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Get started with Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile

Get started with Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile

Yumemi.apk #3 ( https://yumemi.connpass.com/event/202135/ ) の資料

D8281434c0409ba2051cd3f7590e4c2f?s=128

Hiroyuki Kusu

March 05, 2021
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  1. Get started with Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile 2021.03.05 YUMEMI.apk #3 Hiroyuki

    Kusu ( @hkusu_ )
  2. About me

  3. https://blog.jetbrains.com/ja/kotlin/2020/09/kotlin-multiplatform-mobile-goes-alpha-ja/

  4. https://kotlinlang.org/docs/mobile/home.html KMM ͷυΩϡϝϯτ

  5. Android Studio ༻ͷϓϥάΠϯ

  6. ৽ن KMM ϓϩδΣΫτ࡞੒༻ͷςϯϓϨʔτ

  7. KMMϓϩδΣΫτͷ਽ܗ͕࡞੒͞ΕΔ

  8. https://github.com/hkusu/KmmSampleApp ؆୯ͳαϯϓϧΛ࡞ͬͯΈͨ

  9. 6TF$BTF 3FQPTJUPSZ "QJ %BUB$MBTT "DUJWJUZ 7JFX.PEFM BOESPJE"QQ JPT"QQ ※ ࠓճ͸ݕূͰ͖͍ͯ·ͤΜ

    (JU)VC"1* TIBSFE
  10. • ಈ࡞֬ೝͨ͠ϩʔΧϧ؀ڥ • Android Studio 4.1.2 • Android Studio Plugin

    • Kotlin: 1.4.31-release-Studio4.1-1 • Kotlin Multiplatform Mobile: 0.2.0-release-65-Studio4.1 • Ϗϧυπʔϧ΍ϥΠϒϥϦͷόʔδϣϯ౳͸ GitHub ͷίʔυͷํΛΈ͍ͯͩ͘͞
  11. plugins { // ... id("kotlinx-serialization") } kotlin { // ...

    sourceSets { val commonMain by getting { dependencies { // ... implementation("org.jetbrains.kotlinx:kotlinx-coroutines-core:1.4.2") implementation("org.jetbrains.kotlinx:kotlinx-serialization-json:1.1.0") implementation("io.ktor:ktor-client-core:1.5.2") implementation("io.ktor:ktor-client-serialization:1.5.2") } } // ... val androidMain by getting { dependencies { // ... implementation("io.ktor:ktor-client-android:1.5.2") } } // ... val iosMain by getting { dependencies { implementation("io.ktor:ktor-client-ios:1.5.2") } } // ... } } build.gradle.kts shared Coroutines + serialization + Ktor ͷಋೖ ※ ਖ਼֬ͳઃఆ͸ GitHub ͷίʔυͷํΛݟ͍ͯͩ͘͞
  12. plugins { // ... id("kotlin-kapt") } kotlin { // ...

    sourceSets { // ... val androidMain by getting { dependencies { // ... implementation("com.google.dagger:hilt-android:2.31.2-alpha") // javax.annotation.Generated ͕ݟ͔ͭΒͳ͍Τϥʔ͕ग़ΔͷͰ.. compileOnly("javax.annotation:javax.annotation-api:1.3.2") } } // ... } } // ref: https://www.reddit.com/r/Kotlin/comments/ack2r6/problem_using_kapt_in_a_multiplatform_project/ dependencies { "kapt"("com.google.dagger:hilt-android-compiler:2.31.2-alpha") } build.gradle.kts shared ※ ਖ਼֬ͳઃఆ͸ GitHub ͷίʔυͷํΛݟ͍ͯͩ͘͞ Dagger Hilt ͷಋೖ(Androidͷํʹ͚ͩ)
  13. buildscript { repositories { gradlePluginPortal() jcenter() google() mavenCentral() } dependencies

    { classpath("org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-gradle-plugin:1.4.30") classpath("com.android.tools.build:gradle:4.1.2") classpath("org.jetbrains.kotlin:kotlin-serialization:1.4.30") classpath("com.google.dagger:hilt-android-gradle-plugin:2.31.2-alpha") } } allprojects { repositories { google() jcenter() mavenCentral() } } ϓϩδΣΫτϧʔτͷ build.gradle.kts
  14. shared/commonMain Ktor ෦෼Ҏ֎͸ී௨ͷ Kotlin + Coroutines ͷίʔυͳͷͰ Ktor ෦෼͚ͩҎ߱Ͱઆ໌ ڞ௨ιʔε෦෼

  15. internal object Libs { internal val httpClient: HttpClient by lazy

    { HttpClient { install(JsonFeature) { serializer = KotlinxSerializer(json = Json { ignoreUnknownKeys = true }) } } } } shared/commonMain Ktor ͷ HTTP ΫϥΠΞϯτͷੜ੒ͱ Kotlin serialization ͷઃఆ Android/iOS Ͱڞ௨ͷઃఆͰOK
  16. internal class GitHubApi(private val httpClient: HttpClient) { suspend fun getUserList():

