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Inflective vs. Reflexive Health Insurance Innovation

Shahid N. Shah
January 16, 2017

Inflective vs. Reflexive Health Insurance Innovation

Presented at January 2017 Health Insurance Innovation Summit. Video is available at https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4vKR_4ddXic

Shahid N. Shah

January 16, 2017

More Decks by Shahid N. Shah

Other Decks in Design


  1. Inflective vs. Reflexive Innovation in the Health Insurance Industry By

    Shahid N. Shah Entrepreneur-in-Residence, AHIP Innovation Lab Chairman, Netspective Communications
  2. @ShahidNShah 2 www.netspective.com Who is Shahid? • Technology Strategist and

    Entrepreneur in Residence (EiR) for AHIP’s Innovation Lab • Chairman of the Board of Netspective Communications, Publisher at Netspective Media and serial entrepreneur. • Angel investor, board member, in several digital health and Internet startups. • 25 years of software engineering and multi-site healthcare system deployment experience in Fortune 50 and public sector (Fed 100 winner). • 15 years of healthcare IT and medical devices experience (blog at http://healthcareguy.com) • 15 years of technology management experience (government, non-profit, commercial) Engineer, strategist, entrepreneur, investor, author, and journalist
  3. 3 www.netspective.com There will be no disruption of the healthcare

    “industry”. But small portions can be impacted. Positively.
  4. @ShahidNShah 4 www.netspective.com Why is disruption in healthcare so hard?

    This is $1 Trillion and the Healthcare Market is three times this size This is $1 Billion
  5. “What's not going to change in the next 10 years?”

    Jeff Bezos
  6. What's not going to change in healthcare? Do no harm,

    safety first, and reliability effect on standard of care Statutory cruft & regulatory burdens increase over time Government as dominant purchaser Outcomes based payments intermediation & pricing pressure Eminence & consensus driven decisions as collaboration increases Increased use of alternate sites of care
  7. @ShahidNShah 7 www.netspective.com Inflective vs. Reflexive Innovation “we need uberization

    of healthcare” “we need to disrupt healthcare” “how would elimination of co-pays increase utilization?” “how can improving provider affinity increase member satisfaction?” “we need to buy more digital health tools” “how can we pay non-clinicians to handle more patient-facing tasks?”
  8. 8 www.netspective.com http://www.stripes.com/va-nurse-practitioners-nationwide-no-longer-need-physician-supervision-1.445862

  9. 9 www.netspective.com Source: Optum “Member Centricity” vs. “Provider Affinity” for

    consumer engagement Which one is driving demand for innovation versus responding to existing supply? Each member population requires different engagement techniques at various times. But is engagement with plan more important than intermediated engagement with provider? Picking the wrong channel creates confusion and reduces engagement. But, how important is all this compared to provider affinity associated with choices members make?
  10. @ShahidNShah 10 www.netspective.com What’s an innovators job? Solution Miner? Installer?

    Integrator? Enabler? Optimizer? ?
  11. An innovator’s primary job is to define desired outcomes tied

    to inflection points Focus on your “needs” not vendor or supplier “solutions”
  12. “If I had an hour to solve a problem, I’d

    spend 55 minutes thinking about the problem and 5 minutes thinking about solutions.” “Stay away from negative people. They have a problem for every solution.” Albert Einstein
  13. Shahid’s “how to be an inflective innovator” formula IL =

    SQ Kc + Spj + C2 + (a)Ti 2 + Rpfu + Ewo
  14. How leaders can use the formula to influence demand though

    inflective innovation IL → Inflective innovation leadership score = (target a large number greater than 1) • Kc → inquisitive knowledge of outcomes led by curiosity about why things are the way they are + • Spj → visionary outcomes strategy informed by problems to be solved and jobs to be done + • C2 → communication & coordination of desired and expected outcomes + • (a)Ti 2 → application of actionable transformative technology fully integrated into complex workflows + • Rpfu → understanding performance, financial, and utilization risk (shared, one-sided, two-sided) • Ewo → execution through workforce optimization • SQ → status quo is a constant, the size of which depends upon your organization. It means do no harm, focus on patient safety, reliability, intermediation, & maintain eminence and consensus based decision making IL = SQ Kc + Spj + C2 + (a)Ti 2 + Rpfu + Ewo
  15. @ShahidNShah 15 www.netspective.com Innovators define desired outcomes Understand management objectives

