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AI時代の教育と創造性 /education-and-creativity-of-AI-era

AI時代の教育と創造性 /education-and-creativity-of-AI-era

Kirie Miyajima

May 04, 2023
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  1. ٶౡҥӯ,JSJF.*:"+*."LJSJF!JOQXKQ
    ੜ੒"*࣌୅ͷڭҭͱ૑଄ੑ
    ͭ͘Δ͜ͱɾֶͿ͜ͱͷ׻ͼΛײ͡Α͏

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  2. ࣗݾ঺հ
    ೥݄ੜ·Εɻߴߍ೥ੜͷय़ʹ஍ݩͰ͋Δઍ༿ݝദࢢͰࢠͲ΋ͷ
    ͨΊͷϓϩάϥϛϯάಓ৔$PEFS%PKP,BTIJXBΛ্ཱͪ͛ɺݱࡏʹ
    ࢸΔ·Ͱ߹ܭճҎ্ɺԆ΂ ਓΛ௒͑ΔࢠͲ΋ͨͪʹϓϩάϥ
    ϛϯάΛڭ͑Δ׆ಈΛ͍ͯ͠Δɻ೥݄ʹגࣜձࣾ*OOPWBUJPO
    1PXFSΛઃཱɻʮςΫϊϩδʔΛج൫ͱͨ͠ɺະདྷͷͨΊͷڭҭΛσβ
    Πϯ͢ΔʯΛϛογϣϯʹɺ#UP$޲͚ڭҭίϯαϧςΟϯάࣄۀɺ
    4%(Tڭࡐͷ։ൃɺখֶߍʹ͓͚ΔϓϩάϥϛϯάڭҭಋೖࢧԉɺΞϓ
    Ϧέʔγϣϯ։ൃ΍ө૾੍࡞ࣄͳͲΛߦ͏ɻ೥ΑΓҰൠࣾஂ๏ਓ
    $PEFS%PKP+BQBOཧࣄɻ೥౓ΑΓֶशӃେֶେֶӃਓจՊֶݚ
    ڀՊڭҭֶઐ߈ʹೖֶɻσδλϧςΫϊϩδʔΛج൫ͱͨ͠৽͍͠ڭҭ
    ͷ͋Γํʹ͍ͭͯݚڀதɻখֶߍڭ་Ұछ໔ڐɻ
    <໾৬ͳͲ>
    ೥౓૯຿ল஍Ҭ*$5Ϋϥϒࣄۀ࠾୒ɻ೥౓ΑΓദࢢਤॻؗڠ
    ٞձڠٞҕһɻ೥౓จ෦Պֶল৘ใڭҭࢦಋॆ࣮ʹ޲͚ͨௐࠪݚ
    ڀҕһɻ
    !LJSJFN@
    LJSJF!JOQXKQ
    ٶౡҥӯ
    ,JSJF.*:"+*."

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  3. ࠷ۙͷझຯ

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  4. ͜ΕΒ͸͢΂ͯ
    "*͕ੜ੒͍ͯ͠Δ

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  5. ͍·ࣾձͰى͍ͬͯ͜Δ͜ͱ
    w $IBU(15΍4UBCMF%J
    ff
    VTJPOͳͲͷੜ੒"*ͷരൃతਐԽɻ
    w ͜ΕΒ͸ਓؒͷ஌తੜ࢈׆ಈΛࠜຊ͔Βม͍͑ͯ͘Մೳੑ͕ߴ͍