    List<GitHubUserResponse> { return httpClient.get("${BASE_URL}/users") } companion object { private const val BASE_URL = "https://api.github.com" } } shared/commonMain suspending function ʹ΋ରԠ APIͷఆٛ
  17. @Module @InstallIn(SingletonComponent::class) internal object Module { @Provides fun provideGitHubApi(): GitHubApi

    { return GitHubApi(Libs.httpClient) } @Provides @Singleton fun provideUserRepository(gitHubApi: GitHubApi): UserRepository { return UserRepositoryImpl(gitHubApi) } @Provides fun provideGetUserUseCase(userRepository: UserRepository): GetUserUseCase { return GetUserUseCase(userRepository) } } shared/androidMain Dagger Hilt ͷϞδϡʔϧ ※ commonMain ʹ͸ Dagger ͸ແ͘ίϯετϥΫλΠϯδΣΫγϣϯͰ͖ͳ͍ͷͰ ͜͜ͰΠϯελϯεੜ੒ํ๏Λఆٛ (SharedͷதͷOSผ࣮૷)
  18. plugins { id("com.android.application") kotlin("android") id("kotlin-kapt") id("dagger.hilt.android.plugin") } dependencies { implementation(project(":shared"))

    implementation("org.jetbrains.kotlinx:kotlinx-coroutines-android:1.4.2") implementation("androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.2.0") implementation("androidx.core:core-ktx:1.3.2") implementation("androidx.activity:activity-ktx:1.2.0") implementation("androidx.fragment:fragment-ktx:1.3.0") implementation("androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-viewmodel-ktx:2.3.0") implementation("androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-livedata-ktx:2.3.0") implementation("androidx.constraintlayout:constraintlayout:2.0.4") implementation("com.google.android.material:material:1.3.0") implementation("com.google.dagger:hilt-android:2.31.2-alpha") kapt("com.google.dagger:hilt-android-compiler:2.31.2-alpha") } android { compileSdkVersion(29) // ... build.gradle.kts androidApp ͓ͳ͡ΈͷϥΠϒϥϦୡ
  19. plugins { id("com.android.application") kotlin("android") id("kotlin-kapt") id("dagger.hilt.android.plugin") } dependencies { implementation(project(":shared"))

    implementation("org.jetbrains.kotlinx:kotlinx-coroutines-android:1.4.2") implementation("androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.2.0") implementation("androidx.core:core-ktx:1.3.2") implementation("androidx.activity:activity-ktx:1.2.0") implementation("androidx.fragment:fragment-ktx:1.3.0") implementation("androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-viewmodel-ktx:2.3.0") implementation("androidx.lifecycle:lifecycle-livedata-ktx:2.3.0") implementation("androidx.constraintlayout:constraintlayout:2.0.4") implementation("com.google.android.material:material:1.3.0") implementation("com.google.dagger:hilt-android:2.31.2-alpha") kapt("com.google.dagger:hilt-android-compiler:2.31.2-alpha") } android { compileSdkVersion(29) // ... build.gradle.kts androidApp Dagger Hilt
  20. @HiltViewModel class MainViewModel @Inject constructor(getUser: GetUserUseCase) : ViewModel() { private

    val _userList: MutableLiveData<List<User>> = MutableLiveData() val userList = _userList as LiveData<List<User>> init { viewModelScope.launch { _userList.value = getUser() } } } ViewModel androidApp Dagger Hilt
  21. @HiltViewModel class MainViewModel @Inject constructor(getUser: GetUserUseCase) : ViewModel() { private

    val _userList: MutableLiveData<List<User>> = MutableLiveData() val userList = _userList as LiveData<List<User>> init { viewModelScope.launch { _userList.value = getUser() } } } ViewModel androidApp shared ʹஔ͍ͨ UseCase Λ inject
  22. • Android ෦෼ʹؔͯ͠͸ී௨ʹ࡞Εͦ͏ • Android ͔ΒݟΕ͹ී௨ͷϚϧνϞδϡʔϧߏ੒ • ڞ௨ιʔε෦෼ʹ͍ͭͯ͸.. • ϚϧνϓϥοτϑΥʔϜରԠͷϥΠϒϥϦΛར༻͢Δඞཁ͕͋Δ

    • ͜͜Λ iOS ޲͚ʹͲ͏ఏڙ͍͔͕ͯ͘͠ϙΠϯτʹͳΓͦ͏ • iOS ޲͚ʹ DI ͢ΔͳΒ KOIN ΍ Kodein Λར༻ͨ͠ํ͕Αͦ͞͏
  23. Thank you ! @hkusu_