Reading: Ar,orms, 332-‐353 Range: c. 1840-‐1900 Realism, Impressionism, Post-‐ Impressionism Terms/Concepts: Avant-‐Garde, socialism, en plein air, ﬂaneur, Montmartre, Commune of 1871, Intransigents, PeJt-‐Bourgeois, OpJcal Mixture, Divisionism, PoinJllism, anarchism, Spiritualism, primiJvism, Key Monuments: 20.11 Gustave Courbet, The Stone Breakers, 1849. 20.17 Edouard Manet, Le Dejeuner sur l’Herbe (The Luncheon on the Grass, 1863. 20.19 Claude Monet, Impression: Sunrise, 1872. 20.21 Pierre-‐Auguste Renoir, Moulin de la GaleKe, 1876. 20.29 Vincent van Gogh, Starry Night, 1889. 20.30 Paul Gauguin, The Vision AMer the Sermon, 1888.
Portrays a classical/historical/heroic scene. 2. Depicts this scene on a grand scale and in a ideal manner. 3. Has a ﬁnished, polished look (no brushstrokes) 4. Uses bold but “natural” colors Denis Diderot: “To make virtue afracJve and vice hateful: this should be the purpose of any honest individual who takes into his hand a pen, a brush, or a chisel.”