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  6. $IBU(15ͷΠϝʔδʢେֶੜͷײ૝ΑΓʣ
    w ๲େͳσʔλΛ΋ͱʹ͓ͯ͠Γɺݕࡧ౳͚ͩͰͳ͘৚݅Λ౿·͑ͨاը΍ϝʔϧ
    จॻ࡞੒ɺ຋༁ɺཁ໿ͳͲ͋ΒΏΔ͜ͱ͕ՄೳͰ͋ΔɻاۀͰ༻͍Δఆܕจͳ
    Ͳ͸͔ͳΓਖ਼֬ʹදݱͰ͖ɺۀ຿ͷ࣌ؒ୹ॖͳͲ͕ظ଴͞Ε͍ͯΔɻ࿦จ΍Ϩϙ
    ʔτΛ୅ΘΓʹॻ͍ͯ΋Β͏ࣄ͕Ͱ͖ͯ͠·͏"*γεςϜɻ৚݅Λࣔͤ͹ɺจষ
    Λڭ͑ͯ͘ΕΔπʔϧɻ஌తͳਓؒͷΑ͏ͳղ౴Λͯ͘͠ΕΔ͕ɺ৘ใͷग़Ͳ͜
    Ζ͕Θ͔Βͳ͍ͨΊٞ࿦͕ਖ਼͍͠ͷ͔൑அ͢Δͷ͕೉ͦ͠͏ɻ
    w ͔ͳΓศརͰ͸͋Δ΋ͷͷɺҰํͰֶߍݱ৔ͳͲͰ͸॓୊΍࡞จͷ࡞੒Λ
    $IBU(15ʹ΍ΒͤͨΓ͢Δ͜ͱ΋Ͱ͖ΔͷͰɺͲ͜ͰͲͷΑ͏ʹ࢖͏ͷ͔͸ߟ
    ͑Δඞཁ͕͋Δͱࢥ͏ɻ
    w ࣗ෼ͷ਎ͷճΓͰ΋ϦΞΫγϣϯϖʔύʔ΍ײ૝จͳͲʹར༻͍ͯ͠Δਓ΋͓
    Γɺจষ࡞੒ೳྗͷ௿Լʹ௚݁͢Δ໰୊ͳͷͰ͸ͳ͍͔ͱݒ೦͍ͯ͠Δɻ

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  7. $IBU(15͕ಘҙͳ͜ͱ
    ͲΜͳ͜ͱʹ࢖͑Δͷʁ
    w จষͷཁ໿
    w ৽͍͠จষͷੜ੒
    w ໘౗ͳ࡞ۀ
    w εςοϓɾόΠɾεςοϓʹΑΔղ౴
    w ໰౴๏ʹΑΔର࿩૬ख

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  8. தֶडݧͷ໰୊ྫ
    w ଠ࿠͸ຖ෼N ࣍࿠͸ຖ෼
    ϝʔτϧͷ଎͞Ͱา͖·͢ɻ
    " #྆஍఺͔Βಉ࣌ʹ޲͔͍߹
    ͬͯग़ൃ͢Δͱ " #྆஍఺ͷ
    ਅΜத͔Βϝʔτϧ͸ͳΕ
    ͨ஍఺Ͱग़ձ͍·͢ɻ͜ͷͱ
    ͖ " #྆஍఺ͷڑ཭͸Կϝʔτ
    ϧͰ͔͢ʁ
    ࢉ਺ฤ

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  9. தֶडݧͷ໰୊ྫ
    ࠃޠฤ
    w ࣍ͷจষΛಡΜͰɺ࣭໰ʹ౴͑ͳ͍͞ɻ
    ʮ࿅शΛதஅͯ͠ɺ΅͘Β͸"͞Μʹͭ
    ͍ͯ࿩͠߹ͬͨɻʰ͋ͷٿ͕ඞཁͳΜ
    ͩɻ๻ΒͷνʔϜʹ͸͍͕͋ͭඞཁͳΜ
    ͩʱ๻͕೤͘ͳΕ͹ͳΔ΄ͲɺΈΜͳ͸
    ໧ΓࠐΜͩɻෆྑ͕νʔϜͷத৺ͷϐο
    νϟʔʹͳΔͱ͍͏ɺΘΓ͖Εͳ͍ؾ࣋
    ͪͱಉ࣌ʹɺࠓɺ໨ͷલͰݟ͚ͤͭΒΕ
    ߽ͨ଎ٿʹށ࿭͍ͬͯΔͷͩͬͨɻʯ
    w ࣭໰ɿνʔϜͷΈΜͳ͸"͞ΜΛͲͷΑ
    ͏ͳਓ෺ͱͯ͠ଊ͍͑ͯ·͔͢ʁจষͷ
    த͔ΒɺҰޠͰൈ͖ग़ͯ͠౴͑ͳ͍͞ɻ

