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Succeeding with ADHD

Succeeding with ADHD

The things that make us different are also often a potential advantage. People with conditions like ADHD must overcome challenges to conform and, in the process, often develop skills that make them exceptional leaders and entrepreneurs. In this session, we will explore how many of the most successful have turned these tendencies into an advantage and how you can do the same, regardless of your diagnosis.

Gaines Kergosien

September 09, 2020
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  1. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Succeeding with ADHD
    How to use the ADHD brain to your advantage.

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  2. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    What if
    your brain is
    faster than
    normal?

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  3. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    During this test you’ll need to keep your own score by
    giving yourself one point for each yes.
    Sound like too much work? Give yourself a point!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  4. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • This is not intended for diagnosis
    • The presenter is not a physician
    • References in slide notes
    Disclaimer

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  5. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you missed what I just said and plan on using this
    test for diagnosis anyway, give yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  6. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Associated with impaired occupational, family, and
    relational functioning as well as poor driving skills
    • Linked to lower dopamine transporter density (DTD)
    • Estimated prevalence of ~11% in children
    • Estimated prevalence of ~2-4.4% in adults
    • Screening questionnaire available at ADD.org
    What is ADHD?

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  7. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you’re thinking I took too long defining ADHD, give
    yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  8. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Common Presentations:
    • Inattentive (previously called ADD)
    ADHD Presentations

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  9. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Signs:
    • Careless Mistakes
    • Difficulty Focusing
    ADHD Presentations - Inattention

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  10. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Give yourself a point for each time you lose track of
    what I’m saying.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  11. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Common Presentations:
    • Inattentive (previously called ADD)
    • Hyperactive/Impulsive
    ADHD Presentations

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  12. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Signs:
    • Fidgeting
    • Restlessness
    • Interrupting
    ADHD Presentations – Hyperactivity/Impulsivity

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  13. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you pace during phone calls, give yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  14. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Common Presentations:
    • Inattentive (previously called ADD)
    • Hyperactive/Impulsive
    • Combined
    ADHD Presentations

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  15. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Bonus points if you’re doing something else instead of
    paying attention to this presentation.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  16. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Often linked with genetic variation of the 7-repeat
    allele of the DRD4 gene which varies by geography
    • May confer evolutionary advantages
    Disorder or Neurodiversity?
    “Atypical (neurodivergent) neurological development
    is a normal human difference that is to be recognized
    and respected as any other human variation.”
    -Thomas Armstrong, PhD

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  17. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Poor Control/Application != Broken

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  18. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • John F. Kennedy
    • Albert Einstein
    • Bill Gates
    • Sir Richard Branson
    • Paul Orfalea
    • Cameron Herold
    • Seth Godin
    • John Lee Dumas
    • David Neeleman
    • Michael Jordan
    • Michael Phelps
    • Justin Timberlake
    • James Carville
    Successful Individuals with ADHD*
    * Not all officially diagnosed

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  19. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    1. Self Analysis
    Steps to Harness Your Brain

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  20. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you think you’re good at self-analysis, give yourself
    one point since many people with ADHD are not good
    at self-assessment.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  21. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Handling Crisis Well
    • Creativity
    • Strong Intuition
    • Quick Study
    • Less Risk Averse
    Beneficial Traits

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  22. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    ADHD Tendencies
    • Extreme focus in some activities
    • Easily distracted during other activities
    • Prefers working late at night
    • Craves stimulation and often restless
    • Drive for perfection in most or all endeavors
    • Goes overboard on some projects and avoids others
    • Routinely avoids commitments or takes on too much

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  23. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you read the list of ADHD tendencies and thought,
    “this is just normal,” give yourself three points!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  24. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Tendency – Hyperfocus / Microfocus

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  25. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Moments of deep and intense concentration
    • Difficulty regulating one’s attention span
    Tendency – Hyperfocus / Microfocus

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  26. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you drive like a maniac to get to a job you hate, give
    yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  27. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Tendency – Stimulation Craving

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  28. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Stimulation craving results in destructive behavior
    • Restlessness leads to distraction and inattentiveness
    Tendency – Stimulation Craving

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  29. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you’ve ever considered committing a crime rather
    than waiting in line, give yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  30. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Tendency – Out of Sight, Out of Mind…and In Sight Too

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  31. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Living in the moment with little focus on the past or future
    • Going months without thinking about close friends
    • Forgetting to respond to messages despite wanting to
    continue the conversation
    • Leaving things out so you’ll see them when they are needed
    Tendency – Out of Sight, Out of Mind…and In Sight Too

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  32. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Tendency – All or Nothing

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  33. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Tend to seek perfection and invest 110% in projects
    • Avoid endeavors requiring limited investment
    Tendency – All or Nothing

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  34. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you’re known for being a perfectionist in some
    things while not minding sloppiness in other areas,
    give yourself a point.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  35. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Tendency – Perfectionist Procrastination

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  36. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Compulsive need perfection in most efforts
    • Avoids activities where perfection is unattainable
    Tendency – Perfectionist Procrastination

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  37. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Give yourself one point for every hobby you’ve picked
    up or business you’ve started in the last year to a
    maximum of 30 points.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  38. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Give yourself a point for every report card that said:
    Unofficial ADHD Test
    • below their potential
    • can be disruptive
    • can’t keep hands to themselves
    • very smart, but needs to try harder

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  39. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    1. Self Analysis
    2. Develop Strategies
    Steps to Harness Your Brain

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  40. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Moments of deep and intense concentration
    • Difficulty regulating one’s attention span
    Techniques
    • Select time and environment to harness focus
    • Identify strategies to transition from hyperfocus
    Tendency – Hyperfocus / Microfocus

