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CSE564 Lecture 10

CSE564 Lecture 10

Software Design
Observer
(202109)

B546a9b97d993392e4b22b74b99b91fe?s=128

Javier Gonzalez
PRO

September 10, 2020
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  1. jgs CSE 564 Software Design Lecture 10: Design Patterns -

    Observer Dr. Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez javiergs@asu.edu javiergs.engineering.asu.edu | javiergs.com PERALTA 230U Office Hours: By appointment
  2. jgs 564 00001001 Quiz 04 § It opens at the

    end of the lecture. It is due September 28 (5:59 PM AZ time) All about UML class diagrams
  3. jgs Previously

  4. jgs 564 00001001 Observer

  5. jgs 564 00001001 Subject import java.util.LinkedList; public abstract class Subject

    { private LinkedList<Observer> observers = new LinkedList<Observer>(); public void addObserver(Observer observer) { observers.add(observer); } public void removeObserver(Observer observer) { observers.remove(observer); } public void notifying() { for (Observer ob : observers) { ob.update(this); } } }
  6. jgs 564 00001001 Observer public abstract class Observer { public

    abstract void update(Subject s); }
  7. jgs 564 00001001 ConcreteSubject class ConcreteSubject extends Subject { private

    String data; public String getData() { return data; } public void setData(String s) { data = s; notifying(); } }
  8. jgs 564 00001001 ConcreteObserver class ConcreteObserver extends Observer { @Override

    public void update(Subject s) { String info = ((ConcreteSubject)s).getData(); System.out.println("Subject is doing this: "+info); } }
  9. jgs 564 00001001 Main public class Main { public static

    void main(String[]a) { // Configure pattern ConcreteSubject s = new ConcreteSubject(); ConcreteObserver eyeOne = new ConcreteObserver(); ConcreteObserver eyeTwo = new ConcreteObserver(); s.addObserver(eyeOne); s.addObserver(eyeTwo); // Change subject s.setData("ABC"); s.setData("XYZ"); } }
  10. jgs 564 00001001 Main public class Main { public static

    void main(String[]a) { // Configure pattern ConcreteSubject s = new ConcreteSubject(); ConcreteObserver eyeOne = new ConcreteObserver(); ConcreteObserver eyeTwo = new ConcreteObserver(); s.addObserver(eyeOne); s.addObserver(eyeTwo); // Change subject s.setData("ABC"); s.setData("XYZ"); } }
  11. jgs Java Implementation java.util.*

  12. jgs 564 00001001 Scenario Student Tutor Classroom

  13. jgs 564 00001001 Scenario Observer + update() Observable + addObserver()

    + notifyObservers() + setChanged() Tutor Student Classroom
  14. jgs 564 00001001 Student import java.util.Observable; import java.util.Observer; public class

    Student implements Observer { public String answerQuestion (String question) { return "I am thinking about \'" + question +"\'"; } @Override public void update(Observable o, Object arg) { String x = ((Tutor)o).getQuestion(); String y = this.answerQuestion(x); System.out.println(y); } }
  15. jgs 564 00001001 Tutor import java.util.Observable; public class Tutor extends

    Observable { private String [] questions = { "2 + 2", "public or private", "functional or not fuctional", "white or black" }; private String theQuestion; public void askQuestion() { theQuestion = questions[((int)(Math.random()*10))%4]; setChanged(); notifyObservers(); } public String getQuestion() { return theQuestion; } }
  16. jgs 564 00001001 Classroom public class Classroom { public static

    void main(String[] args) { Student student = new Student(); Tutor tutor = new Tutor(); tutor.addObserver(student); for (int i=0; i<5;i++) tutor.askQuestion(); } }
  17. jgs 564 00001001 Output

  18. jgs 564 00001001 Note § Java 9 came out, and

    deprecated Observer implementation in java.util package. Deprecated their own implementation of the concept, not the concept itself. 🤔 § Problems: serialization and thread safety problems § Optional solution PropertyChangeListener from java.beans package.
  19. jgs Example 2 Observer

  20. jgs 564 00001001 Output

  21. jgs 564 00001001 Scenario JFrame Observable + addObserver() + notifyObservers()

    + setChanged() Tutor Student Classroom Observer + update() JPanel TutorPanel JPanel
  22. jgs 564 00001001 Student (version 2) import java.util.*; import javax.swing.*;

    public class Student extends JPanel implements Observer { JLabel label = new JLabel(); public Student () { this.setBackground(Color.lightGray); ImageIcon background = new ImageIcon("src/student.png"); label.setIcon(background); add(label); } public String answerQuestion (String question) { return "I am thinking about \'" + question +"\'"; } @Override public void update(Observable o, Object arg) { String x = ((Tutor)o).getQuestion(); String y = this.answerQuestion(x); label.setText(y); } }
  23. jgs 564 00001001 Tutor (version 2) import java.util.Observable; public class

    Tutor extends Observable { private String theQuestion; public void askQuestion() { theQuestion = questions[((int)(Math.random()*10))%4]; setChanged(); notifyObservers(); } public void askQuestion(String s) { theQuestion = s; setChanged(); notifyObservers(); } public String getQuestion() { return theQuestion; } }
  24. jgs 564 00001001 TutorPanel import javax.swing.*; import javax.awt.*; public class

    TutorPanel extends JPanel implements ActionListener{ JTextField question = new JTextField(15); JButton ok = new JButton("send"); Tutor tutor; public TutorPanel(Tutor tutor) { this.tutor = tutor; setBackground(Color.white); ImageIcon background = new ImageIcon("src/prof.png"); JLabel label = new JLabel(); label.setIcon(background); add (question); add (ok); ok.addActionListener(this); add(label); } @Override public void actionPerformed(ActionEvent e) { tutor.askQuestion(question.getText()); } }
  25. jgs 564 00001001 Classroom (version 2) import java.awt.GridLayout; import javax.swing.JFrame;

    public class Classroom extends JFrame { public Classroom() { Student student = new Student (); Tutor tutor = new Tutor(); tutor.addObserver(student); setLayout(new GridLayout(2,1)); add(student); add(new TutorPanel(tutor)); } public static void main(String[] args) { JFrame window = new Classroom(); window.setSize(500, 500); window.setVisible(true); } }
  26. jgs 564 00001001 Questions about Observer

  27. jgs CSE 564 Software Design Javier Gonzalez-Sanchez, Ph.D. javiergs@asu.edu Fall

    2021 Copyright. These slides can only be used as study material for the class CSE564 at ASU. They cannot be distributed or used for another purpose.