Mills College - Making online collaboration safer at GitHub

Mills College - Making online collaboration safer at GitHub

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Danielle Leong

October 25, 2016
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  1. Making online collaboration safer at GitHub Danielle Leong Application Engineer

    Community & Safety, GitHub
  2. @dmleong Community & Safety

  3. Title Text

  4. I help make online communities safer

  5. What’s an online community?

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  9. All people have the right to merge

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  12. Community & Safety builds the infrastructure for healthy online communities

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  14. Online harassment is destructive behavior that undermines productivity

  15. Types of online harassment • Posting personal info (doxing) •

    Hate speech • Sexual or pornographic content • Impersonation • SWATing • Spam • Identity theft • Exclusionary behavior • Death and rape threats • Dog piling • Personal attacks • Threatening and inappropriate images • So many more
  16. Microaggressions

  17. Women are more likely to have their pull requests merged

    if they hide their gender* *Study is not yet peer-reviewed California Polytechnic State University North Carolina State University
  18. Age, gender, and sexual orientation are overwhelming factors in online

    harassment
  19. The further you are from being a straight, cis-gender, affluent,

    able-bodied white male, the more likely you are to be harassed
  20. 25% of women 18-24 experience severe online sexual harassment Pew

    Research Center
  21. Women receive twice as many death and rape threats than

    men The Guardian
  22. 25% of LGBTQA women suffer serious online harassment The Guardian

  23. Who are these jerkfaces?

  24. “400lb hackers”?

  25. “These are mostly normal people who do things that seem

    fun at the time that have huge implications.” Whitney Phillips Mercer University This Is Why We Can’t Have Nice Things: Mapping the Relationship Between Online Trolling and Mainstream Culture.
  26. “I never felt bad. I found [your work] so vile

    that I thought you didn’t deserve sympathy.” Troll, TIME Magazine
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  28. “It’s not done to express an opinion, it’s done to

    scare you.” Leslie Jones Actress
  29. Any time you have user-to-user interactions, there can be harassment.

  30. Targets of harassment are chosen because they are visible

  31. Women "holding prominent, visible positions in the open source community

    [are] targets of harassment". Jérôme Petazzoni
  32. Notable examples of harassment • Organizing doxing using repositories and

    issues • Young open source developer targeted with porn and homophobic slurs • Racist repository names • Spamming people with ASCII genitalia
  33. Common every day harassment • Spamming issues and repositories with

    comments • People not merging pull requests because the author is a minority • People getting spammed with threats that were immediately deleted • Sock puppet accounts that dog pile on a person’s pull request
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  35. No set definition of harassment + lack of moderation tooling

    = paralysis
  36. Paralysis hurt our users

  37. People were silenced and pushed off the platform

  38. Harassment isn’t free speech because it silences others

  39. Build tools that encourage good behavior, not policy to punish

    bad behavior
  40. We are a core engineering team whose purpose aligns with

    the company’s values of positive social impact
  41. Community & Safety is not a nice-to-have, it is mandatory

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  43. Build systems that empower inclusive and healthy communities and encourage

    good online citizenship. Discourage behavior that is destructive or threatens personal safety.
  44. Give community managers the tools they need to succeed

  45. Build explicit consent into every user-to-user interaction

  46. Some things we’ve shipped

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  49. Site-wide Community Guidelines that define harassment

  50. Community & Safety consults on feature reviews to catch potential

    abuse vectors
  51. In the works

  52. Repository reputation system

  53. Tools to measure and encourage Code of Conduct adoption rates

  54. Crisis management tools for community managers

  55. Future vision

  56. Communities on GitHub are safe and inclusive, composed of diverse

    users acting as model online citizens.
  57. Model online citizens are not jerkfaces. They respect one another

    as people and contribute meaningful work.
  58. Build enthusiastic and informed consent for every interaction

  59. Reward good behavior

  60. Curiosity and learning is encouraged without fear of ridicule

  61. Community managers have the tools to de-escalate situations and foster

    inclusive culture
  62. "Communities that purport to be for everyone have an obligation

    to cultivate a community of inclusive values...a space where participants aren't silenced by fear or shouted down.” Sarah Jeong The Internet of Garbage
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  64. Resources • https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/mar/08/online- harassment-of-women-at-risk-of-becoming-established-norm-study • http://www.pewinternet.org/2014/10/22/online-harassment/ • https://www.theguardian.com/lifeandstyle/2016/mar/08/online- harassment-of-women-at-risk-of-becoming-established-norm-study •

    http://time.com/4457110/internet-trolls/ • https://peerj.com/preprints/1733/?td=sd • The Internet of Garbage by Sarah Jeong • http://www.computing.co.uk/ctg/news/2416765/open-source-hostile-to- women-claims-docker-devops-guy
  65. Intern applications are open

  66. Thanks!