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  10. $IBU(15͕ۤखͳ͜ͱ
    ͲΜͳ͜ͱʹ࢖͑Δͷʁ
    w (PPHMFݕࡧͷΑ͏ʹਖ਼֬ͳ৘ใΛੜ੒͢Δ͜ͱ
    w ۩ମతͳ৔ॴ΍ਓ෺ʹؔ͢Δ಺༰Λੜ੒͢Δ͜ͱ
    w ೥Ҏ߱ͷग़དྷࣄʹؔ͢Δ࿩
    w ࢲͨͪͷߟ͕͑ΑΓฏۉԽɺۉ࣭Խ͞Εͯ͠·͏

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  11. $IBU(15ͷຊ࣭
    w $IBU(15㱠(PPHMFݕࡧ
    w ͜Ε·Ͱʹֶशͨ͠๲େͳϦιʔεΛ΋ͱʹɺࣗવݴޠʢࢲ͕ͨͪ೔ৗతʹ࢖ͬͯ
    ͍ΔݴޠʣͰίϯϐϡʔλʹࢦࣔΛग़ͤΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨɻ
    w ౷ܭతʹඪ४ͳճ౴Λ౴͑ͯ͘ΕΔ
    w ஌తੜ࢈׆ಈΛ$IBU(15͕୲͏Մೳੑ͕ߴ͍ɻ&YDFMͷϚΫϩͳͲ΋͔ΜͨΜʹग़
    ྗ͢Δ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δɻ΍Γ͍ͨ͜ͱΛ$IBU(15ʹ఻͑Δ͚ͩɻ
    w ͍··Ͱߴ౓ͰෳࡶͩͱࢥΘΕ͍ͯͨɺผʑͷ׆ಈΛ౷߹ͯ͠ߦ͏஌త࡞ۀ͕Ͱ͖
    ΔΑ͏ʹͳͬͨɻ

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  12. $IBU(15ͷ࢓૊Έ
    w --.ʢ-BSHF-BOHVBHF.PEFMɿେن໛ݴޠϞσϧʣΛ༻͍ͨੜ੒"*
    IUUQTBUNBSLJUJUNFEJBDPKQBJUBSUJDMFTOFXTIUNM

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  13. ݴ༿Λੜ੒͢Δ࢓૊Έ
    ֬཰ɾ౷ܭʹΑͬͯʮ࠷΋ͦΕΒ͍͠౴͑ʯΛੜ੒͢Δ
    IUUQTXXXOSJDPNKQLOPXMFEHFHMPTTBSZMTUBMQIBCFUHQU@

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  14. ࢀߟɿਂ૚ֶशʢ%FFQ-FBSOJOHʣ
    IUUQTXXXOSJDPNKQLOPXMFEHFHMPTTBSZMTUUBEFFQ@MFBSOJOH
    *OQVUͨ͠৘ใΛ
    ͦΕͧΕݕ౼͠
    ಛ௃ྔΛநग़͢Δ

