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質とスピード(2022春版、質疑応答用資料付き) / Quality and Speed 2022 Spring Edition

質とスピード(2022春版、質疑応答用資料付き) / Quality and Speed 2022 Spring Edition

質とスピード(2022春版、質疑応答用資料付き)

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Takuto Wada
PRO

May 09, 2022
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  1. ࣭ͱεϐʔυ ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB ʙιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃͷయܕతͳޡղΛղ͘ʙ .BZ  ʢय़൛ʣ rev.2

  2. t-wada t_wada twada 📷🙆 📹🙅 🙆 ࣗݾ঺հ

  3. ٕज़ॻͷग़൛ʹؔΘ͍ͬͯ·͢

  4. ΑΖ͓͘͠ئ͍͠·͢ illustrated by @mty_mno

  5. ༩͑ΒΕͨ࣌ؒʹରͯ͠΍Δ΂͖͜ͱ͕ଟ͗͢Δ৔߹ɺͲ͏͢΂͖͔  B είʔϓΛ࡟Δ C ΋ͬͱਓΛ૿΍͢ D ϦϦʔε೔ΛԆظ͢Δ E ඼࣭Λ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Δ

    👉 ʰΞδϟΠϧαϜϥΠʱQ ߥͿΔ࢛ఱԦ͕͋ΒΘΕͨʂ
  6. w୹ظతʹ͸ಘΒΕΔ  wதظతʹ͸ٯޮՌʹͳΓͦ͏ w௕ظతʹ͸க໋ইʹͳΔ Ծઆ඼࣭Λ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Ε͹εϐʔυ͸ಘΒΕΔʁ

  7. ͜͜Ͱ͍͏ʮ඼࣭ʯͱ͸ʁ ʮ୹ظతதظతʯͷڥ໨͸ʁ ͭͷٙ໰

  8. ͜͜Ͱ͍͏ʮ඼࣭ʯͱ͸ʁ ʮ୹ظతதظతʯͷڥ໨͸ʁ ·ͣ͸ͪ͜Βͷ໰͍͔ΒΞϓϩʔν

  9. l඼࣭ͱ͸୭͔ʹͱͬ ͯͷՁ஋Ͱ͋Δz (FSBME8FJOCFSH IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ9 ϫΠϯόʔάࢣʹΑΔڀۃͷ౴͑

  10. Accessibility Adaptability Administrability Analyzability Auditability Availability Calibrability Changeability Compatibility Configurability

    Exploitability Extensibility Flexibility Functionality Installability Integrability Internationalizab ility Interoperability Learnability Maintainability Marketability Maturity Modifiability Operability Personalizability Portability Recoverability Reliability Replaceability Reusability Scalability Security Sensitivity Stability Suitability Supportability Testability Traceability Transactionality Understandability Upgradeability Usability ... and lots more! JMJUJFTΛฒ΂Δͱͨ͘͞Μ͋Γ͗͢Δʂ
  11. ϞσϦϯά ༷ʑͳࢹ఺Λ੾Γޱʹͯ͠ ෳࡶͰ޿ൣͳੈքΛ ཱମతʹཧղ͢ΔࢼΈ

  12. IUUQTXXXKVTFPSKQEFQBSUNFOUBMQPJOUIUNM ङ໺Ϟσϧ

  13. 42VB3&඼࣭Ϟσϧར༻࣌ͷ඼࣭ͱ੡඼඼࣭ IUUQTXXXJQBHPKQTFDSFQPSUT@IUNM

  14. 42VB3&඼࣭Ϟσϧར༻࣌ͷ඼࣭ͷ඼࣭ಛੑͱ඼࣭෭ಛੑ IUUQTXXXJQBHPKQTFDSFQPSUT@IUNM

  15. 42VB3&඼࣭Ϟσϧ੡඼඼࣭ͷ඼࣭ಛੑͱ඼࣭෭ಛੑ IUUQTXXXJQBHPKQTFDSFQPSUT@IUNM

  16. External Quality: Correctness, Usability, Efficiency, Reliability, Integrity, Adaptability, Accuracy, ...

    Internal Quality: Maintainability, Flexibility, Portability, Re-usability, Readability, Testability, Understandability, ... ੡඼඼࣭֎෦඼࣭ͱ಺෦඼࣭
  17. ιϑτ΢ΣΞͷ඼࣭Λ֎෦ࢦඪͰಛ௃͚ͮΔਓ͸ଟ͍ɻਖ਼͍͜͠ͱΛ͢ Δɺόά͕ͳ͍ɺ଎͍ɺͳͲͩɻ͕ͩɺͦΕΒ͸ΑΓਂ͍ݪҼͷ঱ঢ়ʹ ͗͢ͳ͍ɻ ຊॻͰઆ໌͢Διϑτ΢ΣΞͷ඼࣭͸಺෦඼࣭Ͱ͋Δɻ಺෦඼࣭Λ࡞Γ ࠐΜͩ݁Ռͱͯ͠ɺ֎෦඼࣭ͱͯ͠ఆٛ͞ΕΔಛੑͷ࣮ݱʹۙͮ͘͜ͱ ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ಺෦඼࣭͸݁ՌͰ͸ͳ͘ݪҼͰ͋Γɺྑ͍ιϑτ΢ΣΞ͕උ ͍͑ͯΔ΂͖΋ͷͩɻ ʰϨΨγʔίʔυ͔Βͷ୤٫ʱQ ಺෦඼࣭͸݁ՌͰ͸ͳ͘ݪҼ

