Multiple Streams Analysis (videocast slides)

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August 19, 2020

Multiple Streams Analysis (videocast slides)

Slides from PADMN 6320/POLS 5320 Public Policy Theory and Administration at the University of Utah's Programs of Public Affairs

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DPC

August 19, 2020
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Transcript

  1. Multiple Streams Analysis SLIDES

  2. PROBLEM RECOGNITION PROBLEM DEFINITION IDENTIFICATION OF POLICY OPTIONS POLICY SELECTION/

    ADOPTION IMPLEMENTATION EVALUATION THE POLICY CYCLE
  3. A GARBAGE CAN MODEL OF ORGANIZATIONAL CHOICE M.D. Cohen, J.G.

    March, & J.P. Olsen (1972) The garbage can process is one in which problems, solutions, and participants move from one choice opportunity to another in such a way that the nature of the choice, the time it takes, and the problems it solves all depend on a relatively complicated intermeshing of elements.
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  5. social problems are complex

  6. Knowing things about the world is hard

  7. human cognition is imperfect limited information capacity selective attention

  8. policy makers operate under severe time constraints

  9. Ambiguity Identifying the real cause and consequences of problems is

    difficult and the way we understand problems is shaped by focusing events, crises, & symbols, among other things.
  10. The policy “primeval soup” “Much as molecules floated around in

    what biologists call the ‘primeval soup’ before life came into being, so ideas float around in [policy] communities.”
  11. Politics The national mood, organized political forces, the composition of

    policy making bodies (e.g. legislatures)
  12. Timing, policy entrepreneurs, & policy windows “Entrepreneurs do more than

    push…they also lie in wait – for a window to open.”
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  17. Agenda setting Problem Stream Indicators (e.g. statistics) Focusing events Feedback

  18. Agenda setting Problem Stream Political Stream National mood Interest groups

    Politicians/policy makers
  19. Agenda setting Problem Stream Political Stream Policy Stream Policy alternatives

    generated in policy communities
  20. Agenda setting Problem Stream Political Stream Policy Stream Policy Window

    Changes in problem or policy streams circumstances
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  26. Agenda setting Problem Stream Policy Stream Policy Window Changes in

    problem or policy streams circumstances Policy Entrepreneur Advocate willing to invest the resources – time, energy, reputation, money – to promote a position in return for anticipated future gain Political Stream
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  31. Agenda setting Problem Stream Policy Stream Policy Window Changes in

    problem or policy streams circumstances Policy Entrepreneur “Coupling” to get problem or proposal on policy makers’ agenda Political Stream
  32. Agenda setting Problem Stream Worked out policy option Policy Stream

    Policy adoption Problem Stream Political Stream Policy Window Policy formulation, legitimation, & adoption Policy Stream Political Stream
  33. Policy change is more likely if… a policy window opens

    the streams are ready for coupling a policy entrepreneur promotes the policy change
  34. Agenda setting Problem Stream Worked out policy option Policy Stream

    Policy adoption Problem Stream Political Stream Policy Window Policy formulation, legitimation, & adoption Policy Stream Political Stream
  35. PUBLIC POLICY THEORY & APPLICATION P A D M N

    6 3 2 0