Upgrade to Pro — share decks privately, control downloads, hide ads and more …

20年後のソフトウェアテストの話をしよう / Software Testing for 20 years later

20年後のソフトウェアテストの話をしよう / Software Testing for 20 years later

2019/08/31(土)に東京電機大学で開催されたbuilderscon tokyo 2019のセッション「20年後のソフトウェアテストの話をしよう」の発表資料
blog: http://yumulog.hatenablog.com/entry/2019/08/31/235727
Togetter: https://togetter.com/li/1397692
概要ページ: https://builderscon.io/builderscon/tokyo/2019/session/783619e0-4c45-45cb-b29a-fbff39077f43

Tsubasa Yumura

August 31, 2019
Tweet

More Decks by Tsubasa Yumura

Other Decks in Technology

Transcript

  1. 20年後のソフトウェアテストの話をしよう
    湯村 翼 @yumu19
    国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構
    湯村 翼 @yumu19
    国立研究開発法人 情報通信研究機構
    SOFTWARE TESTING - What's the Right Thing to Do?
    ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    2019.08.31 14:10-15:10 ౦ژిػେֶ 100प೥ϗʔϧB
    #bc100b #builderscon

    View full-size slide

  2. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ࣗݾ঺հ
    • ౬ଜ ཌྷ / @yumu19
    • ࠃཱݚڀ։ൃ๏ਓ ৘ใ௨৴ݚڀػߏ ݚڀһ
    • ઐ໳ɿωοτϫʔΫɺϢϏΩλείϯϐϡʔςΟϯά etc.
    2
    ৘ใॲཧֶձࢽ ฤूҕһ
    ٕज़ॻయ7Ͱֶձࢽ൦෍
    ͓͏ͪϋοΫಉ޷ձ Ϟϊͮ͘ΓܥϙουΩϟετ
    ඼ϞϊϥδΦ
    https://www.facebook.com/
    groups/ouch.hack/
    https://shinamonoradio.github.io/

    View full-size slide

  3. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    NICT
    3
    w ਖ਼໊ࣜশɿࠃཱݚڀ։ൃ๏ਓ৘ใ௨৴ݚڀػߏ
    w /BUJPOBM*OTUJUVUFPG*OGPSNBUJPOBOE$PNNVOJDBUJPOT5FDIOPMPHZ
    w ʮʹ͘ͱʯͰ͸ͳ͘ʮ͑͵͍͋͠ʔͯ͌ʔʯΒ͍͠ʢผʹͲͬͪͰ΋͍͍͚Ͳɾɾɾʣ
    w ૯຿লॴ؅ͷࠃཱݚڀ։ൃ๏ਓ
    w ೔ຊશࠃՕॴ খۚҪɺେखொɺઋ୆ɺࣛౡɺԣਢլɺੴ઒ɺژ౎ɺେࡕɺਆށɺԭ

    ʹڌ఺
    w ແઢɺޫ௨৴ɺࣗવݴޠॲཧɺ೴৘ใɺӉ஦ఱؾɺηΩϡϦςΟɺϏοάσʔλFUD
    w ೔ຊඪ४࣌ΛܾΊΔ࣌ܭ͕͋Δ
    w ͏Δ͏ඵͷͱ͖ʹχϡʔεʹͳΔ

    View full-size slide

  4. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    StarBED
    • NICTͷηϯλʔ(ࣄۀॴ)ͷͻͱͭ
    • ੴ઒ݝೳඒࢢʹ͋Δੈք࠷େن໛ͷωοτϫʔΫςετϕου
    • ໿1000୆ͷ෺ཧϊʔυ͕Քಇ
    • ػߏ಺֎ͷݚڀऀɾ։ൃऀʹ࣮ݧ؀ڥΛఏڙ
    • ؅ཧɾ੍ޚπʔϧ܈Λಠࣗ։ൃ
    • We are hiring!!!! ݚڀ৬ & ٕज़৬
    4
    ৄࡉ͸NICT΢ΣϒαΠτ>࠾༻৘ใ ͔Βʂ
    http://www.nict.go.jp/employment/201904.html

