΛ࣮ࢪʢʹ
    %FW4FD0QTΛ࣮ݱʣ͠ɺαʔϏεΛఏڙ͢Δ͜ͱ͕ɺاۀɾΤϯυϢʔβʔͷརӹΛ࠷େԽ͍ͯ͘͜͠ͱʹͳΔͱߟ͑
    ͍ͯ·͢ɻ͜ΕΛՄೳʹ͢Δπʔϧʮ4FDVSJGZʢηΩϡϦϑΝΠʣʯΛ։ൃ

    Beta ൛ ແঈఏڙ࣮ࢪதʂʂ

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  10. ຊ೔͓࿩͢Δ಺༰
    ࿩͢͜ͱ
    $MPVE/BUJWFͷશମ૾
    ͬ͘͟Γɺίϯςφʹ͍ͭͯ
    ͳΜͱͳ͘,VCFSOFUFT
    %BQSʹ͍ͭͯخ͍͜͠ͱ
    ιϑτ΢ΣΞͷෳࡶੑͱ

    Πϯϑϥͷؔ܎ੑʹ͍ͭͯ

    ࿩͞ͳ͍͜ͱ
    %BQSͰͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ࣮૷
    ৄࡉͳγεςϜΞʔΩςΫνϟ
    $MPVE/BUJWF΋ιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃ΋

    ͦͷຊ࣭͸పఈతͳ࣮ફͰ͢
    ͳͷͰɺؾܰʹฉ͖ྲྀ͍͚ͯͨͩ͠Δ
    ͱࢥΘΕ·͢ɻ

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  11. ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷ࿩

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  12. ࣗಈԽͱ$POUBJOFS

    photo by Pixabay, licensed under Creative Commons 2.0

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  13. *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT%PDVNFOU࣌୅
    w γεςϜӡ༻୲౰ऀ͕ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ഑ஔ͢Δํ๏
    w ਓؒͷࢥߟ΍ߦಈΛίʔσΟϯάͯ͠γεςϜΛ؅ཧ͢Δҝͷൿ఻ͷυΩϡϝϯτΛҾ͖ܧ͙
    w Ұ୆Ұ୆Λஸೡʹઃఆ͍͕ͯ͘͠ग़ࣗ͸ෆ໌
    w ͳͥɺಈ͍͍ͯΔ͔΋෼͔Βͣɺ͞ΘͬͨΒಈ͔ͳ͘ͳΔ͔Βൿ఻ͷλϨͱͳΓ͍͔ͭ෗Δ
    w %PDVNFOU͸͋Δ͕ߋ৽͞Εͯͳ͍͜ͱ΋͠͹͠͹

    ൿ఻ͷυΩϡϝϯτ
    ͱΓ͋͑ͣɺಈ͍͍ͯΔ
    ຊ൪؀ڥ खॱ͸IJTUPSZ

    ໨తʹԊͬͨ%PDVNFOUBUJPOBT$PEFΛ͍͔ʹ࣮ͯ͠ݱ͍͔ͯ͘͠1)1FS,BJHJ
    ͳͲΛಡΜͰΈ͍ͯͩ͘͞

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  14. *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT$PEF࣌୅
    w γεςϜӡ༻୲౰ऀ͕ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛίʔυʹΑͬͯ഑ஔ͢Δ
    w ௚༁͢Δͱʮίʔυͱͯ͠ͷΠϯϑϥʯɺʮΠϯϑϥΛίʔυͰهड़͢Δʯ͜ͱ
    w ͞·͟·ͳखॱ΍લఏΛ$PEFͷதͰදݱ͍ͯ͘͜͠ͱͰશ͕ͯݟ͑ͯ͘Δ
    w ᴈ໌ظ͸γεςϜ؅ཧͷࣗಈԽ͕ͦͷޙ͸ιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃϓϥΫςΟεΛԠ༻͢Δͷ͕য఺ʹ

    $PEF ໿ଋ͞ΕͨউརͷࣗಈԽ
    *OGSBTUSVDUVSFBT$PEFͷ͜Ε·Ͱͱ͜Ε͔Β*OGSB4UVEZ.FFUVQΑΓ
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ
    ϛυϧ΢ΣΞ
    ֤छઃఆ

