Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

Monitoring LMXBs with the Faulkes Telescopes

Monitoring LMXBs with the Faulkes Telescopes

Fraser Lewis
LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky, Amsterdam, December 2008

Ab44292d7d6f032baf342a98230a6654?s=128

transientskp

June 18, 2012
Tweet

Transcript

  1. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 1

    Monitoring LMXBs with the Faulkes Telescopes Fraser Lewis LCOGT, The Open University Also to blame (a bit) ….. Dave Russell (Amsterdam) Rob Fender (Southampton) Paul Roche (LCOGT/Cardiff) Simon Clark (Open University)
  2. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 2

    About Me Based at Faulkes Telescope Project (part of LCOGT), Cardiff University Registered PhD student with The Open University thesis title …. ‘Temporal Fluctuations in Accretion Around X-Ray Binaries’
  3. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 3

    The Sites
  4. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 4

    FT North – Haleakala, Maui
  5. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 5

    The Planned LCOGT Network Multiple sites offer 24 hour coverage and redundancy
  6. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 6

    Filters / Cameras • u’g’r’i’z’y’ • BVR • Ha, Hß, O III • Seeing ~ 0.75” – 2” • 4.6’ x 4.6’ FOV • 2048 x 2048 pixels in 2 x 2 binning
  7. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 7

    X-ray Binaries Luminous X-ray sources where material flows onto a compact object (NS or BH) LX ~ 1034-38 erg/s Persistent, transient and periodic behaviour Indicative of blackbody temperature ~ 10 million K Around 300 known sources in our Galaxy
  8. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 8

    GRS1915+105 Mirabel et al, 1998
  9. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 9

    Example SED Markoff et al., 2001
  10. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 10

    Low-mass X-ray Binaries (LMXBs) Donor usually main sequence star Accretion by Roche lobe overflow Long-lived (~107 – 109 years) System’s luminosity usually dominated by disc Usually found in globular clusters and Galactic bulge
  11. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 11

    Aims of the Project To identify and monitor transient outbursts in LMXBs - LMXBs can brighten in the optical / near IR up to a month before X-ray detection To study their variability in quiescence (cf. X-rays) (constraints on duty cycles)
  12. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 12

    LMXB Monitoring 30 sources split between North & South (NS & BH) Monitored once per week in V, R, i’ since 2006 Cadence increased after ATel or interesting activity (ASM only detects > 1035 erg s-1) Future move towards z and y filters (IR), more telescopes, spectroscopy
  13. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 13

    XTE J1118+480
  14. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 14

    GX339-4 See ATel 1586, Russell et al., 2008
  15. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 15

    Aquila X-1 (long-term) See ATel 1218, Maitra et al., 2007
  16. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 16

    4 Types of Behaviour
  17. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 17

    Other Work Also building datasets on • HMXBs (e.g. Cyg X-1, SS433, V0332) • SFXTs However these systems more dominated by donor star, so disc/jet behaviour harder to identify
  18. 6 January 2009 LOFAR and the Transient Radio Sky 18

    Summary Currently monitoring 30 LMXBs with two 2-metre telescopes (1 paper submitted, 6 in prep.) More telescopes and instrumentation coming online (near IR, spectrographs) Monitoring of systems to become closer to ‘real-time’ faulkes-telescope.com www.lcogt.net