the ofﬁcial religion. • 385- St. Ambrose clashes with him: “The Emperor is within the Church, not above it.” • 387- St. Ambrose baptizes St. Augustine. • 407- St. John Chrysostom of Constantinople is exiled by the Empress.
Jesus’ humanity was absorbed by His divinity (Monophysitism). • Church: Jesus one person with two distinct, yet inseparable natures united without confusion. • Oriental Orthodox schism (Copts, Armenian). • Church further clariﬁes Christ’s natures
Leo the Great protects civilians from Huns & Vandals; stands up for dignity & equality of the poor. • 447 – Leo dogmatically approves the use of the Filioque. CCC # 247. • 590- St. Gregory the Great is ﬁrst monk-Pope whose writings & leadership shape the Middle Ages.
Cluny begins major reform with St. Odo. St. Dunstan reforms English Church. • Pope St. Leo IX (1049-1054) forms College of Cardinals. • 1073-1085- St. Gregory VII excommunicates Emperor Henry IV of Germany. Henry fake repents at Canossa in 1077 & drives Pope to death in exile at the Castle of Salerno.