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why is academic writing important for us

0fee20d8bbb7283e1887e7075f638f59?s=47 Sho Yokoi
October 26, 2017

why is academic writing important for us

2017-10-26, 研究室内勉強会資料
(1) なぜライティングスキルは重要なのか
(2) 論文投稿先に関する基礎知識

0fee20d8bbb7283e1887e7075f638f59?s=128

Sho Yokoi

October 26, 2017
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  1. Why is Writing Important ݚڀͱษڧͷϧʔϧͷҧ͍ɼ͓Αͼ࿦จ౤ߘઌʹؔ͢Δجૅ஌ࣝ Research Skills ษڧձ #1; October

    26th, 2017 ౦๺େֶ סݚڀࣨ ԣҪ঵ (D1) 1
  2. 1. ͳͥʮ࿦จͷॻ͖ํʯ͸Πγϡʔͳͷ͔ 2

  3. ษڧͱݚڀ͸໨త΋ධՁͷํ๏΋ҟͳΔ • ษڧɿط஌ͷ஌ݟͷशಘ͕໨తɽࢼݧ΍ϨϙʔτΛ௨ͯ͠ɼֶ शऀͷशख़౓ΛධՁɾݕূɽ • ݚڀɿਓྨʹͱͬͯະ஌ͷࣄ࣮ͷൃݟ͕໨తɽࠪಡͱҾ༻Λ௨ ͯ͠ɼओுʢ࿦จʣͷଥ౰ੑ΍ॏཁੑΛධՁɾݕূɽ → ݚڀ׆ಈͷ࣮ફతˍ୹ظతͳ໨ඪ͸ɼݚڀ݁ՌΛ࿦จʹ·ͱ ΊͯɼࠪಡΛύε͢Δ͜ͱɽݚڀࣨ഑ଐ͔Β1ʙ2೥ͰͨͲΓண

    ͖͍ͨɽ 3
  4. ͳͥࠪಡ͢Δͷ͔ɼͳͥҾ༻͢Δͷ͔ ਓྨશମͰֶ໰Λલਐͤ͞Δํ๏࿦͸ৗʹΞοϓσʔτ͞Ε͖ͯ ͨɽݱࡏ͸ࠪಡͱҾ༻ʹΑͬͯݚڀͷ࣭Λ୲อ͢Δํ๏͕ओྲྀɽ • Peer Reviewʢࠪಡʣɿݚڀ੒Ռʢ࿦จʣͷॏཁੑ΍৽نੑΛ ઐ໳Ոಉ࢜Ͱ૬ޓݕূʢࠪಡʣ͢ΔɽࠪಡΛύεͨ͠࿦จ͕ग़ ൛͞Εɼଞऀ͔ΒࢀরͰ͖Δঢ়ଶʹͳΔɽˡ ࠓճͷείʔϓ •

    CitationʢҾ༻ʣɿઌߦݚڀΛ౿·͑ɼݞʹ৐ΓʢҾ༻͠ʣɼ ஌ݟΛ͞ΒʹਐΊΔɽ·ͨҾ༻ʹΑΓઌߦݚڀ΁ܟҙΛࣔ͢ɽ 4
  5. ࠪಡͰνΣοΫ͞ΕΔ߲໨ • ݚڀͷ಺༰ʹؔΘΔ߲໨ Noveltyʢ৽نੑʣɼOriginalityʢಠ૑ੑʣɿ৽͠͞ SignificanceʢॏཁੑʣɼRelevanceʢؔ࿈ੑʣɿॏཁ͞ Correctnessʢਖ਼౰ੑʣɼSoundnessʢଥ౰ੑʣɿٞ࿦ͷଥ౰͞ • ࿦จͷॻ͖ํʹؔΘΔ߲໨ ← ॻ͖ํ΋ۃΊͯॏཁ

    ClarityɼPresentationɿهड़ͷ໌ղ͞ɼٞ࿦ͷ௥͍΍͢͞ Repeatabilityɿ࠶ݱੑʢʹಡΈख͕௥ࢼՄೳ͔ʣ 5
  6. ·ͱΊɿͳͥʮ࿦จͷॻ͖ํʯ͸Πγϡʔͳͷ͔ • ݚڀ׆ಈʢਓྨͷ஌Λલਐͤ͞Δ׆ಈʣͷεϞʔϧΰʔϧ͸ݚ ڀ੒ՌΛࠪಡ෇͖࿦จͱͯ͠ग़൛͢Δ͜ͱɽ • ࠪಡͰ͸࿦จͷॻ͖ํ͕νΣοΫ͞ΕΔʢʹΑ͘ॻ͚͍ͯΔ࿦ จʹ͸Ձ஋͕͋Δʣɽ • →ʮ࿦จͷॻ͖ํʯ͸ॏཁɽ •

