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Online Idea Management for Civic Engagement

Online Idea Management for Civic Engagement


Jorge Saldivar

May 09, 2019


  1. Online Idea Management for Civic Engagement Jorge Saldivar1, Florian Daniel2,

    Luca Cernuzzi1 & Fabio Casati3 Glasgow, Scotland A study on the benefits of integration with Social Networking Image credit: Office of the City of Clerk 1 2 3
  2. 01 Context

  3. Using technology to engage citizens in urban planning, budget allocation,

    and public service innovation* 3 *e.g., Anwar et al., 2015; Bailey et al., 2011; Aitamurto et al., 2014; Bojovic et al., 2015; Garcia et al., 2011; Hagelskamp et al., 2016; Leighninger, 2011; Manatt, 2011
  4. Idea Management (IM)* 4 Organization submits an innovation problem Third

    party (customers, providers, stakeholders) discusses ideas, votes, and comments Organization (or in some cases even third party) evaluates ideas Organization implements promising ideas Innovation Organization has an innovation need * Klein and Convertino, 2014
  5. Information system that lets people propose ideas, as well as,

    rate and place comments on other users’ suggestions * 5 Idea Management Systems (IMS) * Hrastinski et al., 2010
  6. contributions of participants key assets* 6 * Di Gangi and

    Wasko, 2009 the larger the community the more chances are to have diverse views+ + Geiger et al., 2011; Hsieh, 2011; Iandoli et al., 2007; Wu et al., 2015; Landemore 2013
  7. more diversity increases the possibility of producing valuable ideas* 7

    * Heylighen, 1999; Surowiecki, 2004; Page 2008; Bonabeau, 2009; Kavadias and Sommer, 2009; Jeppesen and Lakhani, 2010; Malone et al., 2010; Woolley et al., 2010; Erickson et al., 2012
  8. 02 Proposal

  9. 9 Enlarge the communities that support online IM processes for

    civic engagement by including diverse sectors of the society in IM Goal
  10. 1 Current technologies of IM for civic engagement impose barriers

    of participation by working disconnected from where citizens go about their daily routines The Problem
  11. Proposal: Integrate IMS with Facebook • Novel approach to integrate

    IMS with Facebook • Goals: • Reduce participation barrier • Reach people “where they are” • Allow people to take part in IM by using familiar and ordinary technology 11
  12. 12 Main UI Submit ideas Vote and comment

  13. 13 Mapping Model

  14. 14 automatic synchronization Example Facebook post to idea comment to

  15. 03 Study

  16. Oct-Dec’15 (electoral period) organizer Political Party duration 7 discussion themes

    Garbage and recycling, infrastructure, urban mobility, etc. 16 Voz y voto: Public services innovation Results. 154 people participated. In total, 36 ideas, 88 comments, and 429 votes were posted through both platforms. 26% submitted ideas, 48% only observed
  17. • RQ1. Does our integration proposal help to increase diversity

    in the group of participants regarding demographic profile (age, gender, district of residence, occupation, level of education)? • RQ2. Does our integration proposal help to increase the number of participants? • RQ3. Does our integration proposal help to increase contributions (i.e., ideas, comments, votes)? 17 Research questions
  18. 04Results

  19. 19 • The group of participants consisted of equally distributed

    men and women, mostly young, wealthy, well-educated, technology-savvy, and mainly Internet content consumers, not frequent voters but moderately active in society • No significant differences (alpha: 0.05) were found when comparing the groups of Facebook’s participants with the group of IdeaScale’s participants Could not find strong evidence that the inclusion of Facebook fostered diversity in the group of participants Participants’ profile (RQ1)
  20. 20 Communication about Facebook Very likely Facebook helped to boost

    registration in IdeaScale Enrolling of participants (RQ2)
  21. 21 Facebook participants took part in the initiative mainly as

    observers In this case, people used Facebook to create just some ideas and comments Possible Reasons - Introduction of Facebook was late - The presence of a new channel of participation was confusing - Some participants did want to be associated by their Facebook contacts with the political party that organized the initiative Participation from Facebook (RQ3)
  22. 05Findings

  23. 23 • Opportunity to reach large groups of people who

    are already using Facebook to discuss politics and public-interest issues • Participants welcomed the possibility to use Facebook to follow updates • About 40% (13 out of 36) that tried both platforms only participated from Facebook after joining the group • “Everyone knows how to use it [Facebook]” • “It [Facebook] is popular, proper and adequate for political discussions, and almost everyone likes it and is familiar with its functionality” • “Having to learn a new technology would represent a strong barrier of participation, specially for the occasional participants” Benefits of the integration
  24. 24 1) The presence of two channels of participations might

    be confusing. Be clear when communicating about the purpose of each channel and the steps to get involve on them 2) The adoption of new conventions is not straightforward, even within daily basis platforms such as Facebook. Step by step guidelines can be used to facilitate the use of these new techniques 3) People might be reluctant to disclose one’s identity when talking about political topics and specially within electoral periods. Anonymous participation should be considered 4) The seamless integration of independent platforms requires more than simply a pure technical job. Each platform has their own practices or “culture” and understand them is mandatory Design challenges
  25. 06Summary

  26. 26 It helps to attract more people to ideation processes

    oriented to address public-interest issues More research is needed to understand how the approach can help to increase diversity and contributions Approach that seamlessly integrates Facebook with civic engagement platforms Thanks! - Jorge Saldivar | Catholic University of Asuncion - Florian Daniel | Polytechnic University of Milan - Luca Cernuzzi | Catholic University of Asuncion - Fabio Casati | University of Trento Funded by