    View full-size slide

  5. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ͸͡Ίʹ (excuse)
    • ຊ৬͸ωοτϫʔΫɾϢϏΩλείϯϐϡʔςΟϯάͷݚڀऀͰ͢
    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞςετͷઐ໳ՈͰ͸͋Γ·ͤΜ
    • ίʔυ͸ॻ͖·͕͢όϦόϦͷݱ৔։ൃ͔Β͸5೥΄Ͳԕ͔ͬͯ͟·͢
    • πʔϧͷࣄྫ͕ݹ͍Մೳੑ͕͋Δ·͢
    • ͥͻ࠷ۙͷΠέͯΔπʔϧ΍ࣄྫΛڭ͑ͯԼ͍͞ʂ
    • ࿩͢͜ͱ
    • 20೥ޙͷٕज़༧ଌ
    • (޿ٛͷ)ςετʹؔ͢Δπʔϧͷࣄྫ঺հ
    • Ծ૝ۭؒΛ༻͍ͨ(޿ٛͷ)ςετͷࣄྫ঺հͱऔ૊঺հ
    • ࿩͞ͳ͍͜ͱ
    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞςετͷମܥతͳ࿩
    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞςετͷ໢ཏతͳ࿩
    5

    View full-size slide

  6. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    20೥લͷςΫϊϩδʔ (2000೥ࠒ)
    6
    CC BY-SA 2.5 Photo by asamoto
    ϙέϕϧ
    Windows 2000
    CC BY-SA 4.0 Photo by Mc681
    iϞʔυܞଳ (1999ʙ)
    PHS
    (Pϝʔϧ: 1996ʙɺ PϝʔϧDX: 1999ʙ)
    https://www.toshiba.co.jp/about/press/1999_03/pr_j2301.htm

    View full-size slide

  7. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ݱࡏͷςΫϊϩδʔ (2019೥)
    7
    Oculus Quest
    https://www.oculus.com/quest
    iPhone XS
    https://www.apple.com
    • εϚϗ͸׬શʹීٴ(10೥લʹొ৔)
    • ʮ΢ΣΞϥϒϧίϯϐϡʔςΟϯάʯʮϢϏΩλείϯϐϡʔςΟϯάʯ
    ͕࣮૷͞Ε͸͡Ίͨʢ͍ΘΏΔIoTʣ
    • όʔνϟϧϦΞϦςΟ (VR)
    • ػցֶश
    Fitbit Alta HR
    https://www.fitbit.com/jp/altahr
    Amazon Echo
    https://www.amazon.co.jp/dp/
    B074B17MJ6

    View full-size slide

  8. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    20೥ޙͷςΫϊϩδʔ (2040೥ࠒ)
    8
    ʁ

    View full-size slide

  9. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ϢϏΩλείϯϐϡʔςΟϯά
    • Mark Weiser, “The Computer for the 21st Century” (1991)
    • 21ੈلͷίϯϐϡʔςΟϯάʹ͍ͭͯॻ͔Εͨจॻ
    • ͍·ͷIoTɺεϚϗɺ΢ΣΞϥϒϧσόΠε౳
    9
    Mark Weiser, The Computer for the 21st Century (1991)

    View full-size slide

  10. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ίϯςΩετΞ΢ΣΞ
    • Context-Aware (System / Application / etc.)
    • ೔ຊޠʹ௚͢ͱʮঢ়گΛߟྀͨ͠ (γεςϜ/ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ)ʯ
    • “Context-Aware”ͱ͍͏୯ޠͷॳग़͸Schilit and Theimer(1994), "Disseminating active map
    information to mobile hosts”
    • Mark WeiserͷUbicomp࿦จ(1991)ͷ3೥ޙ
    • Xerox Palo Altoݚڀॴ
    • ࠷΋༗໊ͳ࿦จͷͻͱ͕ͭA.K.Dey(2001), “Understanding and Using Context”
    10
    Software
    Context