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  15. ໿ଋ͞ΕͨউརͷࣗಈԽͳΜͯͳ͍ࣗಈԽͷෆ౎߹ͳਅ࣮
    w ࠷ॳ͸͏·͍͘͘
    w 04΍ϛυϧ΢ΣΞͷόʔδϣϯΛ্͛Δͱࢮ͵
    w ΞϓϦຖɺϗετຖʹݸผԽɺଐਓԽ΍γεςϜͷෳࡶԽ͕ਐߦ
    w ࣗಈԽͰτϥϒϧͷͰख࡞ۀ͕ଟ͘ͳ͍ͬͯ͘
    w ৮Δͷ͕ා͘ͳͬͨΒൿ఻ͷλϨ͕෗ഊ͍ͯ͠Δ߹ਤ

    ࣗಈԽ΋෗Γ΍͍͢
    ͯ΁ο
    ߋ৽ มߋ ߋʜŗƀ
    7FSTJPO6Q

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  16. ෗Βͳ͍Α͏ʹ͢ΔࣗಈԽ
    w *NNVUBCMF*OGSBTUSVDUVSF
    w ΠϯϑϥΛ؅ཧ͢Δख๏ͷҰͭͰʮҰ౓ߏஙͨ͠ຊ൪؀ڥʹ
    ͸ߋ৽΍ύονͷఏڙͳͲͷมߋΛՃ͑ͣՔಇͤ͞Δʯ

    ͱ͍͏Α͏ͳߟ͑ํ
    w ࣗಈԽΛਐΊ͍ͯ͘தͰൃݟ͞Εͨૉ੖Β͍͠ϓϥΫςΟε
    w ৗʹΫϦʔϯΠϯετʔϧ͔Β։࢝
    w ඞཁͳ΋ͷ͸શͯݻΊΞϓϦΛڞଘͤ͞ͳ͍

    ໿ଋ͞ΕͯΔউརͷࣗಈԽ

    ࣮͸͚ͩ͜͜

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  17. ίϯςφ΁ͷಓ
    w ΞϓϦʹඞཁͳ΋ͷΛશͯಛఆͷϑΥʔϚοτͰݻΊͯɺల։͢Δ͚ͩͰىಈ
    w ೥ʹ࠷ॳʹϦϦʔε͞Εɺ%PDLFS *ODʹΑͬͯ։ൃ
    w %PDLFS͸ʮίϯςφʯͱݺ͹ΕΔιϑτ΢ΣΞύοέʔδΛ࣮ߦ͞ΕΔ
    ϕʔεΠϝʔδΛμ΢ϯϩʔυ
    ඞཁͳ֤छιϑτ΢ΣΞ͸શͯίϯςφ಺ʹΠϯετʔϧ
    ඞཁͳઃఆ͸ίϯςφ࡞੒࣌ʹ࢓ࠐΉ

    Dockerfile Docker Image Docker Container
    docker build docker run
    ىಈͷ໿ଋ͞Εͨ
    উརͷΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ
    %PDLFSͳͲ

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  18. ࣗಈԽͱίϯςφͷͬ͘͟Γͱͨؔ͠܎
    w Πϯϑϥͷ෗ഊΛ๷ࢭ
    w ӡ༻͕౷Ұత
    w ։ൃͰςετ͠ɺͦͷ··Λӡ༻ʹద༻Մೳ
    w ؀ڥͷӨڹΛड͚ͣʹࣗಈԽͷෛ୲͸ܰݮ

    ຊ൪؀ڥ
    ςετ؀ڥ
    ։ൃ؀ڥ
    ಉ͡Ϟϊͱͯ͠ѻ͑Δ

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  19. ˞ίϯςφͷऄ଍
    w %PDLFS·Ͱͷྺ࢙΍ཁૉٕज़͸୳ͬͯΈͯ΋໘ന͍
    w ίϯςφͱ͸ҎԼͷΑ͏ͳಛ௃Λ࣋ͬͨಛผͳϓϩηε
    w ଞͷϓϩηεͱͷϦιʔεͷִ཭
    w 04ͷϦιʔεར༻ʹର͢Δ੍ݶ