  18. External Quality: Correctness, Usability, Efficiency, Reliability, Integrity, Adaptability, Accuracy, ...

    Internal Quality: Maintainability, Flexibility, Portability, Re-usability, Readability, Testability, Understandability, ... ٘ਜ਼ʹ͞ΕΔͷ͸಺෦඼࣭ʢ*OUFSOBM2VBMJUZʣ ಺෦඼࣭ͷडӹऀඃ֐ऀ͸։ൃνʔϜࣗ਎ɻࣗ෼ͨͪ ͕٘ਜ਼ʹͳΔ͜ͱͰɺௐ੔ίετ͕௿͍಺෦඼࣭ͷํ Λ࡟Δͱ͍͏൑அΛ͕ͪ͠ͳͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔
  19. ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB ࣭ͱεϐʔυ ʙιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃͷయܕతͳޡղΛղ͘ʙ

  20. ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB ಺෦඼࣭ͱεϐʔυ ʙιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃͷయܕతͳޡղΛղ͘ʙ

  21. Ͱ͸ͲͷΑ͏ͳ ɹ಺෦඼࣭Λ ٘ਜ਼ʹ๋͛ͨͷ͔

  22. External Quality: Correctness, Usability, Efficiency, Reliability, Integrity, Adaptability, Accuracy, ...

    Internal Quality: Maintainability, Flexibility, Portability, Re-usability, Readability, Testability, Understandability, ... อकੑʢ.BJOUBJOBCJMJUZʣ
  23. อकੑͱͦͷ඼࣭෭ಛੑ IUUQTXXXJQBHPKQTFDSFQPSUT@IUNM

  24. wϞδϡʔϧੑ w࠶ར༻ੑ wղੳੑ㲈ཧղ༰қੑ wमਖ਼ੑ㲈มߋ༰қੑ wࢼݧੑ㲈ςετ༰қੑ .BJOUBJOBCJMJUZʢอकੑʣΛߏ੒͢Δ΋ͷ

  25. ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB ಺෦඼࣭ͱεϐʔυ ʙιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃͷయܕతͳޡղΛղ͘ʙ

  26. ࿨ా୎ਓ !U@XBEB อकੑͱεϐʔυ ʙιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃͷయܕతͳޡղΛղ͘ʙ

  27. อकੑΛ ٘ਜ਼ʹ๋͛Δͱ Ͳ͏ͳΔ͔

  28. ʮ͋ͱͰΫϦʔϯʹ͢Ε͹͍͍Αɻઌʹࢢ৔ʹग़͞ͳ͚Ε͹ʂʯ ։ൃऀ͸ͦ͏΍͍ͬͯͭ΋͝·͔͢ɻ͕ͩɺ͋ͱͰΫϦʔϯʹ͢Δ͜ͱ͸ͳ ͍ɻࢢ৔͔ΒͷϓϨογϟʔ͸ࢭ·Βͳ͍͔Βͩɻʮઌʹࢢ৔ʹग़͞ͳ͚ Ε͹ʯͱ͍͏͜ͱ͸ɺޙΖʹڝ߹ଞ͕ࣾେ੎͍Δͱ͍͏͜ͱͰ͋Δɻڝ߹ ଞࣾʹ௥͍ൈ͔Εͳ͍ͨΊʹ͸ɺ͜Ε͔Β΋૸Γଓ͚Δ͔͠ͳ͍ɻ ͦͷ݁Ռɺ։ൃऀ͸ϞʔυΛ੾Γସ͑Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͳ͍ɻ࣍ͷػೳɺ·ͨ ࣍ͷػೳɺ·ͨ·ͨ࣍ͷػೳΛ௥Ճ͢Δ͜ͱʹͳΓɺίʔυΛΫϦʔϯʹ ͢Δ͜ͱ·Ͱख͕ճΒͳ͍ɻ ͦͯ͠ɺ่յ͕࢝·Δɻੜ࢈ੑ͕θϩʹ͍͍ۙͮͯ͘ɻ ʰ$MFBO"SDIJUFDUVSFʱQ

  29. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNOFLPZBTUBUVT

  30. IUUQTNBSUJOGPXMFSDPNBSUJDMFTJTRVBMJUZXPSUIDPTUIUNM อकੑͷ௿͕͞΋ͨΒ͢΋ͷ ͻͱͭͻͱͭͷมߋʹ ༨ܭͳ͕͔͔࣌ؒΔ

  31. w୹ظతʹ͸ಘΒΕΔ  wதظతʹ͸ٯޮՌʹͳΓͦ͏ w௕ظతʹ͸க໋ইʹͳΔ ԾઆΞοϓσʔτʮอकੑʯΛ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Ε͹εϐʔυ͸ಘΒΕΔʁ

