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My Favorite Protocol: Idempotency-Key Header

Masato Ohba
February 10, 2024

My Favorite Protocol: Idempotency-Key Header

YAPC::Hiroshima 2024 "My Favorite Protocol: Idempotency-Key Header"

https://fortee.jp/yapc-hiroshima-2024/proposal/c907c754-a4e5-4573-a14a-c8bb828e8825

IETF draftとして提出されているIdempotency-Key Headerの背景・コンセプト・現在の動向を解説し、HTTPリクエストにおける"安全なリトライ"について掘り下げる発表です。

Masato Ohba

February 10, 2024
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  1. .Z'BWPSJUF1SPUPDPM
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  3. *OUSPEVDUJPO
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  6. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊

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  7. ϞόΠϧΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β"1*αʔό΁ͷ
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  8. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
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  9. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ਖ਼ৗύλʔϯ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό
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  10. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ਖ਼ৗύλʔϯ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό
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  11. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό

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  12. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό
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  13. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ
    /FUXPSL&SSPS
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό
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  14. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ
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  15. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ
    /FUXPSL&SSPS
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  16. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ҆શͰͳ͍ϦτϥΠ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό

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  17. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ҆શͰͳ͍ϦτϥΠ
    📱ΫϥΠΞϯτ 🐟αʔό
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  18. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ҆શͰͳ͍ϦτϥΠ
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  20. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    ҆શͰͳ͍ϦτϥΠ
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  21. w ωοτϫʔΫΤϥʔ͸ඞͣൃੜ͢Δ
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    ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
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  22. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
    w ΍ΕΔ͜ͱ
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  23. ղܾ͍ͨ͠՝୊
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    ͳ͍ ʹႈ౳ͳ
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    w ʮႈ౳ੑʯ͸ɺͦͷੑ࣭Λࢦ͢
    ႈ౳ *EFNQPUFODF*EFNQPUFODZ

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  26. IUUQTEFWFMPQFSNP[JMMBPSHFO64EPDT(MPTTBSZ*EFNQPUFOU
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    w ϦΫΤετΛճճʜͱ܁Γฦͯ͠΋Ϧιʔε
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    w 1045 1"5$)͸ႈ౳Ͱ͸ͳ͍
    w ϦΫΤετΛճճʜͱ܁Γฦ͢ͱϦιʔεͷ
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  28. )551ϝιουʹ͓͚Δႈ౳ੑ
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  29. )551ϝιουʹ͓͚Δႈ౳ੑ
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  30. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷

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  31. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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  32. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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  33. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFS$PODFQU
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  34. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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    View full-size slide


  35. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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  36. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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  37. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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  38. ESBGU͕ఆٛ͢Δ࢓༷ΛݟͯΈΔ

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  39. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ͸ΫϥΠΞϯτʹΑͬͯੜ੒͞ΕΔҰҙͷ஋
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  40. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
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    w ҟͳΔϦΫΤετϖΠϩʔυͰ࠶ར༻ͯ͠͸͍͚ͳ͍
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  41. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    "1*GPS-46% -BSHF4FUPG6OLOPXO%FWFMPQFST
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    w ༗ޮظݶͷϙϦγʔ͸ϦιʔεΦʔφʔ͕ఆٛ͠ɺެ։͠
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  42. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w ϦΫΤετͷಉҰੑΛ൑அ͢ΔͨΊʹ*EFNQPUFODZ,FZͱ
    fi
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    w
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  43. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w ΫϥΠΞϯτ
    w αʔόͷཁٻ࢓༷Λཧղ͠ɺద੾ͳΞϧΰϦζϜͰ
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  44. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w Ϧιʔεαʔό
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZʹؔ͢Δ࢓༷Λެ։͢Δ
    w &YQJSZʹ͍ͭͯ༗ޮظݶ͕͋ΔͳΒ໌ه͢Δ
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷϥΠϑαΠΫϧΛ؅ཧ͢Δ
    w ֤ϦΫΤετ͝ͱʹ
    w IFBEFS͔Β*EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛಛఆ͢Δ
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    fi
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    w ޙड़͢ΔγφϦΦʹԊͬͯॲཧ͢Δ
    ESBGUTFDUJPO3FTQPOTJCJMJUJFT

    View full-size slide


  45. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w ະ஌ͷLFZ͕དྷͨͱ͖
    w ௨ৗ௨Γʹॲཧ͢Δ
    w ط஌ͷLFZ͕དྷͨͱ͖ 3FUSZ

    w ࠷ॳͷϦΫΤετ͕׬ྃͨ͋͠ͱʹϦτϥΠϦΫΤετ͕དྷͨέʔε
    w طʹ׬ྃͨ͠ϦΫΤετͱಉҰͷϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    w ط஌ͷLFZ͕དྷͨͱ͖ $PODVSSFOU3FRVFTU

    w ࠷ॳͷϦΫΤετ͕׬ྃ͢ΔલʹϦτϥΠϦΫΤετ͕དྷͨέʔε
    w SFTPVSDFDPO
    fl
    JDUFSSPSΛฦ͢
    ESBGUTFDUJPO*EFNQPUFODZ&OGPSDFNFOU4DFOBSJPT

    View full-size slide


  46. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFS͕ཁٻ͞ΕΔΤϯυϙΠϯτͰ
    IFBEFS͕ૹΒΕͳ͔ͬͨ৔߹
    w #BE3FRVFTUΛฦ͢
    w ҟͳΔϦΫΤετϖΠϩʔυͰJEFNQPUFODZLFZ͕࠶ར༻
    ͞Εͨ৔߹
    w 6OQSPDFTTBCMF&OUJUZΛฦ͢
    ESBGUTFDUJPO&SSPS4DFOBSJPT

