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SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO AFFORDABLE HOUSING

SUSTAINABLE APPROACH TO AFFORDABLE HOUSING

A conference paper presented to over 600 allied professionals

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Omoyemi Olayiwola

September 10, 2019
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  1. THE EVENT TO GROW YOUR CONSTRUCTION BUSINESS IN NIGERIA Welcome

    to the CPD certified programme 9 - 11 September 2019
  2. Presentation Title HAS YOUR BADGE BEEN SCANNED? Attendance certificates are

    available only to attendees who have been scanned within the first 30 minutes of this session. Head over to the scanner at the entrance of this workshop theatre if your badge was not scanned. Certificates will be available for collection in two hours and can be collected at the cpd certificate collection point. Speak to a member of the staff for more information
  3. Presentation Title SPEAKERS: TOPIC: TIME: OMOYEMI OLAYIWOLA PROJECT ARCHITECT, FMA

    ARCHITECTS LTD Sustainable Approach to Affordable Housing 2:45 – 3:15 PM A f f o r d a b l e H o u s I n g & A r c h i t e c t u r e
  4. Presentation Title Presentation Title What brings you to the conference?

    • Knowledge building • Networking with professionals / Meet 100+ Exhibitors • My boss made me attend • I just came to cheer Omoyemi Up!
  5. Presentation Title Presentation Title How Do you Feel About This

    CPD Session?
  6. Presentation Title Presentation Title AREAS OF DISCUSSION • Introduction /

    Country Focus • Housing – definition, characteristics, importance • What is Affordable Housing and its importance • Challenges to Affordable Housing • Design Approach to affordable and sustainable housing • Cost and Design Innovations / Material Use (Case Study of an affordable housing project) • Conclusion
  7. Presentation Title Presentation Title INTRODUCTION Housing is very fundamental to

    the welfare, Survival and health of individuals. In microeconomic terms, housing is a significant component of household consumption and savings. In developing countries expenditure on housing, on the average, accounts for between one-seventh and one-fifth of all consumer expenditures. In addition, for the majority of households, this investment is one of the primary objectives for savings. During this session, we will take an extensive look at the concepts of housing and what affordable housing means in real terms and current trends.
  8. Presentation Title NIGERIA – F U N F A C

    T S Image from www.innovationiseverywhere.com 190.9 51.2 % Ranks 6th (According to the World Bank) Approximately (2017)
  9. 6th Most Populous Country in the world 1 Second Longest

    Bridge in Africa 2 3 Home to 7% of spoken languages on Earth 4 Has the Largest Pre- Colonial Monument 5 FUN FACTS With China & India In 1st and 2nd Place Third Mainland Bridge Has the Largest Diversity of Butterflies In Calabar, Cross River Sungbo- Eredo in Ijebu Ode
  10. 75% of Nigeria’s population will live in cities by 2050

    64% of Nigeria’s population Lives BELOW the poverty line The real estate sector accounts For 7% of the GDP $1 = N 360 Nigeria ranks 181 regarding the Registration of a property Home ownership rate is about 27%
  11. Nigeria has the largest cement industry in West Africa Lagos

    is the 5th Most Expensive City in West Africa to live in LAGOS Estimated to be at 22 million units HOUSING DEFICIT During the recession, cement Prices increased by 40% 8.5% of the close to 22 million People in Lagos live in Poverty Current formal housing production is 100,000 units / year
  12. Presentation Title HOUSING – DEFINITION, FUNCTION, CLASSIFICATION is the process

    of providing a large number of residential buildings with adequate physical infrastructure and social amenities (services) in planned, decent, safe and hygienic neighborhoods to meet the basic and special needs of the population. is of a safe, secure place that provides both privacy and protection from the elements and the temperature extremes of the outside world. is of a safe, secure place that provi privacy and protection from the elem the temperature extremes of the outsi The Concept Of Housing Housing Type Housing By Size Housing By Location Using Energy Efficiency indicators Ownership Rights Income Level Classification – Multi-Apartment residential building, One / two room house, Rural / Urban, State – owned / municipal Housing, Low/Middle /High income housing, MASS HOUSING AFFORDABLE HOUSING SUSTAINABLE HOUSING Use of materials Construction Period
  13. Presentation Title HOUSING – CHALLENGES Barriers To Healthy Housing Nearly

    Households in Nigeria are cost burdened Overcrowding is linked to higher Rates Of infectious diseases Nigerian cities are overcowded
  14. Presentation Title Presentation Title INTERACTIVE SESSION T W O T

    R U T H S A N D A L I E • Kenya, Ghana and Uganda are African countries that require Affordable Housing Interventions. • The only Important Qualifier for Affordable Housing is Income. • The concept of affordable housing differs per Region and Country.
  15. Presentation Title Presentation Title AFFORDABLE HOUSING - Also known as

    low income housing - Housing is affordable when a household Spends no more than 30% of its income To live there (Housing cost burdened) - Varies per country and And region SUSTAINABLE HOUSING - Also known as Green buildings - Ability to meet the needs of the present Without comprising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs - It is the potential to produce good quality housing at a price that is affordable both in the short and long term. MASS HOUSING - Generic housing - Large scale housing produced For the general market - Basic materials and finishes - Based on initial cost of production And not client’s needs
  16. Presentation Title Presentation Title IMPORTANCE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING Builds Sustainable

