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Visualizing Diversity of the City

Visualizing Diversity of the City

Is DIVERSITY necessary for human society?
My challenge is to numerize and visualize the DIVERSITY of the city.
I presented this story at KOBE × BARCELONA WORLD DATA VIZ CHALLENGE 2016 (http://kobe-barcelona.net/index_en.html).

Sayoko Shimoyama

June 16, 2016
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  1. Sayoko
    Shimoyama
    and
    Mika
    Nishimura
    VISUALIZING
    DIVERSITY
    OF THE CITY

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  2. DIVERSITY!
    ଟ༷ੑ!
    DIVERSIDAD

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  3. ¡  Variety and Variability of life on Earth
    DEFINITION OF “DIVERSITY ” IN
    BIOLOGY

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  4. ¡  Keep ecosystem
    IMPORTANCE OF THE DIVERSITY

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  5. ¡  resistant to invasion, deseases and environmental changes
    IMPORTANCE OF THE DIVERSITY

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  6. Is DIVERSITY
    Necessary for
    Human Society?

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  7. 1.  Visualize and Numerize the DIVERSITY of the
    City"
    §  Using a biological formula to culculate “DIVERSITY
    INDEX”."
    §  Statistics relate to human nature used to resemble the
    species.

    (e.g. nationality, industry types)

    "
    2.  Verify the Effect of Diversity on the City"
    §  Compare with the trends of economic indicators of
    the city. (T.B.D.)
    CHALLENGE

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  8. ¡ I’ll use the informations of races and occupations
    for visualizing DIVERSITY."
    ¡ But I’m not a racist."
    ¡ I don’t intend to determine the superiority or
    inferiority.
    ATTENTION

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  9. ¡ Simpson’s Diversity Index"
    § One of the most used index in Biological research"
    § It measures the probability that two individuals randomly
    selected from a sample will belong to the same species.
    METHOD
    n = the total number of organisms of a particular species
    N = the total number of organisms of all species

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  10. 0ɹɹɹɹ≤ɹɹɹ1-λɹɹɹ≤ɹɹɹɹ1
    FEATURES OF 

    THE SIMPSON’S DIVERSITY INDEX
    DIVERSITY
    High
    Low
    A
    B C
    D
    E
    AB
    C
    D
    E
    A community dominated
    by one or two species is
    considered to be less
    diverse than one in
    which several different
    species have a similar
    abundance.

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  11. SUBJECT OF INVESTIGATION
    CITY! POPULATION! AREA (km2)!
    Barcelona" 1,604,555" 101.4 "
    Kobe" 1,537,418" 557.02"
    Yokohama" 3,725,185" 437.49"

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  12. YOKOHAMA
    Yokohama Station
    under construction fron 1915 "
    called “Sagrada Família
    of Japan”"

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  13. ᶃ 

    POPULATION
    OF THE
    PEOPLE"
    FROM
    FOREIGN
    COUNTRIES

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  14. Population of...

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  15. POPULATION OF BARCELONA
    COUNTRY! POPULATION!
    Spain" 1,371,436"
    Italy" 25,707"
    Pakistan" 19,414"
    China" 17,487"
    France" 13,281"
    Morocco" 12,601"
    Bolivia" 9,946"
    Ecuador" 8,647"
    Philippines" 8,491"
    Peru" 8,486"
    0.296
    DIVERSITY"
    INDEX

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  16. POPULATION OF KOBE
    COUNTRY! POPULATION!
    Japan" 1,498,991"
    Korean" 20,429"
    China" 14,285"
    Vietnam" 1,449"
    U.S.A." 1,305"
    India" 1,071"
    Philippines" 1,045"
    Brazil" 558"
    U.K." 372"
    Thailand" 307"
    0.056
    DIVERSITY"
    INDEX