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  15. 4UBCMF%JGGVTJPOͰ

    ֆ͕ඳ͚ͨΒ
    ਓؒ͸ֆΛඳ͔ͳ͘ͳΔʁ

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  16. "*͕ൃల͢Δͱ

    ਓֶ͕ؒͿඞཁ͸ͳ͘ͳΔʁ

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  17. ͦ͏Ͱ͸ͳ͍
    Ή͠Ζٯ

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  18. ٞ࿦͢΂͖ͭͷํ޲ੑ
    ڭҭͷຊ࣭ ڭҭͷํ๏
    ͦ΋ͦ΋ڭҭͱ͸ͲͷΑ͏ͳӦΈ͔
    ͳͥࢲͨͪ͸ֶͿͷ͔
    ֶͼͱ͸ͳʹ͔
    "*࣌୅ɺͲͷΑ͏ʹֶͿͷ͔
    ڭࢣ͸Ͳ͜·ͰඞཁʹͳΔͷ͔
    ֶߍ͸ͳͥඞཁͱ͍͑Δͷ͔

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  19. ڭҭͷຊ࣭Λߟ͑Δ

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  20. ͳֶͥͼ͸ඞཁͳͷ͔
    w $IBU(15͕ੜ੒ͨ͜͠ͱ͕ਖ਼͍͔͠Ͳ͏͔Ͳ͏΍ͬͯ൑அ͠·͔͢ʁ
    w 4UBCMF%J
    ff
    VTJPOʹʮ͜͏͍ͬͨֆΛඳ͔͍ͤͨʯͱ͍͏࢝ΊͷΞΠσΞ͸
    Ͳ͏΍ͬͯࢥ͍͖ͭ·͔͢ʁ
    w ίϯςϯπΛফඅ͢Δ͚ͩͷੜ׆ʹ׻ͼ͸͋Δ͔ʁ
    w ʮΘ͔ΔΘ͔Βͳ͍ʯʮͰ͖ΔͰ͖ͳ͍ʯͷೋ߲ରཱΛ৐Γӽ͑ͨઌ
    ʹɺֶͼͷ͓΋͠Ζ͕͞·͍ͬͯΔɻ

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  21. ෆඞཁͱͳΔʮֶͼʯͱ͸ʁ
    w ୯ޠ΍֓೦Λؙ҉ه͠ɺҰఆͷ࣌ؒ಺ʹΞ΢τϓοτͤ͞Δςετ
    w ˠͳʹ͔Λ֮͑Δ͜ͱ͸େ੾͕ͩɺͦΕΛଌఆ͢Δඞཁ͸ͳ͘ͳΔ
    w ڵຯͷͳ͍͜ͱʹ͍ͭͯ࡞จͤ͞Δ՝୊
    w ˠ࡞จ͢Δೳྗ͸େ੾͕ͩɺࣗ෼Ͱ࡞Βͣͱ΋"*͕࡞ͬͯ͘ΕΔɻ
    w ˠॻ͖͍͔ͨΒॻ͘ɺॻ͖͍ͨͱ͍͏ཉٻ͕େ
    ͍͔ͭ͘ͷྫ
    ࣗ෼ࣗ਎͸Ͳ͏ࢥ͍ͬͯΔͷ͔ɺͲ͏ߟ͍͑ͯΔͷ͔Λ໰͏͜ͱ͕ඞཁ

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  22. ͍··ͰͷΫϦΤΠςΟϏςΟͱֶͼ
    ΞΠσΞΛࢥ͍ͭ͘
    εΩϧΛ਎ʹ͚ͭΔ

    ࿅श͢Δ
    ࡞඼͕Ͱ͖Δ
    Ͱ͖Δਓଟ͍ Ͱ͖Δਓগͳ͍ ΄ͱΜͲ͍ͳ͍

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  23. "*࣌୅ͷΫϦΤΠςΟϏςΟͱֶͼ
    ΞΠσΞΛࢥ͍ͭ͘ "*ʹ࡞ͬͯ΋Β͏ ࡞඼͕Ͱ͖Δ
    ΄ͱΜͲͰ͖Δ ΄ͱΜͲͰ͖Δ ΄ͱΜͲͰ͖Δ