    View full-size slide

  47. จষ͚ͩͩͱγφϦΦ͕ෳࡶʹݟ͑Δ
    ਤͰ·ͱΊͯΈΔ

    View full-size slide


  48. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ
    LOPXO

    LFZ
    LFZ

    FYQJSFE
    LFZ

    MPDLFE
    TBNF

    QBZMPBE
    อଘͨ͠

    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢



    ɾLFZͱϦΫΤετΛه࿥

    ɾΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ

    ɾϨεϙϯεΛอଘ
    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    αʔό࣮૷ϑϩʔνϟʔτྫ
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛཁٻ͢ΔΤϯυϙΠϯτ͔ʁ
    SFRVFTUIFBEFSʹLFZ͕ଘࡏ͢Δ͔ʁ
    αʔόͰط஌ͷLFZ͔ʁ
    ༗ޮظݶ͕͋Δ৔߹
    ظݶ੾ΕͷLFZ͔ʁ
    ผͷϦΫΤετͰॲཧதͷLFZ͔ʁ
    ϦΫΤετQBZMPBE͸ಉ͔͡ʁ

    ݅

    ذ
    Ϋ
    ϥ
    Π
    Ξ
    ϯ
    τ
    ʹ
    ظ

    ͢
    Δ
    ͜
    ͱ
    LFZΛ෇༩ͯ͠

    ϦτϥΠ
    ࣌ؒΛۭ͚ͯ

    ϦτϥΠ
    ผͷLFZ͔ॳճͱಉ͡

    QBZMPBEͰϦτϥΠ
    VOJRVFͳLFZΛ

    ෇༩ͯ͠ϦΫΤετ

    View full-size slide

  49. ႈ౳͸࡞ΕΔ

    View full-size slide


  50. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFS͸҆શͳϦτϥΠΛՄೳʹ͢Δ࢓૊Έ
    w )551"1*8PSLJOH(SPVQͷ΋ͱඪ४ԽΛ໨ࢦ͍ͯ͠Δ
    w ݱ࣮ੈքʹ͸ྨࣅ࣮૷͕͍ͭ͘΋ଘࡏ
    w ೥݄࣌఺Ͱ8(-BTU$BMM
    w ෆ੔߹σʔλΛ๷͙͚ͩͰͳ͘ΫϥΠΞϯτʹͱͬͯΑΓ࢖͍΍͍͢8FC
    "1*ΛఏڙͰ͖Δ
    w ϨεϙϯεΛ࠶ݱ͢Δͱ͍͏ΩϟογϡతͳৼΔ෣͍ͷ͓͔͛
    ԡ͓͑ͯ͘͞ϙΠϯτ
    3FRVFTU*E౳ͷҟͳΔIFBEFS໊Λ࢖͏ɺCPEZʹLFZΛؚΊΔ ʰϚΠΫϩαʔϏεΞʔΩςΫνϟʱʮႈ౳ੑʯ
    FUD

    3'$·ͰͷಓͷΓ͸IUUQTKQSTKQSFMBUFEJOGPHVJEFQEGʹৄ͍͠

    View full-size slide


  51. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷఏҊ࢓༷
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNJFUGXHIUUQBQJJEFNQPUFODZJTTVFT

    0SHBOJ[BUJPOGPSUIF"EWBODFNFOUPG4USVDUVSFE*OGPSNBUJPO4UBOEBSET
    w *&5'NFFUJOH΍(JU)VC
    JTTVFTͰٞ࿦͞Ε͍ͯΔ
    w ࣌఺ͷPQFO
    JTTVF͸ͷΈ
    w 0"4*40%BUBͷ3FQFBUBCMF
    3FRVFTUTͱͷؔ࿈ʹ͍ͭͯ
    ESBGUʹ࢒Δ՝୊
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNPSHTJFUGXHIUUQBQJQSPKFDUTWJFXT
    fi
    MUFS2VFSZSFQP"JFUGXHIUUQBQJ'JEFNQPUFODZ

    0SHBOJ[BUJPOGPSUIF"EWBODFNFOUPG4USVDUVSFE*OGPSNBUJPO4UBOEBSET

    View full-size slide


  52. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻

    View full-size slide


  53. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ࣮૷͸αʔό࣮૷ΑΓ؆қɺ͔ͭࢀরͰ͖Δ࣮૷͕ެ։͞Ε͍ͯΔ

    FHIUUQTHJUIVCDPNTUSJQF
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛѻ͏γεςϜͷ࣮૷ʹ͸ͭͷࢹ఺͕͋Δ
    w αʔόαΠυ
    w ΫϥΠΞϯταΠυ
    w ຊࢿྉͰ͸αʔόαΠυͷ࣮૷ϙΠϯτΛ͍͔ͭ͘঺հ
    w ܾࡁαʔϏε#ʹ͓͚Δ࣮ྫɾ࣮੷ɾӡ༻ʹ͍ͭͯ
    ࿩͢͜ͱ
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ࣮૷͸αʔό࣮૷ΑΓ؆қɺ͔ͭࢀরͰ͖Δ࣮૷͕ެ։͞Ε͍ͯΔ

