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Gulp based Sass frontend workflow with Bootstrap 4

Gulp based Sass frontend workflow with Bootstrap 4

This talk was given on WordPress Meetup in Novi Sad, Serbia on January 18, 2018.

A9934ebac3d430f4b6c7b215d07081ed?s=128

Mladen Đurić

January 18, 2018
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Transcript

  1. DARK MATTER
 THE MISSING MASS AND VERY BRIEFLY SOME MUSINGS

    ABOUT
 SENSIBLE FRONTEND DEVELOPMENT Mladen Đurić @macmladen 1 9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 2
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 DARK MATTER 3 The standard model of cosmology indicates that the total mass–energy of the universe contains 4.9% ordinary matter, 26.8% dark matter and 68.3% dark energy. Thus, dark matter constitutes 84.5% of total mass, while dark energy plus dark matter constitute 95.1% of total mass–energy content. The great majority of ordinary matter in the universe is also unseen, since visible stars and gas inside galaxies and clusters account for less than 10% of the ordinary matter contribution to the mass-energy density of the universe. The most widely accepted hypothesis on the form for dark matter is that it is composed of weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs) that interact only through gravity and the weak force.
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 4
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 GULP BASED SASS
 FRONTEND WORKFLOW WITH BOOTSTRAP 4 FRAMEWORK 5 Mladen Đurić @MacMladen
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 6 MLADEN ĐURIĆ a.k.a MacMladen $ whoami A very boring incompetent guy
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 I’m in IT since the age of mainframes, 8th year of UNIX epoch. 7
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 I started with Z80 assembly, 8
  9. @MacMladen Bootstrap 4 using Sass, variables and gulp v.1 2018-01-18

