Contribution of traits and phylogenetic history to plant-pollinator network

Contribution of traits and phylogenetic history to plant-pollinator network

Talk given at the Ecological Society of America annual meeting in Minneapolis, MN

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Scott Chamberlain

August 09, 2013
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Transcript

  1. Contribu)on  of  traits  and   phylogene)c  history  to  plant-­‐ pollinator

     network   Sco:  Chamberlain  (@recology_)   Simon  Fraser  University/rOpenSci     Co-­‐authors:  Elizabeth  Elle,  Jana  Vamosi,  Ralph  Cartar,   Sarah  Semmler,  Anne  Worley  
  2. Species  in  communi)es  form  networks  

  3. Pa:erns  oOen  similar  among  networks   Plants   Pollinators  

  4. What  drives  network  structure?   •  Traits   •  Phylogeny

      •  Phenology  
  5. Study  sites  

  6. Phylogeny   Plants   Pollinators  

  7. Species  level  metrics   •  Degree   •  Specializa)on  

    •  Within  module  degree   •  Among  module  connec)vity  
  8. Traits  -­‐  Pollinators   •  Nest  loca)on:  above/below  ground  -­‐

     NS   •  Nest  type:  excavator/renter  -­‐  NS   •  Parasi)c:  yes/no  -­‐  NS   •  Social:  solitary/social  –     –  Within  module  degree:  social  (module  hubs),  solitary   (peripherals)   –  Among  module  connec)vity:  social  (connectors),   solitary  (peripherals)   –  Degree:  social  (higher),  solitary  (lower)   •  Body  size  –  larger  spp.  w/  larger  degree  
  9. Traits  -­‐  Plants   •  Breeding  system     – 

    Gynomonoecious:  less  specialized,  higher  degree   –  Hermaphrodites:  more  specialized,  lower  degree   •  Growth  form   –  Herbaceous:  lower  within  module  degree   –  Woody:  higher  within  module  degree   •  Flower  symmetry:     –  Bilateral:  lower  within  module  degree,  lower  degree   –  Radial:    higher  within  module  degree,  higher  degree   •  Flower  size:  smaller  flowers  higher  within  module   degree  
  10. Network  level   network  structure  ~     FDisPO  +

     FDisPL  +  MPDPO  +  MPDPL   0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 Modularity 0.3 0.4 0.5 ectance A B 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.1 0.2 0.3 Modularity 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.1 0.2 0.3 Pollinator FDis Connectance A B Pollinator  Func)onal  Trait  Dispersion  
  11. Phenology   Plants   Pollinators  

  12. Conclusion   •  Network  level   – At  network  level,  é

    pollinator  func)onal   diversity  w/  é modularity  &  ê  connectance   – Pollinator  traits  bigger  drivers  of  network   structure  rela)ve  to  plants   •  Species  level   – Sociality  important  in  pollinators   – Ma)ng  systems,  flower  symmetry  &  growth  form   important  in  plants   – Phenology  playing  role    -­‐  will  explore  more  
  13. Thanks  to   Coauthors   •  Elizabeth  Elle   • 

    Jana  Vamosi   •  Ralph  Cartar   •  Sarah  Semmler   •  Anne  Worley   Funding:  NSERC  –     CANPOLIN