or QR code ‧ (Open) APIs to access, QR Codes for accessibility… ╸ Alternative identiﬁer (aliases or proxies) ‧ Phone numbers, National IDs ╸ Push and pull payment capability ‧ Credit Transfer, Payment initiation, Request To Pay. 6
processed in batches. ╸ All individual SCT transactions received during a speciﬁc period of time during a business working day are grouped into a single (batch) ﬁle. ╸ This ﬁle is then submitted for further clearing and settlement usually at the end of day. ‧ (Good luck if it’s a Friday!) 8
instantly credited to online retailer account 4:18 pm Funds are credited to publisher account 4:17 pm Just in Time cash management engine initiates an instant payment to the publisher for sales proceeds 4:19 pm Publisher initiates a royalty payment to author via instant payment as per contractual terms PAYMENT PURCHASE 4:15 pm Customer purchase an online book and pays via instant payment method. Instant Payments: An example journey 4:20 pm Funds are credited to author account 4:21 pm Author remits funds to their family via P2P Instant Payment App 4:22 pm Funds are available to author’s family to be withdrawn
percent of gig economy workers would work more often if they could get paid faster. ╸ Silos of administrative complexity ‧ Up to $389 billion in total U.S. healthcare spending per year that could be eliminated by real-time infrastructures ‧ For large billers like electricity/phone companies with hundreds of thousands (if not millions) of bill payments, the assurance of receiving a payment bring a different level of liquidity management into play for them. 12
NORTH AMERICA RTR Canada RTP USA LATAM SPEI Mexico EUROPE BIR Sweden Straksclearingen Denmark Straksbetalinger Norway Greidsluveitan Iceland UK Faster Payments United Kingdom SCT Inst Europe RTPE Czech Republic Express ELIXIR Poland Plăți Instant Romania Faster Payments Russia SIC Switzerland APAC HOFINET Republic of Korea IBPS China FPS Hong Kong CIFS Taiwan PromptPay Thailand RPP Malaysia Instapay Philippines PIX Brazil TransﬁYa Colombia Transferencias en Línea (TEF) Chile MEA RPS Turkey Fawri+ Bahrain GIP Ghana NIBSS Nigeria PesaLink Kenya Real Time Clearing (RTC) South Africa Instapay Philippines FAST Singapore Zengin Japan IMPS India CEFTS Sri Lanka
launched in 2017, offers real-time payment capabilities to 57% of U.S. demand deposit accounts. Insurance and loan services using it for instant settlement, and same-day employee wages facilitate the growing gig economy. ╸ Zelle, enables individuals to P2P transfers to another registered user’s bank account. 3.3M tx/day, $840M in value. Instant Payment Globally: The US
of the world’s ﬁrst payment platforms that are ‧ Real-time ‧ Cross-border ‧ Multi-currency ╸ Sweden, Denmark and Finland joined now, Iceland and Norway coming in the middle term. Instant Payment Globally: P27 The Nordics
market, connecting to a pan-European system is a strategic priority. ╸ The two systems that compete in the instant payment market are EBA Clearing RT1 and the European Central Bank's TARGET INSTANT PAYMENTS (TIPS) system. Instant Payment Globally: Europe
to 97% of Spanish banks, connecting to RT1 and TIPS ╸ Nearly half of the credit transfers have been instant in 2022 ╸ Average Daily Volume ‧ Iberpay: 526,000 Bizum: 573,000 ╸ Average Daily Value ‧ Iberpay: €150.2M Bizum: €27.9M Instant Payment Globally: Spain
<CreDtTm>2022-04-05T00:00:00</CreDtTm> <NbOfTxs>7</NbOfTxs> <CtrlSum>188552.18</CtrlSum> <InitgPty> <Nm>Gig Delivery SL</Nm> <Id> <OrgId> <Othr> <Id>B65874893000</Id> <SchmeNm> <Prtry>SEPA</Prtry> </SchmeNm> 24 ISO 20022 The standard provides a consistent messaging format for communications interoperability between ﬁnancial institutions. Most countries using it as backbone as foundation stone.
date/time of creation, grouping type, number of transactions, sender identiﬁcation ╸ The Payment Information <PmtInf> ‧ Requested execution date, originator name and account details, etc. ╸ The Credit Transfer Transaction Information <CdtTrfTxInf> ‧ Reference, amount, currency, beneﬁciary name, beneﬁciary account details, regulatory declaration, reasons for payment, etc. ISO 20022: Main segments
SCT Inst Instruction 27 Beneﬁciary CSM The Originator PSP receives an SCT Inst Instruction from the Originator. Executes all processing conditions and funds availability checks. If successful, the Originator PSP instantly makes a reservation of the amount on the Originator’s Payment Account Instantly prepares an SCT Inst Transaction based on the SCT Inst Instruction and timestamps it.
SCT Inst Transaction 28 Beneﬁciary CSM Originator PSP Instantly sends the SCT Inst Transaction message to the CSM of the Originator PSP. Via this message, the Originator PSP gives the authorization to the CSM of the Originator PSP to reserve funds on its account as cover for the SCT Inst Transaction. This provides upfront settlement certainty.
SCT Inst Transaction 29 Beneﬁciary CSM The CSM of the Beneﬁciary PSP Instantly sends the SCT Inst Transaction message to the Beneﬁciary PSP. For the Beneﬁciary PSP, this message under step 3 implies that the Beneﬁciary PSP has settlement certainty for this SCT Inst Transaction in case the Beneﬁciary PSP accepts the transaction for further processing.
Conﬁrmation Message 30 Beneﬁciary CSM The Beneﬁciary PSP sends the conﬁrmation message to the CSM of the Beneﬁciary PSP indicating that it: - has received the SCT Inst Transaction and, - is able to Instantly process the SCT Inst Transaction (positive conﬁrmation) or not (negative conﬁrmation with an immediate Reject)
Funds Available 31 Beneﬁciary CSM Only when the Beneﬁciary PSP has sent a positive conﬁrmation via step 4 and the Beneﬁciary PSP has the certainty that the message has been successfully delivered to the CSM of the Beneﬁciary PSP, it instantly Makes the Funds Available to the Beneﬁciary. The information about the new available funds is instantly accessible to the Beneﬁciary.
Positive conﬁrmation 32 Beneﬁciary CSM The CSM of the Originator PSP instantly reports to the Originator PSP the SCT Inst Transaction has been successful. The basis for this report is the contents of the conﬁrmation message in step 4 which the CSM of the Originator PSP had received via the CSM of the Beneﬁciary PSP.
Negative Conﬁrmation 33 Beneﬁciary CSM In case the Originator PSP receives a negative conﬁrmation about the SCT Inst Transaction which indicates that the funds had not been made available to the Beneﬁciary, the Originator PSP is obliged to immediately inform the Originator. The Originator PSP lifts the reservation of the amount made in Step 1.