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Spring Cloud Gateway: Resilience and Security

Spring Cloud Gateway: Resilience and Security

Do you want to use a microservices architecture? Are you looking for a solution to manage access to single services from clients? How can you ensure resilience and security for your entire system? Spring Cloud Gateway is a project based on Reactor, Spring WebFlux, and Spring Boot which provides an effective way to route traffic to your APIs and address cross-cutting concerns.

In this session, I'll show you how to configure an API gateway to route traffic to your microservices architecture and implement solutions to improve the resilience of your system with patterns like circuit breakers, retries, fallbacks, and rate limiters using Spring Cloud Circuit Breaker and Resilience4J. Since the gateway is the entry point of your system, it’s also an excellent candidate to implement security concerns like user authentication. I'll show you how to do that with Spring Security, OAuth2 and OpenID Connect, relying on Spring Redis Reactive to manage sessions.

Thomas Vitale

June 11, 2021

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  1. Thomas Vitale • Senior Software Engineer at Systematic, Denmark. •

    Spring, Cloud Native, DevOps, Kubernetes, Application Security. • Author of “Cloud Native Spring in Action” (Manning). About Me
  2. Scenarios Di ff erent clients need di ff erent APIs

    Cross-cutting concerns in distributed systems Uni fi ed interface for microservices Strangling the monolith thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas
  3. The Library System Book Service [Container: Spring Boot] Provides functionality

    for managing the library books. Book Database [Container: PostgreSQL] Stores book information. Reads from and writes to [JDBC] Library [Software System] Uses [REST/HTTP] Edge Service [Container: Spring Boot] Provides API gateway and cross-cutting concerns. User [Person] A user of the Library application. Uses Single-Page Application [Container: Angular] Provides the Library functionality to users. Session Store [Container: Redis] Stores web session information. Reads from and writes to [RESP] Delivers to the user's web browser Uses Loan Service [Container: Spring Boot] Provides functionality for book loans. Uses [REST/HTTP] Account Service [Container: Spring Boot] Provides functionality for managing accounts. Uses [REST/HTTP]
  4. Thread-per-request thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas Thread Pool Intensive Operation Thread 1 Thread

    2 Thread 3 Request Request Request Blocking, wait for result One thread per request
  5. Event Loop thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas Intensive Operation Non-Blocking, non waiting for

    result Just a few threads, processing multiple requests Event Loop Event Queue Request/Response schedule event register callback operation complete trigger callback
  6. The Architecture thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas Client Predicates HandlerMapping Pre-Filters WebHandler Global

    Filters Post-Filters Downstream Service Spring Cloud Gateway Request Response
  7. Retry thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas Book Route Retry Book Controller Edge Service

    Book Service t t t 1. Send HTTP request 2. Receive HTTP 503 error 3. Retry HTTP request 4. Receive HTTP 503 error 5. Retry HTTP request 6. Receive successfull HTTP response after second retry attempt
  8. Circuit Breaker thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas CLOSED HALF_OPEN OPEN Trip breaker when

    failure rate above threshold Attempt reset after wait duration Trip breaker after failure rate above threshold Reset breaker when failure rate below threshold
  9. Time Limiter and Fallback thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas Book Route Time Limiter

    Fallback Time Limiter Book Controller Edge Service Book Service t t t t 1. Send HTTP request 2a. Receive successfull HTTP response within the time limit 2b. Throw exception when timeout expires and no fallback defined 2c. Return fallback when defined and timeout expires
  10. 2 OAuth2 Client 3 OAuth2 Resource Server 1 Session Management

    Security thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas
  11. With Spring Boot and Kubernetes • 35% discount code, valid

    for all products in all format • ctwgotoaar21 • manning.com Cloud Native Spring in Action www.thomasvitale.com @vitalethomas