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Bloc Tech Talk: Principles of Good Design by Sanny Lin

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November 03, 2016

Bloc Tech Talk: Principles of Good Design by Sanny Lin

Bloc's Designer Sanny Lin tells us all about the principles of good design using helpful examples.

http://code.bloc.io/bloc-tech-talk-principles-of-good-design-by-sanny-lin/

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November 03, 2016
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Transcript

  1. Principles of good design A heuristic evaluation of Bloc Sanny

    sanny@bloc.io @sannylin
  2. Goals for today 1. Introduce a framework for talking about

    and evaluating UI design 2. Apply those skills to our work (the Bloc app!)
  3. History of Digital Design 1900s - Machines/Taylorism, WWII Human factors/ergonomics

    1940s - Toyota production system, Andon Cord 1970s - Cognitive Science, Xerox PARC, CHI Job titles: Human factors researcher, Information architect, Industrial Designer, Usability engineer...
  4. History of Digital Design 1900s - Machines/Taylorism, WWII Human factors/ergonomics

    1940s - Toyota production system, Andon Cord 1970s - Cognitive Science, Xerox PARC, CHI CHI → HCI 1990s - Personal computing, Don Norman @ Apple, The Web 2000s - Mobile User experience designer, Interaction designer, User researcher...
  5. “I invented the term [User Experience] because I thought Human

    Interface and usability were too narrow: I wanted to cover all aspects of the person’s experience with a system, including industrial design, graphics, the interface, the physical interaction, and the manual.”
  6. None
  7. 10 Usability Heuristics for User Interface Design Jakob Nielsen, 1995,

    https://www.nngroup.com/articles/ten-usability-heuristics/ 1. Visibility of system status 2. Match between system and the real world 3. User control and freedom 4. Consistency and standards 5. Error prevention 6. Recognition rather than recall 7. Flexibility and efficiency of use 8. Aesthetic and minimalist design 9. Help users recognize, diagnose, and recover from errors 10. Help and documentation
  8. 1. Visibility of system status — “I know what’s going

    on” The system should always keep users informed about what is going on, through appropriate feedback within reasonable time.
  9. Bloc Fail

  10. Bloc Win

  11. 2. Match between system and the real world — “I

    know what you’re talking about” The system should speak the users' language, with words, phrases and concepts familiar to the user, rather than system-oriented terms. Follow real-world conventions, making information appear in a natural and logical order.
  12. Bloc Fail "Hi Bloc folks, I’m not sure what this

    means? Shouldn’t Earnest have paid you the full 5K up front?"
  13. 3. User control and freedom — “Oops, let me outta

    here” Users often choose system functions by mistake and will need a clearly marked "emergency exit" to leave the unwanted state without having to go through an extended dialogue. Support undo and redo.
  14. Bloc Fail/Win

  15. 4. Consistency and standards — “Seems familiar, makes sense” Users

    should not have to wonder whether different words, situations, or actions mean the same thing. Follow platform conventions.
  16. Bloc Fail

  17. Bloc Fail

  18. 5. Error Prevention — ”Glad I didn’t do that!” Even

    better than good error messages is a careful design which prevents a problem from occurring in the first place. Either eliminate error-prone conditions or check for them and present users with a confirmation option before they commit to the action.
  19. Bloc Fail/Win

  20. 6. Recognition rather than recall — “I know what I

    need to do here” Minimize the user's memory load by making objects, actions, and options visible. The user should not have to remember information from one part of the dialogue to another. Instructions for use of the system should be visible or easily retrievable whenever appropriate.
  21. Bloc Win

  22. 7. Flexibility and efficiency of use — “Allow me to

    do more or less” Accelerators -- unseen by the novice user -- may often speed up the interaction for the expert user such that the system can cater to both inexperienced and experienced users. Allow users to tailor frequent actions.
  23. Bloc Fail/Win

  24. 8. Aesthetic and minimalist design — “Looks good, works beautifully.”

    Dialogues should not contain information which is irrelevant or rarely needed. Every extra unit of information in a dialogue competes with the relevant units of information and diminishes their relative visibility.
  25. Bloc Fail

  26. 9. Help users recognize, diagnose, and recover from errors “I

    know what went wrong, I can fix it.” Error messages should be expressed in plain language (no codes), precisely indicate the problem, and constructively suggest a solution.
  27. Bloc Fail

  28. 10. Help and documentation — “Okay, I need help” Even

    though it is better if the system can be used without documentation, it may be necessary to provide help and documentation. Any such information should be easy to search, focused on the user's task, list concrete steps to be carried out, and not be too large.
  29. Bloc Fail/Win

  30. What would you change in your Top 10? 1. Visibility

    of system status 2. Match between system and the real world 3. User control and freedom 4. Consistency and standards 5. Error prevention 6. Recognition rather than recall 7. Flexibility and efficiency of use 8. Aesthetic and minimalist design 9. Help users recognize, diagnose, and recover from errors 10. Help and documentation
  31. For our students… HOMEWORK! Conduct a heuristic analysis of one

    of your own projects or your favorite app.
  32. More lists Dieter Rams: https://www.vitsoe.com/us/about/good-design Bruce Tognazzini: http://asktog.com/atc/principles-of-interaction-design/ The only

    UX book you need to read https://smile.amazon.com/Dont-Make-Me-Think-Usability/ Graphic design for engineers https://smile.amazon.com/Design-Hackers-Reverse-Engineering-Beauty