    FHIUUQTHJUIVCDPNTUSJQF

    View full-size slide


  54. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ,FZΛอଘ͢ΔετϨʔδͱͯ͠ԿΛબͿ͔
    ͲͷϨΠϠʔͰ࣮૷͢Δ͔
    *&5'ESBGUʹ଍Γͳ͍΋ͷ͸Կ͔
    αʔόαΠυ࣮૷ͷ্Ͱߟྀ͢΂͖఺

    View full-size slide

  55. ൃදͰ͸লུͯ͠Q݁࿦΁

    View full-size slide

  56. ,FZΛอଘ͢ΔετϨʔδͱͯ͠ԿΛબͿ͔

    View full-size slide


  57. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w αʔόͷ੹຿ͱͯ͠*EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛ؅ཧ͠ͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍
    w ֎෦ετϨʔδʹӬଓԽ ൒ӬଓԽ
    ͢Δ
    w ϦΫΤετ͝ͱʹشൃͯ͠͸ͳΒͳ͍
    w ҟͳΔϓϩηε͔Βࢀর͞ΕΔ৘ใͰ͋Δ
    w &YQJSFELFZT͸࡟আͰ͖ΔͷͰ൒ӬଓԽͰΑ͍
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷอଘ

    View full-size slide


  58. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    3%#.4ʹอଘ͢Δྫ
    🔑JEFNQPUFODZ@LFZ
    LFZͦͷ΋ͷΛอଘ͢Δ
    🔐MPDLFE@BU
    ಉҰLFZʹର͢Δૢ࡞ͷDPO
    fl
    JDUΛݕग़͢Δ
    ➡SFRVFTU@ NFUIPEcQBUIcQBSBNT

    ϦΫΤετͷಉҰੑ֬ೝʹ༻͍Δ
    ⬅SFTQPOTF@ DPEFcCPEZcIFBEFST

    ط஌ͷLFZͰϦτϥΠ͞Εͨͱ͖ʹฦ͢Ϩεϙϯε
    📝ܕ΍੍໿͸ঢ়گʹԠͯ͡ཁมߋ

    View full-size slide


  59. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ΑΓ޿͍ϢʔεέʔεʹରԠ
    🗓DSFBUFE@BU

    &YQJSZΛઃ͚ΔͳΒඞਢ
    QVSHF /࣌ؒޙʹ࡟আ
    ʹ΋༻͍Δ
    👩💻VTFS@JE
    Ϣʔβʔ୯ҐͰVOJRVFͳLFZͱͯ͠΋Α͍
    িಥՄೳੑͷ͋ΔLFZੜ੒Λ͢Δ৔߹͸ॏཁ
    ݕࡧޮ཰͕޲্͢Δ͜ͱ΋͋Δ
    📝VOJRVFJOEFYͰॏෳΛ๷͍Ͱ͓͘ͱΑ͍

    View full-size slide


  60. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w ֤ςʔϒϧʹಉ౳ͷσʔλΛอଘ͢Δ͜ͱ΋Ͱ͖Δ͕ɺ৑௕
    w Ϧιʔε୯ҐͰVOJRVFͳLFZɺͱ͍͏࡞ΓͳΒ͋Γ͔΋
    w 3&45"1*ͷϦιʔε͕ςʔϒϧͱରԠ͢Δͱ͸ݶΒͳ͍
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ͸)551૚ͷؔ৺ͳͷͰυϝΠϯ૚΍Ϟσϧʹ
    LFZؔ࿈ͷ࣮૷΍ৄࡉ͕ݱΕΔͷ͸ෆࣗવ
    ֤ϦιʔεΛදݱ͢Δςʔϒϧʹ࣋ͨͤΔͷ͸ʁ

    View full-size slide


  61. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w 3FEJT.POHP%#౳Ͱ΋࣮ݱ͸Մೳ
    w &YQJSZΛ؆୯ʹ࣮ݱͰ͖Δ 55-JOEFYFUD

    w ͍ΘΏΔϨεϙϯεΩϟογϡͱࣅͨ؆қͳ࣮૷ʹͰ͖Δ
    w 3FBE8SJUFͱ΋ʹେ఍ͷ৔߹͸3%#.4ΑΓߴ଎ʹॲཧͰ͖Δ
    w τϥϯβΫγϣϯ͕ඞਢͳέʔε΋͋Δ
    อଘઌ͸3%#.4Ͱͳͯ͘͸μϝͳͷ͔ʁ

    View full-size slide


  62. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ਤ͸IUUQTCSBOEVSPSHJEFNQPUFODZLFZTΑΓҰ෦Ճ޻ͯ͠Ҿ༻
    τϥϯβΫγϣϯΛαϙʔτ͢Δ3%#.4͕ඞਢͳέʔε
    ࠨਤͷྫͰ͸δϣϒΛFORVFVFͨ͠ޙʹJEFNQPUFODZ
    LFZϨίʔυΛߋ৽͍ͯ͠Δ
    LFZͷߋ৽ʹࣦഊͨ͠৔߹ɺϨίʔυ͕த్൒୺ͳঢ়ଶͱ
    ͳΓɺϦτϥΠ࣌ʹϦΫΤετΛ࠶ݱͰ͖ͳ͘ͳΔ
    ྫ͑͹ɺத్൒୺ͳঢ়ଶΛ׬ྃͤ͞ΔΑ͏ͳXSJUFSFQBJS
    Λߦ͏ࡍʹ΋δϣϒʹೋॏͰFORVFVFͯ͠͠·͏
    LFZͷอଘߋ৽ͱଞͷॲཧ͕BUPNJDͰͳ͚Ε͹ͳΒͳ͍
    ਤ͸IUUQTCSBOEVSPSHJEFNQPUFODZLFZTΑΓҰ෦Ճ޻ͯ͠Ҿ༻

