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Opportunities to Improve Academic Research Through Open Research Practices

Opportunities to Improve Academic Research Through Open Research Practices

Presented at the 2018 Polytechnic Summit, June 6, in Lima, Peru.

Devin Berg

June 06, 2018
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Transcript

  1. Opportunities to
    Improve Academic
    Research Through Open
    Research Practices
    Devin R. Berg
    University of Wisconsin–Stout
    www.devinberg.com
    @devinberg
    DOI: 10.6084/m9.figshare.6291668
    June 4–6, 2018

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  2. Who am I?
    University of Wisconsin-Stout
    Design, robotics, medical devices
    Engineering education and practice
    Open engineering
    2

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  3. WHAT

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  4. What is open research?
    The rules are simple
    Make the work accessible
    4

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  5. What do you mean accessible?
    Accessible is obtainable
    Accessible is understandable
    Accessible is reproducible
    Accessible is inclusive
    5

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  6. As open as desired
    There is no wrong way to be open
    Find the level of open that works
    There is a community out there
    willing to help!
    6

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  7. WHY

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  8. 8
    DOI: 10.17605/OSF.IO/K54UV

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  9. To have an impact!

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  10. People can't access the work
    Many institutions do not have
    subscriptions
    Non-academics can’t understand
    the work
    Motivated individuals can’t recreate
    the work
    10

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  11. Everyone has the right freely to
    participate in the cultural life of the
    community, to enjoy the arts and to
    share in scientific advancement and
    its benefits.
    UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights, Article 27 section 1

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  12. ...to aid in diffusing
    among the people of the
    United States useful and,
    practical information...
    Morrill Land-Grant Act, 1862; Smith–Lever Act, 1914

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  13. 13

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  14. HOW

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  15. How to be open
    Make the work obtainable
    Make the work understandable
    Make the work reproducible
    Make the work inclusive
    15

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  16. To do this
    Preprint and self-archive, publish OA
    Use accessible language
    Use reproducible workflows
    Include diverse perspectives
    16

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  17. There are many
    resources available

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  18. 18

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  19. 19

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  20. Examples
    Open practices can lead to some
    amazing outcomes
    Everything from hardware to
    software to workflows.
    20

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  21. 21
    The Story of Pat Delany, Open Source Machine Tools Advocate

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  22. 22
    Joshua Pearce: Open hardware

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  23. 23
    GliaX Stethoscope; Image

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  24. But what about patents?1
    Of course the rules of prior art still
    apply
    In the US, preprinting may help
    establish priority
    Is patenting the best route to having
    an impact?
    24
    1I am not an attorney and this is not legal advise.

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  25. 25

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  26. Barriers to adoption
    Need for training and updated
    workflows
    Career reward structures
    Pressures of capitalism
    26

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  27. Opportunities to support open
    (broadly)
    Create an institutional mandate
    Use tech transfer offices to push for
    greater impact
    Empower and fund university
    libraries to help
    Support training in open practices
    27
    DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.14593.1

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  28. Opportunities to support open
    (specifically)
    Consider accessibility and impact of
    research products in T&P guidelines
    Recognize contributions of software
    and data alongside publications
    Reduce importance of “traditional”
    venues
    28
    DOI: 10.12688/f1000research.14593.1

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  29. Guiding Principles
    Budapest Open Access Initiative
    Declaration on Research
    Assessment
    FAIR Data Principles
    29

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  30. 30
    Thank You!

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