    chroot
    process
    LinuxΛߏ੒͢Δ̏ͭͷ֓೦

    ϑΝΠϧγεςϜ
    ϓϩηε
    ετϦʔϜ

    d

    ཁૉٕज़
    *TPMBUJPO ΧʔωϧϦιʔε΍ϑΝΠϧγεςϜͷִ཭
    /BNFTQBDF

    -JNJUBUJPO ϋʔυ΢ΣΞϦιʔεͷ੍ݶ
    DHSPVQ

    3FTUSJDUJPO ݖݶͷ੍໿
    $BQBCJMJUZ

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  20. Ϋϥ΢υʹΑΔΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϑΝʔετ
    w Ϋϥ΢υʹΑΓ૊Έ্͛ํ͔ࣜΒݺͼग़͠ํࣜ΁
    w ཁٻ͢Ε͹ԼҐͷϦιʔε͕ࣗಈతʹׂΓ౰ͨΔ
    w ίϯςφʹΑͬͯऔΓѻ͍Λڞ௨Խ
    w ΞϓϦͱΠϯϑϥͷґଘؔ܎Λஅͪ੾Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ

    )8
    04
    ϥϯλΠϜ
    ϥΠϒϥϦ
    "QQ
    ίϯςφ
    ڞ௨Խ͞Εͨཁٻ
    શͯ͸HWͷௐୡ͔Β


    ≒ϦιʔεϑΝʔετ
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϑΝʔετ͕$MPVE/BUJWFͱ͍͏Θ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍

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  21. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ

    8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ࠶ߟ

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  22. 4FSWJDF-FWFMJOEJDBUPSͱ4FSWJDF-FWFM0CKFDUJWF
    w ৴པੑͱɺ৴པੑͰ͸େ͖ͳҧ͍
    w ৴པੑΛ࣮ݱ͢ΔͨΊʹ͸ɺͱ͸ҟͳΓ๲େͳ޻਺Λ౤ೖ͕ඞཁ

    ΄ͱΜͲͷϢʔβʔʹͱͬͯ͸ʮʯ͕ʮʯʹͳ͔ͬͨΒͱ͍ͬͯɺ

    େ͖ͳϝϦοτ͕͋ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ🥺🥺🥺

    w ֤αʔϏε͝ͱʹద੾ͳ4-0Λઃఆ͢Δ͜ͱ͕େࣄ
    w 4-0ͱ͸ɺ4-*Ͱܭଌ͞ΕΔαʔϏεϨϕϧͷ໨ඪ஋ɺ·ͨ͸໨ඪ஋ͷൣғΛࢦ͠·͢
    w 4-0Λʮ೥ʯͱઃఆ͢Δͱɺʮ೥ͷ͏ͪ෼͸Քಇ͠ͳͯ͘΋Α͍ʯͱ͍͏͜ͱʹͳΓ·͢
    w ͔͠͠ɺγϯάϧϊʔυ୆ͰΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͱʜɹŗŕŗŕŗŕ
    w4FSWJDF-FWFM*OEJDBUPSͷྫ
    w ϦΫΤετͷϨΠςϯγʢϦΫΤετʹର͢ΔϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢·Ͱʹ͔͔ͬͨ࣌ؒʣ
    w Τϥʔ཰ʢड৴ͨ͠ϦΫΤετΛਖ਼ৗʹॲཧͰ͖ͳ͔ͬͨൺ཰ʣ
    w γεςϜεϧʔϓοτʢ୯Ґ࣌ؒ͋ͨΓʹॲཧͰ͖ΔϦΫΤετ਺ʣ
    w Մ༻ੑʢαʔϏε͕ར༻Ͱ͖Δ࣌ؒͷൺ཰ʣ

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  23. γϯάϧϊʔυ୆ͰΞϓϦΛಈ͔͢ͱʜɹŗŕŗŕŗŕ

    Dockerfile
    "QQ" "QQ#
    ΞϓϦͷߋ৽͸ʁ

    αʔόʔࣗମ͕ిݯஅͰαʔϏεམΑͶʁ

    ෛՙ͕૿͑ͨΒͲ͏͢Δͷʁ

    ΞΫηε͕૿͑ͨΒͲ͏͢Δͷʁ
    .Z42-
    Ϋϥ΢υΛ࢖͔ͬͨΒͱ͍ͬͯʜ
    Մ༻ੑ͕উखʹߴ·ΔΘ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍
    ԿΒ͔ͷํ๏ͰϦεΫΛճආͤͶ͹ɺ
    ͦͷํ๏ͷҰ͕ͭ,VCFSOFUFTͰ͋Γ

