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Introduction to Cuneiform Texts

4090d633ec1a4e0ea495a3662bc49d2b?s=47 Yustoris
December 16, 2016

Introduction to Cuneiform Texts

Introduction to cuneiform texts (in Japanese)

4090d633ec1a4e0ea495a3662bc49d2b?s=128

Yustoris

December 16, 2016
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  1. ᑹܗจࣈ @yus_no_s    Ϋϥϒͷྖओ͸೪౔ͷ্ͰखΛୟ͖ɺ
 ݴ༿Λ೪౔൘ͷΑ͏ʹஔ͍ͨɻ
 ͦͷ೔·Ͱݴ༿͕೪౔ͷ্ʹஔ͔Εͨ͜ͱ͸ͳ͔ͬͨɻ ʰΤϯϝϧΧϧͱΞϥολͷྖओʱ

  2. ᑹܗจࣈͱ͸ wϝιϙλϛΞத৺ʹதۙ౦Ͱ࢖ΘΕ͍ͯͨจࣈ wݩʑ͸γϡϝʔϧޠΛදه͢ΔͨΊʹ
 #$ ࠒʹൃ໌͞Εͨ wͦͷޙ໿ ೥ͷؒॾݴޠͷදهʹ࠾༻͞Εɺ
 ౦ΞδΞʹ͓͚Δ׽ࣈͷΑ͏ͳ໾ׂΛՌͨͨ͠

  3. ϝιϙλϛΞ֓؍ Gaziantep Waśśukani Taurus M o Mediterranean Sea Lebanon Israel

    Jordan 300 km Iraq Syria S y r i s c h e W ü s t e Kuwait Iran Z a g r o s M o u n t a i n s Aleppo Hama Beirut Damaskus Jerusalem Amman Persian Gulf Basra Ahvaz Nadschaf Nadschaf Kerbela Baghdad Kirkuk Mosul Palmyra Mari Ninive Nuzi Hatra Assur Sippar Babylon Kisch Isin Nippur Lagaś Uruk Ur Charax-Spasinu approximate extent of the Persian Gulf until 5500 B.C. M E S O P O T A M I A Khabur Euphrates Tigris Ωγϡ ΢ϧ ΢ϧΫ ΠϥΫ https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:N-Mesopotamia_and_Syria_english.svg γϦΞ ϖϧγϟ࿷
  4. ᑹܗจࣈจݙͷจԽతՁ஋ wݹ୅ݴޠʹର͢Δࢿྉੑ
 ݹ୅தۙ౦ͷॾݴޠ ໿ݴޠ Ͱ୯ݴޠଟݴޠจݙ͕ଘࡏ wଟ༷ੑ
 ߦ੓จॻɾԦൾจɾࢻɾਆ࿩ɾੜ׆ͷ஌ܙɾจ๏ॻɾ਺ֶॻʜ wྔ
 ສ୯ҐͰจݙ͕ൃ۷͞Ε͍ͯΔ

  5. ᑹܗจࣈจݙͷྫ wΪϧΨϝογϡঀࣄࢻ γϡϝʔϧޠΞοΧυޠ 
 ਆ֨Խ͞Εͨӳ༤ΪϧΨϝογϡʹؔ͢Δਆ࿩ wϋϯϒϥϏ๏య ΞοΧυޠ 
 ϋϯϜϥϏԦ #$

     ʹΑΔ๏཯จॻ wϜϧγϦੈ೥୅ه ώολΠτޠ 
 ϜϧγϦੈ #$  ʹΑΔଈҐޙ೥ؒͷۀ੷࿥
  6. ಛ௃ w࣌୅͝ͱͰେ·͔ʹछྨ͋Δ
 ֆจࣈ ݹ੿จࣈ ɾγϡϝʔϧɾ৽ΞογϦΞҎ߱ w֤ݴޠͰ༷ʑʹड༰͞Εͨ දޠ දԻ γϡϝʔϧޠ ΄΅දԻ

    Ұ෦දޠ ΞοΧυޠώολΠτޠͳͲ දԻͷΈ ΢ΨϦοτޠݹ୅ϖϧγΞޠͳͲ
  7. ಛ௃ wݱ୅೔ຊޠͰͷ׽ࣈͱಉ͡Α͏ͳಛ௃͕͋Δ
  ಛʹγϡϝʔϧᑹܗจࣈ  wදޠͱදԻ͕ࠞࡏɾಡΈͱจࣈ͕ଟରଟ
 FHLB ԻͷΈΛද͢ JOJN ʮݴ༿ʯ

