Week 10 Videocast Slide Deck

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October 14, 2020

Week 10 Videocast Slide Deck

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DPC

October 14, 2020
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  1. Research Design Quantitative Data Analysis PADMN 6289// WEEK 10

  2. Examining relationships 03 Descriptive stats 02 Quantitative data recap 01

    This Videocast
  3. Quantitative Data Recap 01

  4. Quantitative Data Information that is systematically collected and communicated in

    numerical form; Data that can be analyzed with mathematical (usually statistical) techniques
  5. Levels of Measurement Nominal (aka Categorical) Ordinal Interval Ratio Descriptive

    labels/ categories; no meaningful order to values Depict the order of a measurement, but not the difference between integers Depict the order and difference between integers (“interval” = distance between entities); No “true” zero Depict the order and difference between integers; “True” zero ✓ Genders ✓ Countries ✓ Cities ✓ Occupations ✓ Likert-scale survey responses ✓ “Star” ratings ✓ Interval/ratio data expressed as categories ✓ IQ Scores ✓ Temperature ✓ Age ✓ Income ✓ Budgets
  6. Descriptive Statistics 02

  7. Descriptive Statistics Analysis of data that helps describe, show or

    summarize data in a meaningful way such that, for example, patterns might emerge from the data.
  8. Counts Percentages Rates Ratios Measures of central tendency Measures of

    dispersion Commonly Used Descriptive Statistics
  9. Mean: Average value (sum/n) Median: Midpoint of a distribution (middle

    number) Mode: Most frequent value Measures of Central Tendency Figures (numbers) that represent the “center” of the data
  10. Levels of Measurement Nominal (aka Categorical) Ordinal Interval Ratio Descriptive

    labels/ categories; no meaningful order to values Depict the order of a measurement, but not the difference between integers Depict the order and difference between integers (“interval” = distance between entities); No “true” zero Depict the order and difference between integers; “True” zero ✓ Mode ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Mean ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Mean
  11. Measures of Central Tendency $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k

    $30k Mode = $30k
  12. Measures of Central Tendency $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k

    $30k Median = $50k Mode = $30k
  13. Measures of Central Tendency $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k

    $30k Mean = $47k Median = $50k Mode = $30k
  14. Measures of Central Tendency $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k

    $30k Mean = $47k Median = $50k Mode = $30k $500k $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k $30k Mean = $104k Median = $50k Mode = $30k
  15. Range: Difference between lowest and highest values Standard Deviation: Calculated

    spread from the mean Interquartile Range: Spread from the median (Q3-Q1) Measures of Dispersion “Spread” of data; how far the data diverge from the data “center”
  16. Levels of Measurement Nominal (aka Categorical) Ordinal Interval Ratio Descriptive

    labels/ categories; no meaningful order to values Depict the order of a measurement, but not the difference between integers Depict the order and difference between integers (“interval” = distance between entities); No “true” zero Depict the order and difference between integers; “True” zero ✓ Mode ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Interquartile range ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Mean ✓ Interquartile range ✓ Standard deviation ✓ Mode ✓ Median ✓ Mean ✓ Interquartile range ✓ Standard deviation
  17. Visualizing Data Strongly agree = 5 Agree = 4 Neither

    agree nor disagree = 3 Disagree = 2 Strongly disagree = 1 Mean = 3.13 Mode = 5 Mean = 3.16 Mode = 3 Indicate your level of agreement that this is an overall effective course...
  18. Examining Relationships 03

  19. Examining Relationships Differences in measures of central tendency (means, medians,

    modes)
  20. $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k $30k Mean = $47k

    Median = $50k Mode = $30k $500k $75k $65k $50k $50k $30k $30k $30k Mean = $104k Median = $50k Mode = $30k
  21. Examining Relationships Differences in measures of central tendency (means, medians,

    modes) Crosstabs
  22. Differences in satisfaction with city services based on race Using

    frequencies Satisfied Neither Dissatisfied Total White 113 30 8 151 Nonwhite 37 15 22 74 Using percentages Satisfied Neither Dissatisfied Total White 75 20 5 100 Nonwhite 50 20 30 100
  23. Examining Relationships Differences in measures of central tendency (means, medians,

    modes) Crosstabs • Controlling for a third variable in crosstabs
  24. Differences in satisfaction with city services based on race (percentages)

    Satisfied Neither Dissatisfied Total White 75 20 5 100 Nonwhite 50 20 30 100
  25. Differences in satisfaction with city services based on race (percentages)

    Less- affluent neighborhoods Satisfied Neither Dissatisfied Total White 28 22 50 100 Nonwhite 31 18 51 100 More-affluent neighborhoods Satisfied Neither Dissatisfied Total White 77 18 5 100 Nonwhite 74 20 6 100
  26. Examining Relationships Differences in measures of central tendency (means, medians,

    modes) Crosstabs • Controlling for a third variable in crosstabs Measures of association • Appropriate correlation analysis for level of measurement (i.e. nominal, ordinal, interval); Johnson, pg. 208 • Direction of relationship • Strength of relationship (correlation coefficient = r); Johnson, pg. 206
  27. Hours studying Classes attended (stronger relationship) (weaker relationship) GPA GPA

  28. GPA Hours studying GPA Hours partying (positive relationship) (negative relationship)

  29. Research Design Quantitative Data Analysis PADMN 6289// WEEK 10