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Dockerize your Symfony application

83605207295b7fb944d90e377e584470?s=47 André R.
October 09, 2014

Dockerize your Symfony application

With the advent of docker it is now easier then ever to make sure you develop, test and deploy using the same environment, resulting in no more issues caused by differences or missing libraries. Talk will go into the basics of containers, docker, and showcase how you might setup a basic php + mysql environment for your symfony app.

https://joind.in/12188

83605207295b7fb944d90e377e584470?s=128

André R.

October 09, 2014
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  1. Dockerize your Symfony application Docker: What, Why and How with

    Symfony? Symfony Live New York, Oct 9-10 2014! By @andrerom, VP Engineering at eZ Systems AS
  2. Who am I? André Rømcke: • Heads Engineering (Dev, QA

    & Support) at eZ Systems AS • PHP for 9 years, started with frontend in 96 <blink>#dhtml</blink> • Currently living in Lyon, France but from ~Oslo, Norway ! eZ Systems AS: • Maker of eZ Publish since 2001 • Norwegian based but with offices in 7 countries and hiring • Professional partners & Community users in all corners of the world ! eZ Publish • A Open source Enterprise Content Management System • Started using Symfony in 2012 (5.0), will complete the migration to Symfony in 2015 (6.0) with new product name: eZ Platform
  3. What is Docker?

  4. What is Docker? Environment as Micro services ! LEGO for

    developers?
  5. What is Docker? Currently on docker.com: “Docker - An open

    platform for distributed applications for developers and sysadmins.” ! ! Docker Engine is built on LXC ( cgroups, namespaces, Apparmor/SELinux, …) and Union file system to provide a layered container image format that can run on any recent Linux distro. ! Docker Hub is a cloud service for sharing container images and automating workflows, free for public, paid for private.
  6. Concept: Layers “Docker Engine” However lets use a more relevant

    example…
  7. Concept: Layers PHP-C PHP-FPM Container Nginx Container MySQL Container PHP

    Image Base Image Nginx Image MySQL Image PHP- PHP-FPM Image PH Base Image Base Image Bas m e Container layer Container layer Container layer Conta yer Example: $ sudo docker run -d php-fpm:5.6 ! ! ! ! ! ! ! • Starts a php-fpm container based on a php-fpm image tagged “5.6”
 • The php-fpm image extends a plain php image, which again extends a base image like debian/ubuntu/centos
 • You can write to file system inside container, but changes in container is not persisted when replaced with new version of image unless using volumes
  8. Concept: DockerFile • Defines a Docker image • A bit

    like VagrantFile meets Puppet/Chef/Anisibel, but using shell ! • $ sudo docker build -t apache .
 FROM debian:wheezy MAINTAINER Some Maintainer "docker-maint@docker" ! RUN apt-get -y install apache2 ! ENV APACHE_RUN_USER www-data ENV APACHE_RUN_GROUP www-data ENV APACHE_LOG_DIR /var/log/apache2 ! EXPOSE 80 ! CMD ["/usr/sbin/apache2ctl", "-D", "FOREGROUND"]
  9. • Just like you are used to with Vagrant or

    VM’s you can map ports to keep images generic ! • $ sudo docker run -d -p 81:80 —name=web-1 php:5.6-apache Host! Listen: 80 Concept: Port Mapping *:80 80 81 82 www-1
 :80 www-2
 :80 Varnish
 :80 Note: no advantage having more then one www instance other then for cluster testing on one node
  10. • Just like you are used to with Vagrant or

    VM’s you can map ports to keep images generic ! • $ sudo docker run -d -p 81:80 —name=web-1 php:5.6-apache VM! Listen: 80 8080 localhost:8080 Concept: Port Mapping 80 81 82 www-1
 :80 www-2
 :80 Varnish
 :80 Note: no advantage having more then one www instance other then for cluster testing on one node
  11. • Shares exposed ports and environment variables from one container

    to another ! • $ sudo docker run -d -p 81:80 --link db-1:db (…) VM! Listen: 80 Concept: Container Linking 8080 localhost:8080 80 81 82 www-1
 :80 www-2
 :80 db-1
 :3306 Varnish
 :80
  12. • Mounts a folder in Host/VM to a container •

    Can be read only or read-write ! • $ sudo docker run -v /vagrant/www:/www:rw —name=sf-vol (…) VM! Listen: 80 Concept: Data Volume 8080 localhost:8080 vagrant/files/www 80 81 82 www-1
 :80 www-2
 :80 db-1
 :3306 sf-vol rw Varnish
 :80
  13. • Mounts all volumes in one container to others •

    Can be read only or read-write ! • $ sudo docker run -d -p 81:80 --volumes-from sf-vol (…) VM! Listen: 80 Concept: Sharing Data Volume 80 81 82 8080 localhost:8080 vagrant/files/www rw www-1
 :80 www-2
 :80 sf-vol db-1
 :3306 Varnish
 :80
  14. How does it compare to VM’s? Virtual Machines vs Docker

    App A App B Bin/Libs Bin/Libs Guest OS Guest OS HyperVisor Host OS Server App A App B Bin/Libs Guest OS “Docker Engine” Host OS Server
  15. App A App B Bin/Libs Guest OS “Docker Engine” Host