    based on desired outcomes Consider using Objectives and Key Results (OKRs) framework for defining outcomes Understand problems to be solved (PTBSs) For each PTBS, understand Jobs to be Done (JTBDs) and journey mapping (JM) Figure out how to model the PTBSs and JTBDs in simple spreadsheets or real simulations Eliminate as many JTBDs as possible through policy or process redesign For JTBDs remaining which cannot be removed (regulatory, statutory, business model, etc.) list remaining PTBSs Find or create solutions, based on remaining PTBSs, JTBDs, and JMs Test your hypotheses against the models and simulations and keep what’s evidence driven These are your “stated needs” (which you’ll use to influence demand)
  16. @ShahidNShah 16 www.netspective.com Health Behaviors Clinical Care Social & Economic

    Factors Physical Environment 30% 20% 40% 10% Access to Care Quality of Care Education Employment Income Family/Social Support Community Safety Air & Water Quality Housing & Transit Source: RWJF/UWPHI. Genetics Diet & Exercise Tobacco Use Alcohol & Drug Use Sexual Activity Sleep Inflective innovation outcomes drivers
  17. @ShahidNShah 17 www.netspective.com Vector 2: Evidence-Based Decisions Vector 3: B2C

    Health Improvement Programs Vector 1: Next Generation Primary Care Self-tracking/testing: Wearables/Hardware Personalized Medicine/Genomics Health Information Care Navigation Disease Management Peer Networks Health Coaching Decision-Making Tools Care Access Remote Patient Monitoring Patient Engagement Health Behaviors 30% Wellness Programs Source: RWJF/UWPHI. Genetics Diet & Exercise Tobacco Use Alcohol & Drug Use Sexual Activity Sleep Family support & self- help patient groups Health behaviors inflection points
  18. @ShahidNShah 18 www.netspective.com Vector 5: Analytics and Clinical Decision Support

    Vector 2: Next Generation Primary Care Vector 3: Value-Based Care Vector 4: Operational Efficiency Vector 1: Disease-Specific Care Pathways Care Coordination Patient Engagement Big Data Personalized Medicine Medication Management Clinical Care 20% Access to Care Quality of Care Nanotechnology Source: RWJF/UWPHI. Knowledge Sharing Clinical care inflection points Practice Management, EMRs, Pharmacy Management Transparency Tech-enabled services Retail Clinics, DPC House Calls
  19. @ShahidNShah 19 www.netspective.com Advance Directives Programs/Services Next Gen Benefits Social

    Services Access/Management Vector 1: Equilibrating Healthcare Expense Vector 2: Community-Based Health Initiatives Vector 3: Aging & End-of-Life Programs Social & Economic Factors 40% Education Employment Income Family/Social Support Community Safety House Calls Hospice Programs Virtual Medicine Incentive Programs Wellness Programs Source: RWJF/UWPHI. Early ID and prevention programs Social & economic factors inflection points
  20. @ShahidNShah 20 www.netspective.com GPS-enabled sensors Physical Environment 10% Air &

    Water Quality Housing & Transit Vector 1: Targeted Monitoring and Rapid Response Vector 2: Community-Based Health Initiatives Vector 3: Affordable Living and Access Food , Housing, and Transportation Access Next Generation Public Transport Environmental Response Mechanisms Continuous Monitoring Source: RWJF/UWPHI. Built Environment Design Broadband connectivity Physical environment inflection points
  21. Who’s tackling the real challenges? Real innovators don’t speculate