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  24. "*࣌୅ͷΫϦΤΠςΟϏςΟ
    w ΞΠσΞΛࢥ͍ͭ͘ਓ͸ͨ͘͞Μ͓ΓɺΞΠσΞΛܗʹ͢Δ͜ͱ͸͔ΜͨΜʹ
    ͳΔɻͭ·ΓɺݩͱͳΔΞΠσΞ͕ॏཁɻ
    w ࡞ͬͨ΋ͷʢ࡞඼ʣͷଞऀධՁ͸௿͘ͳΔʢ୭Ͱ΋࡞ΕΔ͔Βʣ
    w ͔͠͠ɺҰํͰ࡞඼Λ࡞Δ׻ͼ͸୭ʹ΋ୣ͍औΔ͜ͱ͸Ͱ͖ͳ͍
    w ࡞Δ͜ͱͷ׻ͼ+PZPG$SFBUJOHΛײ͡Δ͜ͱΛ΍Δ
    w ଞऀධՁʹؐݩ͞Εͳ͍ɺࣗݾධՁɻͭ·ΓΞʔτɻ

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  25. ࣗ෼͸ͳʹΛ͍ͨ͠ͷ͔ɾԿ͕͕޷͖ͳͷ͔ɾͳʹΛʮ͍͍ʯͱࢥ͏ͷ͔
    Ձ஋؍Λ஁͑Δ͜ͱ͕ॏཁʹͳΔ
    ͦͷͨΊʹ૑଄తʹֶͿ

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  26. Ձ஋؍Λ஁͑Δํ๏
    ʲՁ஋؍Λ஁͑Δʳ
    ຊ෺ʹ৮ΕΔ
    w ຊΛಡΈɺzຊ෺zͷࢥߟʹ;ΕΔ
    w ΞʔτΛݟͯɺzຊ෺zͷΫϦΤΠς
    Οϒʹ৮ΕΔ
    w ࣗવֶशΛ௨ͯ͡ɺlຊ෺ͷࣗવzʹ
    ৮ΕΔ
    ʲ΋ͷΛͭ͘Δʳ
    ຊ෺ΛੜΈग़͢
    w ࣗ෼͕΍͍ͬͯͯz׻ͼzΛײ͡Δ͜
    ͱΛపఈͯ͠΍Δ
    w ΋ͷΛͭ͘Δ͜ͱ͸ɺՁ஋؍͕ͳ͚
    Ε͹Ͱ͖ͳ͍͠ɺ΋ͷΛͭ͘Δ͜ͱ
    ͰՁ஋؍͸஁͑ΒΕ͍ͯ͘
    ࣾձจԽࢿຊͷࠩʹΑͬͯੜ͡Δ͕֨ࠩɺΑΓҰ૚֦େ͢ΔՄೳੑ͕ߴ͍

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  27. ͳͥʮ૑଄తʯͰ͋Δඞཁ͕͋Δͷ͔
    w ࣗ෼ࣗ਎ͷՁ஋؍Λ஁͑ΔͨΊʹ͸ɺ৘ใΛফඅ͢Δ͚ͩͰ͸೉͍͠ɻ৘ใ
    ΛऔΓࠐΜ্ͩͰ࣮ࡍʹखΛಈ͔ͯ͠࡞Βͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍ɻ
    w ֶͿ͜ͱͷ׻ͼͱɺ࡞Δ͜ͱͷ׻ͼ͸ಉډ͢Δɻ
    w ͜Ε·Ͱ΋ɺফඅ͔͠͠ͳ͍ਓʢ࿘අ͢Δਓʣͱɺ૑଄తͳਓͷؒʹ͸͕ࠩ
    ͕͋ͬͨɺ"*ʹΑΓ૑࡞ํ๏͕ΑΓ͔ΜͨΜ͔ͭμΠφϛοΫʹͳͬͨ͜ͱ
    Ͱɺ͜Ε·ͰҎ্ʹେ͖ͳ͕ࠩੜ·Εͯ͘Δɻ

