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Midterm Exam Review

February 23, 2012

Midterm Exam Review

Lecture given February 23, 2012


February 23, 2012

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  1. Midterm  Exam  Review   Exam  Format     Sec3on  I:

     Slide  IDs  (10)    Ar#st/Architect    Title    Culture/Stylis#c  Period    Cultural  Significance     Sec3on  II:  Chronology    (3)    Place  Slides  in  Proper    Chronological  Order.     Sec3on  III:  Essay  (2)    Study  your  major    themes   Good  to  Know…     Exam  Date:  Tuesday  Feb.   28,  9:30-­‐10:45     The  mid-­‐term  is  worth  25%   of  your  final  grade.     Full  study  guide  is  on   Blackboard  under  “Study   Guides.”    
  2. Slide  IDs:  Cultural/Stylis3c  Periods   Period   Date  Range  

    1.    Proto-­‐Renaissance   c.  1270-­‐1400   2.    Early  Northern  Renaissance   c.  1400-­‐1500   3.    Early  Italian  Renaissance   c.  1400-­‐1500   4.    High  Italian  Renaissance   c.  1490-­‐1600   5.  Mannerism   c.    1530-­‐1560   6.  High  Northern  Renaissance   c.  1500-­‐1600   7.    Baroque   c.  1600-­‐1700  
  3. Slide  IDs   Ar3st:   Title:   Stylis3c  Period:  

  4. Chronology   (a)   (b)   (c)   (d)  

  5. Changing  Roles  of  the  Ar3st   Ideas:     Cra`sman

       ar3st     Guilds  access  to  patrons,   training,  professionalism,       Seculariza3on       Increased  status     Self  Portrait     Divine  Genius  (16th  century)     Ar3st  as  Intellectual     Academies  access  to   patrons,  trained,     Examples:     Durer  –  Self  Portrait     Gen3leschi  –  Self  Portrait     School  of  Athens  –  Raphael     Portraits  of  Royalty    court   ar3sts     Las  Meninas  -­‐-­‐Velazquez  
  6. “For  if  a  man  be  placed  flat  on  his  back,

      with  his  hands  and  feet  extended,  and  a   pair  of  compasses  centered  at  his  navel,   the  fingers  and  toes  of  his  two  hands  and   feet  will  touch  the  circumference  of  a   circle  described  therefrom.    And  just  as   the  human  body  yields  a  circular  outline,   so  too  a  square  figure  may  be  found  from   it.    For  if  we  measure  the  distance  from   the  soles  of  the  feet  to  the  top  of  the   head,  and  then  apply  that  measure  to  the   outstretched  arms,  the  breadth  will  be   found  to  be  the  same  as  the  height.”  – Vitruvius,  De  Architetura,  Book  III,  Ch.  I,   Sec3on  3   Leonardo  da  Vinci,   Vitruvian  Man,  c.  1490.    
  7. “The  greatest  ar3st  has  no  concep3on   which  as  single

     block  of  marble  does   not  poten3ally  contain  within  its  mass,   but  only  a  hand  obedient  to  the  mind   can  penetrate  this  image.”   Michelangelo,  David,  1501-­‐1504.  
  8. Jan  van  Eyck,  Double   Portrait  of  a  Giovanni  

    Arnolfini  and  his  Wife,   1434.  
  9. Albrecht  Dürer,  Self-­‐ Portrait,  1500.  

  10. Humanism/Seculariza3on/Individuality   Ideas:   Examples:  

  11. Gioko  di  Bondone,  Scenes  from  the  Lives  of  Christ  and

     the   Virgin,  “Arena”  (Scrovegni)  Chapel,  Padua,  Italy,  1305-­‐1306.  
  12. Gioko  di  Bondone,  The  Lamenta#on,  “Arena”  (Scrovegni)   Chapel,  Padua,

     Italy,  1305-­‐1306.  
  13. Workshop  of  the  Master  of  Flemalle  (Robert   Campin),  Merode

     Altarpiece,  c.  1425-­‐1430s.  
  14. Jan  van  Eyck,  Double   Portrait  of  a  Giovanni  

    Arnolfini  and  his  Wife,   1434.  
  15. Petrus  Christus,  A  Goldsmith  in  His  Shop,  1449.  