  32. Ͱ͸ εϐʔυΛམͱͤ͹ อकੑ͸্͕Δʁ

  33. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNWPMVOUBTTUBUVT

  34. IUUQTPTBIBUFOBCMPHDPNFOUSZ ٕज़ྗͷ͋Δਓ͸͋Δఔ౓ٸ͍Ͱ࡞ͬͨͱͯ͠΋Ұఆ Ҏ্ͷ඼࣭ͷίʔυΛॻ͘͠ɺҙਤతʹ඼࣭Λམͱ͠ ͨͱͯ͠΋଎౓͸͋·Γ্͕Βͳ͍ɻ ٯʹɺٕज़ྗ͕ߴ͘ͳ͍ਓ͕࣌ؒΛ͔͚ͯ࡞ͬͨͱ͠ ͯ΋ͦͷਓͷٕज़ྗҎ্ͷ඼࣭ͷίʔυ͸ॻ͚ͳ͍ɻ

  35. ܦӦతͳཁٻʹ߹Θͤͯɺ༩͑ΒΕͨ։ൃظ͔ؒΒॊೈʹԚ͞ͱ଎͞Λબ୒͢Δͱ͍͏Α͏ ͳث༻ͳܳ౰͸΄ͱΜ ど ෆՄೳ だ ͱ͍͑·͢ɻ͜Ε͸ɺۃΊͯجૅతͳͱ͜Ζ で ͋Ε ば ଟগ

    ͸ で ͖Δ͔΋͠Ε·ͤΜ が ɺ࣮ࡍʹ͸ɺιʔείʔ ドが Ԛͯ͘஗͍ਓ΋͍Ε ば ɺ៉ྷ で ଎͍ ਓ΋ଟ͍͘·͢ɻ ʰΤϯδχΞϦϯά૊৫࿦΁ͷট଴ʱQ ΫΠοΫμʔςΟͷਆ࿩
  36. ͭ·Γ τϨʔυΦϑͰ͸ͳ͍

  37. IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNLBU[DIBOHTUBUVT

  38. ࣭ อकੑ εϐʔυ τϨʔυΦϑͱߟ͑Δͷ͸యܕతͳޡղ നؙ෇͖໼ҹෛͷ઀ଓࠜݩ͕૿͑Ε͹ઌ͸ݮΔɻࠜݩ͕ݮΕ͹ઌ͸૿͑Δ

  39. ඼࣭Λ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Δͷ͸ɺޮՌతͳίϯτϩʔϧํ๏ で ͸ͳ͍ɻ඼࣭ ͸੍ޚม਺ で ͸ͳ͍ɻ ௿඼࣭Λड͚ೖΕΔ͜ͱ で ɺ プ

    ϩ ジ ΣΫτ が ଎͘ͳΔ͜ͱ͸ͳ͍ɻ ߴ඼࣭Λཁٻ͢Δ͜ͱ で ɺ プ ϩ ジ ΣΫτ が ஗͘ͳΔ͜ͱ΋ͳ͍ɻ Ή͠Ζ඼࣭ΛߴΊΔ͜ͱ で ɺ デ Ϧ バ Ϧʔ が ߴ଎ʹͳΔ͜ͱ が ଟ͍ɻ ඼࣭ج४ΛԼ げ ͯ͠·͏ͱɺ デ Ϧ バ Ϧʔ が ஗͘ͳΓɺ ༧ଌ で ͖ͳ͘ͳͬͯ͠·͏ɻ ʰΤΫετϦʔϜϓϩάϥϛϯάʱQ
  40. ઌ΄Ͳͷ։ൃऀͷ͝·͔͠͸ɺ่յͨ͠ίʔυΛॻ͚͹௕ظతʹ͸஗͘ͳ Δ΋ͷͷɺ୹ظతʹ͸଎౓্͕͕Δͱ͍͏ߟ͑ํʹ΋ͱ͍͍ͮͯΔɻ ͜ͷ͜ͱΛ৴͍ͯ͡Δ։ൃऀ͸ɺ่յͨ͠ίʔυΛॻ͘Ϟʔυ͔Βɺ ͍ͣΕͲ͔͜ͰΫϦʔϯʹ͢ΔϞʔυʹ੾ΓସΘΕΔɺͱ͍͏ ʢ΢αΪͱΧϝͷʣ΢αΪͷΑ͏ͳࣗ৴Λ͍࣋ͬͯΔɻ ͕ͩɺͦΕ͸ࣄ࣮ޡೝͰ͋Δɻ ࣄ࣮͸ɺ୹ظతʹ΋௕ظతʹ΋ɺ่յͨ͠ίʔυΛॻ͘΄͏͕ ΫϦʔϯͳίʔυΛॻ͘ΑΓ΋ৗʹ஗͍ɻ ʰ$MFBO"SDIJUFDUVSFʱQQ

  41. ୹ظతʹ΋௕ظతʹ΋ɺ ่յͨ͠ίʔυΛॻ͘΄͏͕ ΫϦʔϯͳίʔυΛॻ͘ΑΓ΋ ৗʹ஗͍ɻ #PC.BSUJO ʰ$MFBO"SDIJUFDUVSFʱQ