    $MPVE/BUJWFͱͳΔ

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  24. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ͸ʁ
    w Ϋϥ΢υωΠςΟϒٕज़͸ɺύϒϦοΫΫϥ΢υɺϓϥΠϕʔτΫϥ΢υɺϋΠϒϦουΫϥ΢
    υͳͲͷۙ୅తͰμΠφϛοΫͳ؀ڥʹ͓͍ͯɺεέʔϥϒϧͳΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛߏங͓Αͼ
    ࣮ߦ͢ΔͨΊͷೳྗΛ૊৫ʹ΋ͨΒ͠·͢ɻ͜ͷΞϓϩʔνͷ୅දྫʹɺίϯςφɺαʔϏεϝ
    ογϡɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏεɺΠϛϡʔλϒϧΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟɺ͓Αͼએݴܕ"1*͕͋Γ·
    ͢ɻ
    w ͜ΕΒͷख๏ʹΑΓɺճ෮ੑɺ؅ཧྗɺ͓ΑͼՄ؍ଌੑͷ͋Δૄ݁߹γεςϜ͕࣮ݱ͠·͢ɻ͜
    ΕΒΛݎ࿚ͳࣗಈԽͱ૊Έ߹ΘͤΔ͜ͱͰɺΤϯδχΞ͸ΠϯύΫτͷ͋ΔมߋΛ࠷খݶͷ࿑ྗ
    Ͱසൟ͔ͭ༧ଌͲ͓Γʹߦ͏͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖·͢ɻ
    w $MPVE/BUJWF$PNQVUJOH'PVOEBUJPO͸ɺΦʔϓϯιʔεͰϕϯμʔதཱϓϩδΣΫτͷΤ
    ίγεςϜΛҭ੒ɾҡ࣋ͯ͠ɺ͜ͷύϥμΠϜͷ࠾༻Λଅਐ͍ͨ͠ͱߟ͑ͯ·͢ɻࢲͨͪ͸࠷ઌ
    ୺ͷύλʔϯΛຽओԽ͠ɺ͜ΕΒͷΠϊϕʔγϣϯΛ୭΋͕ར༻Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏ʹ͠·͢ɻ

    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNDODGUPDCMPCNBJO%&'*/*5*0
    ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ

    View full-size slide

  25. $MPVE/BUJWFͱ͸ʁ

    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNDODGUPDCMPCNBJO%&'*/*5*0
    ίϯςφ
    αʔϏεϝογϡ
    ϚΠΫϩαʔϏε
    ΠϛϡʔμϒϧΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟ
    ͓ΑͼએݴܕAPI ͳͲΛ༻͍ͯ
    ૄ݁߹ͳγεςϜΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ
    ճ෮ੑ

    ؅ཧྗ

    Մ؍ଌੑ

    ݎ࿚ͳࣗಈԽʹΑͬͯมԽʹڧ͍

    View full-size slide

  26. ૄ݁߹Ͱ͸ͳ͍γεςϜͱ͸ʁ
    w "WBJMBCJMJUZ
    w ίϯϙʔωϯτ͕ࢮ͵ͱશମ͕ࢮ͵
    w 4DBMBCJMJUZ
    w ҰͭͷػೳΛεέʔϧͤ͞ΔͨΊʹ͸શମͷεέʔϧ͕ඞཁ
    w $PNQMFYJUZ
    w ৽͍͠ػೳΛ௥Ճ͢Δͱ͖ʹશମͱͷௐ࿨͕ඞཁͳͷͰେม

    %#
    6TF$PSF 'SJFOET
    1JDUVSFT 1PTUT
    FUD 5JNF-JOF
    ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ

    View full-size slide

  27. ૄ݁߹ͳγεςϜͱ͸ʁ
    w 3FTJMJFOU
    w ҰͭͷαʔϏε͕ࢮΜͰ΋Ұ෦ͷαʔϏε͸ܧଓ
    w 'MFYJCMF4DBMF
    w αʔϏε͝ͱʹಠཱͯ͠εέʔϧϦιʔεͷ࠷దԽ
    w 4JNQMJDJUZ
    w খ͞ͳ୯ҐͰ։ൃ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΓ৽ػೳͷ௥Ճ͕༰қʹͳΔ

    ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ

    View full-size slide

  28. ,VCFSOFUFT
    w ೥ʹ(PPHMFʹΑͬͯ։ൃ͞Εɺݱࡏ͸$MPVE
    /BUJWF$PNQVUJOH'PVOEBUJPO͕ϝϯςφϯεΛ
    ߦ͍ͬͯΔ(PMBOH੡ͷΦʔέετϨʔγϣϯπʔϧ
    w ,VCFSOFUFTͷ໨త͸ɺʮϗετͷΫϥελʔΛԣஅ
    ͯ͠ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίϯςφΛࣗಈσϓϩΠɺεέ
    ʔϦϯάɺૢ࡞͢ΔͨΊͷϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʯΛఏڙ
    w ޡղΛڪΕͣ؆୯ʹ͍͏ͱ%PDLFSΛ͍͍ײ͡ʹ͢Δ
    ΍ͭ

    IUUQTXXXDODGJPCMPHJOUSPEVDJOHUIFDMPVEOBUJWFMBOETDBQFJOUFSB
    ໨తͱ཭Ε͗͢ΔͷͰৄ͘͠͸આ໌͠·ͤΜ

    View full-size slide

  29. ,VCFSOFUFTͷಛ௃
    • ෆมͳΠϯϑϥ
    ◦ Ұ౓ɺߏஙͨ͠Πϯϑϥ͸มߋΛՃ͑Δ͜ͱͳ͘ഁغͯ͠ɺ৽͍͠΋ͷΛߏங͠ͳ͓ͤ͹Α͍

    *NQMJDJUPS%ZOBNJD(SPVQJOH ೖΕΔͱ͜Ζͳ͍ͷͰίίʹॻ͍͓͖ͯ·͢

    • એݴతઃఆ
    ◦ ໋ྩతʹखॱ΍มߋཤྺΛه࿥͢ΔͷͰ͸ͳ͘એݴతͳઃఆͰ͸γεςϜͷ͋Δ΂͖࢟Λఆٛ͠·͢ɻ,VCFSOFUFT͸͜ͷఆٛϑΝΠϧ
    Λ֬ೝͯ͋͠Δ΂͖࢟ʹࣗ཯తʹಈ࡞͢Δ

    %FDMBSBUJWF$PO
    fi
    HVSBUJPO
    • ࣗݾम෮ػೳ
    ◦ ,VCFSOFUFT͕ো֐΍ҟৗ͕͋ͬͨ࣌ʹ͋Δ΂͖࢟ʹͳΔҝʹγεςϜ͕ઃఆͨ͠௨Γʹ"1*Λ࠶ىಈͨ͠Γ༷ʑͳ࡞ۀΛࣗಈͰߦ͏

    3FDPODJMJBUJPO-PPQʹ࣮ͯݱ

    ΞϓϦ։ൃऀ͸


    ϦιʔεΛ͋Β͔͡Ί༻ҙͤͣ


    ίʔυͰݺͼग़͠


    Ұ෦յΕͯ΋ࣗಈͰ෮چ͢Δ

    View full-size slide

  30. 8FCαʔϏεج൫Ϟσϧʹ͍ͭͯ
    •αʔϏε૚
    ◦ ࣮ࡍͷ8FCΞϓϦ΍8FCαʔϏεͷίϯςϯπ૚
    •ετϥςδʔ૚
    ◦ 8FCαʔϏεͷಛੑʹ߹Θͤͯίϯςφج൫ΛΑΓಛ௃తʹ੍ޚ͢Δ૚
    • ΦʔέετϨʔγϣϯ૚
    ◦ ίϯςφ܈΍ऩ༰ϗετ܈ͷϞχλϦϯά΍Ϧιʔε؅ཧ౳ʹΑͬͯ$3*Λ