    View full-size slide

  11. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ίϯςΩετͷཁૉͷྫ
    • Spatial contextɿ৔ॴɺݐ෺ͳͲ
    • Temporal contextɿ࣌ؒɺ༵೔ͳͲ
    • Device contextɿը໘αΠζͳͲ
    • Network and communication contextɿωοτϫʔΫ஗Ԇ
    ͳͲ
    • Environmental contextɿ෺ཧ؀ڥɻ૽Իɺޫͷڧ͞ͳͲɻ
    • Individuality and user profile contextɿϢʔβͷᅂ޷ɺؔ
    ৺ɺश׳ͳͲʹؔ͢ΔίϯςΩετ
    • Activity contextɿݱࡏͲͷλεΫʹؔΘ͍ͬͯΔͷ͔ɺ࣍
    ʹԿΛ͢Δͷ͔
    • Mental contextɿ৺ͷ಺෦ঢ়ଶʹؔ͢Δ৘ใɻײ৘ɺؾ
    ෼ɺετϨε
    • Interaction contextɿϢʔβؒͷΠϯλϥΫγϣϯɺϢʔ
    βͱΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷΠϯλϥΫγϣϯͳͲ
    11
    Knappmeyer et al., Survey of Context Provisioning Middleware (2013)

    View full-size slide

  12. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    20೥ޙͷςΫϊϩδʔ (2040೥ࠒ)
    • ಁաܕϔουϚ΢ϯτσΟεϓϨΠ(MR)
    • ඇಁաܕϔουϚ΢ϯτσΟεϓϨΠ(VR)
    • ۭؒηϯγϯά
    • ೶৔ / ౎ࢢ / ಓ࿏ etc.
    • ࣗಈӡసं (Ϩϕϧ5ɿ׬શࣗಈӡస)
    12
    ※ಠஅʹجͮ͘ໝ૝Ͱ͢

    View full-size slide

  13. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ιϑτ΢ΣΞςετ
    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞςετ is େࣄ
    • ςετۦಈ։ൃ
    • ςετࣗಈԽ
    • CI(ܧଓతΠϯςάϨʔγϣϯ): Jenkins, CircleCI etc.
    • αʔό؀ڥςετ: Serverspec etc.
    • UIςετπʔϧ: Selenium, appium etc.
    13

    View full-size slide

  14. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ϋʔυ΢ΣΞͷE2Eςετ
    • εϚʔτϩοΫςετͷࣗಈԽ
    14
    ϋʔυ΢ΣΞΛE2EςετͰ͖ͳ͍ͳΜͯ୭͕ݴͬͨʁ
    - IoTͷςετΛࣗಈԽ͢Δϝιου (Ishii Taiki) - builderscon tokyo 2018
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=m_HCUdWtQco

    View full-size slide

  15. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    εϚϗͷςετࣗಈԽ
    • ෺ཧతʹλοϓͯࣗ͠ಈԽ
    15
    iOS୺຤ͷςετࣗಈԽ - Quality Commander 7
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QlfWZOzM-ik

    View full-size slide

  16. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    Remotion
    • ϦϞʔτ͓ΑͼԾ૝ۭؒͷ୺຤ͱ࢟੎Λಉظ
    16
    Qian et al., Remotion: A Motion-Based Capture and Replay Platform of
    Mobile Device Interaction for Remote Usability Testing (UBICOMP2018)

    View full-size slide

  17. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ϞόΠϧΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ޲͚ίϯςΩετੜ੒
    • Androidͷ࣮ػ͓ΑͼΤϛϡϨʔλʹίϯςΩετ৘ใ
    Λ஫ೖ
    17
    Rege et al., Realistic Context Generation For Mobile App
    Testing and Performance Evaluation (PerCom2017)
    Luo et al., TestAWARE: A Laboratory-Oriented Testing Tool
    for Mobile Context-Aware Applications (UBICOMP2017)