  42. ࠷ߴͷ։ൃऀ͕͍ͪ͹Μ͖Ε͍޷͖ͳ։ൃऀͰ͋Δ͜ͱʹؾͮ ͍ͨͱ͖ɺࢲ͸ͼͬ͘Γͨ͠ɻ଎͍ϓϩάϥϚʔ͸ࡶͳϓϩά ϥϚʔͩͱࢥ͍͔ͬͯͨΒͩɻ ͕ͩɺ࣮ࡍ͸ਖ਼൓ରͩͬͨɻࢲ͕ձͬͨதͰ࠷଎ͷϓϩάϥ Ϛʔ͸ɺίʔυΛѻ͍΍͍͢Α͏ʹอͭ͜ͱʹಛʹ஫ҙΛ෷ͬ ͍ͯͨɻ ʰϨΨγʔίʔυ͔Βͷ୤٫ʱQ

  43. ίʔυΛॻ͘଎͞ͱίʔυͷ͖Ε͍͞ʹؔ࿈͕͋Δͱೝࣝͨ͠ ͋ͱͰ΋ɺࢲ͸ͦͷͭͷ͍͋ͩͷҼՌؔ܎Λݟ͚ͭΔͷʹ࣌ ؒΛཁͨ͠ɻ ίʔυͷ඼࣭Λߴ͘อ͍ͬͯͨʮʹ΋ؔΘΒͣʯ଎͍ͷͰ͸ͳ ͍ɻίʔυͷ඼࣭Λߴ͘อ͍ͬͯͨʮ͔Βͦ͜ʯ଎͍ͷͩɻ ͜ͷ͜ͱΛཧղͨ͠Βɺιϑτ΢ΣΞ։ൃʹର͢Δ ݟํ͕มΘͬͨɻ ʰϨΨγʔίʔυ͔Βͷ୤٫ʱQQ

  44. ίʔυͷ඼࣭Λߴ͘อ͍ͬͯͨ ʮʹ΋ؔΘΒͣʯ଎͍ͷͰ͸ͳ ͍ɻίʔυͷ඼࣭Λߴ͘อͬͯ ͍ͨʮ͔Βͦ͜ʯ଎͍ͷͩɻ %BWJE4DPUU#FSOTUFJO ʰϨΨγʔίʔυ͔Βͷ୤٫ʱ QQ

  45. ࣭ อकੑ εϐʔυ ίʔυͷ඼࣭Λ٘ਜ਼ʹ͔ͨ͠Β଎͍ͷͰ͸ͳ͘ നؙ෇͖໼ҹෛͷ઀ଓࠜݩ͕૿͑Ε͹ઌ͸ݮΔɻࠜݩ͕ݮΕ͹ઌ͸૿͑Δ

  46. ࣭ อकੑ εϐʔυ ίʔυͷ඼࣭Λߴ͘อ͍ͬͯͨʮ͔Βͦ͜ʯ଎͍ ໼ҹਖ਼ͷ઀ଓࠜݩ͕૿͑Ε͹ઌ΋૿͑Δɻࠜݩ͕ݮΕ͹ઌ΋ݮΔ

  47. Ͱ͸ εϐʔυ͔Β࣭΁ͷ Өڹ͸Ͳ͏͔

  48. ࣭ อकੑ εϐʔυ Ͱ͸εϐʔυ͔Β࣭ อकੑ ΁ͷӨڹ͸Ͳ͏͔

  49. ϓϩηε඼࣭Լ͛Δͱखॱϛε౳ʹΑΓख໭Γ͕ൃੜ͠σϦόϦ΁ͷϦʔυλΠϜ͕ ௕͘ͳΔ ಺෦඼࣭͛͞ΔͱόάͷൃੜɺίʔυϨϏϡʔͷࢦఠɺٕज़తෛ࠴ʹΑΔ࣮૷ͷෳࡶ ͞ͳͲʹΑΓख໭Γ΍଎౓௿ԼΛট͖ɺσϦόϦ΁ͷϦʔυλΠϜ͕௕͘ͳΔ ֎෦඼࣭͛͞Δͱ69όάΛ͏Έɺຊདྷݕূ͍ͨ͜͠ͱ͕ݕূͰֶ͖ͣͼ·ͰͷϦʔ υλΠϜ͕௕͘ͳΔɻো֐ൃੜʹΑΓɺͦΕͷରԠʹऴΘΕϦιʔε͕ރׇ͠ຊདྷ΍ Δ΂͖͜ͱͷ଍͔ͤʹͳΓɺϦʔυλΠϜ͕௕͘ͳΔ ར༻࣌ͷ඼࣭͛͞ΔͱɺΧελϚʔαϙʔτ͕සൃͦ͠ͷରԠʹ૊৫ͷύϫʔ͕࣋ͬ ͯߦ͔ΕϦʔυλΠϜ͕௕͘ͳΔ ඼࣭͸ྼԽ͢Ε͹ϦʔυλΠϜͷ૿Ճʹ௓ͶฦΔ