    հͯ͠ίϯςφΛ੍ޚ͢Δ૚
    •ίϯςφϥϯλΠϜ૚
    ◦ ίϯςφͦͷ΋ͷͷ੍ޚ૚
    •ΠϯϑϥετϥΫνϟ૚
    ◦ ϋʔυ΢ΣΞ΍7.ɺϕΞϝλϧ౳ͷίϯςφͷϦιʔεϓʔϧΛ࣮ݱ͢Δ૚

    https://rand.pepabo.com/article/2017/06/28/iot38-matsumotory/ ΑΓ

    View full-size slide

  31. ετϥςδʔ૚ͷਐԽͱ֦େ
    w ϚΠΫϩαʔϏεΞʔΩςΫνϟʹ͓͚Δωοτϫʔ
    Ϋ໘Ͱͷ՝୊Λղܾ͢Δػೳ܈Λఏڙ͢Δ*TUJP
    w ϞμϯͳαʔόʔϨεϫʔΫϩʔυΛϏϧυɺσϓϩ
    Πɺ؅ཧ͢ΔͨΊͷ,VCFSOFUFTϕʔεͷϓϥοτϑ
    ΥʔϜ,OBUJWF


    ͳͲɺ͞·͟·ͳ༻్ͷΞϓϦ͕஀ੜ͍ͯ͠Δ

    ͪ͜ΒΛ·ͭ΋ͱΓʔ͞Μ͕ఆٛͨ͠

    ೥͔Βݱࡏͷ೥·Ͱͷؒʹ

    ࠷΋มԽ͕ىͬͨ͜ͷ͕ετϥςδʔ૚

    View full-size slide

  32. ετϥςδʔ૚ͷ֦େͱ%BQSʹ͍ͭͯ
    w %BQSͱ͸
    w ޮ཰తͳΫϥ΢υωΠςΟϒΞϓϦ։ൃΛ໨ࢦͨ͠

    ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯϥϯλΠϜ
    w %BQS͸αΠυΧʔʹΑΓαʔϏεؒͷݺͼग़
    ͠ɺεςʔτ؅ཧɺαʔϏεؒϝοηʔδϯάͳͲ
    ͷඇػೳཁ݅Λ࣮ݱ͢ΔࣄͰ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ
    ͷ࣮૷্ͷ՝୊Λղܾ͢Δػೳ܈Λఏڙ͢ΔϑϨʔ
    ϜϫʔΫͰ͢ɻ


    ඇػೳతͰ͸͋Δ͕ຊདྷɺαʔϏε૚͕͍࣋ͬͯͨ

    Ұ෦ػೳΛετϥςδʔ૚͕୲͍ͬͯΔɻ

    View full-size slide

  33. $PNQMFYJUZͱ%BQSͷ࣮૷ʹ͍ͭͯ

    View full-size slide

  34. %BQSͱ͸ʁ
    %JTUSJCVUFE"QQMJDBUJPO3VOUJNFͷུ

    %BQSͷಛ௃
    αΠυΧʔʹΑΓ೚ҙͷ։ൃݴޠ΍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫͰ։ൃՄೳ
    ϕετϓϥΫςΟεΛϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͱͯ͠ఏڙ
    (PBM IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSEBQSHPBMT

    ͋ΒΏΔݴޠ΍ϑϨʔϜϫʔΫΛ࢖༻ͯ͠ɺ෼ࢄΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛهड़͢Δ͜ͱ͕Մೳ
    ϕετϓϥΫςΟεͷϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫΛఏڙ͢Δ͜ͱͰɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏε

    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷߏஙͰ։ൃऀ͕௚໘͢Δࠔ೉ͳ໰୊Λղܾ
    ίϛϡχςΟओಋͰɺΦʔϓϯ͔ͭϕϯμʔχϡʔτϥϧͰ͋Δ͜ͱ
    ৽ͨͳߩݙऀͷ֫ಘ
    Φʔϓϯ"1*ʹΑΔҰ؏ੑͱϙʔλϏϦςΟͷఏڙ
    Ϋϥ΢υ΍ΤοδͳͲɺϓϥοτϑΥʔϜʹͱΒΘΕͳ͍
    ϕϯμϩοΫΠϯ͢Δ͜ͱͳ͘ɺ֦ுੑͱϓϥάΠϯՄೳͳίϯϙʔωϯτΛఏڙ͢Δ
    ߴ͍ύϑΥʔϚϯεͱܰྔԽʹΑΓɺ*P5΍ΤοδͷγφϦΦΛՄೳʹ͢Δ
    ࣮ߦ࣌ʹґଘ͢Δ͜ͱͳ͘ɺطଘͷίʔυ͔ΒΠϯΫϦϝϯλϧʹ࠾༻Ͱ͖Δ