  22. @ShahidNShah 22 www.netspective.com Some existential challenges How can we understand

    real costs for more modern life tables? How do we increase transparency of costs across the supply chain? How do we combat information asymmetry? How can we be accountable for long-term care when beneficiaries move freely between insurers? How do we take long term risks in a low interest rates environment which has reduced investment income?
  23. @ShahidNShah 23 www.netspective.com Some intermediation challenges How can patients become

    strategic partners in their own well being? How do we encourage members to take more responsibility for care without increasing out of pocket expenses? How can we empower employers to engage more with their employees’ health? How do we empower providers without getting in the way of care? How do we increase collaboration across narrow networks and treat providers as partners not suppliers?
  24. @ShahidNShah 24 www.netspective.com Some performance challenges How do we use

    behavioral economics to increase affinity with care providers? How do we define performance outcomes in value driven care contracts? How do we manage pharmacy costs without global negotiated rates? How do we catch fraud, waste, and abuse in real-time vs. retrospectively? How do we get more participants in the health ecosystem to take on more risk?
  25. @ShahidNShah 25 www.netspective.com Life tables aren’t granular enough

  26. 26 www.netspective.com Intermediation continues to grow Payers, employers, public sector

    not incentivized to change long term behaviors (new incoming administration indicates decentralization from Federal to State, potentially impacting incentives)
  27. 27 www.netspective.com Intermediation continues to grow Intermediation is growing, not

    shrinking, and continues inefficient marketplaces between beneficiaries and funders (incoming administration wants more power in hands of doctors/patients and less with government)
  28. 28 www.netspective.com http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2594716 No one funding entity or insurer has

    beneficiary long enough to be accountable for long-term care
  29. Is inflective innovation possible? Why innovation at health insurers is

    harder than it looks
  30. @ShahidNShah 31 www.netspective.com ACA inflection points What’s easy to talk

    about That the repeal of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) will be disruptive Why it’s hard to deliver Adapting to the ACA’s healthcare reform agenda (which is not likely to change) while continuing to focus on internal priorities of demand generation and cost containment
  31. @ShahidNShah 32 www.netspective.com Member growth inflection points What’s easy to

    talk about ACA repeal or replacement is going to affect new patients entrants into the insurance market Why it’s hard to deliver Attracting the right kinds of ‘profitable’ patients in a rapidly changing and complex market will be difficult; when cost is more transparent and easier to compare, smarter buyers will force changes faster than payers can accommodate
  32. @ShahidNShah 33 www.netspective.com Product inflection points What’s easy to talk

    about Aging populations and demographic changes are expanding the insurance market Why it’s hard to deliver It’s unclear where money for the new entrants in the market will come from so new products need to be created more rapidly and with more market data than ever before
  33. @ShahidNShah 34 www.netspective.com Cost reduction inflection points What’s easy to

    talk about Cost containment is necessary Why it’s hard to deliver • Removing manual processes in favor of automation requires migration to cloud, focusing on integration, and providing more self-service applications • telemedicine, analytics, increased regulations, simplifying claims processing are all causing priority conflicts
  34. @ShahidNShah 35 www.netspective.com Provider collaboration inflection points What’s easy to

    talk about Increased provider communications and engagement is necessary Why it’s hard to deliver How to connect with providers that have more complex relationships with their health systems and are seeking alternative care models requires next generation thinking and technologies
  35. @ShahidNShah 36 www.netspective.com New payment models inflection points What’s easy

    to talk about • Need to participate in alternative and often value- based care models • Need to be more patient centric Why it’s hard to deliver • Most technology and processes are built around fee for service (FFS) delivery, providers are incented for various kinds of FFS and new ‘accountable tech’ is required for models such as ACOs • Patient-centricity is not easy to define or execute
  36. Inflective innovation opportunities Advice for consultants and service providers

  37. @ShahidNShah 38 www.netspective.com Digital strategy can achieve initiatives Subject areas

    source: Microstrategy (emphasis mine) Start Here Move here soon
  38. @ShahidNShah 39 www.netspective.com Opportunities in Data Comprehension What does it

    mean? How do I use it? •Must be continuously recomputed •Difficult today, easier tomorrow •Super-personalized •Prospective •Predictive Bio IT and Genomics Secondary Aggregation •Can be collected infrequently •Personalized •Prospective •Potentially predictive •Digital •Family history is easier Phenotypics Primary Data Collection •Continuously collected •Mostly Retrospective •Useful for population health •Part digital, mostly analog •Family History is hard Admin Data Collection •Business focused data •Retrospective •Built on fee for service models •Inward looking and not focused on clinical benefits Biosensors Social Interactions
  39. @ShahidNShah 40 www.netspective.com Opportunities in Accountable Tech Cost per patient

    per procedure / treatment going up but without ability to explain why Cost for same procedure / treatment plan highly variable across localities Unable to compare drug efficacy across patient populations Unable to compare health treatment effectiveness across patients Variability in fees and treatments promotes fraud Lack of visibility of entire patient record causes medical errors
  40. @ShahidNShah 41 www.netspective.com Opportunities in new approaches to care General