    LB ʮޱʯ  w࿡ॻͷΑ͏ͳ଄ࣈखஈ
 FH  ʮޱʯ ʮύϯʯ ʮ৯΂Δʯ
  8. ಛ௃ wଟ͘ͷݴޠͰԻઅจࣈͱͯ͠ར༻͞Εͨ FHB ฼Ի 
 NB ࢠԻ ฼Ի 
 BC

    ฼Ի ࢠԻ 
 UBN ࢠԻ ฼Ի ࢠԻ ฼Ի ࢠԻ͕ηοτFHͻΒ͕ͳ
  9. ຋ࣈ wᑹܗจࣈΛΞϧϑΝϕοτͰදه͢Δ͜ͱ wಉԻҟࣈ͸Լ෇͖਺ࣈͰ۠ผFHHVͱHV  wجຊখจࣈදه
 จࣈͷछྨͦͷ΋ͷΛද࣌͢͸େจࣈදه
 FHß&ß ڣͿ ڇ

  10. ݴޠɾ࣌୅ؒͷදهࠩྫ γϡϝʔϧޠ
 #$ ώολΠτޠ
 #$ දهͷ૬ҧ఺ wจࣈͷ؆ུԽ wදޠจࣈͷݮগ γϡϝʔϧ
 จࣈ

    ৽ΞογϦΞ
 จࣈ ಉҰจࣈ ,#P***
  11. ݴޠɾ࣌୅ؒͷදهࠩྫ ݹ୅ϖϧγΞޠ൛ ΞοΧυޠ൛ ಉ಺༰ͷݴޠซهྫ
 ϕώετΡʔϯൾจɺ#$ 5PMNBO )FSCFSU$VTIJOH 

  12. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ wγϡϝʔϧޠͳͲ໿ݴޠͰ࢖ΘΕͨ wݴޠྫ wγϡϝʔϧޠ #$ ʙ#$   wΞοΧυޠ #$

    ʙ#$  wώολΠτޠ #$ ʙ#$ 
  13. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ wγϡϝʔϧޠͳͲ໿ݴޠͰ࢖ΘΕͨ wݴޠྫ wγϡϝʔϧޠ #$ ʙ#$   wΞοΧυޠ #$

    ʙ#$  wώολΠτޠ #$ ʙ#$  ηϜޠ೿ FHΞϥϏΞޠ ɾ۶ંޠ ҹԤޠ଒ɾ۶ંޠ ܥ౷ෆ໌ɾ᡼ணޠ
  14. γϡϝʔϧޠ ֓ཁ wܥ౷ෆ໌ɾ᡼ணޠɾ407ɾೳ֨ wجຊతͳޠኮ͕গͳ͘ɺʮख़ޠʯ͕ଟ༻͞Εͨ wෳ߹ಈࢺãVUJ ख औΔ ड͚औΔ wʮख़ࣈ܇ʯJSJN ß&ß"#

  15. γϡϝʔϧޠ ֓ཁ wܥ౷ෆ໌ɾ᡼ணޠɾ407ɾೳ֨ wجຊతͳޠኮ͕গͳ͘ɺʮख़ޠʯ͕ଟ༻͞Εͨ wෳ߹ಈࢺãVUJ ख औΔ ड͚औΔ wʮख़ࣈ܇ʯJSJN ß&ß"#

    ଟಈࢺओޠʹͷΈ઀͕ࣙͭ͘ ୯ޠʹ઀ࣙΛ͚͍ͬͭͯ͘͘ FH೔ຊޠ
  16. γϡϝʔϧޠ
 ྫจ lu2 šir3-ra-ke4 za3-mi2-zu ka-bi-a mi-ni-ib-dug3-ge-ne Վ͍खʹΑͬͯ ͋ͳͨͷࢍඒ ͦͷޱͰ

    Α͔Β͠ΊΔ Վ͍ख͸ͦͷޱʹ͓͍ͯ͋ͳͨ΁ͷࢍඒΛߴΒ͔ʹۛ͡ΔͩΖ͏ “A hymn to Ḫaia for Rīm-Sîn”
  17. γϡϝʔϧޠ
 ྫจ lu2 šir3-ra-ke4 za3-mi2-zu ka-bi-a mi-ni-ib-dug3-ge-ne Վ͍खʹΑͬͯ ͋ͳͨͷࢍඒ ͦͷޱͰ

    Α͔Β͠ΊΔ Վ͍ख͸ͦͷޱʹ͓͍ͯ͋ͳͨ΁ͷࢍඒΛߴΒ͔ʹۛ͡ΔͩΖ͏ “A hymn to Ḫaia for Rīm-Sîn” ೳ֨઀ඌࣙ
 ʙʹΑͬͯ ʮՎ͍खʯ
  18. γϡϝʔϧޠ
 ྫจ lu2 šir3-ra-ke4 za3-mi2-zu ka-bi-a mi-ni-ib-dug3-ge-ne Վ͍खʹΑͬͯ ͋ͳͨͷࢍඒ ͦͷޱͰ

