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Art of the Ancient World: Near East and Egypt

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=47 nichsara
March 14, 2013
160

Art of the Ancient World: Near East and Egypt

3700411ae81a5ba151f9946dcb59c386?s=128

nichsara

March 14, 2013
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  1. The  Art  of  Early  Civiliza2ons:     The  Near  East

     and  Egypt   Reading   Ar+orms:    ch.  14     Range   8000-­‐2000  BCE   Sumerian,  Old  Kingdom  (Egypt)     Terms/Concepts   Ziggurat,  bent  axis,  vo2ve,   hiera2c  scale,  Pyramid,  Step-­‐ Pyramid,  Mastaba,  ba,  serdab,   unifica2on  of  upper  and  lower   Egypt,  lotus,  papyrus,     Key  Monuments     Anu  Ziggurat  and  White   Temple,  Uruk,  Iraq,   Protoliterate  Sumerian   3300-­‐3000  BCE     PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Early   Dynas2c,  2950  BCE.     Pyramids  of  Khufu,  Khafre   and  Menkaure,  at  Giza,  Old   Kingdom,  2575-­‐2450  BCE     Cult  Statue  of  Khafre,  Old   Kingdom,  2520-­‐2465  BCE  
  2. None
  3. Reception for CU Denver Juried Student Exhibition 4:00 – 7:00

    PM, Thursday, March 14 Emmanuel Gallery
  4. Reminder:  Upcoming  Deadlines   Quiz  3:     Thursday  March

     14th     Interroga2ng  the  Museum:     Thursday  April  4th    
  5. Samarra   Sumer:  3300-­‐2500  BCE  

  6. Anu  Ziggurat  and  White  Temple,  Uruk,  Iraq,  Protoliterate   Sumerian

     3300-­‐3000  BCE  
  7. Plan of the Anu Ziggurat and White Temple. Uruk, Iraq.

    c.3300-3000 BCE Bent-­‐Axis  
  8. Mud  Bricks  

  9. Carved  Vessel  (Warka  Vase),  Uruk,  Iraq,  Prololiterate  Sumerian,   3300-­‐3000

     BCE.   Water,  Plants  and  Animals.  
  10. Goddess  receiving  offerings—probably  Inanna   Carved  Vessel  (Warka  Vase),  Uruk,

     Iraq,  Prololiterate  Sumerian,   3300-­‐3000  BCE.  
  11. Goddess  receiving  offerings—probably   Inanna   Carved  Vessel  (Warka  Vase),

     Uruk,  Iraq,  Prololiterate  Sumerian,   3300-­‐3000  BCE.  
  12. In  the  beginning…   Ptah  

  13. Copper, gold and tin were eastern deserts and were vita

    craftsmanship and art. Coppe tools and weapons after being through repeated heating and of copper could be hammered make large metal statues, alth rarely survive from antiquity. Copper mixed with tin pro which was easily worked into toiletry items like razors and m statuettes of gods or royalty. G lavishly in products destined royal household, such as gild statuary, gold jewellery and ve solid gold coffins and mumm King Tutankhamun (c.1320 BC Mud and sand were also r dried mud bricks were the mo building material for the earli temples and for urban structu Egyptian history. Sand was fo with quartzite and fired to pro faience, a forerunner of glass distinctive blue or green colo to heat in a kiln. Although Egypt is primar country, wood was available b trees, like sycamore and acaci abroad, notably cedar import Levant. Statues, furniture and among the products crafted fr ART IN SOCIETY Royal patronage funded temp construction and royal mortu Styles established by royal wo imitated in work for private pa 25˚ 30˚ 30˚ 35˚ Cu Cu Cu Cu Cu Memphis (Mit Rahina) El-Amarna Aswan Luxor Asyut Hibis Balat Elephantine Aniba Qift (Coptos) Karnak Thebes Hierakonpolis Bubastis Buto Sais (Sa el-Hagar) Tanis Mendes Giza Saqqara Abu Simbel Abydos El-Kab Nile Bahr Yusuf Delta M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A R E D S E A N U B I A N D E S E R T EASTERN DESERT FAIYUM W E S T E R N D E S E R T SINAI E G Y P T First cataract Second cataract Bahariya Oasis Siwa Oasis Farafra Oasis Dakhla Oasis Kharga Oasis N 0 0 100 miles 150 kms 1 Sites and Monuments fertile area desert route political centre other important city religious site fortification pyramid site natural resources gold copper tin natron (salts) limestone calcite (Egyptian alabaster) basalt greywacke coloured stones (jasper, porphyry) quartzite red granite sandstone turquoise Cu
  14. Geb  and  Nut  