    View full-size slide


  63. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w 4USJQFͷྫIUUQTCSBOEVSPSHGSBHNFOUTJEFNQPUFODZLFZESBGU
    w ͓ͦΒ͘3%#.4ɻେྔͷϨίʔυ࡟আ͕೉͍͠έʔεͰ͸.POHP%#΍3FEJTΛݕ౼Ͱ͖Δ͜ͱΛࣔࠦ
    w !CSBOEVSʹΑΔ࣮ྫIUUQTCSBOEVSPSHJEFNQPUFODZLFZT
    w લड़ͷ௨Γ3%#.4ɻΤϯυϙΠϯτ಺Ͱ֎෦"1*ʹϦΫΤετΛ౤͛ΔલޙʹBUPNJDQIBTFT͕͋Δ
    w "JSCOCIUUQTNFEJVNDPNBJSCOCFOHJOFFSJOHBWPJEJOHEPVCMFQBZNFOUTJOBEJTUSJCVUFEQBZNFOUT
    TZTUFNGCCC
    w 3%#.4
    w IUUQTHJUIVCDPNHVJUTBSVSBDLJEFNQPUFODZ
    w *ONFNPSZ೚ҙͷ4UPSBHFΛ౉ͤΔ
    w IUUQTHJUIVCDPNRPOUPJEFNQPUFOUSFRVFTU
    w 3FEJT
    ଞͷ࣮૷ΛݟͯΈΔ

    View full-size slide

  64. ͲͷϨΠϠʔͰ࣮૷͢Δ͔ʁ

    View full-size slide


  65. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w $POUSPMMFS
    w 8FCΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷDPOUSPMMFS
    SFRVFTUIBOEMFSʹ࣮૷͢Δ
    w .JEEMFXBSF
    w )551ϦΫΤετϨεϙϯεͷந৅
    Λѻ͏NJEEMFXBSFMBZFSʹ࣮૷͢Δ
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷϩδοΫΛͲͷϨΠϠʔͰ࣮૷͢Δ͔ʁ
    8FCαʔό 1VNB 6OJDPSOFUD
    ͱ8FCΞϓϦέʔ
    γϣϯ 3BJMT 4JOBUSBFUD
    ͷதؒʹͯԿΒ͔ͷॲ
    ཧΛߦ͏ϨΠϠʔΛࢦ͢
    ֤ݴޠͰఆٛ͞ΕΔΠϯλϑΣʔε࣮૷ 3BDL
    84(* 14(* 3JOH 8"*
    ͷଟ͕͘NJEEMFXBSFͱ
    ͍͏ݴ༿Λ࢖͍ͬͯΔ
    ☝ଞϨΠϠʔͰͷ࣮૷΋Ͱ͖Δ͕

    )551ͷؔ৺Λهड़͢Δͷʹద੾ͳϨΠϠʔͱ্ͯ͠هͭ
    📝NJEEMFXBSFͱ͸

    View full-size slide


  66. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    $POUSPMMFS૚Ͱ࣮૷͢Δ
    Ϣʔβʔ͕঎඼Λߪೖ͢Δ


    ✅੒ޭͨ͠Β
    ࡞੒͞Εͨ஫จσʔλͱΛฦ͢
    ❌ࣦഊͨ͠Β
    ΤϥʔϝοηʔδͱΛฦ͢


    ճϦΫΤετ͞Εͨ৔߹ɺ

    ஫จσʔλ͕ॏෳͯ͠࡞ΒΕΔ͜ͱʹͳΔ
    ☝ίϯηϓτΛղઆ͢ΔͨΊͷίʔυ
    ૝ఆγφϦΦ

    View full-size slide


  67. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    $POUSPMMFS૚Ͱ࣮૷͢Δ
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ
    LOPXO

    LFZ
    LFZ

    FYQJSFE
    LFZ

    MPDLFE
    TBNF

    QBZMPBE
    อଘͨ͠

    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢



    ɾLFZͱϦΫΤετΛه࿥

    ɾΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ

    ɾϨεϙϯεΛอଘ
    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
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    /0
    /0
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    ϑ
    ϩ
    ν
    τ
    ͱ
    ͷ

    Ԡ

    View full-size slide


  68. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    IFBEFS͔ΒLFZΛऔΓग़͠ϦΫΤετ৘ใͱҰॹʹอଘ
    ͢Δ
    ಉҰLFZͷϦΫΤετ͕ॲཧதͰ͋Δ͜ͱΛࣔͨ͢Ίϩο
    ΫΛऔಘ MPDLFE@BUʹ஋ΛೖΕΔ

    ϨεϙϯεΛه࿥ͯ͠ϩοΫΛ։์͢Δ
    ࣦഊͨ͠ϦΫΤετͰ͋ͬͯ΋ه࿥͢Δ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτॲཧͷલޙʹLFZ࡞੒ߋ৽Λߦ͏
    ॳճͷϦΫΤετ࣌ʹLFZΛอଘ͢Δ

    View full-size slide


  69. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ
    LOPXO

    LFZ
    LFZ

    FYQJSFE
    LFZ

    MPDLFE
    TBNF

    QBZMPBE
    อଘͨ͠

    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢



    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    ϑ
    ϩ
    ν
    τ
    ͱ
    ͷ

