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MANAGING DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH THROUGH URBAN PLANNING

MANAGING DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH THROUGH URBAN PLANNING

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Omoyemi Olayiwola

October 21, 2019
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  1. Managing DEMOGRAPHIC GROWTH Through URBAN PLANNING

  2. Welcome!!! To Lagos State The Centre of Excellence

  3. FUN FACTS ABOUT NIGERIA 6th Most Populous country In the

    World 2nd Longest Bridge In Africa (Third Mainland Bridge) Lagos state has the Longest building in Africa (NECOM BUILDING) Home to the Largest Pre-Colonial Monument Calabar has the largest diversity Of Butterflies
  4. Areas of Discussion Introduction. Statistics. Concepts. Problems Urban Planning 01

    Statistics. Features. Liveable Cities 02 The way to go Urban Management 03 Stakeholders. Future Possibilities. Solutions 04
  5. URBAN PLANNING - DEFINITION Urban Planning is a technical and

    political process concerned with the development and use of land, protection and use of the environment, public welfare, and the design of the urban environment, including air, water, and the infrastructure passing into and out of urban areas, such as transportation, communications, and distribution networks. The MARRIAGE between People and their Surrounding URBAN PLANNING Daylighting the FRAMEWORK of cities and the people who live within them URBAN PLANNING It shapes where we LIVE, WORK and PLAY URBAN PLANNING It is shaping the built environment at a scale that is relevant to the HUMAN EXPERIENCE URBAN PLANNING `
  6. URBAN PLANNING – FACTORS TO CONSIDER Today, cities involve their

    residents in planning and revitalization efforts in a process known as participatory planning. USERS / RESIDENTS Consideration for current residents is important, in that taxpayers want to have a say in decisions that impact them. However, city planners also need to look to the future. INTENTIONAL INTERVENTION Adding a new space to a community means paying attention to the region’s environment. PHYSICAL. SOCIAL. ECONOMIC. LOCATION / ENVIRONMENT In addition to education, planners must know how to create effective plans for current and future residents. Much of this comes down to having the right data. RELEVANT TOOLS AND PROFESSIONALS
  7. URBAN PLANNING – WELL PLANNED CITIES Environmental Friendly City Plans

    to be Carbon Neutral by 2025 COPENHAGEN, DENMARK City centre is surrounded by extensive Greenbelt SEOUL, SOUTH KOREA Characterized by Strategic Zoning SINGAPORE CITY, SINGAPORE Well planned City Components CHINDIGARH, INDIA Extensive Public Transportation – Metrorail, Walking and Cycling WASHINGTON DC, USA Brasilia offers the best possible orientation with the least number of intersections. BRASILIA, BRAZIL
  8. A LIVEABLE SUSTAINABLE CITY Creates communities that prioritize sustainable modes

    of transportation, minimizing our dependence on cars • Urban planning focuses on liveability. That means creating a city of neighbourhoods where people can work, play, and shop. • It also means creating urban environments where residents feel supported and engaged, and can enjoy a vibrant street life and their fellow residents. Facilitates high-quality urban design that contributes to an attractive, functional, memorable, and safe city Incorporates parks and open spaces, sidewalks and walkways, bodies of water, trees, landscaping and lighting into our urban fabric Protects the beauty of the city and its surroundings, while allowing for density and growth
  9. URBAN MANAGEMENT - PROBLEMS 30% 45% 60% 80% Political Challenges

    Unresourceful Communities Congestion and Traffic Fatalities Natural Disaster 90% Over Population 30% 45% 65% 80% 90% POLITICAL CHALLENGES. While master plans offer technical solutions, decisions about how a city invests its resources and whose welfare is put first are made by those with economic and political power UNRESOURCEFUL COMMUNITIES Some communities are not empowered enough to make decisions CONGESTION AND TRAFFIC FATALITIES As a city’s population grows and boundaries sprawl, high car usage, poor road networks and limited public transport increase congestion. NATURAL DISASTER RISK Unsustainable communities lack the capacity to cater to its teeming population and hence endangers her citizens OVER POPULATION Urban to Rural migration has led to limited access to land in cities, high cost of food and others. Approximately 880 million people lived in city slums in 2014 and this could rise to 3 billion by 2050
  10. URBAN MANAGEMENT – CASE STUDIES CURITUBA, BRAZIL VANCOUVER, CANADA TRANSPORTATION

    NETWORKS 65% SUSTAINABILITY 75% FEATURES • Sustainable transport modes • Incorporation of green areas into the urban fabric • Communal bikeways and greenways • Non-profit and social housing for the urban poor TRANSPORTATION NETWORKS 50% 75% FEATURES SUSTAINABILITY • Moved from Chaos to Creativity • Quality public Transport / Rapid bus models • 50sqm of green space per person • Today, 90% of the city participates in its recycling programme, and more than 10,000 residents make use of the trash-for-tokens exchange.
  11. URBAN MANAGEMENT - CONCEPTS Creating Eco-Friendly Transportation Networks MOBILITY Ensuring

    the Next Generation can meet their needs SUSTAINABILITY Communal Living In healthy Spaces peculiar to the occupants IDENTITY
  12. SOLUTIONS 1 2 4 3 5 6 START SOON POPULATION

    Identify and Support the Urban Poor HOUSING WATER / SANITATION SERVICES TRANSPORTATION AIR QUALITY GOVERNMENT Improve Urban Land Management / Low cost Housing Invest in Public Transport that is efficient and safe for all Tackling urban air pollution can have health and climate change benefits Initiatives and increased grants to the citizens Incentivize water and sanitation providers / amenities
  13. • Waste Reduction • Energy and Water Savings • Zero

    Planet Depletion INDIVIDUALS • PPP Schemes • Investment in the Economy • Loans and Funding PRIVATE SECTOR • Infrastructural Development • Greenbelts • Sustainable and Resilient Cities • Inclusivity • Affordable Housing Schemes • Eco-friendly transportation GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION
  14. Q U E S T I O N S

  15. THANK YOU For Joining Us Today