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  28. มԽͷܹ͍࣌͠୅ʹඞཁͳֶͼͱ͸
    ʮࢲ͸৘ใ΍஌ࣝͷΈʹয఺Λ౰ͯΔͷ
    で
    ͸ͳ͘ɺࠓͷ࣌୅΍ࣾձΛɺ૑଄త࣌
    ୅ɺʮ૑଄ࣾձʯͱଊ͑Δͷ
    が
    ྑ͍ͱߟ͍͑ͯ·͢ɻ͜Ε͔Βͷ࣌୅͸ɺݸਓɺίϛϡ
    χςΟɺاۀɺͦͯ͠ࠃશମʹͱͬͯɺ૑଄తࢥߟ
    が
    ࠓ·
    で
    Ҏ্ʹॏཁʹͳͬͯ͘Δ
    で
    ͠ΐ͏ɻࣾձ͸ٸ଎ʹมԽ͠ଓ͚͍ͯ·͢ɻਓʑ΋૊৫΋ɺ৽͘͠ෆ࣮֬ͳঢ়گ
    ʹཱͪ޲͔Θͳͯ͘͸͍͚·ͤΜɻٸܹʹมԽ͢Δ࣌୅Λੜ͖ൈ͘ʹ͸ɺ༧ظͤ͵
    ग़དྷࣄʹରͯ͠ɺ૑଄తɾֵ৽తʹऔΓ૊Έଓ͚Δ͜ͱ
    が
    ॏཁͳͷ
    で
    ͢ɻ
    だ
    ͔Β͜
    ͦɺ૑଄తʹߟ͑ߦಈ͢Δྗͦ͜
    が
    ɺ૑଄తࣾձʹ͓͚Δ੒ޭ΁ͷ伴
    で
    ͋Δͱݴ͑
    Δ
    で
    ͠ΐ͏ɻ͜Ε͔Βͷ࣌୅
    で

    ど
    ΋ͨͪ
    が
    ׆༂͢Δʹ͸ɺ࢓ࣄʹ͓͍ͯ΋ੜ׆ʹ
    ͓͍ͯ΋ɺ૑଄త͔ͭମܥతʹࢥߟ͠ɺ൷൑తʹ෼ੳ͠ɺڠಉతʹ׆ಈ͠ɺ৘ใΛ
    ަྲྀɾڞ༗͠ɺܧଓతʹֶ
    ぶ
    ͜ͱ
    が
    ඞཁͱ͞ΕΔͷ
    で
    ͢ɻʯ
    Mitchel Resnick
    MIT MediaLab
    ϛονΣϧɾϨζχοΫ ࢠ
    ど
    ΋ͨͪͷʮ૑଄తͳֶ
    び
    ʯ࣮ݱʹ޲͚ͯେ੾ͳ͜ͱ http://csforall.jp/interview/3130/

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  29. ࢀߟɿ͜Ε·Ͱͷ࢈ۀֵ໋
    ಺ֳ෎ୈ࢛࣍࢈ۀֵ໋ͷΠϯ
    パ
    ΫτIUUQTXXXDBPHPKQLFJ[BJOLO@@IUNM
    ୈ࢛࣍࢈ۀֵ໋
    ೥୅Ҏ߱
    *P5 ϏοΫσʔλ "*
    ݸผԽ
    ୈೋ࣍࢈ۀֵ໋
    ੈلॳ಄
    ిؾɾΤωϧΪʔ
    େྔੜ࢈
    ୈҰ࣍࢈ۀֵ໋
    ੈل຤ΠΪϦε
    ਫྗ΍ৠؾػؔ
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    Φʔτϝʔγϣϯ
    มԽͷεϐʔυ͕ͲΜͲΜૣ͘ͳ͍ͬͯΔ
    ೥ ೥ ೥

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  30. ͦ΋ͦ΋ɺֶͼͱ͸ͳʹ͔ʁ
    ͋ΒΏΔֶͼ͸