    ·ͨ࿦จͷ໌ղ͞Λ޲্ͤ͞ΔաఔͰɼݚڀࣗମ͕લਐ͢Δɽ 6
  7. 2. ࿦จ౤ߘઌʹؔ͢Δجૅ஌ࣝ 7

  8. ౤ߘઌ ࿦จͷ౤ߘઌʹ͸ଟ͘ͷબ୒ࢶ͕͋Δɽ • ࠪಡɿࠪಡͷ༗ແ • ഔମɿ࿦จࢽɼձٞͷ༧ߘूɼϫʔΫγϣοϓͷ༧ߘू • ݴޠɿӳޠʢࠃࡍࢽɼձٞʣʀ೔ຊޠʢࠃ಺ࢽɼձٞʣ • Tierɿܝࡌ࿦จͷ඼࣭ɼࠪಡͷݫ͠͞

    8
  9. ࠪಡ • ࠪಡͷ༗ແɿجຊతʹࠪಡ෇͖࿦จͷΈ͕Ҿ༻ͷର৅ͱͳΔɽ ݴ͍׵͑Ε͹ɼࠪಡͳ͠ͷ࿦จʢྫ͑͹ࠃ಺ձٞͷ༧ߘʣ͸Ҿ ༻ͷର৅ͱͳΒͳ͍ɽ • ಗ໊ੑɿެਖ਼ੑͷͨΊɼDouble-blindʢೋॏ໡ݕʀஶऀͱࠪಡ ऀ͕͓ޓ͍Λ஌Βͳ͍ʣ΍ Single-blindʢยଆ໡ݕʀஶऀଆͩ ͚͸ࠪಡऀΛ஌Βͳ͍ʣͰࠪಡ͞ΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͍ɽզʑ͕౤ߘ

    ͢Δ࿦จࢽ΍ࠃࡍձٞ͸΄ͱΜͲ double-blind peer reviewɽ 9
  10. ഔମ • Journal Articleʢݪஶ࿦จʣɿ௨ৗ͸࿦จࢽʹ࠾୒͞Εͨ࿦จ ͕ݪஶ࿦จʢҰ࣍ࢿྉʣͱݟͳ͞ΕҾ༻ͷର৅ͱͳΔɽ·ͨ ΋ͬͱ΋ॏཁͳۀ੷ͱͳΔɽࠪಡ͸਺ϲ݄͔Β਺೥ఔ౓ɽ • Proceedings Paperʢձٞ༧ߘʣɿଟ͘ͷ෼໺ʹ͓͍ͯձٞ͸ڝ ૪తͰ͸ͳ࣭͘΋୲อ͞Ε͓ͯΒͣۀ੷ʹ΋ͳΒͳ͍ɽ͔͠͠

    ਝ଎ͳࠪಡΛॏΜ͡ΔܭࢉػՊֶͷҰ෦Ͱ͸ࠃࡍձٞ͸ڝ૪త ͔ͭ࠷ॏཁࢹ͞ΕΔɽNLP͸ಛʹݦஶɽࠪಡ͸1ʙ2ϲ݄ఔ౓ɽ 10
  11. ഔମ • Preprintɿग़൛લͷݪߘΛެ։͢ΔαʔϏεʢPreprint serverʀ యܕతʹ͸ arXivʣ͕ۙ೥੝Μʹ࢖ΘΕ͍ͯΔɽૣΊͷެ։Ͱ ৽نੑΛओுͰ͖ɼ·ͨۀքશମͷݚڀαΠΫϧ΋ૣ·Δɽ ※ ඼࣭͸୲อ͞Εͣۄੴࠞ߹ɽʢҾ༻ʹΑΔ୲อ͸Մೳʣ ※

    Double-blind Ͱͷࠪಡ͕࣮࣭తʹෆՄೳʹͳΔ໰୊΋͋Δɽ ACLίϛϡχςΟ͸ɼ౤ߘ1ϲ݄લҎޙʹϓϨϓϦϯτΛެ։ࡁ ͷ࿦จΛෆ࠾୒ʹ͢Δࢫએݴɽ 11
  12. ݴޠ • զʑͷۀքͰ͸ɼجຊతʹӳޠͰॻ͔Εͨ࿦จͷΈ͕Ҿ༻ͷର ৅ͱͳΔɽ • ͨͩ͠ࠃ಺࿦จࢽɾࠃ಺ձٞ΁ͷ౤ߘʹ΋ɼۀ੷Ҏ֎ʹଟ͘ͷ Ձ஋͕͋Δɽ ✔ ࿦จͷܗʹ·ͱΊɼ·ͨଞେֶ΍ଞݚڀػؔͷݚڀऀ͔Βί ϝϯτΛ΋Β͏͜ͱͰɼݚڀΛਐΊΔྑ͍ػձʹͳΔɽ

    ✔ ࠃ಺ͷϓϨʔϠʔʢಛʹඇݚڀऀʣͷ༗༻ͳࢀরઌʹͳΔɽ 12
  13. Tier • ࠪಡ͕ڝ૪తͰ࠾୒࿦จͷ࣭͕ߴ͍ഔମͱͦ͏Ͱͳ͍΋ͷ͕͋ Δɽ׳ྫతʹڝ૪తͳॱʹTop (1st) Tier, 2nd Tier, ౳ͱΑͿɽ •