  15. Osiris,  Isis,  Seth,  Nephthys  

  16. Osiris   Horus   Isis  

  17. Copper, gold and tin were eastern deserts and were vita

    craftsmanship and art. Coppe tools and weapons after being through repeated heating and of copper could be hammered make large metal statues, alth rarely survive from antiquity. Copper mixed with tin pro which was easily worked into toiletry items like razors and m statuettes of gods or royalty. G lavishly in products destined royal household, such as gild statuary, gold jewellery and ve solid gold coffins and mumm King Tutankhamun (c.1320 BC Mud and sand were also r dried mud bricks were the mo building material for the earli temples and for urban structu Egyptian history. Sand was fo with quartzite and fired to pro faience, a forerunner of glass distinctive blue or green colo to heat in a kiln. Although Egypt is primar country, wood was available b trees, like sycamore and acaci abroad, notably cedar import Levant. Statues, furniture and among the products crafted fr ART IN SOCIETY Royal patronage funded temp construction and royal mortu Styles established by royal wo imitated in work for private pa 25˚ 30˚ 30˚ 35˚ Cu Cu Cu Cu Cu Memphis (Mit Rahina) El-Amarna Aswan Luxor Asyut Hibis Balat Elephantine Aniba Qift (Coptos) Karnak Thebes Hierakonpolis Bubastis Buto Sais (Sa el-Hagar) Tanis Mendes Giza Saqqara Abu Simbel Abydos El-Kab Nile Bahr Yusuf Delta M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A R E D S E A N U B I A N D E S E R T EASTERN DESERT FAIYUM W E S T E R N D E S E R T SINAI E G Y P T First cataract Second cataract Bahariya Oasis Siwa Oasis Farafra Oasis Dakhla Oasis Kharga Oasis N 0 0 100 miles 150 kms 1 Sites and Monuments fertile area desert route political centre other important city religious site fortification pyramid site natural resources gold copper tin natron (salts) limestone calcite (Egyptian alabaster) basalt greywacke coloured stones (jasper, porphyry) quartzite red granite sandstone turquoise Cu
  18. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

  19. PaleTe  of  Narmer,   Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early   Dynas2c,  2950

     BCE  
  20. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

  21. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

    Horus   Papyrus  =  Lower  Egypt  
  22. PaleTe  of  Narmer,   Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early   Dynas2c,  2950

     BCE  
  23. Upper  Egypt   Lower  Egypt   PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Early

      Dynas2c,  2950  BCE   Stele  of  Naram  Sin,  Akkadian,   2254-­‐2218  BCE  
  24. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,   Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE

     
  25. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

  26. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

  27. PaleTe  of  Narmer,  Hierakonpolis,  Egypt,  Early  Dynas2c,  2950  BCE  

  28. Copper, gold and tin were eastern deserts and were vita

    craftsmanship and art. Coppe tools and weapons after being through repeated heating and of copper could be hammered make large metal statues, alth rarely survive from antiquity. Copper mixed with tin pro which was easily worked into toiletry items like razors and m statuettes of gods or royalty. G lavishly in products destined royal household, such as gild statuary, gold jewellery and ve solid gold coffins and mumm King Tutankhamun (c.1320 BC Mud and sand were also r dried mud bricks were the mo building material for the earli temples and for urban structu Egyptian history. Sand was fo with quartzite and fired to pro faience, a forerunner of glass distinctive blue or green colo to heat in a kiln. Although Egypt is primar country, wood was available b trees, like sycamore and acaci abroad, notably cedar import Levant. Statues, furniture and among the products crafted fr ART IN SOCIETY Royal patronage funded temp construction and royal mortu Styles established by royal wo imitated in work for private pa 25˚ 30˚ 30˚ 35˚ Cu Cu Cu Cu Cu Memphis (Mit Rahina) El-Amarna Aswan Luxor Asyut Hibis Balat Elephantine Aniba Qift (Coptos) Karnak Thebes Hierakonpolis Bubastis Buto Sais (Sa el-Hagar) Tanis Mendes Giza Saqqara Abu Simbel Abydos El-Kab Nile Bahr Yusuf Delta M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A R E D S E A N U B I A N D E S E R T EASTERN DESERT FAIYUM W E S T E R N D E S E R T SINAI E G Y P T First cataract Second cataract Bahariya Oasis Siwa Oasis Farafra Oasis Dakhla Oasis Kharga Oasis N 0 0 100 miles 150 kms 1 Sites and Monuments fertile area desert route political centre other important city religious site fortification pyramid site natural resources gold copper tin natron (salts) limestone calcite (Egyptian alabaster) basalt greywacke coloured stones (jasper, porphyry) quartzite red granite sandstone turquoise Cu
  29. None
  30. Mastaba  (General  Plan),  Early  Dynas2c  Egypt-­‐Old  Kingdom,  3000-­‐2100   BCE

