JUnit 5 at JAX 2018

JUnit 5 at JAX 2018

Over the last decade a lot has happened in the world of Java and testing, but JUnit 4 hasn’t kept up. Now JUnit 5 is here to help shape the future of testing on the JVM with a focus on Java 8 language features, extensibility, and a modern programming API for testing in Java. Moreover, JUnit isn’t just a Java testing framework anymore. Third parties are already developing test engines for Scala, Groovy, Kotlin, etc. that run on the new JUnit Platform.

In this session, core JUnit 5 committer Marc Philipp will take the audience on an example-driven tour of the new Jupiter programming model and show how to migrate existing JUnit 4 based tests. Then, we will discuss the inspiration for JUnit 5, look more closely at its architecture, and discuss compatibility with JUnit 4. Next, we will explore the Jupiter extension model, learn about the extension points it provides, and see how custom extensions for conditional tests, method parameter resolution, lifecycle callbacks, etc. are authored and registered. To round off the session, we will look at the roadmap of what’s still to come.

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Marc Philipp

April 25, 2018
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Transcript

  1. 2.

    ® 5 MARC PHILIPP So ware Engineer at JUnit Maintainer

    since 2012 Twi er: Web: @marcphilipp marcphilipp.de
  2. 4.

    ® 5 JUNIT 5 IS HERE! 5.0 September 10, 2017

    5.1 February 18, 2018 5.2 April 29, 2018
  3. 5.

    ® 5 AGENDA 1. How to write tests and extensions

    using JUnit 5? 2. What is the JUnit Pla orm and why do we need it? 3. What’s s ll to come and how to get started?
  4. 6.

    ® 5 JUNIT JUPITER JUNIT JUPITER JUNIT JUPITER JUNIT JUPITER

    JUNIT JUPITER THE NEW TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR JAVA THE NEW TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR JAVA THE NEW TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR JAVA THE NEW TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR JAVA THE NEW TESTING FRAMEWORK FOR JAVA Image: NASA
  5. 7.

    ® 5 JUPITER? Nope, it’s just a new name so

    we can easily dis nguish it from the old JUnit and the other parts of JUnit 5. … and it’s the fi h planet from the sun. Is wri ng tests rocket science now?
  6. 9.

    ® 5 BASICS (RECAP) @Test is s ll a thing,

    but in org.junit.jupiter.api @Disabled instead of @Ignore @BeforeAll , @BeforeEach , @AfterEach , @AfterAll have new names Assertions look similar – a few new ones like assertThrows , assertAll Custom @DisplayNames to ease camel‑case fa gue @TestInstance(PER_METHOD or PER_CLASS) @Tag instead of @Category
  7. 11.

    ® 5 MORE WAYS TO TEST (RECAP) @ParameterizedTest with different

    @Source annota ons @ValueSource , @EnumSource , @CsvSource , @CsvFileSource , @MethodSource , @ArgumentsSource(MyProvider.class) , @YourCustomSource @RepeatedTest for flaky tests @TestFactory to produce dynamic tests
  8. 13.

    ® 5 EXTENSIONS (RECAP) Registra on (as many as you

    need): Declara ve: @ExtendWith on classes or methods Programma c: @RegisterExtension on fields Global: Via ServiceLoader (see ) Implementa on: Extension marker interface one extension – n extension points/interfaces User Guide
  9. 14.

    ® 5 COMPOSED ANNOTATIONS You can use Jupiter annota ons

    as meta‑annota ons to create your own annota ons. @Retention(RUNTIME) @Target(METHOD) @ExtendWith(ConferenceExecutionCondition.class) @Tag("example") public @interface DisabledOnConference {}
  10. 15.

    ® 5 EXTENSION POINTS Lifecycle: BeforeAllCallback , BeforeEachCallback , BeforeTestExecutionCallback

    , TestExecutionExceptionHandler , AfterTestExecutionCallback , AfterEachCallback , AfterAllCallback Other: ExecutionCondition , TestInstancePostProcessor , ParameterResolver , TestTemplateInvocationContextProvider
  11. 16.

    ® 5 THIRD‑PARTY EXTENSIONS Spring, Mockito, Docker, Wiremock, JPA, Selenium/WebDriver,

    DbUnit, Ka a, Jersey, GreenMail, S3Mock, Citrus Framework, XWiki, … h ps:/ /github.com/junit‑team/junit5/wiki/Third‑party‑ Extensions
  12. 17.

    ® 5 AGENDA 1. How to write tests and extensions

    using JUnit 5? ✅ 2. What is the JUnit Pla orm and why do we need it? 3. What’s s ll to come and how to get started?
  13. 18.