    Top Tier ͷ࿦จࢽɾձٞ͸ɼࠪಡऀͱͯ͠ۀ੷΍ܦݧͷ͋Δݚ ڀऀׂ͕Γ౰ͯΒΕΔ͜ͱ͕ଟ͘ɼࠪಡίϝϯτ΋༗ӹɽ → ͳΔ΂͘ྑ͍ձٞʹग़͠·͠ΐ͏ɽ • ಡΈखͱͯ͠΋ Tier ͷߴ͍࿦จࢽɾձ͔ٞΒαʔϕΠ͢Δͷ͕ ޮ཰తɽ 13
  14. ܭࢉػՊֶͷࠃࡍձٞͷྫ NLP AI ML; DM; ΄͔ 1st Tier पล෼໺͔Β΋ ࢀর͞ΕΔ

    ACL, EMNLP, NAACL AAAI, IJCAI NIPS, ICML; KDD, WSDM; WWW, SIGIR, CVPR, InterSpeech 2nd Tier ౰֘෼໺͔Β ࢀর͞ΕΔ EACL, COLING, IJCNLP, CoNLL UAI, ECAI AISTATS, ICLR; ICDM, ECMLPKDD, CIKM 14
  15. Long Paper, Short Paper ࠃࡍձٞ͸ɼLong Paperʢ6ʙ8ϖʔδఔ౓ʣ࿮ͱ Short Paperʢ4ʙ6ϖʔδఔ౓ʣ࿮Λબ΂Δέʔε͕͋Δɽ • ҰൠʹɼLong

    Paper ʹ͸࣮ݧ΍ߟ࡯ͳͲ͕े෼ʹἧͬͨݚڀ ΛɼShort Paper ʹ͸ΞΠσΞҰൃ΍࣮ݧ͕ݶఆ͞ΕͨݚڀΛ౤ ߘ͢Δɼͱ͞Ε͍ͯΔɽ • ҰൠʹɼLong Paper ͷํ͕ڝ૪తͰ࠾୒࿦จͷ׬੒౓΋ߴ͍ɽ 15
  16. Oral Presentation, Poster Presentation ࠃࡍձٞʹ࿦จ͕࠾୒͞ΕΔͱɼձٞͰݚڀͷ಺༰Λൃද͢Δػ ձ͕༩͑ΒΕΔɽൃද͸ଟ͘ͷ৔߹ٛ຿ɽ • ൃදͷܗଶʹ͸ Oral Presentationʢޱ಄ൃදʣͱ

    Poster Presentationʢϙελʔൃදʣ͕͋ΔɽҰൠʹɼ࠾୒࿦จͷൃ දͷܗଶ͸ओ࠵ऀଆ͔Βࢦࣔ͞ΕΔɽ • Ұൠʹɼ࿦จͷ࣭͕ߴ͘ଟ͘ͷௌऺ͕ظ଴͞ΕΔݚڀ͕ Oral Presentation ʹׂΓ౰ͯΒΕΔɽ 16
  17. NLPʹ͓͚ΔΑ͋͘Δ౤ߘॱ 1. ࠃ಺ձٞɿ೔ຊޠɼࠪಡͳ͠ɽۀ੷ʹ͸ͳΒͳ͍ɽ࿦จԽͷػ ձɼଞݚڀऀͱٞ࿦͢ΔػձʹɽݴޠॲཧֶձɼNLݚͳͲɽ ࠃࡍձٞซઃϫʔΫγϣοϓ΋ಉ༷ͷϝϦοτ͕͋Γɼਪ঑ɽ 2. ࠃࡍձٞɿӳޠɼࠪಡ͋Γɽ͕͜͜ओઓ৔ɽNLP͸12݄͔Β4 ݄ࠒ͕౤ߘγʔζϯɼ6݄͔Β9݄ࠒ͕ձٞγʔζϯɽ 3. ࿦จࢽɿΞΧσϛοΫͳจ຺ͰධՁΛड͚Δࡍʹ͸ॏཁɽTACL

    ͸࠾୒͞ΕΔͱACL/EMNLP/NAACLͰൃදՄɽ 17
  18. 3. ࠓޙͷ Research Skills ษڧձ ΑΓΑ͘ॻ͚ΔΑ͏ʹͳΔͨΊʹ 18

  19. ษڧձͷείʔϓ είʔϓ಺ είʔϓ֎ Α͍ॻ͖͔ͨΛֶͿ Α͍ςʔϚઃఆΛֶͿ How to say What to

    say ఻ୡՄೳͳٕज़ ͓ؾ࣋ͪɼ೤ҙ 19
  20. ษڧձͰѻ͏ςʔϚ • πʔϧͷ࢖͍ํɿLaTeX ͷ Tips ౳΋ؚΊͨࣥච؀ڥɼϊ΢ϋ ΢ɼKWIC ౳ͷपลπʔϧ • ӳޠͷॻ͖ํɿ࿦จతɾ׳ྫతͳݴ͍ճ͠ɼΑ͋͘Δؒҧ͍

    • Α͍ߏ੒ʹ͢ΔͨΊͷํ๏࿦ɿoutline-driven writing • ΄͔ɿ༗ӹࢿྉͷڞ༗ɼ૬ޓࠪಡɼͳͲ 20