    View full-size slide

  35. αΠυΧʔύλʔϯͱ͸ʁ
    ෼ࢄγεςϜʹ͓͚ΔσβΠϯύλʔϯͷҰͭ
    αΠυΧʔ͸ɺΞϓϦέʔγϣϯίϯςφΛ֦ு͓Αͼ֦ுͯ͠ɺػೳΛ௥Ճ͠
    ·͢ɻαΠυΧʔΛ࢖༻ͯ͠طଘͷϨΨγʔΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͳͲʹ΋ద༻Ͱ͖
    ·͢ɻಉ༷ʹɺ͜ΕΒΛ࢖༻ͯ͠ɺҰൠతͳػೳͷ࣮૷Λඪ४Խ͢ΔίϯςφΛ
    ࡞੒͢Δ͜ͱ΋Ͱ͖·͢ɻ

    View full-size slide

  36. %BQSʹ͓͚ΔαΠυΧʔΞʔΩςΫνϟ
    w %BQSͷଟ༷ੑ
    w %BQSαΠυΧʔʹΑΓɺ)551
    H31$Ͱͷ௨৴͕ՄೳͰ͋Ε͹

    ։ൃ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    w ެࣜ4%,΋ఏڙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    +BWBTEL
    1ZUIPOTEL
    %PUOFUTEL
    +TTEL
    (PTEL
    $QQTEL
    1)14%,
    8*13VTUTEL

    View full-size slide

  37. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ
    w ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ
    w Ұൠతʹ͸γεςϜΞʔΩςΫνϟΛߏ੒͢Δཁૉ
    w %BQSͰ͸ར༻Մೳͳػೳ܈ͷ͜ͱΛࢦ͢৔߹͕ଟ͍
    w ϚΠΫϩαʔϏεͷϕετϓϥΫςΟεΛମܥԽͯ͠ػೳͱ࣮ͯ͠૷͞ΕͯΔ
    w αΠυΧʔͷ)551H31$Λݺͼग़ͯ͜͠ΕΒΛར༻͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    w ίϯϙʔωϯτ
    w ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͰར༻͞ΕΔػೳϞδϡʔϧ
    w ҰͭҎ্ͷෳ਺ͷίϯϙʔωϯτΛ࢖༻Մೳ
    w *'͕༻ҙ͞Ε͍ͯΔͷͰ͜ΕΒʹ߹ΘͤͯػೳΛ࣮૷
    w ౷Ұ͞ΕͨΤϯυϙΠϯτ͕ར༻Ͱ͖ΔͷͰΞϓϦଆʹෳࡶੑΛ๊͑ࠐ·ͳͯ͘ྑ͍

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPDPODFQUTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTDPO
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSDPNQPOFOUTDPOUSJC

    View full-size slide

  38. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ
    w ೥݄ͰͭͷϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ͕༻ҙ͞Ε͍ͯΔ

    View full-size slide

  39. ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫ
    w αʔϏεؒݺͼग़͠
    w ঢ়ଶ؅ཧ
    w ύϒϦογϡͱαϒεΫϥΠϒ
    w όΠϯμʔ
    w ΞΫλʔ
    w Մ؍ଌੑ
    w γʔΫϨοτͷ؅ཧ
    w ߏ੒ઃఆ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLT
    ػೳ͕·ͩগͳ͍ͷͰ͜Ε͚ͩͰ

    શͯΧόʔ͢Δͷ͸·ͩ೉͍͠ͱࢥ͏

    View full-size slide

  40. αʔϏεؒͰͷݺͼग़͠
    w αʔϏεؒͰϝιουΛ௚઀ɺ҆શʹݺͼग़࣮͠ߦ͠·͢

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTTFSWJDFJOWPDBUJPOTFSWJDFJO
    PWFSWJFX
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  41. ঢ়ଶ؅ཧ
    w ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ͕ར༻͢ΔσʔλΛΩʔͱ஋ͷϖΞͰ؅ཧ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTTUBUFNBOBHFNFOUTUBUFNBO
    PWFSWJFX
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  42. ύϒϦογϡ͓ΑͼαϒεΫϥΠϒ
    w 1VC4VCϝοηʔδϯάϞσϧΛఏڙ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTQVCTVCQVCTVC
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  43. όΠϯμʔ
    w ֎෦αʔϏεͱͷ࿈ܞΛઃఆ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTCJO
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  44. ΞΫλʔ
    w ܭࢉ୯ҐͷॲཧΛฒྻ࣮ߦͤ͞Δػೳ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTBDUPSTBDUPST
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  45. γʔΫϨοτͷ؅ཧ
    w ֎෦γεςϜ΁ΞΫηε͢ΔͨΊͷ,FZ΍5PLFOΛ؅ཧ ֎෦࿈ܞ΋͋Γ