    ® 5 JUNIT PLATFORM JUNIT PLATFORM JUNIT PLATFORM JUNIT PLATFORM

    JUNIT PLATFORM PLATFORM FOR TESTING ON THE JVM PLATFORM FOR TESTING ON THE JVM PLATFORM FOR TESTING ON THE JVM PLATFORM FOR TESTING ON THE JVM PLATFORM FOR TESTING ON THE JVM Image: NASA
  14. 19.

    ® 5 JUNIT AS A PLATFORM? JUnit has always been

    a pla orm for IDEs and build tools for other tes ng frameworks Closely coupled (internal APIs, reflec on, serializa on)
  15. 22.

    ® 5 SEPARATION OF CONCERNS 1. An API to write

    tests and extensions (Jupiter API) 2. Extensible mechanisms to discover and execute tests (Test Engine SPI) 3. An API for test execu on by tools (Launcher API)
  16. 23.

    ® 5 DESIGN GOALS Flexibility: Adding new features should be

    easy. It should be clear whether a change might poten ally break a client. Backward Compa bility: Test wri en with JUnit 3 and 4 should s ll run Forward Compa bility: Old IDEs and build tools should be able to execute new tests
  17. 24.

    ® 5 J U N I T 5 P L

    AT F O R M Another Test P A R T Y T H I R D J U P I T E R V I N TA G E
  18. 26.

    ® 5 THIRD‑PARTY ENGINES Specsy, Spek, KotlinTest, Cucumber, Drools, jqwik,

    … h ps:/ /github.com/junit‑team/junit5/wiki/Third‑party‑ Extensions Talk about jqwik by 11:45 in Gutenberg 1 @johanneslink
  19. 27.

    ® 5 COMPATIBILITY / MIGRATION Vintage Engine to run JUnit

    3/4 tests on the Pla orm @Category(UI.class) maps to com.acme.UI tag Limited support for JUnit 4 Rules to ease migra on IDEs provide tools to convert test classes to Jupiter API Community‑provided migra on tool: h ps:/ /github.com/boyarsky/convert‑junit4‑to‑junit5
  20. 28.

    ® 5 BUILD TOOL SUPPORT Na ve support in Gradle

    (≥ 4.6) and Ant (≥ 1.10.3) Support for Maven Surefire/Failsafe via a custom provider (currently being donated to Apache) ConsoleLauncher to run tests from the command line
  21. 29.

    ® 5 IDE SUPPORT Excellent support IntelliJ IDEA (≥ 2016.2)

    Eclipse (≥ 4.7.1a) Visual Studio Code (Java Test Runner ≥ 0.4.0) For other tools, there’s @RunWith(JUnitPlatform)
  22. 31.

    ® 5 USING MULTIPLE ENGINES (RECAP) Mul ple test engines

    can be used in a single test run Dis nc on between testCompile and testRuntime dependencies Allows to gradually migrate tests from one test engine to another (e.g. from Vintage to Jupiter)
  23. 32.

    ® 5 AGENDA 1. How to write tests and extensions

    using JUnit 5? ✅ 2. What is the JUnit Pla orm and why do we need it? ✅ 3. What’s s ll to come and how to get started?
  24. 33.

    ® 5 ROADMAP AND ROADMAP AND ROADMAP AND ROADMAP AND

    ROADMAP AND RESOURCES RESOURCES RESOURCES RESOURCES RESOURCES Image: NASA
  25. 34.

    ® 5 IMPORTANT FUTURE MILESTONES Parallel test execu on Release

    of donated provider for Apache Maven Surefire New repor ng format to support new features Parameterized Classes Scenario Tests Your ideas?
  26. 35.

    ® 5 GETTING STARTED User Guide: Sample projects for Gradle,

    Maven, and Ant: Javadoc: h p:/ /junit.org/junit5/docs/current/user‑guide/ h ps:/ /github.com/junit‑team/junit5‑samples h p:/ /junit.org/junit5/docs/current/api/
  27. 36.

    ® 5 WANTED: FEEDBACK! StackOverflow: Code & Issues: Twi er:

    h p:/ /stackoverflow.com/ques ons/tagged/junit5 h ps:/ /github.com/junit‑team/junit5/ h ps:/ /twi er.com/juni eam
  28. 37.

    ® 5 EXAMPLE CODE Jupiter: Pla orm: h ps:/ /github.com/marcphilipp/junit5‑

    demo/tree/20180425‑jax h ps:/ /github.com/marcphilipp/junit5‑pla orm‑demo