    View full-size slide

  18. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    Kinect Doll
    18
    KINECT DOLL Ver3.0
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=syY26n7ponM
    • KinectΞϓϦέʔγϣϯσόοά༻ͷਓܗ
    • ೚ҙͷϙʔζΛࢦఆՄೳ (ಈըͰ͸ਓؒͱಉ͡ಈ͖)

    View full-size slide

  19. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ࣗಈӡసं
    • Uberͷࣗಈӡసऀͷ૸ߦςετͷͨΊͷڊେίʔε
    19
    Our Road to Self-Driving Vehicles | Uber ATG
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=27OuOCeZmwI

    View full-size slide

  20. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    EUDebug
    20
    • IFTTTͷΑ͏ʹΤϯυϢʔβ͕࡞੒͢ΔTrigger-ActionϧʔϧͷͨΊͷσόοάπʔϧ
    • Trigger-ActionϧʔϧͰى͜Γ͏Δ3छྨͷ໰୊
    • ʮϧʔϓ(loop)ʯʮໃ६(inconsistency)ʯʮ৑௕ੑ(redundancy)ʯ
    • ͜ͷ໰୊Λಛఆͯ͠Ϣʔβʹఏࣔ͢Δ
    • Semantic Colored Petri-Net(SCPN)ϞσϧΛར༻ͯ͠ϧʔϧΛղੳ
    Corno et al., Empowering End Users in Debugging Trigger-Action Rules (CHI2019)

    View full-size slide

  21. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    Ծ૝؀ڥͷ׆༻
    • ୺຤֎ͷ৘ใ (෺ཧత৘ใ) ͷऔಘ͕伴
    • Ծ૝؀ڥɾγϛϡϨʔγϣϯΛςετʹ׆༻
    21

    View full-size slide

  22. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    UBIWISE
    • άϥϑΟοΫΤϯδϯΛ༻͍ͨԾ૝؀ڥΛΞϓϦέʔ
    γϣϯςετͷίϯςΩετʹར༻
    • ᝑମઃܭ΍ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯςετʹར༻
    22
    Barton and Vijayaraghavan, UBIWISE, A Ubiquitous Wireless Infrastructure Simulation Environment (2002)

    View full-size slide

  23. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    UbiREAL
    • εϚʔτεϖʔεͷͨΊͷγεςϜςετ؀ڥ
    • ϏδϡΞϥΠβɺωοτϫʔΫγϛϡϨʔλɺ෺ཧγϛϡϨʔλͷ
    ػೳΛ౥ࡌ
    23
    Nishikawa et al., UbiREAL: Realistic Smartspace Simulator for Systematic Testing (UBICOMP 2006)

    View full-size slide

  24. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AirSim (Microsoft Research)
    • ࣗಈӡసंɾυϩʔϯͷػցֶशͷͨΊͷγϛϡϨʔλ
    • Unreal Engine4
    24
    Shah et al., AirSim: High-Fidelity Visual and Physical Simulation for Autonomous Vehicles (FSR 2017)

    View full-size slide

  25. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AI2-THOR
    • ՈࣄϩϘοτͷֶशͷͨΊͷ3D؀ڥ
    • Unity
    25
    Kolve et al., AI2-THOR: An Interactive 3D Environment for Visual AI (arXiv)

    View full-size slide

  26. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    House3D (Facebook AI Research)
    • ϩϘοτͷՈఉ಺λεΫͷֶशͷͨΊͷ3D؀ڥ
    26
    Wu et al., Building Generalizable Agents with a Realistic and Rich 3D Environment (ICLR 2018)

    View full-size slide

  27. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ֶश޲͚Ծ૝؀ڥ
    • ͨ͘͞Μ͋Δ
    27
    AI2-THOR http://ai2thor.allenai.org/ ΑΓ