    Ԡ
    ɾLFZͱϦΫΤετΛه࿥

    ɾΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ

    ɾϨεϙϯεΛอଘ

    View full-size slide


  70. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    🧙ط஌ͷLFZͰ͋Δ
    อଘ͞Ε͍ͯΔϨεϙϯεΛ࠶ར༻͢Δ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτຊདྷͷॲཧ͸ߦΘͳ͍
    🤷ະ஌ͷLFZͰ͋Δ
    LFZΛ࡞੒͠ɺΤϯυϙΠϯτຊདྷͷॲཧ΁
    ط஌ͷLFZ͔Ͳ͏͔ͰॲཧΛ෼͚Δ
    ϦτϥΠϦΫΤετʹରԠ

    View full-size slide


  71. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ϦτϥΠϦΫΤετʹରԠ
    ϑ
    ϩ
    ν
    τ
    ͱ
    ͷ

    Ԡ
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ
    LOPXO

    LFZ
    LFZ

    FYQJSFE
    LFZ

    MPDLFE
    TBNF

    QBZMPBE
    อଘͨ͠

    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢



    ɾLFZͱϦΫΤετΛه࿥

    ɾΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ

    ɾϨεϙϯεΛอଘ
    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
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    /0
    /0
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    /0

    View full-size slide


  72. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    🙅*EFNQPUFODZ,FZ͕ૹΒΕͳ͔ͬͨ
    #BE3FRVFTU
    🙅ॳճϦΫΤετॲཧதʹϦτϥΠ͕དྷͨ
    $PO
    fl
    JDU
    🙅ॳճϦΫΤετͱҟͳΔQBZMPBEͰϦτϥΠ͕དྷͨ
    6OQSPDFTTBCMF&OUJUZ
    %SBGUʹ४ڌͨ͠γφϦΦΛߟྀ͢Δ
    ΤϥʔγφϦΦ

    View full-size slide


  73. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ΤϥʔγφϦΦ
    ϑ
    ϩ
    ν
    τ
    ͱ
    ͷ

    Ԡ
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ
    LOPXO

    LFZ
    LFZ

    FYQJSFE
    LFZ

    MPDLFE
    TBNF

    QBZMPBE
    อଘͨ͠

    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢



    ɾLFZͱϦΫΤετΛه࿥

    ɾΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ

    ɾϨεϙϯεΛอଘ
    ϨεϙϯεΛฦ͢
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    /0
    /0
    :&4
    :&4
    /0

    View full-size slide


  74. ΤϯυϙΠϯτຊདྷͷॲཧ͸਺ߦͳͷʹ
    ͍ͩͿഭྗ͋Δ࣮૷ʹͳͬͯ͠·͏🤔

    View full-size slide


  75. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w DPOUSPMMFS BDUJPONFUIPET
    ͷ֎ͰϨεϙϯεΛܾఆ͢Δέʔεʹ೉͋Γ
    w +40/TFSJBMJ[F
    w "DUJPO%JTQBUDI&YDFQUJPO8SBQQFS
    DPO
    fi
    HBDUJPO@EJTQBUDISFTDVF@SFTQPOTFTͰઃఆͰ͖Δ΍ͭ
    ͳͲ
    w SFTQPOTFIFBEFST΍TUBUVTDPEF͸BDUJPONFUIPET಺Ͱ͸ܾఆ͠ͳ͍͜ͱ΋͋Δ
    w BDUJPONFUIPETͷ֎ଆͷػߏ͕มߋ͞Εͨͱ͖ʹัଊͰ͖ͳ͍Մೳੑ͕͋Δ
    w ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯݻ༗ͷ஌ࣝͱ*EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷϩδοΫ͕ີ݁߹
    $POUSPMMFS૚Ͱ࣮૷͢Δ৔߹ͷ՝୊

    View full-size slide


  76. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯݻ༗ͷ஌ࣝͱ੾Γ཭͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ
    w NJEEMFXBSFͰ͸)551ϦΫΤετϨεϙϯεͷ
    ந৅ͷΈΛѻ͏
    w SFRVFTUFOW
    w SFTQPOTF
    w 3BJMTΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͰͷॲཧ݁ՌͱͳΔϨεϙϯ
    εΛ؆୯ʹಘΒΕΔ

    NJEEMFXBSF૚Ͱ࣮૷͢ΔͱͲ͏ͳΔ͔ʁ

    View full-size slide


  77. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZରԠ͢ΔΤϯυϙΠϯτΛ༧Ίఆٛ
    🙆ର৅ͷΤϯυϙΠϯτ΁ͷϦΫΤετͰ͋Ε͹
    *EFNQPUFODZLFZʹؔ͢ΔॲཧΛߦ͏
    🙅ର৅ͷΤϯυϙΠϯτ΁ͷϦΫΤετͰ͋Ε͹
    Կ΋ߦΘͳ͍
    ઌ΄ͲͷDPOUSPMMFS಺ͰͷॲཧΛ࠶ݱ͢Δલʹ
    3BDLNJEEMFXBSFͱ࣮ͯ͠૷͢Δ

    View full-size slide


  78. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    🙅*EFNQPUFODZ,FZ͕ૹΒΕͳ͔ͬͨ
    #BE3FRVFTU
    🧙ط஌ͷLFZͰ͋Δ
    อଘ͞Ε͍ͯΔϨεϙϯεΛ࠶ར༻͢Δ
    🤷ະ஌ͷLFZͰ͋Δ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτຊདྷͷॲཧΛߦ͍ɺه࿥͢Δ
    %SBGUʹ४ڌͨ͠γφϦΦ
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷଘࡏνΣοΫ

    View full-size slide


  79. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ϦΫΤετ৘ใͱLFZΛอଘ͢Δ
    !BQQDBMM FOW
    ͰΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧΛݺͼग़͢
    Ϩεϙϯε৘ใΛه࿥͢Δ
    %SBGUʹ४ڌͨ͠γφϦΦ
    ະ஌ͷLFZ͕དྷͨ৔߹

    View full-size slide


  80. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    🙅ॳճϦΫΤετॲཧதʹϦτϥΠ͕དྷͨ
    $PO
    fl
    JDU
    🙅ॳճϦΫΤετͱҟͳΔQBZMPBEͰϦτϥΠ͕དྷͨ
    6OQSPDFTTBCMF&OUJUZ
    อଘ͞Ε͍ͯΔϨεϙϯεΛ࠶ར༻͢Δ
    %SBGUʹ४ڌͨ͠γφϦΦ
    ط஌ͷLFZ͕དྷͨ৔߹

    View full-size slide


  81. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯݻ༗ͷ஌ࣝΛNJEEMFXBSFʹ࣋ͨͤͨ͘
    ͳ͍৔߹ɺPQUJPOT͔ΒઃఆΛ౉ͤ͹Α͍
    ɾIFBEFS໊
    ɾ*EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSʹରԠ͢ΔΤϯυϙΠϯτ
    DPO
    fi
    HNJEEMFXBSFVTF͢ΔͷΈ
    3BDLNJEEMFXBSFͷ࢖༻Λએݴ͢Δ

    View full-size slide


  82. ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯ͔Β

    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZϩδοΫΛ

    ੾Γ཭͢͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖ͨ✂

    View full-size slide


  83. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w ϦΫΤετͷಉҰੑνΣοΫ͸TFNBOUJDBMMZJEFOUJDBM͔Ͳ͏͔ΛݟΔ
    w ɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹͱɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹɹ͸ಉҰQBZMPBEͱΈͳ͢
    w ഑ྻ΍ωετͨ͠ߏ଄ͷQBSBNFUFSTʹ΋஫ҙ
    w ݱ࣮ੈքͷQBUITͷ൑ఆ͸ΑΓෳࡶ
    w ਖ਼نදݱ΍1SPDͳͲͰ൑ఆͤ͞Δ
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷTBWFʹࣦഊͨ͠έʔε΋ߟྀ͢Δ
    w ࡞੒ʹࣦഊΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧΛߦΘͣΛฦ͢ɻϦΫΤετͷႈ౳ੑΛอূͰ͖ͳ͍ͨΊ
    w ߋ৽ʹࣦഊϩοΫ͕։์͞Εͳ͍Ϩεϙϯε͕ه࿥͞Εͳ͍··ʹͳΔɻผϨΠϠʔ όο
    ν खಈ
    ͰϦΧόϦ
    མͪึर͍

    View full-size slide

  84. *&5'ESBGUʹ଍Γͳ͍΋ͷ͸Կ͔ʁ

    View full-size slide


  85. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w طଘ"1*ʹಋೖ͢Δ৔߹ͷޙํޓ׵ੑͷߟྀ
    w IFBEFSΛSFRVJSFEʹ͢Δͱޙํޓ׵ੑ͕ͳ͘ͳΔ
    w WFSTJPOJOHͰճආ͢Δ͔ɺOPUSFRVJSFEʹ͢Δ
    w "1*ͷ֎ܗతͳৼΔ෣͍Ҏ֎ͷ࣮૷
    w FYQJSFELFZTͷ࡟আ
    w த్൒୺ʹऴΘͬͯϦτϥΠ͞Εͳ͍ϦΫΤετͷิਖ਼
    w LFZͷอଘߋ৽࣌ͷྫ֎ॲཧ
    *&5'ESBGUʹ଍Γͳ͍΋ͷ͸Կ͔ʁಋೖ͢Δ͏͑Ͱ଍Γͳ͍͜ͱ
    ΫϥΠΞϯτ͔Β

    ϦΫΤετ
    ΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    LFZ

    SFRVJSFE
    IBT

    LFZ

    /0
    :&4
    /0

    View full-size slide


  86. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ೥݄࣌఺Ͱͷॴݟ
    w Ұൠతʹඪ४Խલͷ*OUFSOFUT%SBGUTʹݻࣥ͢Δͷ͸ආ͚ͨ΄͏͕ྑ͍
    w ࠓޙվఆ͞ΕΔՄೳੑ͕͋Γɺվఆ࣌ʹޙํޓ׵ੑ͕͋Δͱ͸ݶΒͳ͍
    w ඪ४ԽʹࢸΒͳ͍Մೳੑ͕͋Δ
    *&5'ESBGUʹैΘͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍ʁ
    ֤Ґ͕ݸผʹ൑அ͠ͳ͕Β࣮૷͢Δ༨஍͕ଟ͍ݱঢ়
    ೥݄࣌఺Ͱͷॴݟ

    View full-size slide


  87. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    ,FZΛอଘ͢ΔετϨʔδͱͯ͠ԿΛબͿ͔
    w 3%#.4΍3FEJT౳ɺΞϓϦέʔγϣϯͷ֎෦ετϨʔδ͕Ұൠత
    ͲͷϨΠϠʔͰ࣮૷͢Δ͔
    w )551ͷؔ৺Λѻ͏NJEEMFXBSFMBZFS FH3BDL 84(* 14(* 3JOH 8"*

