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Making, Sharing, Caring

Making, Sharing, Caring

The Maker Movement: Brave New Autonomy, Third Industrial Revolution, or something else completely? (Talk at TU Dresden, May 2013)

Transcript

  1. Making, Sharing, Caring: Schöne neue Autonomie oder Dritte Industrielle Revolution?

    Wolfgang Wopperer | 03.05.2013
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  10. ©

  11. © (WTF?)

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  13. Neue Autonomie? Dritte Industrielle Revolution? Kapitalismusoptimierung? Hype?

  14. Economy

  15. „Die Rückkehr der Produktion in die Industrieländer“

  16. „The Third Industrial Revolution“

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  21. Maker Movement I

  22. Personal Fabrication

  23. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC

  24. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC CAD

  25. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC CAD G-Code

  26. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC CAD G-Code 8-3 © 2006 David

    E. Weisberg on a non-exclusive basis because he underestimated its market potential. One concern he had was that it would require a hard disk or at least double-density double-sided 8-inch floppy disks, both of which were fairly expensive at the time. The terms of this agreement would eventually result in major disagreements between Riddle and Autodesk. More about that later. Figure 8.1 Autodesk Founders (From left to right: Rudolf Kunzli, Mike Ford, Dan Drake, Mauri Laitman, Greg Lutz, David Kalish, Lars Moureau, Richard Handyside, Kern Sibbald, Hal Royaltey, Duff Kurland, John Walker, Keith Marcelus) The names keep changing Shortly after starting the company, Marin Software changed the name of Interact to MicroCAD. At the same time, the filing program, Cardfile, was renamed Autodesk. On March 19, 1982 these two programs were shown at the 6th West Coast Computer Faire. The company paid $1,200 for a booth at the Faire, probably the best marketing investment ever made by a company in the software industry. It was around this time that AutoCAD 1982
  27. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC CAD G-Code 8-3 © 2006 David

    E. Weisberg on a non-exclusive basis because he underestimated its market potential. One concern he had was that it would require a hard disk or at least double-density double-sided 8-inch floppy disks, both of which were fairly expensive at the time. The terms of this agreement would eventually result in major disagreements between Riddle and Autodesk. More about that later. Figure 8.1 Autodesk Founders (From left to right: Rudolf Kunzli, Mike Ford, Dan Drake, Mauri Laitman, Greg Lutz, David Kalish, Lars Moureau, Richard Handyside, Kern Sibbald, Hal Royaltey, Duff Kurland, John Walker, Keith Marcelus) The names keep changing Shortly after starting the company, Marin Software changed the name of Interact to MicroCAD. At the same time, the filing program, Cardfile, was renamed Autodesk. On March 19, 1982 these two programs were shown at the 6th West Coast Computer Faire. The company paid $1,200 for a booth at the Faire, probably the best marketing investment ever made by a company in the software industry. It was around this time that AutoCAD FAB LAB 1982
  28. Personal Fabrication 1952 CNC CAD G-Code 8-3 © 2006 David

    E. Weisberg on a non-exclusive basis because he underestimated its market potential. One concern he had was that it would require a hard disk or at least double-density double-sided 8-inch floppy disks, both of which were fairly expensive at the time. The terms of this agreement would eventually result in major disagreements between Riddle and Autodesk. More about that later. Figure 8.1 Autodesk Founders (From left to right: Rudolf Kunzli, Mike Ford, Dan Drake, Mauri Laitman, Greg Lutz, David Kalish, Lars Moureau, Richard Handyside, Kern Sibbald, Hal Royaltey, Duff Kurland, John Walker, Keith Marcelus) The names keep changing Shortly after starting the company, Marin Software changed the name of Interact to MicroCAD. At the same time, the filing program, Cardfile, was renamed Autodesk. On March 19, 1982 these two programs were shown at the 6th West Coast Computer Faire. The company paid $1,200 for a booth at the Faire, probably the best marketing investment ever made by a company in the software industry. It was around this time that AutoCAD FAB LAB Arduino 1982
  29. Personal Fabrication 1952 2008 CNC CAD G-Code 8-3 © 2006