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  41. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Stimulation craving results in destructive behavior
    • Restlessness leads to distraction and inattentiveness
    Techniques
    • Select time and environment to limit distractions
    • Substitute positive sources of stimulation
    • Tie distraction limitations to objective completion
    Tendency – Stimulation Craving

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  42. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Can you…like if you want to talk about an exciting idea
    that…and you go like three minutes but you’re…and
    you never, because you just…you can’t finish
    one…because it’s so…and someone that has AD…they
    can follow, right? …and they get that’s what you’re
    talk…but you never actually finish one single…because
    you’re…
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  43. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Living in the moment with little focus on the past or future
    • Going weeks or months without thinking about close friends
    • Forgetting to respond to messages despite wanting to
    continue the conversation
    • Leaving things out so you’ll see them when they are needed
    Techniques
    • Select time and environment to harness focus
    • Identify strategies to transition from hyperfocus
    Tendency – Out of Sight, Out of Mind…and In Sight Too

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  44. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Tend to seek perfection and invest 110% in projects
    • Avoid endeavors requiring limited investment
    Techniques
    • Micro-moment approach for dreaded tasks
    • Use time limits instead of task limits
    Tendency – All or Nothing

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  45. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Manifestation
    • Compulsive need perfection in most efforts
    • Avoids activities where perfection is unattainable
    Techniques
    • Identify impact to determine appropriate effort
    • Focus on general analysis with limit on level of detail
    Tendency – Perfectionist Procrastination

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  46. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    1. Self Analysis
    2. Develop Strategies
    3. Design Structure
    Steps to Harness Your Brain

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  47. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Adopt a positive mentality
    • Eliminate decisions by making them in advance
    • Utilize tools to enforce your strategies
    Structure Techniques

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  48. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If your microwave oven often contains forgotten
    coffee, snacks, or meals you were reheating, give
    yourself two points!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  49. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Address inattention and impulsivity using:
    • List Making
    • Scheduling
    • Emailing
    • Project Planning
    • Break Taking
    • Outsourcing
    Organizational Coping Mechanisms (Skills)
    “If I compare my daily output
    with that of a normal person,
    then I achieve about 150% just
    because of what I can compress
    into a day…and it’s clearly
    because I am totally structured.”

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  50. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Do you accomplish dozens of things on your to-do list
    every day, but fail to get the things done that matter?
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  51. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Does your to-do list include eat breakfast, get dressed,
    brush teeth…because you may forget, but mostly
    because you love checking things off?
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  52. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Do you then avoid brushing your teeth because it’s
    boring and takes two whole minutes?
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  53. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Adopt a positive mentality
    • Eliminate decisions by making them in advance
    • Utilize tools to enforce your strategies
    • Modify your habits to encourage positive change
    Structure Techniques

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  54. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Habits are made up of a cue, routine, and reward
    • Cues fall into five categories
    –Location
    –Time
    –Emotional state
    –Other people
    –The immediately preceding action
    • Anticipation of rewards develop into a craving
    How Habits Work

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  55. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Do you notice little things that other people miss?
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  56. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    When you feel the urge for your habit, ask yourself:
    • What time is it?
    • Where are you?
    • Who else is around?
    • What did you just do?
    • What emotion are you feeling?
    Hacking Your Habits – The Cue

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  57. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    What craving do you think your habit is satisfying?
    • Try substituting another reward.
    • Try substituting the opposite reward.
    • Keep experimenting until you find a substitute.
    Hacking Your Habits – The Reward

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  58. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Insert a new routine between the cue and reward.
    • Write a plan for what you will do when the cue
    occurs.
    • For example: “When [cue] I will [routine] because it
    provides me with [reward].”
    • Try it for a week and re-evaluate.
    Hacking Your Habits – The Routine

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  59. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you’re starting to fade, give yourself a point…and a
    protein bar! We can be enthusiastic, but have trouble
    sustaining interest. Protein helps!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  60. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    1. Self Analysis
    2. Develop Strategies
    3. Design Structure
    4. Incorporate Support
    Steps to Harness Your Brain

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  61. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Set reasonable goals and avoid perfectionism
    • Replace critical self-talk with positive encouragement
    • Incorporate rewards for correct behavior
    Self Support

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  62. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Are you interested, but kind of yawning? Give yourself
    a point!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  63. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Falling asleep? Give yourself two points!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  64. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    • Seek allies with similar traits
    • Inform and involve family, colleagues, and friends
    • Explore trading tasks
    • Consider professional assistance
    External Support

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  65. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Sound asleep already? Have someone else give you
    three points!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  66. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you’re still watching but also put on a cat video, give
    yourself a point…and maybe buy a cat!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  67. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    1. Self Analysis
    2. Develop Strategies
    3. Design Structure
    4. Incorporate Support
    5. Periodically Re-evaluate
    Steps to Harness Your Brain

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  68. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If you were like this your whole life, give yourself three
    points!
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  69. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    If were not like this your whole life, get yourself
    checked out for depression, anxiety, thyroid problems,
    or ask someone who knew you as a child.
    Remember that poor self assessment and memory
    problems are common traits.
    Unofficial ADHD Test

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  70. Succeeding with ADHD @GainesK
    Q & A
    Review
    1. Self Analysis
    2. Develop Strategies
    3. Design Structure
    4. Incorporate Support
    5. Periodically Re-evaluate
    References
    • Faster Than Normal by Peter Shankman
    • The Power of Habit by Charles Duhigg
    Slides at Kergosien.net

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