    Α͔Β͠ΊΔ Վ͍ख͸ͦͷޱʹ͓͍ͯ͋ͳͨ΁ͷࢍඒΛߴΒ͔ʹۛ͡ΔͩΖ͏ “A hymn to Ḫaia for Rīm-Sîn” ൴൴ঁͷ ʙͷதͰ ʮޱʯ
  19. γϡϝʔϧޠ
 ྫจ lu2 šir3-ra-ke4 za3-mi2-zu ka-bi-a mi-ni-ib-dug3-ge-ne Վ͍खʹΑͬͯ ͋ͳͨͷࢍඒ ͦͷޱͰ

    Α͔Β͠ΊΔ Վ͍ख͸ͦͷޱʹ͓͍ͯ͋ͳͨ΁ͷࢍඒΛߴΒ͔ʹۛ͡ΔͩΖ͏ “A hymn to Ḫaia for Rīm-Sîn” ޠװ ઀಄ࣙ ઀ඌࣙ
  20. γϡϝʔϧޠ wޱޠͱͯ͠͸#$ ࠒʹ͸ࢮ໓ wͦͷޙݖҖతͳจޠͱͯ͠͠͹Β͘͸ଘଓ w͍͔ͭ͘ͷදݱ͸ఆܕ۟ͱͯ͠ޙܧݴޠʹ࢒Δ
 FH,6#"##"3γϡϝʔϧޠͰʮۜʯ
 ώολΠτޠͰʮϋοςΟ ट౎໊ ʯ

  21. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ
 ΞοΧυޠ wηϜޠ೿ɾ۶ંޠ wγϡϝʔϧޠ͔ΒᑹܗจࣈΛड͚ೖΕͨ
 γϡϝʔϧޠͱͷં஭Ͱɺදه͕ෳࡶʹͳ͍ͬͯΔ wγϡϝʔϧޠͱ૬ޓʹେ͖͘Өڹ͍͋ͬͯ͠Δ
 ޠኮ͕૬ޓ༌ೖ͞Εɺจ๏΋γϡϝʔϧޠʹӨڹ͞Εͨ ΞϥϏΞޠͷԕ͍਌ੰ

  22. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ
 ΞοΧυޠ wγϡϝʔϧޠͱೖΕସΘΓͰ
 ϝιϙλϛΞͷެ༻ޠʹ wͦͷޙγϡϝʔϧޠͱಉ༷ޱޠͱͯ͠͸ࢮ໓͠ɺ
 จޠͱͯ͠͠͹Β͘ଘଓͨ͠

  23. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ
 ώολΠτޠ wҹԤޠ଒ɾ۶ંޠ wΞφτϦΞߴݪ େମݱτϧί த৺ʹӫ͑ͨ
 ώολΠτఇࠃͷݴ༿ wఆܕ۟ͱͯ͠γϡϝʔϧޠɾΞοΧυޠ͕ࠞ͟Δ

  24. ᑹܗจࣈΛར༻͍ͯͨ͠ݴޠ
 ώολΠτޠ w޴Իͷ࢒ᕥ͕֬ೝͰ͖Δ
 ιγϡʔϧͷ޴Իཧ࿦ͷ༗ྗͳ๣ূͱͳͬͨ

  25. จࣈͷॻ͖ํ μϯνΫ ѵͷҰछ ʹΑΔʮϖϯʯ͕ར༻͞Εͨ ΦϨϯδ෦෼Λ೪౔ʹ
 ԡ͠෇͚ͯʮᑹʯΛ࡞Δ http://cdli.ucla.edu/pubs/cdln/php/single.php?id=65

  26. ࣮ࡍʹॻ͍ͯΈΔ wʮϖϯʯ͸ṟͷઌΛ௚ํମʹ࡟ͬͨ΋ͷͰ
 ୅༻Մೳ wʮॻ͖൘ʯ͸ਤը޻࡞༻ͷ༉೪౔Ͱ୅༻Մೳ

  27. ࣮ࡍʹॻ͍ͯΈΔ ॴײͱͯ͠͸ʜʜ w೪౔ͷද໘ΛฏΒʹ͠ͳ͍ͱ
 ॻ͖ʹ͍͘ wҰจࣈΛ਺ϛϦ࢛ํͰॻ͘ͷ͸
 ׳Ε͕ඞཁ