    IUUQJLFZIBUFCMPKQFOUSZ
  50. ඼࣭͸ѱ͍ͱجຊతʹख໭ΓΛੜΉͷͰ଎౓ʹ௓ͶฦΔɻख໭ͬͯ Δ࣌ؒ͸ֶͼΛ͏·ͳ͍࣌ؒɻ඼࣭ΛԼ͛Δͱ͍͏൑அ͸ֶͼͷ଎ ౓௿ԼΛڐ༰͢Δͱ͍͏͜ͱɻ ैདྷͷమ൘ ͩͱޡղ͞Ε͍ͯͨ ͩͬͨ඼࣭ͯͯ͢଎౓͋͛Α͏͸ ඼࣭͸ྼԽ͢Ε͹ख໭Γ͕ൃੜ͢Δ͚ͩͰɺ݁ہ͸ϦʔυλΠϜͷ ૿Ճʹ௓ͶฦΔͷͰ΍Ί·͠ΐ͏ɻ ඼࣭͸ྼԽ͢Ε͹ϦʔυλΠϜͷ૿Ճʹ௓ͶฦΔ IUUQJLFZIBUFCMPKQFOUSZ

  51. ϦʔυλΠϜ͕૿Ճ͢ΔͱԾઆݕূϓϩηε͕ճΒͳ͍ IUUQJLFZIBUFCMPKQFOUSZ

  52. ຊ౰ͷؔ܎

  53. ຊ౰ͷؔ܎ɹ w಺෦඼࣭͕εϐʔυΛੜΈ wεϐʔυֶ͕ͼͷϧʔϓΛੜΈ wֶͼͷϧʔϓ͕֎෦඼࣭ΛੜΈ w֎෦඼࣭͕ڝ૪ྗΛੜΈ wڝ૪ྗ͕ച্ΛੜΈ wച্͕಺෦඼࣭ΛҭΉ ˞ྑ͍΋ͷΛ࡞Ε͹ചΕΔͱ ͍͏Θ͚Ͱ͸ͳ͍ͷͰɺ͜͜ ͸ͦ͏؆୯Ͱ΋୯७Ͱ΋ͳ͍

  54. ࣭ εϐʔυ ຊ౰ͷؔ܎ɹ ໼ҹਖ਼ͷ઀ଓࠜݩ͕૿͑Ε͹ઌ΋૿͑Δɻࠜݩ͕ݮΕ͹ઌ΋ݮΔ

  55. ʮ࣭WTεϐʔυʯͱ͍͏֓೦͸ࠜຊతʹؒҧ͍ͬͯΔͱࢥ͏ɻ ͩͬͯૉૣ͘։ൃΛ͠ͳͯ͘͸؀ڥɺ͋Δ͍͸ࣗ෼ͷ؀ڥͷཧղͷม Խʹιϑτ΢ΣΞ͕͍ͭͯ͜Εͣɺιϑτ΢ΣΞ͕ղܾ͢΂͖໰୊͕ ղܾͰ͖ͳ͘ͳΓɺඞવతʹ࣭͕མͪͯ͠·͏ɻ ٯʹɺ࣭ͷߴ͍ιϑτ΢ΣΞΛॻ͔ͳͯ͘͸ɺͳʹ͔͋Δ౓ʹΠϯϑ ϥ่͕յ͠ɺૉૣ͘։ൃΛ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͳ͘ͳͬͯ͠·͏ɻΠϯϑ ϥͷ่յ͸ɺ΍ΔؾΛ࡟͙ͷͰಛʹ͕ͨͪѱ͍ɻ IUUQTLOPIKQBOTXFSTEDB Evan Priestley

  56. ࣭WTεϐʔυͱ͍͏ೋ཯എ൓ͷؔ܎͸ɺ ہॴతͳ΋ͷͰ͔͠ͳ͍ɻ େҬతʹ͸ɺยํΛ٘ਜ਼ʹͨ͠৔߹ɺ஌ Β͵͏ͪʹ΋͏Ұͭ΋٘ਜ਼ʹ͍ͯ͠Δͱ ͍͏͜ͱΛ͓๨Εͳ͘ɻ IUUQTLOPIKQBOTXFSTEDB Evan Priestley

  57. IUUQTMFBSOJOHPSFJMMZDPNMJCSBSZWJFXJOGSBTUSVDUVSFBTDPEF ࣭ͱεϐʔυͷ྆ํΛଚॏ͠ͳ͍ͱ݁ہʮյΕ΍͍͢ΰϛʯʹͳͬͯ͠·͏

  58. wϦʔυλΠϜ wσϓϩΠස౓ w.553 ฏۉम෮࣌ؒ  wมߋࣦഊ཰ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ݱ୅ʹ͓͚Δ࣭ͱεϐʔυΛଌΔͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε

  59. ϦʔυλΠϜͱσϓϩΠස౓ԾઆݕূϓϩηεΛਝ଎ʹճ͢ IUUQJLFZIBUFCMPKQFOUSZ

  60. .553.FBOUJNFUP3FDPWFSZ3FQBJS IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFUEFDPEFEPTSFTJUFSFMJBCJMJUZFOHJOFFSJOHJOB[VSFPOB[VSF Ұ෦վม ͜ͷฏۉ͕.553

  61. .5#'ΛࣺͯΔͷͰ͸ͳ͘඼࣭ΛϓϩηεͰ࡞ΓࠐΉ IUUQTXXXSZV[FFDPNDPOUFOUTCMPH

  62. IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2019

  63. ΤϦʔτ ϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔ ϛσΟΞϜ ύϑΥʔϚʔ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ೔ະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥

    σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ ೔ճ͔Βिճ िճ͔Β݄ճ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ ೔ະຬ ೔ະຬ ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ มߋࣦഊ཰     ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʢສઍ݅Ҏ্ͷճ౴ΛΫϥελʔ෼ੳʣ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFU%FW0QT8FCJOBSTBDDFMFSBUFTUBUFPGEFWPQTTVSWFZSFTVMUTBSFJO 2019
  64. ΤϦʔτ ΤϦʔτͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔͷࠩ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ೔ະຬ ഒ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥ σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ

    ഒ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ  ि͔ؒΒϱ݄ มߋࣦഊ཰    ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʹ͓͚ΔΤϦʔτΫϥελͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔΫϥελͷࠩ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFU%FW0QT8FCJOBSTBDDFMFSBUFTUBUFPGEFWPQTTVSWFZSFTVMUTBSFJO 2019
  65. IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021

  66. ΤϦʔτ ϋΠύϑΥʔϚʔ ϛσΟΞϜ ύϑΥʔϚʔ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ࣌ؒະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ϱ݄͔Β൒೥ ൒೥Ҏ্

    σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ िճ͔Β݄ճ ݄ճ͔Β൒೥ʹճ ൒೥ʹճະຬ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ ೔ະຬ ೔͔Βिؒ ൒೥Ҏ্ มߋࣦഊ཰     ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʢສઍ݅Ҏ্ͷճ౴ΛΫϥελʔ෼ੳʣ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021
  67. ΤϦʔτ ΤϦʔτͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔͷࠩ ϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔ ϦʔυλΠϜ ࣌ؒະຬ ഒ ൒೥Ҏ্ σϓϩΠස౓ ΦϯσϚϯυ ೔ෳ਺ճ

    ഒ ൒೥ʹճະຬ .553 ࣌ؒະຬ  ൒೥Ҏ্ มߋࣦഊ཰    ͭͷΩʔϝτϦΫε೥ͷௐࠪʹ͓͚ΔΤϦʔτΫϥελͱϩʔύϑΥʔϚʔΫϥελͷࠩ w։ൃ଎౓ͱ඼࣭͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎Ͱ͸ͳ͍ w૊৫ؒͷࠩ͸͔ͳΓେ͖͘ɺ͞Βʹ։͍͍ͯΔʢʣ wѹ౗తͳࠩ͸ܧଓతσϦόϦ΍%FW0QT΁ͷ૊৫తͳ౤ࢿͷࠩ IUUQTDMPVEHPPHMFDPNEFWPQTTUBUFPGEFWPQT 2021
  68. ͜͜Ͱ͍͏ʮ඼࣭ʯͱ͸ʁ ʮ୹ظతதظతʯͷڥ໨͸ʁ ͭΊͷٙ໰

  69. ςετࣗಈԽͷଛӹ෼ذ఺͸ʮճʯ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ ͓ΑͦճͰ खಈςετͱࣗಈԽ͞Εͨςετͷ ίετ͕ٯస͢Δ

  70. IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ "1IJMPTPQIZPG4PGUXBSF%FTJHO good design eventually pays for itself, and sooner

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  71. ಺෦඼࣭΁ͷ౤ࢿͷଛӹ෼ذ఺͸ ೥ޙͱ͔Ͱ͸ͳ͘ ϲ݄Ҏ಺ʹݱΕΔ IUUQTNBSUJOGPXMFSDPNBSUJDMFTJTRVBMJUZXPSUIDPTUIUNM ಺෦඼࣭΁ͷ౤ࢿͷଛӹ෼ذ఺͸ϲ݄Ҏ಺ʹݱΕΔ

  72. w୹ظతʹ͸ಘΒΕΔ͔΋ʢॾઆ͋Γʣ wϲ݄Ҏ಺ʹ͸ٯޮՌʹͳΔ w௕ظతʹ͸க໋ইʹͳΔ ϲ݄Ҏ಺Ͱ͋Ε͹ɺ಺෦඼࣭΁ͷ౤ࢿͷडӹऀ͸ࣗ෼ͨͪࣗ਎ Ͱ͋Γɺͭ·Γಓಙ΍ᛗዟͷ࿩Ͱ͸ͳ͘ଛಘͷ࿩Ͱ͋Δ ݁࿦ʮอकੑʯΛ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Ε͹εϐʔυ͸ಘΒΕΔʁ

  73. ϦϑΝΫλϦϯά༻ͷϦιʔεΛ७૿ͨ͠༁Ͱ͸ͳ͍ɻTQSJOU಺ ͷΛ౤ࢿ͢ΔͱܾΊͨɻ࠷ॳ͸ϕϩγςΟ͕མ͕ͪͨɺ ϲ݄ܦͬͨޙ͸໌֬ʹσϦόϦʔ଎౓͕ߴ·ͬͨɻʢྫΛڍ ͛Δͱɺϲ݄͔͔ΔͱݴΘΕ͍ͯͨن໛ͷ։ൃ͕೔ͰऴΘΔΑ ͏ʹͳͬͨʣ ͨ·ͨ·ࢀՃͨ͠ΠϕϯτͰU@XBEB͞Μͷ ʮ࣭ͱεϐʔυʯʹؔ͢ΔߨԋΛฉ͖ɺ 
 ΋ͱ΋ͱ೰ΜͰ͍ͨϙΠϯτͩͬͨͷͰ 