    Communities Reduces health risks associated with poor housing Eventual Financial Freedom Reduction in the number of homeless people and overcrowded communities Development of planned cities and reduction in the growth of informal settlements (SLUMS)
  17. Presentation Title AFFORDABLE HOUSING – CHALLENGES INCOME DELAYS IN OBTAINING

    TITLES CONSTRUCTION COSTS ZERO FINANCING HIGH COST OF LAND With a country whose minimum wage is N30,000. Average individual income is N43,200 and unemployment rate is about 76% A simple 3 bedroom house can cost close to $50,000 compared with $26,000 in India The prime lending rate remains high at 18.23% in April 2019, up from 17.24% in the same period last year. Property registration is expensive. Nigeria ranks 184th out of 190 countries in Registering a property. Land is very expensive especially around this part of town and there is zero access to Mortgage Finance N N N
  18. SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING – DESIGN APPROACH Sustainable housing, as you

    might expect, is generally used to describe the process as it applies to the housing industry, in short, less waste, more re-use and recycling, together with lower life-cycle environmental impacts and costs, better reliability, less maintenance, and greater user satisfaction. Environmental Social Economic 1 2 3 SUSTAINABILITY The house is designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, save water and energy reduce waste during construction and the house’s lifetime. CRADLE TO CRADLE It has security elements to reduce crime and improve the occupants’ sense of security. flexibility and comfort for people of varying abilities and at different life stages The house is designed to save money during Construction and over the lifetime of the house. Careful planning avoids the need for major future renovations and reduces costs associated with energy use, water use and maintenance.
  19. Site Management Environmental Impact • Local Sourcing of Materials •

    Onsite Production • Minimal Waste and Pollution • Affordability Construction Resource Management - Climate Responsive - Rainwater Harvesting - Energy Efficiency / Demand - SUSTAINABLE AFFORDABLE HOUSING – DESIGN APPROACH • Materials – use of recyclables • Methods • Phasing • Leverage on land • Brownfields / Greenfields • Flexible Housing (PODS) • Interconnectivity • Site and Service Scheme
  20. Presentation Title CASE STUDY 01 ECO – CITY PORT HARCOURT

    - Conceived by Arc. Chinwe Ohajuruka - Came about through a design Competition - “A building that uses 50 – 75% less energy than a similar building in a similar location”. - Upgraded the “FACE-ME-I-FACE-YOU” housing typology Passive Design Prototype (Incorporating Bioclimatic Principles
  21. Presentation Title AFFORDABLE HOUSING - SOLUTIONS People Profit (Investors) -

    Public / Private Partnerships - Government Policies - Mortgage Finance - Rent to Own Schemes - Millennials Outreach - Zoning Rules Planet
  22. Presentation Title AFFORDABLE HOUSING - SOLUTIONS In the words of

    ZIG ZIGLAR – “Success occurs when opportunity meets preparation” Affordable green housing could well be the “silver bullet” to address the triple bottom line for sustainable development in Nigeria. With the sheer size of the Nigerian market and economy, Nigeria could lead the world in environmental sustainability, affordable green housing, green mortgages and leases, green facility management and achievement of its Sustainable Development Goals.
  23. TAKE A STEP IN THE RIGHT DIRECTION TODAY Identify a

    Problem Discuss with Stakeholders Financial Strategy Execute N
  24. Presentation Title REFERENCES MORE AVAILABLE ON REQUEST Bocquet‐Appel J‐P (2011).

    When the world’s population took off: The springboard of the Neolithic demographic transition. Science. 2011;333:560‐1. Choguill, C. L. (2007) The search for policies to support sustainable housing, Habitat International, Vol. 31 pp. 143-149. Hulchanski, D. J. (1995) The concept of housing affordability: six contemporary uses of the housing expenditure-to-income ratio, Housing studies, Vol. 10 (4) pp. 471-492. Mulliner E, Smallbone K, Maliene V (2013). An assessment of sustainable housing affordability using a multiple criteria decision making method. Omega. 2013;41:270‐9. Mukherje M.Brief (2015). Inclusive Green Affordable Housing for All, IIT Roorkee, India (mahuafap@iitr.ac.in)* Sivam, A., Evans, D., King, R. & Young, D. (2002) An approach to improved housing delivery in large cities of less developed countries, Habitat International, Vol. 25 pp. 99-113. https://www.cdc.gov/nceh/publications/books/housing/cha01.htm https://housingfinanceafrica.org/app/uploads/Nigeria-Housing-Finance-Newsletter-2016.10.13-.pdf https://www.globalpropertyguide.com/Africa/Nigeria/Price-History https://www.alvarezdiazvillalon.com/5-reasons-affordable-housing-creates-better-world/ https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/sdg11 https://ng.boell.org/2015/03/03/affordable-green-housing-nigeria
  25. THANK YOU! IF YOUR BADGE WAS SCANNED IN THE FIRST

    30 MINUTES OF THE SESSION, YOUR CERTIFICATE WILL BE READY AT THE CPD COLLECTION POINT IN TWO HOURS TIME