    *&5'ESBGUʹ଍Γͳ͍΋ͷ͸Կ͔
    w طଘ8FC"1*ʹಋೖ͢Δ৔߹ͷޙํޓ׵ੑͷߟྀ
    w 8FC"1*ͷ֎ܗతͳৼΔ෣͍Ҏ֎ͷ࣮૷
    αʔόαΠυ࣮૷ͷ্Ͱߟྀ͢΂͖఺

    View full-size slide

  88. Ͱ͸ͲͷΑ͏ʹ࣮૷͠
    ӡ༻͍ͯ͠Δ͔

    View full-size slide


  89. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    IUUQTCKQQBJS
    IUUQTCKQQBJS
    💰 ޱ࠲΁ͷ௚઀ೖۚ͸΋ͪΖΜ
    💸 ޱ࠲ؒͷૹۚػೳ΋͋Δ
    📱 ϞόΠϧͰखܰʹૢ࡞

    View full-size slide


  90. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    αʔϏεશମͷٕज़ৄࡉ͸ʰ#αʔϏε্ཱͪ͛࣌ͷٕज़બఆʹ͍ͭͯʢαʔόαΠυฤʣʱ

    IUUQTZVUBIBUFOBCMPHDPNFOUSZࢀর
    w ֎෦γεςϜͱͷ௨৴͕ଟ͘ൃੜ͢Δ
    w QBZNFOUHBUFXBZTɺ7JTBOFUXPSLɺ"5.FUD
    w ֎෦γεςϜ΁ͷϦΫΤετ͸جຊతʹऔΓফͤ
    ͳ͍
    ϓϩμΫτಛੑ
    ͓ۚʹؔ͢Δσʔλ੔߹ੑΛकΔͨΊ

    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSΛ೥͔Βಋೖ
    αʔϏεશମͷٕज़ৄࡉ͸IUUQTTNBSUCBOLDPKQSFDSVJUFOHJOFFSTVNNBSZࢀর

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  91. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ͸3%#.4ʹอଘ͍ͯ͠Δ
    w 3BDLNJEEMFXBSFͱ࣮ͯ͠૷
    w ΞϓϦέʔγϣϯݻ༗ͷ஌ࣝ͸NJEEMFXBSF಺ʹ࣋ͨͤͣ֎͔ΒPQUJPOTͱͯ͠౉͢
    w ESBGUͰఆ͍ٛͯ͠ͳ͍Օॴ͸ಠࣗʹఆٛɾ൑அ
    w LFZ͸66*%WɺJEFNQPUFODZ
    fi
    OHFSQSJOU͸࣮૷͠ͳ͍
    w LFZJTOPUSFRVJSFE ్த͔Βಋೖ͢ΔΤϯυϙΠϯτͷޙํޓ׵ੑͷͨΊ

    w UJNFCBTFEJEFNQPUFODZLFZ &YQJSZ͋Γ
    /IPVSTͰFYQJSF
    w աڈͷLFZΛௐࠪͰࢀর͢ΔՄೳੑΛߟྀ͠ɺ࡟আ͸࠷ऴ࣮ߦ͔Β͠͹Β͘ޙʹߦ͏
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSJO#

    View full-size slide


  92. *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷ࣮૷ͱӡ༻
    w ೥݄ͷ࣮੷
    w ͱ͋Δ8FC"1*ʹ໿ສ݄ͷϦΫΤετ͕དྷΔ
    w ͏ͪɺ݅ͷॏෳϦΫΤετΛճආ ໿݅೔

    w ಋೖ͍ͯ͠Δ8FC"1*Ͱ͸աڈʹσʔλഁଛ΍ࣄނͷه࿥͸ແ͠
    ӡ༻ͷ࣮੷

    View full-size slide


  93. ·ͱΊ
    ࿩ͨ͜͠ͱ
    🔑 )551ϦΫΤετͷ҆શͳϦτϥΠΛՄೳʹ͢Δ伴͸ႈ౳ੑ
    🔁 )551ϦΫΤετΛႈ౳ʹ͠ɺ҆શͳϦτϥΠΛՄೳʹ͢Δ*EFNQPUFODZ
    ,FZ)FBEFSͱ͍͏ఏҊ࢓༷͕͋Δ
    🤓 ඞཁͳΒࠓ೔͔ΒऔΓೖΕΔ͜ͱ͕Ͱ͖Δ࢓૊ΈͰ͋Δ

    View full-size slide


  94. ·ͱΊ
    ิ଍࿩͍ͯ͠ͳ͍͜ͱ
    🌊 *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFS͸Ұखஈɺద੾ͳ࣮૷ํ๏Λબ΅͏

    ͳΜΒ͔ͷ*%ʹϢχʔΫ੍໿Λ͚ͭͨΓɺ614&35ͰࡁΉ͔΋͠Εͳ͍
    ☝ #Ͱͷҙࢥܾఆ΍࣮૷ͷৄࡉ
    🕸 ͦͷଞ΋Ζ΋ΖͷτϐοΫ

    3&45"1*Ҏ֎Ͱͷ࣮૷ɺϚΠΫϩαʔϏεɺΫϥΠΞϯτ࣮૷FUD

    View full-size slide


  95. ·ͱΊ
    *EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSͷίί͕޷͖ʂ
    ɹɹɹ෼ࢄγεςϜͷ՝୊ʹਅͬ޲͔Β޲͖߹͍ͬͯΔʂ
    ɹɹɹ͢ͰʹϦΞϧϫʔϧυͰ௨༻͍ͯ͠Δʂ #Ͱ΋