    View full-size slide

  28. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    Ծ૝؀ڥΛ࢖ͬͨςετ؀ڥͷఏҊ
    • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) ʹؔ͢ΔݚڀࣄྫΛ঺հ
    • BluMoon: Linux༻BLEΤϛϡϨʔλ
    • AOBAKO: BLEϏʔίϯΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷݕূγεςϜ
    • BLE: ػثؒ઀ଓ(εϚϗ-पลػث)ɺ԰಺ଌҐͳͲʹ࢖ΘΕΔ
    28
    https://www.bluetooth.com/what-is-bluetooth-technology/how-it-works

    View full-size slide

  29. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon֓ཁ
    • Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE)ͷϑϨʔϜΛUDP/IP/Ethernetʹࡌͤͯ௨৴͢Δ
    ΤϛϡϨʔλ
    • PCΫϥελͰ௨৴࣮ݧՄೳ
    • Ծ૝ϚγϯͰ௨৴࣮ݧՄೳ
    • ԕִ஍Ͱ௨৴࣮ݧՄೳ
    • Linux্ͰBluetoothΠϯλϑΣʔεͱͯ͠ݟ͑Δ
    • ి೾ड৴ڧ౓(RSS)͸ʁ → ࠶ݱ͠·͢
    • ి೾ׯব͸ʁ → ࠶ݱ͠·͢
    29

    View full-size slide

  30. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: HCIΛڥքͱͨ͠ίϯτϩʔϥΤϛϡϨʔγϣϯ
    • Application, Host, Controllerͱ͍͏֊૚ߏ଄
    • Host-Controllerؒ͸Host-Controller Interface(HCI)͕ఆٛ
    • ίϯτϩʔϥΛLinuxΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͱ࣮ͯ͠૷
    30
    ͜͜ΛLinuxΞϓϦέʔγϣϯʹஔ͖׵͑Δ

    View full-size slide

  31. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: ಈ࡞σϞ
    • ϩʔΧϧϗετ(BluetoothΠϯλϑΣʔεແ͠)ʹ
    Bluetoothύέοτ(ΞυόλΠζ)Λ஫ೖ
    31

    View full-size slide

  32. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: ઃܭͱ࣮૷
    • ΦʔϓϯιʔεLinux BluetoothελοΫBlueZΛݩʹ࣮૷
    • Ծ૝ΠϯλϑΣʔε͔Β௨৴Ͱ͖ΔΑ͏վม
    • ػثؒ௨৴͸UDPσʔλάϥϜʹωοτϫʔΫԾ૝ԽϑΥʔϚοτΛ
    ಺แ
    • ΤϛϡϨʔγϣϯʹඞཁͳ৘ใ(ch,TxPower,Location)Λϔομʹ֨ೲ
    32

    View full-size slide

  33. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: ड৴ి೾ڧ౓ͷ໛฿
    • ϊʔυͷҐஔΛܾΊͯڑ཭ʹԠͯ͡ݮਰ
    • ࣮ࡍͷ఻ൖɾݮਰ͸ෳࡶ(ਤ)͕ͩɺ͜͜Ͱ͸୯७ͳϞσϧ
    • ࣗ༝ۭؒి೾఻೻ଛࣦ + Ճࢉੑന৭Ψ΢εࡶԻ(AWGN)
    33
    • AWGN(δ)͸ҎԼͷ֬཰ີ౓ؔ਺͔Βཚ୒
    Neburka et al., Study of the Performance of RSSI based Bluetooth Smart Indoor Positioning (2016)

    View full-size slide

  34. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: ి೾ׯবͷ໛฿
    • BLEͰ͸2.400GHz-2.480GHzΛ0.002GHzͣͭ40chʹ෼ׂ
    • ಉνϟϯωϧͷผϑϨʔϜΛಉ࣌(Ұఆ࣌ؒ಺)ʹड৴ͨ͠Βׯব
    ͱΈͳ͢ → ϑϨʔϜΛഁغ
    34
    Faragher and Harle, Location FingerprintingWith Bluetooth Low Energy Beacons