    OS Server How does it compare to VM’s? Virtual Machines vs Docker App A App B Bin/Libs Bin/Libs Guest OS Guest OS HyperVisor Host OS Server Close to zero run time overhead!
  16. App A App B Bin/Libs Guest OS “Docker Engine” Host

    OS Server How does it compare to VM’s? Virtual Machines vs Docker App A App B Bin/Libs Bin/Libs Guest OS Guest OS HyperVisor Host OS Server “Machine” boots in less then a second Close to zero run time overhead!
  17. App A App B Bin/Libs Guest OS “Docker Engine” Host

    OS Server How does it compare to VM’s? Virtual Machines vs Docker App A App B Bin/Libs Bin/Libs Guest OS Guest OS HyperVisor Host OS Server Close to zero run time overhead! Shared “layers” share memory “Machine” boots in less then a second
  18. App A App B Bin/Libs Guest OS “Docker Engine” Host

    OS Server How does it compare to VM’s? Virtual Machines vs Docker App A App B Bin/Libs Bin/Libs Guest OS Guest OS HyperVisor Host OS Server Close to zero run time overhead! Image size advantage; i.e. OS image only downloaded once Shared “layers” share memory “Machine” boots in less then a second
  19. Why use Docker?

  20. Why? Docker holds the promise of: • Stable official containers

    for everything* you need on Docker Hub • No need to care about OS/Linux-distro differences anymore • Develop once, use and deploy everywhere • Less need for using abstracted install recipes using Puppet/Chef/ Ansible** • Can replace capistrano, capifony, …. ! ! ! ! * Not yet, but getting there. Example: v1 of PHP container out recently ** However they are still very valid for configuration of your app
  21. Example: Not unrealistic that we will have a standard docker

    config ala fig which can be used on: Azure, Google Computer, Server, localhost, … ! How fig.yml currently looks like: web-1: image: php:5.6-apache ports: - "80:80" links: - db-1 volumes: - /vagrant/volumes/ezpublish:/var/www:rw db-1: image: mysql:5.6 environment: MYSQL_ROOT_PASSWORD: mysecretpassword Why? Check out Google Kubernetes!
 Already supported by Google and Azure.
  22. Why? Highly scalable: • “By forcing you to split out

    application in micro services it allows you to scale up part of the application very easily!”
 
 GOTO: • Google Kubernetes (for use on own, Azure or GoogleCloudPlatform) • Apache Mesos + Marathon • …Docker slides from DockerCon for more alternatives…
  23. High level Benefits Lets Developers iterate on environment like on

    code: • Develop & Use locally • Use for test system keeping test server clean • Deploy/Deliver to Ops/Sysadmins • $um: Run everywhere ! Allows Ops/Sysadmins to standardize around containers: • Can focus on maintain hosts, scaling, monitoring • Streamlined Deployments ! Benefits for your business: • Standardize environments & deployments across developers, whole organization and customers • Opportunity: new marketplace for your application • Operation Cost
  24. Examples of use and CI/CD

  25. Example: Single app, one node Server / VM Varnish www-1

    sf-vol db-vol php- fpm-1 db-1 Example of this: Note for running Symfony-standard on this: • Rename app.php or app_dev.php to index.php, or change the rewrite rules • VagrantFile: Comment out d.run command for ezpublish:prepare • Correct settings in files/vagrant.yml
  26. Example: Single app, Cluster testing on one node Server /

    VM Varnish www-1 www-2 php- fpm-2 sf-vol db-vol php- fpm-1 db-1
  27. Example: Single app, several nodes Web Server / VM 1

    www-1 sf-vol php- fpm-1 redis-1 load- balancer Data- base Binary storage Web Server / VM 2 www-2 sf-vol php- fpm-2 redis-2 Web Server / VM 3 sf-vol Adding nodes on dem and
  28. Example: Multiple apps, several nodes “PAAS” Web Server / VM

    1 load- balancer Data- base Binary storage Adding nodes on dem and App N www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 3 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 4 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 1 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 2 www sf-vol php- fpm redis Web Server / VM 2 App N www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 3 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 4 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 1 www sf-vol php- fpm redis App 2 www sf-vol php- fpm redis Web Server / VM 3 App 3 www sf-vol php- redis
  29. Continues Integration and Deployment? Docker Hub (Public/Private) All tests merge

    publish image symfony-standard pull latests stable parent image Symfony-standard on Docker Hub?
  30. Continues Integration and Deployment? Own containers (optional) Docker Hub (Public/Private)

    merge publish image Code Test on stable image merge deploy updated image Server / ! Azure /! Google Cloud /! … pull latests stable code Custom project Test on stable code pull latests stable image Note: Also checkout Pablo Godel’s talk “Rock Solid Deployment of Symfony Apps”
  31. The End Resources: • registry.hub.docker.com (Official and community made containers)

    • github.com/ezsystems/ezpublish-docker (referred to in slides) • ez.no/Blog/What-is-Docker-and-why-should-I-care ! • Running Docker on cluster: • https://github.com/GoogleCloudPlatform/kubernetes • mesosphere.com/learn/ • aws.amazon.com/blogs/aws/container-computing/ ! Twitter: @andrerom Joined.in: https://joind.in/12188 ! PS: eZ launches 100% Symfony CMS in 2015 called eZ Platform based on todays “New/Symfony stack” in eZ Publish 5.x