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  17. POPULATION OF YOKOHAMA
    COUNTRY! POPULATION!
    Japan" 3,648,675"
    China" 34,433"
    Korean" 13,615"
    Philippines" 7,021"
    Vietnam" 4,204"
    Taiwan" 2,465"
    Nepal" 2,458"
    Brazil" 2,399"
    U.S.A." 2,307"
    India" 1,984"
    0.044
    DIVERSITY"
    INDEX

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  18. ¡  Barcelona has the highest diversity!
    ¡  Diversity in KOBE is higher than YOKOHAMA"
    ¡  Need to compare with more cities!
    DIVERSITY IN NATIONALITY
    BARCELONA: 0.296 KOBE: 0.056 YOKOHAMA: 0.044

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  19. ᶄ 

    WORKERS BY 

    INDUSTRIAL CATEGORY

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  20. WORKERS BY INDUSTRIAL
    CATEGORY IN KOBE
    CATEGORY! POPULATION!
    General eateries" 49,025"
    Public health" 43,662"
    Food and beverage
    retailing" 42,300"
    Other business services
    industry" 38,412"
    Social insurance, social
    welfare and nursing care
    business" 32,806"
    Other retailers" 30,111"
    School Education" 26,349"
    Entertainment eateries" 20,357"
    Road freight
    transportation industry" 18,514"
    Local public service" 17,459"
    0.971
    DIVERSITY"
    INDEX

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  21. WORKERS BY INDUSTRIAL
    CATEGORY IN YOKOHAMA
    CATEGORY! POPULATION!
    restaurant" 13,892"
    Real estate leasing
    and management
    industry" 8,509"
    Other retailers" 7,983"
    Laundry, barber,
    beauty and bath
    services" 7,493"
    Food and beverage
    retailing" 6,919"
    Public health" 6,325"
    Job by Contractors" 4,458"
    General Contractors" 4,033"
    Equipment
    Contractors" 3,856"
    Other education,
    learning support" 3,734"
    0.958
    DIVERSITY"
    INDEX

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  22. ¡ Classification method is different among the
    countries"
    ¡ Need to make a correspondence table
    ISSUE: CATEGORY MATCHING
    ←Japan
    ↓Barcelona

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  23. 2.  Survey more Data"
    § need to use more parameter for DIVERSITY INDEX

    of the City

    "
    3.  Verify the Effect of Diversity on the City"
    § Compare with the trends of economic indicators of the city.
    (T.B.D.)"
    NEXT CHALLENGE

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  24. all are different, and all are good

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  25. ¡  Barcelona
    §  Estudis de la realitat migratòria

    http://www.bcn.cat/estadistica/angles/dades/inf/pobest/pobest15/part1/t13.htm"
    §  Edat per grans grups d'edat de la població

    http://cloudbcnodata.cloudapp.net/DataBrowser/Data/OPENDATATPOBCP082015"
    ¡  Kobe
    §  ਆށͷ౷ܭ- ຖ݄ਪܭਓޱ

    http://www.city.kobe.lg.jp/information/data/statistics/toukei/jinkou/suikeijinkou.html"
    §  ࢀߟࢿྉ- ਆށࢢ

    www.city.kobe.lg.jp/information/project/taikousannkousiryou.pdf"
    §  ࣄۀॴɾاۀ౷ܭௐࠪ

    http://www.city.kobe.lg.jp/information/data/statistics/toukei/jigyousho/index.html"
    ¡  Yokohama"
    §  ԣ඿ࢢ۠ผ֎ࠃਓਓޱʢฏ੒28೥5݄຤ݱࡏʣ

    http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/ex/stat/jinko/non-jp/new-j.html"
    §  ԣ඿ࢢ౷ܭϙʔλϧαΠτ-ਓޱχϡʔε

    http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/ex/stat/jinko/news-j.html"
    §  ฏ੒21೥ܦࡁηϯαεʵجૅௐࠪ

    http://www.city.yokohama.lg.jp/ex/stat/census/kecen0907/
    REFERENCE

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