    ॱ౰ʹٞ࿦͕ਐΊ͹3'$ʹͳΔ͔΋ʂ

    ͱ͍͏ਪ͕͍͠ͷ͋Δϙδγϣϯ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNPSHTJFUGXHIUUQBQJQSPKFDUTWJFXTΛݟΔͱ

    3BUF-JNJUIFBEFS΍%FQSFDBUJPOIFBEFSͳͲଞʹ΋ਪ͕͍͠ͷ͋ΔESBGUT͕͋Γ·͢

    View full-size slide

  96. օ͞Μ΋*EFNQPUFODZ,FZ)FBEFSΛ
    ޷͖ʹͳ͖ͬͯ·͔ͨ͠ʁ

    View full-size slide


  97. ʊਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓʊ
    ʼɹྑ͍ػձͳͷͰɹɹɹɹʻ
    ʼɹ࣮૷ͯ͠Έ·ͤΜ͔ʁɹʻ
    ʉ:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?ʉ
    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNTNBSUCBOLJODZBQDRVJ[
    ʊਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓਓʊ
    ʼɹຊߨԋΛฉ͍ͨਓ͸༗རʂɹʻ
    ʼɹݬͷ4ϥϯΫ΋ ɹɹɹʻ
    ʉ:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:?:

    View full-size slide


  98. 4NBSU#BOL *OD
    4PGUXBSF&OHJOFFS
    .BTBUP0ICB
    !PICBSZF !PICBSZF

    View full-size slide


  99. ·ͱΊ
    w 3&45"1*Ҏ֎Ͱͷ࣮૷
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛ౉͢ͷ͸)551)FBEFSͰͳͯ͘΋ྑ͍
    w H31$ͷύϥϝʔλʹؚΊͨΓ΋͢Δ
    w ϚΠΫϩαʔϏεͷ࿩
    w ϦίϯαΠϧɾิਖ਼τϥϯβΫγϣϯͱͷؔ࿈
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZΛ࢖ͬͨσʔλͷಥ߹
    w ΫϥΠΞϯταΠυͰͷ࣮૷
    w ϦτϥΠͷ࡞๏ &YQPOFOUJBMCBDLP
    ff
    KJUUFS

    ͞Βʹ۷ΓԼ͛ΒΕΔτϐοΫ

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  100. ΫϥΠΞϯτ࣮૷ͷྫ4USJQF
    w 1045 %&-&5&ͷ৔߹ʹLFZΛࣗಈͰηοτʢ4FDVSF3BOEPNVVJEʣ
    w ར༻ऀ͕ؾ͍ͮͯͳͯ͘΋উखʹLFZΛηοτ͢Δ

    w FYQPOFOUJBMCBDLP
    ff
    ͱKJUUFSΛ૊Έ߹ΘͤͨϦτϥΠ

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  101. ͞Βʹൃలతͳ࣮૷

    View full-size slide


  102. ൃలతͳ࣮૷
    IUUQTCSBOEVSPSHJEFNQPUFODZLFZT

    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNCSBOEVSSPDLFUSJEFTBUPNJD
    w ετϨʔδ͸1PTUHSF42-
    w *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷ࣮૷͸DPOUSPMMFS૚
    Ͱߦ͏
    w ΤϯυϙΠϯτ಺ͷॲཧΛ෼ׂ͠ɺ
    SFDPWFSZQPJOUΛLFZͱ߹Θͤͯه࿥
    w ϦτϥΠ࣌͸ॲཧͷ్த͔Β࠶։͢Δ
    w த్൒୺ʹऴΘͬͨϦΫΤετ͸όο
    νॲཧͰ׬ྃͤ͞Δ
    !CSBOEVSʹΑΔ1PTUHSF42-4JOBUSBͰͷ࣮૷
    IUUQTCSBOEVSPSHJEFNQPUFODZLFZT

    IUUQTHJUIVCDPNCSBOEVSSPDLFUSJEFTBUPNJD

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  103. ൃలతͳ࣮૷
    IUUQTNFEJVNDPNBJSCOCFOHJOFFSJOHBWPJEJOHEPVCMFQBZNFOUTJOB
    EJTUSJCVUFEQBZNFOUTTZTUFNGCCC
    w ෼ࢄτϥϯβΫγϣϯͷ೉͠͞ʹରॲ͢ΔͨΊͷϥΠϒϥϦ0SQIFVT
    w "1*ϦΫΤετΛϑΣʔζʹ෼ׂ
    w 1SF31$ϦΫΤετͷৄࡉΛه࿥
    w 31$֎෦αʔϏεݺग़
    w 1PTU31$31$ͷ݁ՌΛه࿥
    w ϧʔϧ
    w 31$ϑΣʔζҎ֎Ͱ͸ωοτϫʔΫϦΫΤετΛߦΘͳ͍
    w 31$ϑΣʔζͰ͸σʔλϕʔεͷࢀরɾߋ৽ΛߦΘͳ͍
    w ϥΠϒϥϦͷॲཧ *EFNQPUFODZ,FZͷه࿥
    ͱΤϯυϙΠϯτͷॲཧ
    ΛBUPNJDʹ͍ͯ͠Δ
    w +BWBMBNCEBΛ࢖͏ 3VCZͷCMPDL QSPDΛҾ਺Ͱ౉͢Πϝʔδ

    "JSCOCͷ40"ʹ͓͚ΔϥΠϒϥϦΞϓϩʔν
    IUUQTNFEJVNDPNBJSCOCFOHJOFFSJOHBWPJEJOHEPVCMFQBZNFOUTJOBEJTUSJCVUFEQBZNFOUT
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