    David E. Weisberg on a non-exclusive basis because he underestimated its market potential. One concern he had was that it would require a hard disk or at least double-density double-sided 8-inch floppy disks, both of which were fairly expensive at the time. The terms of this agreement would eventually result in major disagreements between Riddle and Autodesk. More about that later. Figure 8.1 Autodesk Founders (From left to right: Rudolf Kunzli, Mike Ford, Dan Drake, Mauri Laitman, Greg Lutz, David Kalish, Lars Moureau, Richard Handyside, Kern Sibbald, Hal Royaltey, Duff Kurland, John Walker, Keith Marcelus) The names keep changing Shortly after starting the company, Marin Software changed the name of Interact to MicroCAD. At the same time, the filing program, Cardfile, was renamed Autodesk. On March 19, 1982 these two programs were shown at the 6th West Coast Computer Faire. The company paid $1,200 for a booth at the Faire, probably the best marketing investment ever made by a company in the software industry. It was around this time that AutoCAD FAB LAB Arduino RepRap 1982
  30. 2012 2008

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  32. Open Source Hardware

  33. Open Source Hardware

  34. Open Source Hardware +

  35. Open Source Hardware +

  36. Open Source Hardware + $

  37. Open Source Hardware + $

  38. Open Source Hardware + $ ($$$)

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  40. Commons-based Peer Production

  41. Commons-based Peer Production

  42. Commons-based Peer Production Gemeingüter

  43. Commons-based Peer Production Gemeingüter Netzwerk

  44. Commons-based Peer Production Gemeingüter Netzwerk intrinsische Motivation

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  48. Auto- nomie

  49. Auto- nomie Sinn

  50. Auto- nomie Sinn Fairness

  51. Geschäftsmodelle und Wirtschaftssysteme

  52. (Wirtschaftlichkeit vs. Demokratisierung)

  53. Konsumgut = Design + Material

  54. Konsumgut = Design + Material Accessoire

  55. Investitionsgut = Open Design + X

  56. ( )

  57. Finanzierung

  58. Finanzierung Freizeit

  59. Finanzierung Freizeit Mäzenat

  60. Finanzierung Freizeit Mäzenat Crowd Funding

  61. Monetarisierung

  62. Monetarisierung Produktverkauf Open Design + industrielle Fertigung

  63. Monetarisierung Produktverkauf Open Design + industrielle Fertigung Dienstleistungsverkauf Open Design

    + Beratung und Schulung
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  72. ?

  73. Maker Movement II

  74. Crafting “making with skill & attention to detail”

  75. Crafting “making with skill & attention to detail”

  76. Crafting “making with skill & attention to detail”

  77. Crafting “making with skill & attention to detail”

  78. Whole Earth Catalog “access to tools”

  79. Whole Earth Catalog “access to tools”

  80. Whole Earth Catalog “access to tools”

  81. Whole Earth Catalog “access to tools”

  82. PLATO “a telescopic glimpse of the future”

  83. PLATO “a telescopic glimpse of the future”

  84. PLATO “a telescopic glimpse of the future”

  85. Bildung

  86. ( )

  87. ( )

  88. ( )