    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 …went over 6502, 9
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 to 8086 (this is why Intel i7 is still called x86) 10
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 somewhere in between, there was an episode with BASIC but really enjoyed hard core C 11
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 I was knee deep in DTP 1990-2000 gone to Mac in 1995 and never looked back. 12
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 13 As soon as I started learning to code I was so fascinated and wanted to share what I learned. I was hardly into secondary school when I organized first computer club and gave first BASIC course. It was around 1982. In 2017 I have started a Professional Development School ]{oder.
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Sass IS SHORTHAND FOR? 14
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Sass 15 Syntactically Awesome Style Sheets Sass is a scripting language that is interpreted into Cascading Style Sheets (CSS). SassScript is the scripting language itself. Sass consists of two syntaxes. The original syntax, called the indented syntax, uses a syntax similar to Haml. It uses indentation to separate code blocks and newline characters to separate rules. The newer syntax, SCSS, uses block formatting like that of CSS. It uses braces to denote code blocks and semicolons to separate lines within a block. The indented syntax and SCSS files are traditionally given the extensions .sass and .scss, respectively.
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 – Steve Jobs,
 Stanford, June 12, 2005 “Stay hungry. Stay foolish.” 16
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 17
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 INTRODUCE YOURSELF! 18 • Your OS? (Linux, Mac, Windows) • Your field? (Web design, Frontend, Themer) • Knowledge about HTML5, Sass, Gulp?
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 HANDSOME IS AS HANDSOME DOES ‘All your Sass are belong to us. Lol.’ 19 *Popular handsome rocket enthusiast
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 TIMETABLE: 1. The Problem ~10 min 2. The Sass ~10 min 3. The Gulp ~10 min 4. The Bootstrap ~10 min 5. The Theme ~10 min 6. The Solution ~10 min 7. The Practice ~10 min 8. The Myth ~10 min 9. Q & A: 10 min or more 10. Resources 20
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 1. THE PROBLEM 21
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 THE PROBLEMS • Performance • Maintainability • Matching time constrain (budget) • Matching specification (quality) 22
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 2. THE SASS 23
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 THE SASS WAY • Variables • Functions • Mixins On The Sass Way™ site you can find various articles on Sass from basic to advanced level 24
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 3. THE GULP 25
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 TASK RUNNERS (NODEJS) • gulp (code over configuration) • grunt (configuration over code) > Grunt’s tasks are configured in a configuration object inside the Gruntfile, while Gulp’s are coded using a Node style syntax in gulpfile.js. • npm (native node task runner) • Plug-ins for tasks — Compiling — Optimizing — Linters — PostCSS 26
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 4. THE BOOTSTRAP 27
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 BOOTSTRAP
 (CURRENT 3.3.7 NEXT: 4.0.0-BETA2) • Bootstrap 4 is in public alpha since August 2015 • Bootstrap 4 is in beta now so features should be more or less stable and safe for implementation • Bootstrap 3 main version is written in LESS but there is also official Sass version (bootstrap-sass) • Bootstrap 4 is Sass • Both Sass versions are easy to use/compile • Both Sass versions natively use(d) grunt but it is easy to switch to gulp. 28
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 OTHER FRAMEWORKS • Foundation 6 http://foundation.zurb.com/ • Bourbon 4.3.4. (5.0.0.beta.7) http://bourbon.io/ • Material design lite 1.3.0 https://getmdl.io/ • Bulma v0.6.2 https://bulma.io/ • UIkit 3.0.0-beta38 https://getuikit.com/ Not full frameworks, just layout • Susy 1.0.9 (2.0.0.alpha4) http://susy.oddbird.net/ • Singularity (R.I.P.) 1.8.0 https://github.com/at-import/Singularity • Zen grids 2.0.2 (probably R.I.P.) http://zengrids.com/ 29
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 5. THE THEME 30
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 CUSTOM THEME • You can (should?) always go custom • It is relatively easy and often sensible approach especially for senior, opinionated fronted developers, experienced ,with or specific workflow • Base themes usually are nice to start but hard to fit custom design which is not based on framework. DRAWBACKS: • Not rarely, it is reinventing the wheel • Without developed system it can take more time than relying on some base theme • Budget — is the client ready to pay for development and maintaining? 31
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 6. THE SOLUTION 32
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 33 CUSTOMIZE! • You can use Bootstrap variables to greatly customize appearance but only if you build library itself • Try mixin based approach and build JS only for components that you actually use • Use semantic (your own classes) that are built with mixins • Try including mixins from different libraries to tailor your best mix • Learn from framework mixin usage on how to use them for your own classes and to learn about good mixin writing approach
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 7. THE PRACTICE 34
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 PRACTICE MAKES PERFECT • Don’t be afraid to check & learn • Be open in trying different frameworks and approaches • Define your own coding standards, style and practice • Using (some or none) framework is one thing. Optimizing output is another (the gulp system) • Build experimental theme and practice various aspects 35
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 8. THE MYTH 36
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 NO PREJUDICE, PLEASE! • It does not have to be @fat! (it is actually up to you) • There is no one size fits all (if it does then it is sloppy for everyone) • Bootstrap is not the best but also not the worst. • You do not have to include everything: — use variables to customize appearance — use build system to reduce unwanted components 37
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 9. THE CONCLUSION 38
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 YES YOU CAN! • Every CMS can have nice HTML output if you pay attention to it (customize templates) • Optimization of the frontend should not be negotiable! Strive for: — lean, semantic HTML 5 — use precache and other <meta> magic — learn and explore progressive web application approach to have pages precached and shown offline: Addy Osmani is your man. 39
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 40 Q & A Mladen Đurić @MacMladen
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 THANKS! 41 Mladen Đurić @MacMladen
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 Chapter 10. THE RESOURCES 42
  43. @MacMladen Bootstrap 4 using Sass, variables and gulp v.1 2018-01-18

    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 YES YOU CAN! • Every CMS can have nice HTML output if you pay attention to it (customize templates) • Optimization of the frontend should not be negotiable! Strive for: — lean, semantic HTML 5 — use precache and other <meta> magic — learn and explore progressive web application approach to have pages precached and shown offline: Addy Osmani is your man. 43
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 44
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 45 Professional Development School
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    9. MeetUp Novi Sad 2018 46