    ਧͬ੾Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͨɻ ΩϟσΟגࣜձ༷ࣾͷࣄྫ IUUQTDBEEJUFDIBSDIJWFT
  74. ༩͑ΒΕͨ࣌ؒʹରͯ͠΍Δ΂͖͜ͱ͕ଟ͗͢Δ৔߹ɺͲ͏͢΂͖͔  B είʔϓΛ࡟Δ C ΋ͬͱਓΛ૿΍͢ D ϦϦʔε೔ΛԆظ͢Δ E ඼࣭Λ٘ਜ਼ʹ͢Δ

    👉 ʰΞδϟΠϧαϜϥΠʱQ ߥͿΔ࢛ఱԦ͸είʔϓΛ࡟Ε
  75. Ͱ͸εϐʔυ͓Αͼ࣭͸ ԿͱτϨʔυΦϑͳͷ͔

  76. IUUQTCIBUFOBOFKQFOUSZTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNUXBEBRVBMJUZBOETQFFE Ͱ͸εϐʔυͱ࣭͸ԿͱτϨʔυΦϑͳͷ͔࣍ੈ୅΁ͷڭҭɺ৽ٕज़ͷௐࠪɺଟ༷ੑͷ֬อ

  77. IUUQTPTBIBUFOBCMPHDPNFOUSZ Ͱ͸ɺ඼࣭ͱ଎౓ʹ͍ͭͯͷτϨʔυΦϑ͕ҙࣝ͞ΕΔ ͱ͖ɺ࣮ࡍʹ͸ԿͱԿ͕ṝʹ͔͚ΒΕ͍ͯΔͷ͔ɻ ͦΕ͸֤ݸਓͰ͸ͳ͘ϓϩμΫτશମͷ඼࣭ͱ଎౓͕ṝ ʹ͔͚ΒΕ͍ͯΔͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔ɻݴ͍׵͑Ε͹ɺϓϩμ Ϋτͷ඼࣭Λࢧ͑ΔͨΊʹඞཁͳϝϯόʔͷ੒௕ͱͦͷ ੒௕ͷͨΊʹඞཁͳϑΟʔυόοΫ΍ֶशͷ͕࣌ؒṝʹ ͔͚ΒΕ͍ͯΔͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔ͱࢥ͏ɻ

  78. ͝ਗ਼ௌ͋Γ͕ͱ͏͍͟͝·ͨ͠ w ʮ඼࣭ͱεϐʔυ͸τϨʔυΦϑͷؔ܎ʹ͋Δʯ͸େ͖ͳޡղ w ʮ඼࣭ʯͷ໊ͷ΋ͱʹ٘ਜ਼ʹ͞ΕΔͷ͸಺෦඼࣭ͷಛʹอकੑ 
 ʢςετ༰қੑɺཧղ༰қੑɺมߋ༰қੑʣ w ࣮ࡍʹ͸อकੑΛߴΊΕ͹εϐʔυ͸্͕Δ͠ɺอकੑΛམͱͤ͹ 


    εϐʔυ͸Լ͕Δ w εϐʔυΛམͱͯ͠΋อकੑ͸্͕Βͳ͍͠ɺεϐʔυΛམͱ͢ͱԾઆݕ ূϓϩηε͕ճΒͳ͍ w ಺෦඼࣭΁ͷ౤ࢿͷଛӹ෼ذ఺͸ҙ֎ͱૣ͘ ϲ݄Ҏ಺ ΍ͬͯ͘Δ w ϲ݄Ҏ಺ͱ͍͏͜ͱ͸डӹऀ͸ࣗ෼ͨͪࣗ਎Ͱ͋Γɺͭ·Γಓಙ΍ᛗዟ ͷ࿩Ͱ͸ͳ͘ଛಘͷ࿩Ͱ͋Δ w εϐʔυ͓Αͼ࣭ͱτϨʔυΦϑͳͷ͸ڭҭɺ੒௕ɺଟ༷ੑ΁ͷ౤ࢿ
  79. ͔͜͜Β͸ Ԇ௕ઓ΍2"༻ͷ εϥΠυ