  89. Neue Autonomie? Dritte Industrielle Revolution? Kapitalismusoptimierung? Hype?

  90. Neue Autonomie? Dritte Industrielle Revolution? Kapitalismusoptimierung? Hype? Bildung für das

    21. Jahrhundert?
  91. @wowo101 strobowowo@gmail.com http://wolfgangwopperer.com

  92. Bildquellen (außer eigenen Bildern) Slide 4: Fab Lab Luzern (http://luzern.fablab.ch/was-ist-ein-fablab)

    Slide 5: oya online (http://www.oya-online.de/article/read/287.html) Slide 7: Mummert-Stiftung (https://www.facebook.com/events/171173902935526/) Slide 9, 34: ciudadtijuana.info (http://ciudadtijuana.info/cdtj/2012/10/18/reconoce-wired-talento-tijuanense/) Slide 10: WIRED (http://www.wired.com/business/2011/05/democratizing-design/) Slide 11: DYSTRYBUCJONIZM.PL (http://www.dystrybucjonizm.pl/marcin-jakubowski-ekonomia-open-source-film/) Slide 12: The Noun Project (http://thenounproject.com), Ex Astris Scientia – Treknology Encyclopedia (http://www.ex-astris-scientia.org/treknology/treknology-r.htm) Slide 14: CNC Cookbook (http://www.cnccookbook.com/CCCNCMachine.htm), The Engineering Design Revolution (http://www.cadhistory.net/), softworld (http://www.softworld.com/windows/system-utilities/ other/dnc4u/), Forbes.com (http://www.forbes.com/2008/08/13/diy-innovation-gershenfeld-tech-egang08-cx_ag_0813gershenfeld.html), Arduino (http://arduino.cc/en/Main/ArduinoBoardUno), Wikipedia (http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Reprap_Darwin.jpg, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Firstpart1.jpg) Slide 15: boingboing (http://boingboing.net/2012/09/24/bre-pettis-of-makerbot-holding.html) Slide 16, 18, 27, 35, 42: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Firstpart1.jpg) Slide 17: Wikimedia Commons (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Official_gnu.svg), The Noun Project (http://thenounproject.com), softworld (http://www.softworld.com/windows/system-utilities/other/ dnc4u/), weandx (http://www.weandx.de/free-the-future-of-a-radical-price) Slide 19, 22: The Noun Project (http://thenounproject.com) Slide 20: Antipodium (http://www.antipodium.at/?p=380&lang=de) Slide 21: tomgpalmer.com (http://tomgpalmer.com/2011/01/02/happy-101st-year-ronald-coase/) Slide 25: MakerBot Industries (http://www.makerbot.com/replicator2-press-assets/) Slide 26: Open Source Ecology (http://opensourceecology.org/gvcs.php) Slide 28: I-CIO (http://www.i-cio.com), iloveubuntu (http://www.iloveubuntu.net/mark-shuttleworth-ubuntu-software-center-and-multi-monitor-support-be-added-rigorous-daily-tests), Digital Trends (http:// www.digitaltrends.com/web/the-pitfalls-and-perils-of-kickstarter/) Slide 30: recursion_see_recursion (http://www.flickr.com/photos/hawksanddoves/1423312308/), heise online (http://www.heise.de/ct/bilderstrecke/bilderstrecke_1221429.html?bild=14) Slide 31: Value Co-Creation (http://value-co-creation.blogspot.de/2010/10/open-innovation-measurement-part-2.html) Slide 32: MakerBot Industries (http://www.makerbot.com/replicator2-press-assets/) Slide 33: Open E Land (http://openeland.org/2012/08/photos-of-camp-so-far/) Slide 34: Cargo Collective (http://cargocollective.com/bagot/IBM-Business-Roundtable) Slide 38: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Artisan, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Arts_and_Crafts_movement, http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bauhaus) Slide 39: tapache.wordpress.com (http://tapache.wordpress.com/2013/03/07/tme-1-2/), USA Today (http://usatoday30.usatoday.com/tech/news/story/2012-07-03/The-Well-for-sale/56001864/1), Wikipedia (http:// en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electronic_Frontier_Foundation) Slide 40: Wikipedia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/PLATO_(computer_system)), PLATO History (http://www.platohistory.org/blog/2011/03/yet-another-plato-innovation-ignored-this-time-patented-by-google.html) Slide 41: TU Dresden (http://web-redaktion.tu-dresden.de/die_tu_dresden/fakultaeten/fakultaet_sprach_literatur_und_kulturwissenschaften/klassische_philologie/homepage/Lesesaal) Slide 43: Wikimedia Commons (http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Kant5.jpg)