  16. None
  17. Art  and  Poli3cal  Power   Ideas:   •  Propaganda/Rewri3ng  

    History   •  Seculariza3on   Examples:   •  Marie  de  Medici  – Rubens  (mythological,   poli3cal)   •  Enrico  Scrovegni  –   Arena  Chapel  (Gioko)   •  Davids  of  Florence   •  Effects  of  Good/Bad   Gov’t  
  18. Aerial  View  of  the  Campo  in  Siena  from  the  

    Palazzo  Pubblico  (City  Hall),  1297-­‐1315.  
  19. Ambrogio  Lorenzen,  The  Effects  of  Good   Government  in  the

     City,  Sala  della  Pace,   1338-­‐1339.  
  20. Ambrogio  Lorenzen,  The  Effects  of  Good   Government  in  the

     Country,  Sala  della   Pace,  1338-­‐1339.   Porta  Romana  
  21. Reforma3on/Counterreforma3on   Ideas:   •  Reforma3on:  isolated   iconoclasms  (idolatry,

      decadent,  frivolous,  and   distrac3ng),  secular   images,  less  religious   images.   •  Counterreforma3on:   Art  as  Educa3on,   Miracles,  Mys3cism,   Emo3on,  Drama,   Examples:   •  Reforma3on:  Return  of   the  Hunters  –  Bruegel,   Rembrandt  –Night   Watch,  S3ll  Life  with   the  Tazza  (Claesz),       •  Counterreforma3on:   Bernini’s  David,  St.   Teresa  in  Ecstasy,    
  22. The  Removal  and  Destruc3on  of  Religious   Images  from  Wikenberg

     Cathedral,  1566.  
  23. The  Removal  and  Destruc3on  of  Church  Images,  from   Foxe’s

     Book  of  Martyrs,  1563  
  24. Albrecht  Altdorfer,  BaMle  of  Issus,  1529.   Albrecht  Altdorfer,  Danube

      Landscape,  c.  1525  
  25. Pieter  Bruegel  the  Elder,  Return  of  the  Hunters,  1565.  

  26. Pieter  Bruegel  the  Elder,  The  Harvesters,  1565.  

  27. Classicism   Ideas:   Examples:  

  28. Filippo  Brunelleschi,  Sacrifice  of   Isaac,  compe33on  entry  for  the

      Bap3stery  Doors  of  Florence   Cathedral,  1401-­‐1402.   Lorenzo  Ghiber3,  Sacrifice  of  Isaac,   compe33on  entry  for  the  Bap3stery   Doors  of  Florence  Cathedral,   1401-­‐1402.  
  29. Sandro  Boncelli,  Primavera,  1482.  

  30. Fra  Angelico,  Annuncia#on,  1438-­‐1445.  

  31. Filippo  Brunelleschi,  Dome  of  Santa  Maria  del  Fiore  (Florence  

    Cathedral),  1367  (cathedral  begun  under  another  architect)  1420-­‐1436   (dome  completed  under  Brunelleschi),  1471  (lantern  added).  
  32. Pantheon,  Rome,  Built  under  Hadrian,  125-­‐128  CE.  

  33. Donatello,   David,   1446-­‐1460.   Andrea  del   Verrocchio,

      David,  1465.  
  34. Contrapposto     Michelangelo,  David,   1501-­‐1504.   Polykleitos,  

    Doryphoros,  5th  c.  BCE  
  35. Raphael,  The  School  of  Athens,  1510-­‐1511.  

  36. Ti3an,  Venus  of  Urbino,  c.  1538.