  80. ٕज़తෛ࠴ͱ͸Կ͔

  81. IUUQTUXBEBIBUFOBCMPHKQFOUSZXBSEFYQMBJOTEFCUNFUBQIPS ʲ຋༁ʳٕज़తෛ࠴ͱ͍͏֓೦ͷੜΈͷ਌8BSE$VOOJOHIBNࣗ਎ʹΑΔઆ໌

  82. ଟ͘ͷϒϩΨʔ͕ෛ࠴ͷϝλϑΝʔͷ͜ͱΛɺޙͰ͖Ε͍ʹॻ͖௚ͭ͢΋ΓͳΒࡶͳίʔυΛॻ ͍ͯ΋͍͍ͱ͍͏ߟ͑ํͱࠞಉ͠ɺ͔ͭͦͷߟ͑ํ͕ͦ͜ෛ࠴ͷݪҼͰ͋Δͱઆ໌͍ͯ͠·͢ɻ ࢲ͸ࡶͳίʔυΛॻ͘͜ͱʹ͸શ͘ࢍ੒͠·ͤΜ͕ɺͨͱ͑ཧղ͕ෆ׬શͩͱͯ͠΋ɺ໨ͷલͷ ໰୊ʹର͢Δݱ࣌఺ͰͷཧղΛ൓ө͢ΔίʔυΛॻ͘͜ͱʹ͸ࢍ੒Ͱ͢ɻ ཧղ͕ෆ׬શͳஈ֊Ͱ΋ιϑτ΢ΣΞΛ։ൃͯ͠आೖΛͰ͖ΔΑ͏ʹͳΓ͍ͨͳΒ͹ɺͦͷιϑ τ΢ΣΞʹݱ࣌఺ͰͷཧղΛՄೳͳݶΓ൓өͤ͞Δ͜ͱ͕ॏཁͰ͢ɻͦ͏͓͚ͯ͠͹ɺ͍͟Ϧ ϑΝΫλϦϯάΛ͢Δͱ͖͕དྷͨͳΒɺίʔυʹ͸౰࣌ԿΛߟ͍͔͕͑ͯͨ໌շʹ࢒͍ͬͯΔͷ Ͱɺݱࡏͷཧղʹ߹ΘͤͯϦϑΝΫλϦϯά͢Δͷ΋༰қʹͳΓ·͢ɻ ݴ͍׵͑ΔͳΒɺෛ࠴ͷϝλϑΝʔͰେࣄͳͷ͸ฦࡁͯ͠ϝλϑΝʔΛຯํʹ͚ͭΔྗͰ͋Γɺ ͦΕ͸໰୊Λཧղ͢ΔʹैͬͯϦϑΝΫλϦϯά͍͚ͯ͠ΔΑ͏ͳɺे෼ʹ͖Ε͍ͳίʔυΛॻ

    ͍͍ͯΔ͔Ͳ͏͔Ͱܾ·ΔͷͰ͢ɻ ʲ຋༁ʳٕज़తෛ࠴ͱ͍͏֓೦ͷੜΈͷ਌8BSE$VOOJOHIBNࣗ਎ʹΑΔઆ໌ IUUQTUXBEBIBUFOBCMPHKQFOUSZXBSEFYQMBJOTEFCUNFUBQIPS
  83. IUUQTTQFBLFSEFDLDPNUPSJDMTUIFEFCU ࣮૷౰࣌ʹ࠷దղͱߟ͑ΒΕͨ΋ͷ͕࣌ؒͷܦաͱͱ΋ʹ࠷దͱ͸ධՁ͞Εಘͳ͘ͳͬͨ΋ͷ

  84. IUUQTCMPHIJNBSVKQFOUSZ ʮϏδωευϝΠϯͷٕज़తෛ࠴ʯͱʮϓϩάϥϛϯάͷٕज़తෛ࠴ʯ͕͋Δ

  85. ϩάϥεࣾͷࣄྫٕज़తෛ࠴ʹཱͪ޲͔͏ʹ͸ʮఱҾ͖ํࣜʯ͕͓͢͢Ί IUUQTXXXTMJEFTIBSFOFULPJDIJSPNBUTVPLBTT

  86. ಈ͖ʹ͍͘૊৫Λ ಈ͔͢ʹ͸

  87. w ΞϝϦΧਓඈͼࠐΊ͹͋ͳͨ͸ӳ༤Ͱ͢ w ΠΪϦεਓඈͼࠐΊ͹͋ͳͨ͸ਈ࢜Ͱ͢ w υΠπਓඈͼࠐΉͷ͕͜ͷધͷنଇͰ͢ w ΠλϦΞਓඈͼࠐΉͱঁੑʹ΋ͯ·͢Α w ϑϥϯεਓඈͼࠐ·ͳ͍Ͱ͍ͩ͘͞

    w ೔ຊਓΈΜͳඈͼࠐΜͰ͍·͢Α ೔ຊਓΛಈ͔͢ݴ༿ʢ༻๏༻ྔΛकͬͯ࢖͏͜ͱʣ IUUQTXXXBNB[PODPKQEQ
  88. IUUQTOFXTUCTDPKQOFXTFZFUCT@OFXTFZFIUN

  89. આ໌੹೚ͷ޲͖Λ൓సͤ͞Δ IUUQTUXJUUFSDPNIJSPLJ@EBJDIJTUBUVT

  90. Ͱ΋͏ͪͷιϑτ΢ΣΞ͸ ಛघ͔ͩΒʜʜ

  91. զʑ͸ύοέʔδιϑτ΢ΣΞɺ4P3ɺ૊ΈࠐΈιϑτ΢ΣΞΛ࢖͍ͬͯΔνʔϜ ͸ύϑΥʔϚϯε͕௿͘ɺ4P&΍৽छͷγεςϜΛ࢖͍ͬͯΔνʔϜ͸ύϑΥʔϚ ϯε͕ߴ͍ͱ༧ଌ͍͔ͯͨ͠ΒͰ͋Δɻͦͯͦ͠ͷ༧ଌ͕֎Ε͍ͯͨ͜ͱΛཱূ͢ Δσʔλ͕ಘΒΕͨɻ ͜ΕʹΑͬͯɺΞʔΩςΫνϟͷ࣮૷ͷৄࡉΑΓ΋ 
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