     
  31. Wooden  Panel  (detail),  Tomb  of   Hesire,  Early  Dynas2c  Egypt,

     Third   Dynasty,  Saqqara,  2630-­‐2611  BCE    
  32. None
  33. Imhotep. Stepped Pyramid and Mortuary Precinct of Djoser. Saqqara, Egypt.

    c.2630-2575 BCE.
  34. Imhotep. Plan, Stepped Pyramid of Djoser. Saqqara, Egypt. c.2630-2575 BCE.

  35. Imhotep. Serdab, Stepped Pyramid and mortuary precinct of Djoser. Saqqara,

    Egypt. c. 2630-2575 BCE.
  36. None
  37. None
  38. None
  39. Statue of Djoser. Saqqara. Early Dynastic. c. 2630-2575 BCE. Ka

     =  Soul,  or  Life  Force  
  40. Copper, gold and tin were eastern deserts and were vita

    craftsmanship and art. Coppe tools and weapons after being through repeated heating and of copper could be hammered make large metal statues, alth rarely survive from antiquity. Copper mixed with tin pro which was easily worked into toiletry items like razors and m statuettes of gods or royalty. G lavishly in products destined royal household, such as gild statuary, gold jewellery and ve solid gold coffins and mumm King Tutankhamun (c.1320 BC Mud and sand were also r dried mud bricks were the mo building material for the earli temples and for urban structu Egyptian history. Sand was fo with quartzite and fired to pro faience, a forerunner of glass distinctive blue or green colo to heat in a kiln. Although Egypt is primar country, wood was available b trees, like sycamore and acaci abroad, notably cedar import Levant. Statues, furniture and among the products crafted fr ART IN SOCIETY Royal patronage funded temp construction and royal mortu Styles established by royal wo imitated in work for private pa 25˚ 30˚ 30˚ 35˚ Cu Cu Cu Cu Cu Memphis (Mit Rahina) El-Amarna Aswan Luxor Asyut Hibis Balat Elephantine Aniba Qift (Coptos) Karnak Thebes Hierakonpolis Bubastis Buto Sais (Sa el-Hagar) Tanis Mendes Giza Saqqara Abu Simbel Abydos El-Kab Nile Bahr Yusuf Delta M E D I T E R R A N E A N S E A R E D S E A N U B I A N D E S E R T EASTERN DESERT FAIYUM W E S T E R N D E S E R T SINAI E G Y P T First cataract Second cataract Bahariya Oasis Siwa Oasis Farafra Oasis Dakhla Oasis Kharga Oasis N 0 0 100 miles 150 kms 1 Sites and Monuments fertile area desert route political centre other important city religious site fortification pyramid site natural resources gold copper tin natron (salts) limestone calcite (Egyptian alabaster) basalt greywacke coloured stones (jasper, porphyry) quartzite red granite sandstone turquoise Cu
  41. None
  42. Pyramids  of  Khufu,  Khafre  and  Menkaure,  at  Giza,  Old  

    Kingdom,  2575-­‐2450  BCE  
  43. None
  44. Grave  Goods,  Pyramid  of  Khufu,  Giza,  Egypt,  Old  Kingdom,  

    2551-­‐2528  BCE.  
  45. Grave  Goods,  Pyramid  of  Khufu,  Giza,   Egypt,  Old  Kingdom,

     2551-­‐2528  BCE.   People,  boats,  and  animals,  as  seen   in  a  copy  of  a  pain2ng  from  Tomb   100,  Hierakonpolis,    Predynas2c   Period,  c.3500-­‐3200  BCE.      
  46. None
  47. Cult  Statue  of  Khafre,  Old  Kingdom,  2520-­‐2465  BCE  

  48. Cult  Statue  of  Khafre,  Old  Kingdom,  2520-­‐2465  BCE  

  49. PaleTe  of  Narmer         Cult  Statue  of

     Khafre  
  50. None
  51. Papyrus  =  Lower  Egypt   Blue  Lotus  =  Upper  Egypt

      Khafre  Cult  Statue  (Detail)