    ɾ৽͍͠ੈքͱͷग़ձ͍ͱର࿩Ͱ͋Γɺ

    ɾର৅ɾଞऀɾࣗݾͱͷର࿩ʹΑΔ

    ɹҙຯͱؔ܎ͷฤΈ௚͠Ͱ͋Γɺ

    ɾର࿩ͱڠಉʹΑ࣮ͬͯݱ͍ͯ͠Δɻ
    ࠤ౻ֶ
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  31. ֶͼͷ׻ͼ
    Θ͔Βͳ͍ɺ͚Ͳ͓΋͠Ζ͍

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  32. খׅɿ"*࣌୅ͷֶͼʹඞཁͳ͜ͱ͸ʁ
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    w ຊདྷɺֶͿ͜ͱ͸׻ͼΛ൐͏ɻ׻ͼͷͳֶ͍ͼ͸ษڧɻ
    w "*ʹΑͬͯʮ࡞඼ͷՁ஋ʯ͕ઈରతʹԼ͕͍͔ͬͯ͘Βͦ͜ɺࣗ෼ͷՁ஋൑அ
    ج४ʹԠͨ͡૑࡞ͷՁ஋্͕͕Δɻࣗݾج४Λ࣋ͭ͜ͱ͕େ੾ɻ

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  33. ڭҭͷํ๏Λߟ͑Δ

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  34. ֶͼͷ͸͡·Γ
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    w ࢲ͕ͨͪ౰ͨΓલͩͱײ͍ͯ͡Δ͜ͱʹ͍ͭͯɺ
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  35. ҰՈʹҰਓɺιΫϥςε͕͍Δ࣌୅
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  36. ڭࢣͷ໾ׂ͸Ͳ͏ͳΔ͔ʁ
    w ͜Ε·Ͱͷڭࢣͷ໾ׂ͸ɺ͍͔ʹޮ཰Α͘ࢠͲ΋ͨͪʹ஌ࣝɾٕೳΛ఻͑Δ
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    ͼʹᩦཉʹͩ͜ΘΔ͜ͱ͕ٻΊΒΕ͍ͯΔɻ

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  37. খֶߍͰͷֶͼͷมԽ
    ίϯϐϡʔλΛഔհͯ͠ɺࢠͲ΋͕ͨͪڠಉతʹֶͼ߹͏

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  38. ࢥߟɾදݱπʔϧͱͯ͠ͷίϯϐϡʔλ
    w ࣗ෼ֶ͕Μͩ͜ͱΛ࣮ࡍʹ࢖͏৔໘͕
    ໰୊ूΛղ͘͜ͱҎ֎ʹ΋ඞཁɻ
    w ֶशͨ͠಺༰Λಈըʹͯ͠·ͱΊΔ΋
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    w ϙΠϯτ͸ɺࢠͲ΋ͷཱࣗత׆༻
    w ʮͩ͜ΘΓʯΛ࣋ͬͯ࡞Δ͜ͱ͕େࣄ

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  39. $IBU(15Λ࢖ͬͨतۀྫ
    ࣮ࡍʹߦΘΕͨतۀ
    w IUUQTOPUFDPNOLOLO
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    w "*Λ஌ࣝͷੜ੒ऀͱͯ͠Ґஔ෇͚
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  40. $IBU(15Λ࢖ͬͨतۀྫ
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    w ʮҟͳΔଞऀʯͱͯ͠ɺतۀͷத
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    ͔ΒࣄྫΛߟ͑ͯ΋Β͑Δɻ
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    ͱͦͷ৺഑΋ͳ͍ɻ

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  41. σΟεΧογϣϯ
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    w ࿩Λฉ͍ͯͷٙ໰ɾײ૝
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    w ͋ͳͨࣗ਎͕ʮ׻ͼʯΛײ͡Δ͜ͱ͸ͲΜͳ͜ͱͰ͔͢ʁ
    w ͋ͳͨͷੜ׆ʹ໾ཱͭ$IBU(15ͷ࢖͍͔ͨ͸ʁ

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