    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTTFDSFUTTFDSFU
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  46. ߏ੒ઃఆ
    w ઀ଓ৘ใ΍ΤϯυϙΠϯτͳͲΛ؅ཧ

    IUUQTEPDTEBQSJPEFWFMPQJOHBQQMJDBUJPOTCVJMEJOHCMPDLTDPO
    fi
    HVSBUJPODPO
    fi
    HVSBUJPO
    ࢿྉ༻ެࣜυΩϡϝϯτ͕࠷ߴͳͷͰಡΜͰ

    View full-size slide

  47. 3FQPTJUPSZʹ͓͍ͯ%BQSʹΑΔந৅Խͷཧ૝ͱݱ࣮

    View full-size slide

  48. 3FQPTJUPSZͱ͸
    w %%%ͷϨΠϠʔυΞʔΩςΫνϟͰఏএ͞Ε͍Δ
    w 3FQPTJUPSZͰΠϯλʔϑΣʔεΛఆٛ͢Δ͜ͱʹΑΓ*OGSB૚Λந৅Խɺґଘੑͷٯస
    w ϞοΫͷࠩ͠ସ͕͑ՄೳʹͳΓɺ"QQMJDBUJPO૚ͷϢχοτςετ͕ՄೳʹͳΔ

    *OGSBTUSVDUVSF
    3FQPTJUPSZ
    "QQMJDBUJPO

    View full-size slide

  49. %BQSʹΑΔ3FQPTJUPSZͷٵऩ͖͠Δͷ͔ʁ
    w ԿΛந৅Խ͍ͯ͠Δͷ͔ʁ
    w 3FQPTJUPSZ͸ɺந৅ԽͱϨΠϠʔԽΛಉ࣌ʹߦ͏ͷ͕Ұൠత
    w %BQS͸લड़ͨ͠ϏϧσΟϯάϒϩοΫͱެࣜͷ4%,ʹΑͬͯϓϩτίϧͷந৅Խ͕Մೳ
    w ந৅Խʹ߹Θ࣮ͤͨ૷ΛҰ෦͠ͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍ͷͰશମͷ࣮૷ྔ͸ͦΓΌɺݮΔ

    *OGSBTUSVDUVSF
    3FQPTJUPSZ
    "QQMJDBUJPO
    DMJFOU FSSEBQS/FX$MJFOU

    DUYDPOUFYU#BDLHSPVOE

    EBUB<>CZUF IFMMP

    TUPSFNZTUPSF
    DMJFOU4BWF4UBUF DUY TUPSF LFZ EBUB

    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNEBQSHPTEL
    νʔϜͰͲͷΑ͏ͳ࣮૷ʹ͍͔ͯ͘͠࿩͠߹͍
    ͪͳɺϨΠϠʔԽʹؔͯ͠͸͋·Γد༩͠ͳ͍

    View full-size slide

  50. %BQSʹΑͬͯ$PNQMFYJUZ͸ղফ͞ΕΔͷ͔ʁ
    w $PNQMFYJUZͱ͸
    w ೝࣝ΍มߋΛࠔ೉ʹ͢Διϑτ΢ΣΞͷߏ଄ʹؔ͢Δશͯͷ΋
    ͷΛࢦ͠·͢
    w ͲΕ͚࣮ͩ૷͕ʮෳࡶʯͰ΋։ൃऀ͕ಡΈॻ͖͢Δඞཁ͕ͳ͍
    Α͏ʹͳ͍ͬͯΕ͹ɺͦΕ͸$PNQMFYJUZͱ͸ݴ͍·ͤΜ
    w 1SPYZ͕୲͏෦෼͸·ͩɺػೳ͕·ͩগͳ͍
    w %BQSͰ$PNQMFYJUZͷղফͷເ͸ݟΕΔ͔ʁ
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