    Wellness Specific Prevention Self Service Physiologics Self Service Monitoring Self Service Diagnostics Care Team Monitoring Care Team Diagnostics Healthcare Professional Monitoring Healthcare Professional Diagnostics Hospital Monitoring Hospital Diagnostics
  41. 42 @ShahidNShah @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com Intermediation continues to grow Innovation is

    determined by intermediation … what statutory or regulatory modifications will really drive changes?
  42. @ShahidNShah @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com 43 How will the ecosystem pay for

    an innovation? Direct Payment • Your best option • Very few truly disruptive technologies can be directly paid for by patients or providers within the USA • Limited adoption of ‘traditional’ pay for service reimbursement for next generation technology Direct Reimbursement • Second best option • Improvements in technology are outpacing payer adoption • Reimbursement will come but its time consuming and difficult Indirect Reimbursement • Emerging option • Payer requirements for improved quality and efficiency are creating indirect incentives to adopt innovative solutions • Solutions targeting new value-based reimbursement incentives are highly useful to medical providers
  43. @ShahidNShah 44 @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com Where does your innovation fit? Therapies

    Therapeutic Tools Diagnostic Tools Patient Administration Patient Education Target the right market so you understand the regulatory impacts Most Regulation Least Regulation Be aware of regulations, don’t fear them, don’t speculate about them, use them as a competitive advantage Proteomics Genomics Biochemical Behavioral Phenotypics Admin Economics Data types
  44. @ShahidNShah 45 @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com What kinds of users are you

    targeting? Go narrow and deep not wide and shallow • Obesity Management • Wellness Management • Assessment – HRA • Stratification • Dietary • Physical Activity • Physician Coordination • Social Network • Behavior Modification • Education • Health Promotions • Healthy Lifestyle Choices • Health Risk Assessment • Diabetes • COPD • CHF • Stratification & Enrollment • Disease Management • Care Coordination • MD Pay-for-Performance • Patient Coaching • Physicians Office • Hospital • Other sites • Pharmacology • Catastrophic Case Management • Utilization Management • Care Coordination • Co-morbidities Prevention – less regulated Management – more regulated 26% of Population 4% of Costs 35% of Population 22% of Costs 35% of Population 37% of Costs 4% of Population 36% of Costs
  45. @ShahidNShah 46 @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com What problem will you be solving?

    Improve medical science? Improve access to care? Reduce costs? Improve therapies? Improve diagnostics? Improve drug design? Improve drug delivery? Create better payment models? Focus on jobs that always need to be done, not what you want to build
  46. @ShahidNShah 47 @HealthcareGuys www.netspective.com How to identify the best opportunities

    Circumstance • The specific problems a customer cares about • The way they assess solutions Context • Find a way to be with the customer when they encounter a problem and • Watch how they try to solve it Constraints • Develop an innovative means around a barrier constraining consumption Compensating behaviors • Determining whether a job is important enough to consider targeting • One clear sign is a customer spending money trying to solve a problem Criteria • Customers look at jobs through functional, emotional, and social lenses From “Jobs to be Done” to the “Five Cs of Opportunity Identification” Source: http://blogs.hbr.org/anthony/2012/10/the_five_cs_of_opportunity_identi.html
  47. Thank You Visit http://www.netspective.com http://www.healthcareguy.com E-mail shahid.shah@netspective.com Follow @ShahidNShah @HealthcareGuys

    @Netspective Call 202-713-5409
  48. @ShahidNShah 53 www.netspective.com Introduction to OKR, PTBSs & JTBDs

  49. @ShahidNShah 54 www.netspective.com What insurers care about (PTBSs) • Innovation

  50. @ShahidNShah 55 www.netspective.com How they’re related (JTBDs) • Provider affinity

    • Payer / Provider collaboration • Physician / Provider engagement