    View full-size slide

  35. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    BluMoon: ൺֱ࣮ݧ
    • ࣮؀ڥͱΤϛϡϨʔγϣϯͷൺֱ
    35

    View full-size slide

  36. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AOBAKO֓ཁ
    • BLEϏʔίϯར༻ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷݕূγεςϜ
    • ശͷ্ʹ୺຤Λஔ͚ͩ͘ͰBLEΞϓϦέʔγϣϯΛ
    ༷ʑͳ৚݅Ͱݕূ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    36

    View full-size slide

  37. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AOBAKO: ݕূ؀ڥ
    • ಺෦ʹ͸Ϗʔίϯൃ৴ػͱͯ͠Raspberry Pi͕ຒΊࠐ·Ε͍ͯΔ
    • 4୆ͷRaspberry PiͰϩʔςʔγϣϯͰϏʔίϯൃ৴
    • ҐஔΛ࠶ݱ͢ΔͨΊʹϏʔίϯͷϔομͷૹ৴ిྗ஋Λॻ͖׵͑
    • ࣮ࡍ͸͔ۙ͘ΒͷϏʔίϯ͕ͩɺԕ͔͘ΒඈΜͰ͖ͨΑ͏ʹݟ
    ͔͚ͤΔ
    37

    View full-size slide

  38. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AOBAKO: ৚݅ઃఆΠϯλϑΣʔε
    • Ϗʔίϯૹ৴ػͱड৴ػͷҐஔΛࢦఆ
    • ্෦ͷWebΧϝϥͷө૾͔Β਺ࣈΛೝࣝ
    38

    View full-size slide

  39. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AOBAKO: Ϗϡʔϫ
    • Ϗʔίϯૹ৴ͷ༷ࢠΛՄࢹԽ
    39

    View full-size slide

  40. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    AOBAKO: ׆༻
    • BLEϏʔίϯ͸ड৴ి೾ڧ౓(RSSI)ʹΑͬͯεϚʔτϑΥϯ౳Ͱͷ԰಺ଌҐ(ۙ઀൑ఆ)ʹ
    ༻͍ΒΕΔ
    • ళฮ΍ࣗಈൢചػͷདྷళݕ஌
    • ത෺ؗφϏήʔγϣϯΞϓϦ
    40
    ౦ژࠃཱത෺ؗ - ΞϓϦʮτʔϋΫͳͼʯ
    • ݕূ͕େม
    • ϏʔίϯઃஔޙͷҐஔมߋ͕ࠔ೉
    • ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ୺຤Λ࣋ͬͯา͖ճΔ
    • → ص্ݕূΛՄೳʹ

    View full-size slide

  41. ൃදࢿྉˠ http://bit.ly/bc20test
    ·ͱΊ
    41
    https://sigpx.org
    • ιϑτ΢ΣΞ͕Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱ͕૿͑ΔʢߴػೳԽɺѻ͏ର৅ͷ޿ൣғԽʣ
    • ։ൃ΋ςετ΋ͲΜͲΜෳࡶʹͳΔɿࣗવͷઁཧ
    • ΤϯδχΞ͸͜ͷྲྀΕʹ৐͍ͬͯ͘ඞཁ͕͋Δ
    • ٕज़ͷൃలΛ૝૾͢Δͷ΋ָ͍͠͠ɺൃలٕͨ͠ज़ΛͲ͏΍ͬͯςετ
    ͢Δ͔ߟ͑Δͷ΋ָ͍͠
    πʔϧ΍ࣄྫͷ঺հɺ࣭໰ɺײ૝ɺίϝϯτͳͲ͓଴ͪͯ͠·͢ (TwitterͳͲͰ)
    @yumu19

    View full-size slide